Øregård Museum is an art museum located in Hellerup in the northern outskirts of Copenhagen, Denmark. It is owned by Gentofte Municipality and holds a topographic collection of pictures from Copenhagen and the area north of the city, it hosts special exhibitions. The building is a former country house built by a wealthy merchant, active in the triangle trade on the Danish West Indies. Øregård is a former country house built by Johannes Søbøtker, a merchant, plantation owner and shipping agent, a partner in one of Denmark's largest trading companies and had made a fortune in sugar plantations and the lucrative triangle trade between Denmark, Danish Gold Coast and the former Danish West Indies. Like many of his contemporaries in trade and shipping, Søbøtker became a wealthy member of an emerging bourgeoisie, becoming a major force in the 19th century and was acquiring the habits, reserved for the aristocracy. Over recent decades, it had become common for people to build stately summer residences north of the city while spending winters in a town mansion in Copenhagen.
In 1806, Søbøtker acquired a farm, Øregaard, in Hellerup and commissioned the French architect Joseph-Jacques Ramée to build a suitable country house on the property. Ramée was at that time working out of Hamburg but designed a number of similar houses in the same area for other wealthy families, including Sophienholm for Constantin Brun and Hellerupgård; the resulting building was a simple, white-washed Neoclassical building, typical of Ramée's work around that time. Ramée designed the surrounding park, laid out in English style as a Romantic landscape garden with an artificial lake and grotto. Søbøtker maintained an extravagant lifestyle and in the same time the meegre times which followed the English Wars and the national bankruptcy in 1813 hit his business enterprises hard. In 1821 he had to sell Øregård, moved to the Danish West Indies where he settled on his estate on Saint Croix and became governor of Saint John and Saint Thomas. Øregård came under new ownership and was converted into a museum and was acquired by Gentofte Municipality in 1917 and converted into a museum.
The park was renovated by Gudmund Nyeland Brandt, municipal gardener and parks director in Hentofte from 1914 to 1841, was converted into a public park. Øregård Museum holds a large topographic collection of around 3,000 pictures—oil paintings, watercolours and drawings—which depict Copenhagen and the area of the city. The collection covers the period from 1750 to 1930 and contains works by both famous and not-so-famous artists. A large part of the collection came from the private collection of Jacob Hegel, he was managing director of Gyldendal, Denmark's largest publishing house, a passionate art collector. After his death, his widow, Julie Hoel, bequeathed most of the collection to Gentofte Municipality, they moved it to Øregård which opened to the public in 1821. The museum hosts two to three special exhibitions a year and arranges a variety of events; the special exhibitions cover both more modern art. There is a special tradition for presenting retrospective exhibitions with artists who were underrated, or experienced adversity, in their own day.
Examples have been Elisabeth Jerichau-Baumann, Bertha Wegmann, Marie Krøyer, Hugo Larsen, Paul Fischer and Vilhelm Hammershøi. Other exhibitions relate to the history of the building, including the Danish West Indies, or to the surrounding area. 1806-1821: Johannes Søbøtker 1821-1833: Johan Jørgen Hunæus 1833-1843: Joseph Hambro 1843-1873: A. N. Hansen 1873-1893: Alfred Hansen 1893-1917: Detlef Ohlsen 1917: Gentofte Municipality List of museums in and around Copenhagen Official website
Ordrup is a district of Gentofte Municipality in the northern suburbs of Copenhagen, Denmark. It is located circa 12 km north of the city centre. Ordrup was a small village which only consisted of eight farms and a forge; the area became a popular destination for excursions for citizens from Copenhagen in the 17th century. The farmers supplemented their income by harvesting peat, sold on the market in Copenhagen. Ordrup came under Bernstorff Palace in the 1760s after Foreign Minister Johann Hartwig Ernst von Bernstorff had received the entire area from Christian V as a gift. Bernstorff was a driving force behind the agricultural reforms of the time. A detailed map of the land was drawn up; the land was divided into lots. A draw which took place at Bernstorff Palace on 1 September 1765 distributed the lots among the local farmers; the names of the eight farms were Lindegaarden, Eigaarden, Holmegården, Hyldegaarden and Skovgaarden. The reforms led to higher profits both for Bernstorff. An inn opened in Ordrup on 2 February 1768.
