Yankee was a 1930 yacht of the J Class. It was designed by Frank Cabot Paine. Yankee was scrapped in 1941
HMY Britannia (Royal Cutter Yacht)
His Majesty's Yacht Britannia was a racing yacht built in 1893 for RYS Commodore Albert Edward, Prince of Wales. She served both his son King George V, with a long racing career. Britannia was designed by George Lennox Watson, she was a near sister ship to the Watson-designed Valkyrie II which challenged for the 1893 America's Cup. Details of the commission were arranged on the Prince’s behalf by William Jamieson who represented him and liaised with Watson; the build cost was £8,300 and like Valkyrie II, Britannia was built at the D&W Henderson shipyard in Patrick on the River Clyde. With two such important commissions underway in the same yard, Watson delegated his protégé James Rennie Barnett to oversee both yachts. Britannia was launched on 20 April 1893, a week ahead of Valkyrie II and joined a fleet of first class cutters, growing fast as others followed the royal lead. In a competitive fleet, Britannia soon set about achieving the race results which would establish her as one of the most successful racing yachts in history.
By the end of her first year's racing, Britannia had scored thirty-three wins from forty-three starts. In her second season, she won all seven races for the first class yachts on the French Riviera, beat the 1893 America's Cup defender Vigilant in home waters. In the Mount's Bay Regatta of 28 July 1894 the Vigilant owned by George Jay Gould I, was piloted by Benjamin Nicholls, the Britannia was piloted by Ben's brother Philip Nicholls. Both brothers were Trinity House pilots of Penzance. People came by train from all over the south west to watch Britannia win by just over seven minutes. Despite a lull in big yacht racing when the new linear rating rule came into effect in 1897, Britannia served as a trial horse for Sir Thomas Lipton's first America's Cup challenger Shamrock, passed on to several owners in a cruising trim with raised bulwarks. In 1920, King George V triggered the revival of the "Big class" by announcing that he would refit Britannia for racing. Although Britannia was the oldest yacht in the circuit, regular updates to her rig kept her a most successful racer throughout the 1920s.
In 1931, she was converted to the J class with a bermuda rig, but despite the modifications, her performance to windward declined dramatically. Her last race was at Cowes in 1935. During her racing career she took another 129 flags. King George V's dying wish was for his beloved yacht to follow him to the grave. On 10 July 1936, after Britannia had been stripped of her spars and fittings, her hull was towed out to St Catherine's Deep near the Isle of Wight, she was sunk by HMS Winchester, commanded by Captain W. N. T. Beckett RN; this fate marked the end of big yacht racing in Europe, with the smaller and more affordable International Rule 12 Metre class gaining popularity. Four known examples of Britannia's racing flags are preserved, one presented by Philip Hunloke to the Royal Cornwall Yacht Club, in whose Regattas Britannia was a competitor between 1894 and 1935, the second at the Royal Northern and Clyde Yacht Club at Rhu and the third at the Royal St. George Yacht Club, which held two regattas in Kingstown for the first season of the RYA linear rating rule in 1896.
Britannia's skipper William G. Jameson had lost both races to Ailsa; the fourth known flag is held in the vexillology collection in the National Maritime Museum at Greenwich. Britannia's 51-foot long gaff, the king’s chair, some mast hoops and rigging, anchor chain and clock are preserved in the Sir Max Aitken Museum in Cowes High Street and the remains of her spinnaker boom are at Carisbrooke Castle on the Isle of Wight; the spinnaker boom was given for use as a flag pole on the keep, the present flagpole is a fibreglass replica. In an episode of Antiques Roadshow from Pembroke Castle, broadcast in April 2017, a relative of a crew member brought photographs, a damask tablecloth and some cutlery from the yacht, to be appraised. K1 Britannia is a project to create a replica of the original vessel where K1 designates the Britannia's sail number when she was converted to a J-class yacht in 1931. In 1993 a syndicate headed by Norwegian Sigurd Coates purchased a stake in the Solombala shipyard in Arkhangelsk in order to create a replica of the Britannia in pinewood and laminated oak.
