Vauclair castle

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Vauclair castle.
Vauclair castle, remaining eastern wall fortifications.
Western side of La Rochelle with remaining towers of Vauclair castle and filled moats (center), by Antonius Lafreri, Rome, circa 1573.

Vauclair castle, also Vauclerc castle (French: 'Château Vauclair) was a castle built in La Rochelle,[1] by Henry II of England in the 12th century.

The castle was located in the area defined by the current Place de Verdun (formally called Place du Chateau).[2]

Vauclerc castle tile, with English emblem, 13th-14th century.
Vauclerc castle tiles, 13th-14th century.

It was incorporated in the fortifications of the city built by William X of Aquitaine, father of Alienor of Aquitaine, in 1130.

The castle consisted in four large towers connected by high walls, it was destroyed at the request of Charles V of France between 1372 and 1375, after the Siege of La Rochelle (1224), and its stones were used to build a new fortification wall at Le Gabut.[3]

The name Vauclair comes from the Latin valde clarum (greatly light, luminous or white), as it was built in the white calcerous sandstone of the region.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Béarn and the Pyrenees by Louisa Stuart Costello p.205 [1]
  2. ^ Bradshaw's illustrated travellers' hand book in [afterw.] to France by George Bradshaw [2]
  3. ^ Ministry of Culture listing (in French)

References[edit]

Coordinates: 46°9′45″N 1°9′13″W / 46.16250°N 1.15361°W / 46.16250; -1.15361