In 1770 only Damgården had moved out of the village to be closer to its land. Most of the remaining farms and houses in the village were destroyed in a fire on 6 September 1798; the fire began in Teglgården's workshop. It was decided to rebuild the farms out on their fields; the lots in the village were sold to craftsmen or people from Copenhagen who constructed summer residences on them. Many of the farms were converted into country houses after the opening of the Klampenborg Railway made the area more accessible from 1863; the first school in Ordrup opened on 1 May 1867. It was followed by the Catholic boy's school St. Andrew's College in 1873; the school had its own church. The school and church were built by Polly Berling, the owner of Ordruphøj, who had converted to Catholicism in 1869. A protestant parish church was built a few years later. Ordrup developed into a suburb as the farmland was built over with single family detached homes and apartment buildings in the first half of the 20th century.
Places of interest include the art museum of Ordrupgaard and Ordrup Church completed in 1876. Ordrup Asyl is still in use as a daycare. Ordrup Station built in 1924 is on the Klampenborgbanen S-train radial line providing service to Copenhagen
Ordrupgaard is a state-owned art museum situated near Jægersborg Dyrehave, north of Copenhagen, Denmark. The museum houses one of Northern Europe’s most considerable collections of Danish and French art from the 19th and beginning of the 20th century. Ordrupgaard was founded 1916–1918 by former Hafnia managing director, titular Councillor of State Wilhelm Hansen and his wife Henny Hansen. Wilhelm Hansen established his collection of Danish art covering the 19th to the beginning of the 20th century during the period of 1892 to 1916; the Danish Golden Age is comprehensively represented by works by, amongst others: Christoffer Wilhelm Eckersberg, Christen Købke, Johan Thomas Lundbye, P. C. Skovgaard and Wilhelm Marstrand; the main part of the collection, testifies to Wilhelm Hansen’s interest for contemporary art with works by artists such as: L. A. Ring, Vilhelm Hammershøi and Theodor Philipsen, not forgetting the Fynbo Painters Johannes Larsen, Fritz Syberg and Peter Hansen, Wilhelm Hansen’s childhood friend.
During World War I, Wilhelm Hansen focused his interest on French art. From 1916 to 1918 he purchased French paintings, pastels and sculptures, thus laying the foundation for an actual art museum, it was Wilhelm Hansen’s great wish to acquaint the Danes with French 19th-century art. His first purchases were paintings by Alfred Sisley, Camille Pissarro, Claude Monet and Auguste Renoir. Wilhelm Hansen’s main focus was on French Impressionism. In order, however, to put Impressionism into perspective, his collection comprised the genres preceding and following. Thus, Ordrupgaard is able to show Eugène Delacroix, representing Romanticism, Théodore Rousseau, Gustave Courbet, Édouard Manet, Paul Gauguin; when purchasing French art, Wilhelm Hansen took advice from the French art critic Théodore Duret. Parallel to Wilhelm Hansen’s interest in Danish and French art was his interest for furniture and handicrafts, he was interested in ceramics and furniture executed by Thorvald Bindesbøll. This consortium, founded in 1918 by Wilhelm Hansen together with the collector Herman Heilbuth and art dealers Winkel & Magnussen, was of great importance to the French purchases.
Their declared goal was "Buying and selling works of art with the purpose of bringing good and outstanding art to Scandinavia". For this reason they bought several collections "en bloc" in Paris. Wilhelm and Henny Hansen bought a large piece of land by Ordrup Krat, near Jægersborg Dyrehave, north of Copenhagen, Denmark. Between 1916 and 1918 they built their stately home Ordrupgaard, designed by architect Gotfred Tvede. At the same time an extensive park was laid out by landscape gardener Valdemar Fabricius Hansen. Ordrupgaard was inaugurated on 14 September 1918. In his opening speech, Wilhelm Hansen declared that the collection would be left to the Danish State. Ordrupgaard was built as a three-winged trellised country mansion in the neo-classical style; the gallery which houses the French collection is connected to the main building by a small conservatory. Additionally a porter’s lodge, a driver’s residence and a coach house were erected. A shed and a small half-timbered summerhouse comprise the rest of the original buildings on the estate.
The Park at Ordrupgaard is laid out in the English style with a smaller French-inspired rose garden adorned by a ceramic fountain by Jean Gauguin. The Park at Ordrupgaard functioned as a kitchen garden as well as a flower garden; the extensive produce and the many fruit trees sustained the family with fresh fruit and vegetables throughout the year while the rest of the grounds were used for leisure and contemplation. From the summerhouse could be viewed, at the far end of the park a small lake encompassing an island complete with rowing boat. There were small ponds around the grounds, which have since been filled in. In 1922, Wilhelm Hansen suffered a massive personal loss. "Landmandsbanken", in which the Consortium had taken loans for the purchase of art works, collapsed. In order to pay off his debt Wilhelm Hansen sold more than half of his French collection – 82 pieces. Among these were important works by Paul Cézanne, Édouard Manet and Paul Gauguin. Many of these works are now housed at the "Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek" in Copenhagen and "The National Museum of Western Art" in Tokyo.