Between 2002 and 2006 the shipyard changed hands several times whilst joinery was nearing completion. In 2006 she was rechristened Царь Пётр and held back for NOK25,000,000 until 2009, when a Russian court ordered the hull to be launched and delivered by the shipyard to her original owner Sigurd Coates; the story behind this 16-year saga was captured on film by director and producer Ann Coates and released in a documentary called The Dream of Britannia. Having taken possession of the Britannia replica, Sigurd Coates berthed the hull in Son for outfitting; as this period coincided with the economic recession, work was stalled and Coates decided to sell the boat to the K1 Britannia Trust in the UK. This charity was established with the goal of completing Britannia and using her as a flagship for charitable causes around the world. Britannia was towed to the South Boats yard in East Cowes in 2012; the Trust invested in the scaffolding, cradle and workmen required and work began on the final stages of the Britannia build.
This came to a halt in 2014. While deciding how to proceed, the K1 Britannia Trust has gone forward with its maritime-related charity work; this includes the Personal Development & Maritime Skills Training Programme in the UK and the work of sister charities the K1 Britannia
Lionheart is a name applied to the main motor yacht owned by Sir Philip Green, the British retail entrepreneur. The current 90 metres yacht is the third commissioned by Green to be built by Benetti Yachts. With contracts signed in 2012, she is built of steel with an aluminium superstructure. Completed in early 2016, after sea trials off Livorno, she undertook a commissioning run to Malta in May, able to cruise at a speed of 15 knots. Built in 2006 by Benetti, the 63.5 metres former "Lionheart" is now named Lioness V. Custom designed and engineered by Stefano Natucci, her interior was designed by Argent Design. With a steel hull and a aluminium superstructure, she had a contract price of £32M, she can sleep up including: a master suite. The yacht has a fast Otam Cigarette 45 feet tender named Lion Cub. Still owned by Tina Green's company Taveta Investments, Lioness V is available for charter. Built in 1999 by Benetti, the 49.9 metres former "Lionheart" is now named Lumiere. Custom designed and engineered by Stefano Natucci, her interior was designed by Argent Design.
She can sleep up to 12 guests in 6 rooms, including a master suite, 1 VIP stateroom, 2 double cabins, 2 twin cabins and 2 convertible cabins. Named Cuor di Leone after being replaced by Green in 2006, he sold her and she is now named Lumiere and available for charter; the Lionchase is a Mangusta 108, a fast sports yacht which can reach a top speed of 37 knots, with a list price of $12M. Docked in Monaco, she acts as a fast-tender to Lionheart
New York Yacht Club
The New York Yacht Club is a private social club and yacht club based in New York City and Newport, Rhode Island. It was founded in 1844 by nine prominent sportsmen; the members have contributed to the sport of yacht design. As of 2001, the organization was reported to have about 3,000 members. Membership in the club is by invitation only, its officers include a Commodore, vice-commodore, rear-commodore and treasurer. The America's Cup trophy was won by members in 1851 and held by the NYYC until 1983; the NYYC defended the trophy twenty-four times in a row before being defeated by the Royal Perth Yacht Club, represented by the yacht Australia II. The NYYC's reign was the longest winning streak in the history of all sports; the NYYC has entered 2021 America's Cup under the syndicate name American Magic, In 1845, the club's first clubhouse was established — a modest, Gothic-revival building in Hoboken, New Jersey, on land donated by Commodore John Cox Stevens. After outgrowing its cramped quarters, the club moved to several other locations, including Staten Island, Glen Cove, New York and Mystic, Connecticut.
Its primary clubhouse is a six-storied Beaux-Arts landmark with a nautical-themed limestone facade, located at 37 West 44th Street in midtown Manhattan. Opened in 1901, the clubhouse was designed by Warren and Wetmore, architects of the exterior of Grand Central Terminal; the centerpiece of the clubhouse is the "Model Room", which contains a notable collection of full and half hull models including a scale model history of all New York Yacht Club America's Cup challenges. It was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1987. In addition to its Manhattan headquarters, located inland, the club maintains "Harbour Court", a clubhouse opened in 1988 on the water in Newport; the New York Yacht Club was founded on July 1844, by nine gentlemen. John Cox Stevens, the leader of this group, a prominent citizen of New York with a passion for sports, was elected commodore. John Clarkson Jay of Rye, one of the nine founders, was a grandson of Founding Father John Jay and served as the first Secretary of the board.
