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Iskra 1903

Iskra 1903 is an album by trombonist Paul Rutherford, guitarist Derek Bailey and bassist Barry Guy, recorded at the Institute of Contemporary Arts in 1970 and in a studio in 1972 and first released as a double album on the Incus label as a triple CD box set entitled Chapter One 1970-1972 on Emanem in 2000 with additional material. The Allmusic review by Steve Loewy called it "some of the best free music recorded" and states "What makes this so special is the opportunity to see the music unfold. No two tracks are the same, as Rutherford and Guy play each piece with the revolutionary fervor of a new discovery. Nearly every minute sounds fresh and exciting". All compositions by Derek Bailey and Barry Guy. Side one "Improvisation 1" - 20:15Side two "Improvisation 2" - 5:40 "Improvisation 3" - 11:47 "Improvisation 4" - 5:12Side three "Improvisation 5" - 5:57 "Improvisation 6" - 10:37 "Improvisation 7" - 4:29Side four "Improvisation 8" - 6:22 "Improvisation 9" - 3:38 "Improvisation 10" - 3:10 "Improvisation 11" - 7:35Note Recorded on September 2, 1970 at the Institute of Contemporary Arts and on May 3, 1972 at Colourtone Studios, England Disc one "Improvisation 1" - 21:03 "Improvisation 2" - 5:37 "Improvisation 3" - 11:36 "Improvisation 4" - 5:04 "Improvisation 0" - 25:20 Previously unreleasedDisc two "Offcut 1" - 1:40 Previously unreleased "Offcut 2" - 4:25 Previously unreleased "Offcut 3" - 11:17 Previously unreleased "Improvisation 5" - 5:54 "Improvisation 6" - 10:48 "Improvisation 7" - 4:29 "Improvisation 8" - 6:21 "Improvisation 9" - 3:39 "Improvisation 10" - 3:09 "Improvisation 11" - 7:34Disc three "Extra 1" - 7:47 "Extra 2" - 11:31 "Extra 3" - 6:42 "On Tour 1" - 13:37 "On Tour 3" - 12:44 "On Tour 2" - 12:34Notes Recorded on September 2, 1970 at the Institute of Contemporary Arts, unidentified location in 1971 on May 3, 1972 at Colourtone Studios, England, in Donaueshingen on October 21, 1972, in Bremen on October 23 or 24, 1972 and in Berlin on November 1, 1972.

Paul Rutherford - trombone, piano Derek Bailey - guitar Barry Guy - bass, amplified bass

Samuel Birch

Samuel Birch was a British Egyptologist and antiquary. Birch was the son of a rector at London, he was educated at Merchant Taylors' School. From an early age, his manifest tendency to the study of out-of-the-way subjects well suited his interest in archaeology. After brief employment in the Record Office, he obtained, in 1836, an appointment to the antiquities department of the British Museum; the appointment was due to his knowledge of Chinese, unusual at that time. He soon broadened his research to Egyptian; when the cumbrous department came to be divided, he was appointed to head the Egyptian and Assyrian branch. In the latter language he had assistance, but for many years there was only one other person in the institution, in a different department, who knew anything of ancient Egyptian; the entire arrangement of the department devolved upon Birch. He found time for Egyptological work of the highest value, including a hieroglyphical grammar and dictionary, translations of The Book of the Dead and papyrus Harris I, numerous catalogues and guides.

He further wrote what was long a standard history of pottery, investigated the Cypriote syllabary, proved by various publications that he had not lost his old interest in Chinese. Paradoxical in many of his views on things in general, he was cautious as a philologist, his grandfather named Samuel Birch, was a renowned dramatist and Lord Mayor of London. Analecta Sinensia, 1841. Select Papyri in the Hieratic Character, 3 pts. fol. 1841-4. Tablets from the Collection of the Earl of Belmore, 1843. Friends till Death, 1845. An Introduction to the Study of the Egyptian Hieroglyphics, 1857. History of Ancient Pottery, 2 vols. 1858. John Murray, London. Memoire sur une Patere, 1858. Select Papyri, pt, ii. 18. A Description of the Collection of Ancient Marbles in the British Museum Part 11. 1861. ChineseWidow, 1862. Elfin Foxes, 1863. Papyrus of Nas-Khem, 1863. Facsimiles of Egyptian Relics, 1863. Facsimiles of two Papyri, 1863. Inscriptions in the Himyaritic Character, 1863. Egypt's Place in Universal History, 1867.