Wilhelm Hansen overcame the crisis and from 1923 to 1933 compensated for his losses by buying new French paintings, which are still at Ordrupgaard. After the death of Wilhelm Hansen in 1936, Henny Hansen lived on alone at Ordrupgaard. At her death in 1951, she left the collection, the house and the park to the Danish State, as Wilhelm Hansen had wished. In 1953, Ordrupgaard was opened to the public as a state-owned art museum. On 30 August 2005, Ordrupgaard inaugurated the new extension designed by the Iraqi-born architect Zaha Hadid; the extension measures 1,150 sq.m. and has improved the space and security conditions so that Ordrupgaard is now able to present special exhibitions at an international level. The extension is constructed in glass and black lava concrete joined together to form a deconstructivistic and organic body. From 1941 to 1942, furniture designer Finn Juhl designed and furnished his own house next door to Ordrupgaard; the house is one of the first functionalistic one-family houses in Denmark.
Here Finn Juhl lived until his death in 1989. Finn Juhl's widow Hanne Wilhelm Hansen left its interior unchanged. On 3 April
Emiliekilde is a memorial located at the corner of Strandvejen and Emiliekildevej in Klampenborg, Gentofte Municipality, in the northern suburbs of Copenhagen, Denmark. It was installed by Ernst Heinrich von Schimmelmann to commemorate his first wife, Emilie Caroline, who had died of tuberculosis; the monument is 5.7 metres tall and built in reddish granite. A short flight of stairs leads up the monument, backed by a low wall; the wider base has an arched opening with a spring flowing from a small pipe. The monument is topped by a sandstone urn. Just below the urn is a white marble plaque with the name EMILIA'S KILDE in capital lettering. Further down on the monument is another white marble plaque with a short poem in carved lettering that has disappeared, it reads: Count Ernst Heinrich von Schimmelmann married Emilie Caroline Rantzau at Ahrensburg in 1775. The couple lived in the Schimmelmann Mansion on Bredgade in Copenhagen but spent their summers at Sølyst in the countryside to the north of the city.
On 6 February 1780, just 20 years old, Emilie died from tuberculosis. Shortly thereafter Schimmelmann commissioned a memorial from Nicolai Abildgaard to commemorate his departed wife, he married Caroline Schimmelmann in 1782. The memorial to his first wife was installed close to Sølyst that same year; the poem on the monument was written by Christen Henriksen Pram. The monument became a popular destination for excursions during the Danish Golden Age, it is the subject of a number of paintings from the period
Hvidøre House is a former country house at Klampenborg, just south of Bellevue Beach, on the Øresund coast north of Copenhagen, Denmark. It is most known for serving as the home of Dowager Empress Maria Feodorovna of Russia, daughter of King Christian IX and mother of the last emperor of Russia, Nicholas II, after she was exiled by the Russian Revolution of 1917, it now serves as a training venue for the Novo Group. At the beginning of the 16th century, King John of Denmark built a royal residence at Hvidøre, guarding the only landing place to the north of Copenhagen. King Christian II used it for his mistress and her mother after his marriage to Princess Elisabeth of Habsburg in 1515; the castle changed hands many times over the centuries, was acquired by Counsellor Frederik Bruun in 1871. He demolished it and charged the architect Johan Schrøder with the design of a country house to be built in its place, for use as a summer residence for his family. From on, the name Hvidøre denoted the house rather than the locality.
Hvidøre was built from 1871. Counsellor Bruun died in 1887, but his widow kept Hvidøre until 1906. In February 1906, King Christian IX's daughters, Queen Alexandra of the United Kingdom and Dowager Empress Maria Feodorovna of Russia, acquired the building for DKK 280,000 to use it as a summer residence during their frequent visits to their native Denmark, they commissioned an aging Johan Schrøder to adapt and modernize the house with modern conveniences such as central heating while the British firm Waring & Gillow was put in charge of most of the interior decorations. A tunnel was dug to provide direct access to the beach, which belonged to Hvidøre but was separated from it by the coastal road. In the years that followed, the sisters stayed at Hvidøre from September until November, but this came to an end with the outbreak of World War I in 1914. After the overthrow of the monarchy in Russia in the 1917 Revolution, Maria Feodorovna, born Princess Dagmar of Denmark, fled Russia and took up residency at Hvidøre until her death in 1928, together with her daughter and son-in-law, Grand Duchess Olga Alexandrovna and Nikolai Kulikovsky, their two children.