George L. Schuyler and Hamilton Wilkes were NYYC founders who, together with Stevens and two others, created the syndicate that built and raced the great schooner-yacht, America. Wilkes served as the club's first vice-commodore. Schuyler played a key role in the founding of the America's Cup regatta, served as its unofficial consultant until his death in 1890. In 1845, the club's burgee was designed; the waters off Newport have been a key sailing venue for the NYYC since the beginning of its history. Indeed, the day the club was founded in 1844, its members resolved to sail from the Battery to Newport. Two days they did, with several stops on the way, trials of speed. During the first decades of the club's history, racing for prize money was the objective among most members. In 1851, a syndicate of NYYC enthusiasts built and raced America, capturing the "One Hundred Sovereign Cup" at the annual regatta of the Royal Yacht Squadron. On July 8, 1857, the coveted trophy was donated to the NYYC, to serve as a challenge cup for sportsmanlike competition between nations.
The "America's Cup Race", named for its first winner, played a central role in the history of the club until this day. In 1865, the Club was incorporated, adopting the Latin motto: "Nos agimur tumidis velis" -- "We go with swelling sails". During this time, membership transitioned from the "old guard" to a new generation of yachtsmen, who built large schooner yachts captained by professionals. Marking this evolution was the 1866 resignation of Commodore Edwin Augustus Stevens, brother of founder John Cox Stevens and member of the America syndicate; the year 1866 is remembered in club annals for the legendary "Transatlantic Race". In December, the NYYC schooners Henrietta and Vesta raced from Sandy Hook to The Needles, Isle of Wight for a $90,000 winner-take-all prize; the Henrietta, owned by 21-year-old James Gordon Bennett, Jr. and skippered by Captain Samuel S. Samuels, a professional, won the race in 13 days, 21 hours and 55 minutes. Bennett would be elected commodore in 1871. In 1876, the Mohawk, a large centerboard schooner, capsized due to its sheets being "made fast" when a freak squall struck.
Vice-Commodore William T. Garner, his wife and crew died in the accident, it is believed. The Mohawk was sold to the U. S. Navy and recommissioned as the U. S. Eagre. By 1894, the New York Yacht Club had a number of Clubhouses: Station 1 in Bay Ridge. In 1868, the club bought a big mansion used as Station 2 at Staten Island; this building still is known as the Macfarlane Bredt House. In 1895, Richard H. Barker composed'The yacht club march: march and two-step: for piano' in honour of the New York Yacht Club. In 1994, as part of the Club's 150th celebrations, Melissa H. Harrington wrote'The New York Yacht Club, 1844-1994,' Following the disastrous Bay of Quinte America's Cup challenge in 1881, the Club's committee voted a new rule to govern its races: Rating = 2 ⋅ Load Waterline Length + Sail Area 3 The America's Cup challenges of 1885, 1886 and 1887 used this rule
Ranger was a J-class racing yacht that defended the 1937 America's Cup, defeating the British challenger Endeavour II 4-0 at Newport, Rhode Island. It was the last time. Harold Stirling Vanderbilt funded construction of Ranger, she was launched on May 11, 1937, she was designed by Starling Burgess and Olin Stephens, constructed by Bath Iron Works. Stephens would credit Burgess with designing Ranger, but the radical departure from the heavy displacement sailing yachts was attributal to Stephens himself who had first used the design in Dorade, winner of the 1931 Trans-Atlantic Race. Geerd Hendel, Burgess's chief draftsman had a hand in drawing many of the plans; the hull was all-steel welded by a shielded arc process with a weight-saving aluminum, arc-welded, mast counterbalanced with a 110-ton lead keel supported by an arc-welded steel keel plate. Ranger was constructed according to the Universal Rule that constrained the various dimensions of racing yachts, such as sail area and length. Referred to as the "super J", Ranger received a rating of 76, the maximum allowed while still adhering to the Universal Rule.
