Sabbatsberg Hospital was a hospital in Vasastan, Stockholm. It was opened in 1879. In 1986, Swedish Prime Minister Olof Palme was pronounced dead at 00:06 CET on March 1 at Sabbatsbergs Hospital, after having been shot in the street earlier that night; the emergency clinic at Sabbatsberg closed in 1994. It is no longer operated as a hospital, although some healthcare-related activities are still located on the grounds, which have been rebuilt as housing; some of the scenes in the film The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo were shot in the hospital
Sweden the Kingdom of Sweden, is a Scandinavian Nordic country in Northern Europe. It borders Norway to the west and north and Finland to the east, is connected to Denmark in the southwest by a bridge-tunnel across the Öresund, a strait at the Swedish-Danish border. At 450,295 square kilometres, Sweden is the largest country in Northern Europe, the third-largest country in the European Union and the fifth largest country in Europe by area. Sweden has a total population of 10.2 million. It has a low population density of 22 inhabitants per square kilometre; the highest concentration is in the southern half of the country. Germanic peoples have inhabited Sweden since prehistoric times, emerging into history as the Geats and Swedes and constituting the sea peoples known as the Norsemen. Southern Sweden is predominantly agricultural, while the north is forested. Sweden is part of the geographical area of Fennoscandia; the climate is in general mild for its northerly latitude due to significant maritime influence, that in spite of this still retains warm continental summers.
Today, the sovereign state of Sweden is a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy, with a monarch as head of state, like its neighbour Norway. The capital city is Stockholm, the most populous city in the country. Legislative power is vested in the 349-member unicameral Riksdag. Executive power is exercised by the government chaired by the prime minister. Sweden is a unitary state divided into 21 counties and 290 municipalities. An independent Swedish state emerged during the early 12th century. After the Black Death in the middle of the 14th century killed about a third of the Scandinavian population, the Hanseatic League threatened Scandinavia's culture and languages; this led to the forming of the Scandinavian Kalmar Union in 1397, which Sweden left in 1523. When Sweden became involved in the Thirty Years War on the Reformist side, an expansion of its territories began and the Swedish Empire was formed; this became one of the great powers of Europe until the early 18th century. Swedish territories outside the Scandinavian Peninsula were lost during the 18th and 19th centuries, ending with the annexation of present-day Finland by Russia in 1809.
The last war in which Sweden was directly involved was in 1814, when Norway was militarily forced into personal union. Since Sweden has been at peace, maintaining an official policy of neutrality in foreign affairs; the union with Norway was peacefully dissolved in 1905. Sweden was formally neutral through both world wars and the Cold War, albeit Sweden has since 2009 moved towards cooperation with NATO. After the end of the Cold War, Sweden joined the European Union on 1 January 1995, but declined NATO membership, as well as Eurozone membership following a referendum, it is a member of the United Nations, the Nordic Council, the Council of Europe, the World Trade Organization and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Sweden maintains a Nordic social welfare system that provides universal health care and tertiary education for its citizens, it has the world's eleventh-highest per capita income and ranks in numerous metrics of national performance, including quality of life, education, protection of civil liberties, economic competitiveness, equality and human development.
The name Sweden was loaned from Dutch in the 17th century to refer to Sweden as an emerging great power. Before Sweden's imperial expansion, Early Modern English used Swedeland. Sweden is derived through back-formation from Old English Swēoþēod, which meant "people of the Swedes"; this word is derived from Sweon/Sweonas. The Swedish name Sverige means "realm of the Swedes", excluding the Geats in Götaland. Variations of the name Sweden are used in most languages, with the exception of Danish and Norwegian using Sverige, Faroese Svøríki, Icelandic Svíþjóð, the more notable exception of some Finnic languages where Ruotsi and Rootsi are used, names considered as referring to the people from the coastal areas of Roslagen, who were known as the Rus', through them etymologically related to the English name for Russia; the etymology of Swedes, thus Sweden, is not agreed upon but may derive from Proto-Germanic Swihoniz meaning "one's own", referring to one's own Germanic tribe. Sweden's prehistory begins in the Allerød oscillation, a warm period around 12,000 BC, with Late Palaeolithic reindeer-hunting camps of the Bromme culture at the edge of the ice in what is now the country's southernmost province, Scania.