In 1930, following the loss of their mother and the earlier death of their aunt and her sister Xenia sold Hvidøre. In 1932, Musse Scheel, the daughter of Frederik Christian Bruun who had married Count Ulrik Scheel, acquired her childhood home, reputedly to prevent the felling of an old tree in the gardens, she only lived in the house for two years before moving to the mansion at 5 Kristianiagade now the Embassy of Russia in Copenhagen. In 1937 the Hvidøre estate was acquired by Novo Industry. Thorvald Pedersen, the founder and managing director of the company, commissioned Arne Jacobsen to build him a private home close by and considered tearing down the old house, but in the end Jacobsen was asked to adapt it into a diabetes sanatorium which opened on 28 January 1938. People with diabetes could get treatment and learn to live with their disease and have an active life; the hospital accommodated 25 patients. An underground extension of the building, designed by the architectural firm Dissing + Weitling, was constructed 1978-1980.
Hvidøre continued to serve as a diabetes hospital until 1991 and is now an internal conference center for the Novo Group. Hvidøre is built to a Historicist design which combines Victorian Renaissance features. Five Neo-Grecian caryatids form part of the upper balcony, they were created by the sculptor Otto Evens. On the coast below the house there is a beach park designed by the landscape architect Carl Theodor Sørensen while the architect Povl Baumann designed the wall and pergola. Located close by is the Emiliekilde monument. Today the Hvidøre property serves as an internal training centre for the Novo Group. Alexander Nevsky Church, Copenhagen Novo Group Website Brief history at the Hvidøre Study Group website
Bernstorff Palace in Gentofte, Denmark, was built in the middle of the 18th century for Foreign Minister Johann Hartwig Ernst von Bernstorff. It remained in the possession of the Bernstorff family until 1812. In 1842, it was bought by Christian VIII. For many years, it was used as a summer residence by Christian IX until his death in 1906. Since and until it was used by the Danish Emergency Management Agency as an academy for non-commissioned officers, but it has now opened as a hotel and conference centre; the palace was designed by the French architect Nicolas-Henri Jardin, brought to Denmark to complete Frederick's Church in Copenhagen after the death of Nicolai Eigtved in 1754. It is one of the earliest examples of Neoclassical architecture in Denmark; the elaborately decorated two-storeyed building was completed in May 1765 at considerable cost. At the time, it had four small decorative garrets, attics with decorative vases and a wide balcony on the roof ridge itself. On the garden side, there is a dome-covered projection rising the full height of the building.
The palace's many rooms were modest in size and intended for domestic use rather than for display. Most are panelled with large mirrors and decorated ceilings; the four rooms on the south side have overdoors decorated by Johan Edvard Mandelberg. Bernstorff left Denmark in 1770, after being dismissed by Johann Friedrich Struensee; the estate remained in his family's hands until 1812 but was sold on several occasions. It was about to be demolished in 1842 when Christian VIII bought it and charged Jørgen Hansen Koch with its comprehensive renovation. A mezzanine was added and the layout of the first-floor rooms was changed. Fitting Jardin's decorative style, Norwegian marble fireplaces are to be found in three of the larger rooms. A sign above the entrance reads: "Honesto inter Labores otio sacrum" or "Reserved for honest rest during periods of work." In 1854, Bernstorff Palace was placed at the disposal of Crown Prince Christian who adopted it as his preferred summer residence. Indeed, it was to become a popular retreat for the royal couple and their extended family during the king's long reign.
Visitors included Edward VII of the United Kingdom. In 1888, after the Nordic Exhibition, Queen Louise bought the timbered Swedish pavilion and had it fitted out as guest quarters. On Christian IX's death in 1906, Prince Valdemar of Denmark inherited the palace, continuing to use it as a summer residence until his death in 1939. Since and until recently, it was used by the Danish Emergency Management Agency as an academy for non-commissioned officers. On 1 May 2009, after an agreement with Gitte Jensen and Kirsten Nielsen, Bernstorff Palace opened as a hotel and conference centre; the palace's extensive gardens were laid out are in the Romantic landscape style which had just been introduced to Denmark in the 1760s. In addition to the lawns and woods, they include an orchard and a tea house, it is believed that Jardin who designed the palace was responsible for their design as his plans refer to the emergence of landscape gardens as a new trend in Denmark. The Bernstorffs who took great interest in the gardens, planted apricots, grapes, rare apple and pear trees and plums in their kitchen garden together with rare varieties of cucumbers, artichokes and melons from France and the Netherlands.
