Vasco da Gama Tower

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Vasco da Gama Tower
Torre Vasco da Gama - Lisboa.png
Vasco da Gama Tower
General information
Type hotel
Location Lisbon, Portugal
Completed 1998 (tower)
2012 (hotel)
Height 145 m (476 ft) (tower)[1]
72 m (236 ft) (hotel)[2]
Technical details
Floor count 22[2][3]
Design and construction
Architect Leonor Janeiro
Nick Jacobs
SOM

The Vasco da Gama Tower (Portuguese: Torre Vasco da Gama, pronounced [ˈtoʁ(ɨ) ˈvaʃku dɐ ˈɡɐmɐ]) is a 145-metre (476 ft) lattice tower with skyscraper in the civil parish of Parque das Nações, the municipality of Lisbon, in Portugal. Built on the north bank of the Tagus river, it is named after the Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama (the first European to arrive in India by sail, in 1498).

History[edit]

The lattice tower and skyscraper of the Myriad Hotel

The tower was built in 1998 for the Expo '98 World's Fair,[4] at the base of the tower was a three-story building that served as the European Union Pavilion during the Expo.

While they were open, the tower was the tallest structure in Portugal open to the public (excluding bridges).

The base of the building was to be leased for office space after the closing of the Expo, but never found tenants. Instead, it was used for one-off events, like the world premiere of the new Mini car in 2001.

Both the observation deck and the restaurant were closed in October 2004.

In 2006, the tower was climbed by Alain Robert, a solo urban climber, who was sponsored by Optimus Telecommunications (a Portuguese mobile phone company) as part of a mobile marketing campaign.

Parque Expo received permission to expand along the riverside in order construct a 20-floor, 178-room luxury hotel, a plan by Portuguese architect Nuno Leónidas,[5] the base of the tower was demolished between July and September 2007, for the construction of the hotel, which was started in October 2007.[6] The Myriad Hotel was managed by the Portuguese Sana Hotels,[7] the use of the observation deck and the panoramic restaurant resumed via access along the panoramic elevators.

Architecture[edit]

The architects of the tower were Leonor Janeiro, Nick Jacobs and SOM (Skidmore, Owings and Merrill) and assembled by engineering company Martifer.[4]

The architects were inspired by the form of caravel and its sail, supported by fundamental volumes at its base,[4] this base, enters the river like the bow of the boat, supported by pillars forming a terrace.[4] This area is occupied by exposition spaces and vestibule with access to panoramic elevators that intersperse the tower to the restaurant and viewing platform,[4] the tower is defined by a vertical "mast" and a metallic, tubular "sail", surmounted by a 120-metre (390 ft) platform forming a "crow's nest", corresponding to the rotating restaurant and visitors viewing area.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Vasco da Gama Tower – emporis.com
  2. ^ a b Vasco da Gama Hotel – emporis.com
  3. ^ Vasco da Gama Hotel – skyscraperpage.com
  4. ^ a b c d e f Bandeira, Filomena (2001), SIPA, ed., Torre Vasco da Gama / Torre Panorâmica (IPA.00009902/PT031106330621) (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: SIPA – Sistema de Informação para o Património Arquitectónico, retrieved 31 August 2017 
  5. ^ Factoría Urbana: Ciudades y arquitectura
  6. ^ Video of the base building being demolished, and preview of future hotel.
  7. ^ www.sanahotels.com

Sources[edit]

  • Villalobos, Bárbara; Castro, Alexandra (1996), Lisbon EXPO 98 - Projects, Lisbon, Portugal: Editorial Blau 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 38°46′29″N 9°05′29″W / 38.77472°N 9.09139°W / 38.77472; -9.09139