Ranger raced Endeavour II in the 1937 America's Cup, winning 4–0. Ranger was scrapped between either 1941 or 1946 – sources differ. Construction of a replica of Ranger was started at Danish Yacht Boatyard in early 2002 and was completed in late December 2003; the original designs were used as the basis for the new boat but were updated to conform to the latest safety regulations and the requirement of the owner to cross oceans in comfort. "Geerd Hendel Plan Drawings for Ranger at Mystic Seaport"
Shamrock V was the first British yacht to be built to the new J-Class rule. She was commissioned by Sir Thomas Lipton for his fifth America's Cup challenge. Although refitted several times, Shamrock is the only J-class never to have fallen into dereliction; the services of Charles Ernest Nicholson were once again employed to design the challenger and she was constructed at the Camper and Nicholsons yard in Gosport. Shamrock V was built from wood, with mahogany planking over steel frames and, most a hollow spruce mast; as a result of rule changes, she was the first British contender for the America's Cup to carry the Bermuda rig. Following her launch on 14 April 1930 she showed early promise on the British Regatta circuit winning 15 of 22 races, she underwent continuous upgrading with changes to her hull shape and modifications to the rig to create a more effective racing sail plan before departing to America in time for the 15th America's Cup. Four New York syndicates responded to Lipton's challenge each creating a J-Class, Yankee and Enterprise.
This was a remarkable response during depression-hit America with each yacht costing at least half a million dollars, served to highlight that despite the J-Class' immense power and beauty, their Achilles heel would be the exorbitant cost to construct and race them. Winthrop Aldrick's syndicate, emerged from the competitive round-robins as the eventual defender. Enterprise was the smallest J-Class to be built, her size being an early indication of the ruthless efficiency, employed by the renowned naval architect Starling Burgess; the efficiency of design was coupled to a number of pioneering features such as the Park Avenue Boom, hidden lightweight winches and the world’s first duralumin mast. The first of the best-of-seven races was a convincing victory for Enterprise winning by nearly three minutes. Shamrock V was to fare worse in the second race losing by nearly 10 minutes; the third race provided the assembled thousands on the shore at Newport, the racing they craved. Shamrock V's initial lead at the start was relinquished to Enterprise after a tacking duel.
Following this surrender disaster struck, as Shamrock V's main halyard parted and her sail collapsed to the deck. The fourth race clinched the cup for Enterprise after which Sir Thomas Lipton was heard to utter "I can't win". Shamrock V's challenge was plagued by bad luck and haunted by one of the most ruthless skippers in America's Cup history, Harold Vanderbilt. Sir Thomas Lipton, after endearing himself to the American public during 31 years and five attempts, would die the following year never fulfilling his ambition to win the cup; the British aviation industrialist Sir Thomas Sopwith was to be the next custodian of Shamrock V. A keen yachtsman, Sopwith bought her in 1931 as a trial horse to gain J-Class racing experience, he would add to Nicholson's skills with his own aeronautical expertise and material knowledge to build and perfect his challenger for the 16th America's cup, Endeavour. Shamrock V was sold to Sopwith's aviation friend, fellow yachtsman, Sir Richard Fairey of Fairey Aviation who continued to incorporate aerodynamic and hydrodynamic modifications as well as campaigning her against other J-Class yachts during the 1935 regatta season.
In 1937, Shamrock V was sold to industrialist Mario Crespi. This change in ownership prompted Shamrock V's only name change. Italian Fascist law had banned the use of foreign names in society, accordingly Shamrock V was renamed Quadrifoglio. Crespi was the first owner who modified Shamrock V for comfort by installing her maple interior. A renaissance for Shamrock V began in 1962 with her acquisition by the Italian yachtsman Piero Scanu, he instigated a comprehensive three year overhaul commencing in 1967 with Shamrock V returning to the Camper and Nicholsons yard. The hull and deck received significant attention along with the modernisation of the systems and engines; the effects of this rebuild were to last the next twenty years during which a remarkable repeat of history was enacted when, in 1986, Shamrock V returned to the ownership of the Lipton Tea Company who donated her to the Museum of Yachting at Newport, Rhode Island. Another extensive restoration was instigated by her new owners and undertaken by Elizabeth Meyer in 1989.
