Nouvelle-Aquitaine is the largest administrative region in France, located in the southwest of the country. The region was created by the territorial reform of French Regions in 2014 through the merger of three regions: Aquitaine and Poitou-Charentes, it covers 84,061 km2 – or 1⁄8 of the country – and has 5,800,000 inhabitants.. The new region was established on 1 January 2016, following the regional elections in December 2015, it is the largest region in France by area, with a territory larger than that of Austria. Its largest city, together with its suburbs and satellite cities, forms the 7th-largest metropolitan area of France, with 850,000 inhabitants; the region has 25 major urban areas, among which the most important after Bordeaux are Bayonne, Poitiers, La Rochelle, as well as 11 major clusters. The growth of its population marked on the coast, makes this one of the most attractive areas economically in France. After Île-de-France, New Aquitaine is the premier French region in research and innovation, with five universities and several Grandes Ecoles.
The agricultural region of Europe with the greatest turnover, it is the French region with the most tourism jobs, as it has three of the four historic resorts on the French Atlantic coast:, as well as several ski resorts, is the fifth French region for business creation. Its economy is based on agriculture and viticulture, tourism, a powerful aerospace industry, digital economy and design and pharmaceutical industries, financial sector, industrial ceramics. Many companies specializing in surfing and related sports have located along the coast; the new region includes major parts of Southern France, marked by Basque, Oïl cultures. It is the "indirect successor" to medieval Aquitaine, extends over a large part of the former Duchy of Eleanor of Aquitaine; the region's interim name Aquitaine-Limousin-Poitou-Charentes was a hyphenated placename, known as ALPC, created by hyphenating the merged regions' names – Aquitaine and Poitou-Charentes – in alphabetical order. In June 2016, a working group headed by historian Anne-Marie Cocula, a former vice president of Aquitaine, proposed the name "Nouvelle Aquitaine".
The decision came after the popular favorite, "Aquitaine", faced resistance by regional politicians from Limousin and Poitou-Charentes. The other popular favorite, "Grande Aquitaine," was rejected for its connotation with a feeling of superiority. Alain Rousset, president of the region, concurred with the working group's conclusion, reaffirming that he considered the acronym "ALPC" no choice at all. For those deploring the loss of "Limousin" and "Poitou-Charentes", he noted that the predecessor region of Aquitaine subsumed the identities of the Périgord or the Pays Basque, which did not disappear during its 40 years of operation. On 27 June 2016, just a few days ahead of the 1 July deadline, the Regional council unanimously adopted Nouvelle-Aquitaine as the region's permanent name. France's Conseil d'État approved Nouvelle-Aquitaine as the new name of the region on 28 September 2016, effective two days later. For the recent history of each former administrative regions and departments before 2016, For the history of past entities covering much of the area of the region before the French revolution, At 84,061 square kilometers, the region Nouvelle-Aquitaine is larger than French Guiana, which makes it the largest region in France.
Nouvelle-Aquitaine is delimited by four other French regions, three autonomous communities in Spain to the south, the North Atlantic Ocean to the west. Nouvelle-Aquitaine comprises twelve departments: Charente, Charente-Maritime, Corrèze, Dordogne, Landes, Lot-et-Garonne, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Deux-Sèvres and Haute-Vienne, its largest city and only metropolis is Bordeaux, in the heart of an urban agglomeration of nearly one million inhabitants. Taking into consideration the urban area, the new region is home to six of the fifty largest metropolitan areas of French territory: Bordeaux Bayonne Limoges Poitiers Pau La Rochelle. In addition, the region has a network of medium towns scattered throughout its territory, including: Angoulême Agen Brive-la-Gaillarde Niort Périgueux Bergerac Villeneuve-sur-Lot Dax Mont-de-Marsan The region covers a large part of the Aquitaine Basin and a small portion of the Paris Basin and the Limousin plate and the western part of the Pyrenees, it is part of five watersheds facing the Atlantic Ocean: Loire, Charente and Dordogne (and their extension, the
Arcins is a commune in the Gironde department in southwestern France. Communes of the Gironde department INSEE
Departments of France
In the administrative divisions of France, the department is one of the three levels of government below the national level, between the administrative regions and the commune. Ninety-six departments are in metropolitan France, five are overseas departments, which are classified as regions. Departments are further subdivided into 334 arrondissements, themselves divided into cantons; each department is administered by an elected body called a departmental council. From 1800 to April 2015, these were called general councils; each council has a president. Their main areas of responsibility include the management of a number of social and welfare allowances, of junior high school buildings and technical staff, local roads and school and rural buses, a contribution to municipal infrastructures. Local services of the state administration are traditionally organised at departmental level, where the prefect represents the government; the departments were created in 1790 as a rational replacement of Ancien Régime provinces with a view to strengthen national unity.