They acquired a host of rare trees and bushes for the gardens including chestnuts, holly, tulip trees, plane trees, azaleas, barberries and lilacs, many of them new to Denmark at the time. Most of these exotic varieties had withered away by the time Christian IX bought the estate in 1854, he charged Rudolph Rothe, the royal garden inspector, to replace them with Danish oak and beech which can still be seen today. The beautiful Swedish Villa in the gardens was built in 1888 in the classic Swedish timbered style in connection with the Nordic Exhibition. Run by the Swedish Villa Foundation, it is used for art exhibitions, concerts and as a café. Bernstorffstøtten
Hægersborg Allé is a major street in the Charlottenlund and Jægersborg neighborhoods of Gentofte Municipality in the northern suburbs of Copenhagen, Denmark. It runs from Strandvejen in the southeast to a junction just east of Kægersborg station in the northwest; the first leg of the road passes through Charlottenlund Forest, it follows the north boundary of Bernstorff Park. It passes a number of historic buildings, including Charlottenlund Palace, Bernstorff Palace and Schæffergården. Jægersborg Allé was built on the orders of King Christian V by farmers from the parish of Gentofte, it is first mentioned in 1695, it is believed that it was completed in the summer of 1706. The road provided a direct connection between Jægersborg and Gyldenlund and would be used for royal hunts, he constructed a pheasantry en route between the two properties. It was used for breeding pheasants for the royal hunts. Christian V died in 1699, therefore, never saw his road finished. Gyldenlund was taken over by queen Charlotte Amalie and replaced by Charlottenlund Palace in 1730–733.
J. H. E. Bernstorff received the Pheasantry from constructed Bernstorff House at the site. Hægersborg was replaced by the Hermitage in Jægersborg Deer Garden and demolished in circa 1760. Bernstorffvej was constructed in 1770, linking the Royal Frederiksborg Toad with Bernstorff House and Jægersborg Allé. In 1829, Jægersborg Allé was opened to the public. Carriages had to pay a fee, collected at a boom barrier in Charlottenlund; the area became more accessible with the opening of the Læampenborg and Ltngby Railways in 1863. The land along the road was built over. Charlottenlund Palace is home to DTU Aqua; the small building at No. 2A is a former garage for a horse-drawn fire carriage. Its located next to the still existing restaurant Ved Stalden meant that horses were always present at the site in the event of fire; the building was designed by Ferdinand Meldahl. Lille Bernstorff known as Trianglen, is a house from 1811; the buildings at No. 92–94 and 90, an L-shaped main building and a stable, both from c.
1800, are listed. Jægergården, a complex of low, tallow buildings, was built in the 1750s to design by Lauritz de Thurah, it was for a while used and as stables for the king's hunting dogs and from the 1790s as army barracks. Schæffergården is a Rococo-style mansion from 1756, it has been expanded and is now operated as a hotel and conference centre. The house "Ibstrup" at No. 170 A has nothing to do with the much older and long gone predecessor of Jægersborg Castle. The L-shaped main building is from 1867 and listed. Alléhusene, a development of terraced housing, was built in 148–53 to design by Arne Jacobsen. Chr. Olesen & Co. a manufacturer and distributor of ingredients for the animal feed and pharma industries, is based at No. 164. A Femvejen, a roundabout where Jægersborg Allé, Bernstorffsvek and two others roads meet, is a memorial to King Christian IX and Queen Louise; the memorial was designed by the architect Andreas Vlemmesen and executed by the sculptor Anders Bundgaard. It was unveiled on 6 September 1913.
Outside Jægersborg Allé 184 is a stone commemorating Jørgen Haagen Schmith, better known under the codename Citronen, a prominent member of the Danish resistance movement during World War II, killed at the site early in the morning on 15 October 1944. Charlottenlund station, a station of the Klampenborg radial of the S-train network, is located circa one kilometre from the coast. Jægersborg station, a station on the Hillerød radial, is located just west of its western end. Jægersborg Allé Shopping