Following changes of ownership in the 1990s and another renovation, Shamrock V participated in a reunion in August 2001 with the only two remaining J-Classes and Velsheda, for the America's Cup Jubilee in the Solent. In March 2016 it was reported that Shamrock V had changed ownership and had been listed for sale with an asking price of €6 million. Shamrock V was seen being towed to and moored at Saxon Wharf in the River Itchen, Southampton, on 21st July 2018, she looked like she'd just had a refit as her paint was shiny and new, lots of bits of gear were still wrapped up and her mast was on deck. J Class Management Ranulf Rayner,The Story of the America's Cup 1851-2007 ISBN 978-1-86953-670-1
The J-class yacht Velsheda was designed by Charles Ernest Nicholson and built in 1933 by Camper and Nicholsons at Gosport, Hampshire. She was built for businessman William Lawrence Stephenson and between 1933 and 1936, she won many races and competed with other great yachts such as Britannia and Shamrock V. Designed by Charles Ernest Nicholson and built by Camper & Nicholsons in 1933 for Mr W. L. Stephenson, managing director of Woolworth retail shops, she was built in 1933 at Gosport, she was Nicholson's second design for a J Stephenson's second big yacht. Velsheda was named after Stephenson's three daughters, Velma and Daphne, she raced with the greatest names in classic yachting including Britannia and Shamrock V between 1933 and 1936. In her second season she won more than 40 races and achieved an outstanding record of success at regattas from Southend to Dartmouth. Other venues included Torbay, Swanage and of course the Solent, all under the control of the famous Captain Fred Mountifield; the permanent racing crew at that time was around 16 men and this would have been augmented to around 30 for racing.
When not required for sail changes, spare crew were moved to below decks. In her 1930s heyday, she represented the most advanced technical design for spars, sails, deck gear and ropes, her masts were aluminium, made by riveting them together. Sails were made from the new Terylene threads and deck gear now included winches for easier handling of sheets; the standing rigging was solid rod in the 1930s, but with so much stretch in the rigging and systems it was inevitable that J Class masts could not be held in column and would collapse in stronger winds. In anything above a force 3, there was serious concern about holding the rig in place without collapse. Below decks accommodation was limited to just the main saloon, owners quarters aft, storage for sails and equipment forward. By 1937 she became derelict. Many sailors remember visiting her - one recalls sailing in the annual Warming Pan race at Hamble, all the visiting crew being taken up the river to their overnight accommodation on Velsheda.
Velsheda was rescued from her Hamble mud berth in 1984 by Terry Brabant, who economically refitted her for charter work with a new steel mast and limited interior. Still without an engine she sailed along the UK south coast on charter work and ventured to the Mediterranean and Caribbean, she had a chequered career: whilst on charter during the early 1990s Velsheda visited the UK east coast where she found herself on the beach on a falling tide she was recovered safely. She raced in the annual Round the Island Race and although in poor condition, she was still an impressive sight, competing the 60 mile course in quick time, she was laid up and moored at Gosport in 1995/6. She was purchased in 1996 as a bare hull from the bankrupt N yard in Portsmouth Harbour. Southampton Yacht Services on the River Itchen were commissioned to undertake a major rebuild including a new one piece carbon fibre mast and inboard diesel engine installation for the first time, she was re-launched in November 1997. Dutch businessman Ronald de Waal bought Velsheda in 1999 and has campaigned her extensively in the Maxi and classic racing circuits in the Caribbean and in the Mediterranean sea.
J-class yacht history Specifications & Photos of Velsheda - SYT Dykstra Naval Architects The'Immortal' J-class Velsheda.