The Casket of Gems, 1872. History of Egypt, 1875. Facsimile of Papyrus of Rameses III, fol. 1876. The Monumental History of Egypt, 1876. Egyptian Texts, 1877. Catalogue of Egyptian Antiquities at Alnwick Castle, 1880; the Coffin of Amamu. "Birch, Samuel". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1901. Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "Birch, Samuel". Encyclopædia Britannica. Cambridge University Press. Works written by or about Samuel Birch at Wikisource Works by Samuel Birch at Project Gutenberg

Exhibition of the centenary of the opening of the Ports of Brazil

The national commemorative Exhibition of the centenary of the opening of the Ports of Brazil known as Brazilian National Exposition of 1908 or the National Exposition of Brazil at Rio de Janeiro, marked a hundred years since the opening of the Brazilian ports acelebrated Brazil's trade and development. It opened in Urca, Rio de Janeiro on 11 August, stayed open for 3 months and received over 1 million visitors; the 41 person executive committee considered several locations in Rio de Janeiro, before selecting a 182,000 m2 site between Praia da Saudade and Praia Vermelha in Urca. The fair was opened by President of Brazil Afonso Pena; the main entrance was through a hundred foot high illuminated gateway designed by René Barba. On arrival, the president was escorted from Catete Palace to the opening gate by lancers from the 9th cavalry, escorted by the exhibition's commissioners to the central palace while canons were fired and the national hymn was played. There were pavilions from Brazilian states of Bahia, São Paulo, Santa Catarina, Minas Gerais, the Federal District of Brazil, along with a Portugal pavilion and ones for industry and Telegraph, the Fire Department, a theater and a music pavilion.

The Bahia state pavilion, which occupied 54,359 square feet was designed by Italian architect Rafael Rebecchi. Its displays included artwork by Jose Rodrigues Nunes, Bento Capinam and Victor Meirelles, its external sculpture was by Rodolfo Bernardelli; the Minas Geraes was designed by Rafael Rebecchi. It had interior murals by Crispim do Amaral including a series personifying agriculture, mineralogy and the liberal arts. Exhibits included aspects of gold and diamond mining including a small quartz crushing machine and gold-washing machinery with washers and miners demonstrating the processes involved; the São Paulo state pavilion was designed by Ramos de Azevedo. Its commissioners were Carlos Botelho and Antonio Barros Barreto, it covered about twenty thousand square feet; the Portugal pavilion building was provided by Brazil, designed by Francisco Isidro Monteiro, was inspired by the southern face of the Jerónimos Monastery. A military college on the site was converted to the industry pavilion for the expo.

This permanent building built for the exhibition, is now the Museum of Earth Sciences. The Bangu textiles factory displayed its own woven materials; the music pavilion was designed by Jorge Lossio, decorated by Benedito Calixto and intended to have an Egyptian appearance. There was a skating rink, a Botanical Garden, gardens and a small railroad for the public; the botanic garden was stocked by the Rio de Janeiro Botanical Garden and contained Brazilian flora, including palms and Amazon parasites, the Victoria Regia, Sophonites and hundreds of roses. It included a conservatory, lay between the Bahia and Santa Catharina pavilions and received 1000 visitors a day. Transfer of the Portuguese Court to Brazil for Brazil's history in 1808 including the opening of the ports National Exposition at Rio de Janeiro Popular Science Monthly, Volume 74 pages 104-113 Presentation showing the pavilions, current views of their position and their locations on a map

List of manga magazines

This is a list of manga magazines by country of publication. The listings are sortable using the column headers. All dates provided; some magazines that continue to be released have switched to online publishing only. For demographics, the magazines are split up into five main age groups; these include: Kodomo – magazines aimed at young children. Shonen – magazines aimed at boys/young men. Shojo – magazines aimed at girls/young women. Seinen – magazines aimed at older men. Josei – magazines aimed at older women; some of the entries have a "Mixed" demographic, meaning both girls and boys, while others are unknown due to a lack of sourcing. Most recent issue published only onlineThe following have full details on the magazine entry: List of Japanese manga magazines by circulation ComiPedia: Manga Magazine Guide and Publication Encyclopedia

Element 9 (music)

Element 9 is a music company founded by Stu Pflaum in 2005. The company is based in Cleveland and has three divisions with specializations in music publishing, digital marketing and a record label; the Element 9 music company was launched in 2005 as a promotional outlet for aspiring hip-hop artists. The company was founded by Stu Pflaum. Pflaum performed as a DJ on college radio before launching the company. Upon graduation from Ohio University, Pflaum moved the company to New York City where he split the company into two divisions, Element 9 Recordings, specializing in music publishing and Element 9.0, specializing in digital marketing. Element 9 Recordings was nominated for a Grammy Award in 2008 in the category of Best Rap Song for their role as music publisher for Crank That by Soulja Boy. In November 2009, the record label division, Element 9 Muzik, was formed. Shortly after, the company announced a partnership with Fontana Distribution, the independent distribution arm of Universal Music Group, for international distribution for artists signed to the label.

The label division is headed by music industry veteran Tony Franklin. Stu Pflaum serves as Vice President for the label; the first release from the Element 9 record label was Arms & Hammers by West Coast rap group Strong Arm Steady. The album was released in February 2011. In November 2011, the company released Habits of the Heart by Idle Warship, composed of rapper Talib Kweli and singer Res. Prior to the album's official street date, the label released the album through the Spotify music service; the advance release was the first instance in which a United States based music company debuted a project far in advance using the Spotify service. The move was viewed as bold by music and technology critics and a counterweight to the release strategies of artists such as Coldplay and Adele, who had refused to make their music available through Spotify. 2011: Strong Arm Steady - Arms & Hammers 2011: Idle Warship - Habits of the Heart Grammy Awards 2008: Best Rap Song: "Crank That" Official website List of record labels