This period was characterised by small bands of hunter-gatherer-fishers using flint technology. Sweden is first described in a written source in Germania by Tacitus in 98 AD. In Germania 44 and 45 he mentions the Swedes as a powerful tribe with ships that had a prow at each end. Which kings ruled these Suiones is unknown, but Norse mythology presents a long line of legendary and semi-legendary kings going back to the last centuries BC; as for literacy in Sweden itself, the runic script was in use among the south Scandinavian elite by at least the 2nd century AD, but all that has come down to the present from the Roman Period is curt inscriptions on artefacts of male names, demonstrating th
Karlberg Palace is a palace by the Karlberg Canal in Solna Municipality in Sweden, adjacent to Stockholm's Vasastaden district. The palace, built in 1630, today houses the Military Academy Karlberg. In the palace park are found, among other things, a "temple of Diana" and the burial site of Pompe, the dog of King Charles XII. Notwithstanding that the palace remains a military institution, the palace park is accessible to the public and is open daily between 6 AM and 10 PM. Three medieval villages at the location — Ösby and Lundby — were bought by Lord High Admiral Carl Carlsson Gyllenhielm in the 1620s and subsequently unified into a single estate named "Karlberg" after himself, he had master mason Hans Drisell build a Renaissance palace featuring pink plaster and tall gables. As Gyllenhielm's widow died six years after her husband, a lengthy litigation regarding the inheritance followed. Plans in the mid-1660s to transfer the estate to the widowed Queen Hedwig Eleonora were cancelled as Lord High Admiral Magnus Gabriel De la Gardie sold one of his palaces to the queen and bought Karlberg from the heir of his precursor in 1669.
De la Gardie, at this time one of the most influential men in Sweden, had Jean de la Vallée develop the palace into one of the grandest in Sweden. The new palace, H-shaped in plan in accordance to the style of the day, featured two wings and a terrace facing the waterfront, while wings facing north formed an enclosed courtyard. Additionally, a church was created in the eastern wing; some of the red festoon stucco ornaments from this era are preserved in the façade, as are the curved cornices facing the garden, the sumptuous stucco ceilings of Carlo Carove together with other exclusive interior details, including walls covered in leather and boiseries. The park was furnished with an orangery, fountains and boxwood patterns - all in the manner of French Baroque architecture. Following the Reduction, De la Gardie lost his influence and most of his fortune, since King Charles XI declined to buy the palace, De la Gardie was forced to hand it over to Johan Gabriel Stenbock to settle a debt, in 1683 Stenbock took over the newly rebuilt palace, only to sell it to the king in 1688.
Karlberg thus became the palace where crown prince Charles spent much of his childhood and where he used to hunt wolves in the surrounding forests. His mother, Queen Ulrika Eleonora, had a school, the Tapetskolan vid Karlberg, created for orphaned girls where they could create tapestries. On her death, her son took personal charge over the school to honour his good-hearted mother; when Charles XII died in 1718 his coffin was taken to Karlberg before being interred in the church Riddarholmskyrkan. While the Three Crowns Castle was being rebuilt in the early 1690s, following the disastrous fire which destroyed it in 1697, the royal family chose Karlberg as their temporary home; the entire court resided at Karlberg until 1754 when the present palace was completed. The red panelled log houses west of the main building are believed to date back to the 1720s, while the stables carrying four sandstone vessels were designed by Carl Hårleman under Frederick I in the 1730s, thereafter rebuilt into barracks in the 1790s.
In 1766, Karlberg was made a wedding gift to crown prince) Gustav and Sophia Magdalena. In the early 1790s Gustav had plans to found a war academy at the Ulriksdal Palace; these plans however were interrupted by his death in 1792, when his widow choose Ulriksdal as her private residence. The Kungliga Krigacademien was instead located at Karlberg where the first generation of cadets started their training the same year. During the regency of Gustav's son, architect Carl Christoffer Gjörwell was ordered to enlarge the palace to accommodate the cadets, his additions, finished in 1796, resulted in the elongated wings seen today, which give the palace much of its character. The park, dating back to the 17th century, has suffered gradual encroachment. During the 1860s, the north-eastern corner was cut off by the railway, a century in 1966, the Essingeleden freeway was built over more park land. Other motorways have had been built on part of the park; the exterior of the palace was however restored in the 1980s.
Furthermore, in 2001 an archaeological examination of a nearby burial site, associated with one of the villages out of which Karlberg once was created, unveiled fragments of runestones — including one from an image stone and another featuring the proto-Norse Elder Futhark. Karlberg Palace is managed by the Swedish Fortifications Agency. History of Stockholm Solna Church Hilma af Klint painter, who works will enter Public Domain in 2014 was born there. Johan Mårtelius. "Ytterstaden". Guide till Stockholms arkitektur. Stockholm: Arkitektur förlag. P. 172. ISBN 91-86050-41-9. "Solna: Huvudsta". Solna Municipality. Archived from the original on 2007-08-17. Retrieved 2008-01-05. "Solna: Karlberg". Solna Municipality. Archived from the original on 2007-12-08. Retrieved 2008-01-05. "Solna. Karlbergsparken". Solna Municipality. Archived from the original on 2007-10-09. Retrieved 2008-01-05. "Karlberg". Historiesajten. 2007-09-09. Retrieved 2008-01-05. Strandell, Monica. "Karlbergs slott". Swedish Fortifications Agency. Archived from the original on 2008-04-22.
Retrieved 2009-07-19. "Karlberg slott". Stockholms läns museum. Retrieved 2008-01-05
In landscaping, an avenue, or allée, is traditionally a straight path or road with a line of trees or large shrubs running along each side, used, as its Latin source venire indicates, to emphasize the "coming to," or arrival at a landscape or architectural feature. In most cases, the trees planted in an avenue will be all of the same species or cultivar, so as to give uniform appearance along the full length of the avenue; the French term allée is used for avenues planted in parks and landscape gardens, as well as boulevards such as the Grande Allée in Quebec City and Karl-Marx-Allee in Berlin. The avenue is one of the oldest ideas in the history of gardens. An avenue of sphinxes still leads to the tomb of the pharaoh Hatshepsut. Avenues defined by guardian stone lions lead to the Ming tombs in China. British archaeologists have adopted specific criteria for "avenues" within the context of British archaeology. In Garden à la française Baroque landscape design, avenues of trees that were centered upon the dwelling radiated across the landscape.
See the avenues in the Gardens of Versailles or Het Loo. Other late 17th-century French and Dutch landscapes, in that intensely ordered and flat terrain, fell into avenues. In order to enhance the approach to mansions or manor houses, avenues were planted along the entrance drive. Sometimes the avenues are in double rows on each side of a road. Trees preferred for avenues were selected for their height and speed of growth, such as poplar, beech and horse chestnut. In the American antebellum era South, the southern live oak was used, because the trees created a beautiful shade canopy. Sometimes tree avenues were designed to direct the eye toward some distinctive architectural building or feature, such as a chapels, gazebos, or architectural follies. Avenue as a street name in French and other languages implies a large straight street in a city created as part of a large scheme of urban planning such as Baron Haussmann's remodelling of Paris or the L'Enfant Plan for Washington D. C.. This pattern is often followed in the United States, indeed all the Americas, but in the United Kingdom this sense is less strong and the name is used more randomly for suburban streets developed in the 20th century, though Western Avenue, London is a main traffic artery out of the city, if not straight.
In cities which have a grid-based naming system, such as the borough of Manhattan in New York City, there may be a convention that the streets called avenues run parallel in one direction – north–south in the case of Manhattan – while "streets" run at 90 degrees to them across the avenues. In Washington, DC the avenues radiate from the centre running diagonally across the grid of streets, which follows typical French usage of the name. In Phoenix, Arizona, "the avenues" can colloquially mean "the west side of town", due to the numbered north–south-running roads being called "Avenues" in the western part of the city, separated from the eastern "Streets" by a "Central Avenue". "the avenues" in San Francisco, California refers to the Richmond District and the Sunset District, the two neighborhoods on the Pacific coast and south of Golden Gate Park, respectively. In Anglophone urban or suburban settings, "avenue" is one of the usual suite of words used in street names, along with "boulevard", "circle", "court", "drive", "lane", "place", "road", "street", "terrace", "way" and so on, any of which may carry connotations as to the street's size, importance, or function.
Alley — a narrow lane, or path Alameda Avenue of honour Garden design Garden features Hedges Landscape design history Shade tree Southern live oak Media related to Avenues at Wikimedia Commons Media related to Streets called avenues at Wikimedia Commons
Stockholm City Centre
Stockholm City Centre is the city centre of Stockholm in Sweden. The entire city of Stockholm is the centre of the Stockholm Metropolitan Area. Since 2007, Stockholm City Centre is organized into four stadsdelsområden: Kungsholmen, Södermalm, Norrmalm and Östermalm. Before 2007, Stockholm City Centre was organized into five boroughs: Katarina-Sofia borough, Kungsholmen borough, Maria-Gamla stan borough, Norrmalm borough and Östermalm borough; the border between the historical provinces of Södermanland and Uppland splits Stockholm City Centre in two parts. 179,185 people live on an area of 28.05 km² in the northern part, which gives a density of 6,388.06/km². The same data for the southern part is 103,646 people on 7.44 km², giving a density of 13,930.91/km². This border has no administrative significance whatsoever. South Stockholm West Stockholm Stockholm City Station
Lärkstaden is an urban area within the city district of Östermalm in central Stockholm, Sweden. The name originates from the large block "Lärkan" which used to dominated the area before the present buildings were built in 1907. Many of the blocks added at this time were given names such as "piplärkan" pipit, "tofslärka", "trädlärka" Woodlark, other bird names. Though the area has no official extent, it is said to be delimited by the streets Odengatan, Karlavägen, Valhallavägen, Uggelviksgatan, if nothing else because of the contrast between the small-scale character of the neighbourhood and the blocks surrounding it. Stugart, Martin. "Varför heter det Lärkstaden?". Dagens Nyheter. Retrieved 2008-04-02
Odengatan is a major street in the districts Vasastan and Östermalm in central Stockholm. It is connected to Vallhallavägen, from where it passes Stockholm Public Library, Gustaf Vasa Church and Vasaparken up to S:t Eriksplan; the street's width is about 30 metres and its length is about 1850 metres. Stockholm Public Library Gustaf Vasa Church Geography of Stockholm