All of them were named after physical geographical features, rather than after historical or cultural territories which could have their own loyalties. The division of France into departments was a project identified with the French revolutionary leader the Abbé Sieyès, although it had been discussed and written about by many politicians and thinkers; the earliest known suggestion of it is from 1764 in the writings of d'Argenson. They have inspired similar divisions in some of them former French colonies. Most French departments are assigned a two-digit number, the "Official Geographical Code", allocated by the Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques. Overseas departments have a three-digit number; the number is used, for example, in the postal code, was until used for all vehicle registration plates. While residents use the numbers to refer to their own department or a neighbouring one, more distant departments are referred to by their names, as few people know the numbers of all the departments.
For example, inhabitants of Loiret might refer to their department as "the 45". In 2014, President François Hollande proposed to abolish departmental councils by 2020, which would have maintained the departments as administrative divisions, to transfer their powers to other levels of governance; this reform project has since been abandoned. The first French territorial departments were proposed in 1665 by Marc-René d'Argenson to serve as administrative areas purely for the Ponts et Chaussées infrastructure administration. Before the French Revolution, France gained territory through the annexation of a mosaic of independent entities. By the close of the Ancien Régime, it was organised into provinces. During the period of the Revolution, these were dissolved in order to weaken old loyalties; the modern departments, as all-purpose units of the government, were created on 4 March 1790 by the National Constituent Assembly to replace the provinces with what the Assembly deemed a more rational structure.
Their boundaries served two purposes: Boundaries were chosen to break up France's historical regions in an attempt to erase cultural differences and build a more homogeneous nation. Boundaries were set so that every settlement in the country was within a day's ride of the capital of a department; this was a security measure, intended to keep the entire national territory under close control. This measure was directly inspired by the Great Terror, during which the government had lost control of many rural areas far from any centre of government; the old nomenclature was avoided in naming the new departments. Most were named after other physical features. Paris was in the department of Seine. Savoy became the department of Mont-Blanc; the number of departments 83, had been increased to 130 by 1809 with the territorial gains of the Republic and of the First French Empire. Following Napoleon's defeats in 1814–1815, the Congress of Vienna returned France to its pre-war size and the number of departments was reduced to 86.
In 1860, France acquired the County of Nice and Savoy, which led to the creation of three new departments. Two were added from the new Savoyard territory, while the department of Alpes-Maritimes was created from Nice and a portion of the Var department; the 89 departments were given numbers based on the alphabetical order of their names. The department of Bas-Rhin and parts of Meurthe, Moselle and Haut-Rhin were ceded to the German Empire in 1871, following France's defeat in the Franco-Prussian War. A small part of Haut-Rhin became known as the Territoire de Belfort; when France regained the ceded departments after World War I, the Territoire de Belfort was not re-integrated into Haut-Rhin. In 1922, it became France's 90th department; the Lorraine departments were not changed back to their original boundaries, a new Moselle department was created in the regaine
Arsac is a commune in the Gironde department in southwestern France. Communes of the Gironde department INSEE
Ambarès-et-Lagrave is a commune in the Gironde department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of southwestern France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Ambarésiens or Ambarésiennes Ambarès-et-Lagrave is part of the Bordeaux urban area located to the north of the Bordeaux conurbation between the Garonne and Dordogne; the A10 autoroute passes down the eastern side of the commune from north to south with Exit 42 → Ambarès-et-Lagrave, Saint-Loubès in the commune. The commune is urbane with small areas of forest in the north and south and farmland in the west and north. Ambarès-et-Lagrave is surrounded by several cities of the Urban Community of Bordeaux: TER AquitaineThe commune is served by two railway stations: the Grave-d'Ambarès station and La Gorp station which have regular links with Bordeaux. TBC Network Trans Gironde Network In the 12th century the city of Ambarès belonged to a vast feudal domain comprising a large part of the marshes of Entre-deux-Mers; this area became the Barony of Montferrand.
The ancient parish of Ambarès was entirely under the jurisdiction of the Lords of Gua who levied tithes from the 15th century. The Lagrave district was attached to the commune of Ambarès in 1818. List of Successive Mayors Ambarès-et-Lagrave has twinning associations with: Kelheim since 1989. Norton Radstock since 1985. In 2009 the commune had 13,172 inhabitants; the evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year. Population change Sources: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 The population of Ambarès-et-Lagrave has more than doubled between 1962 and 1999; this significant increase in the population is due to the its proximity to the city of Bordeaux. Although the tertiary sector is predominant in Ambarès-et-Lagrave, the town has many jobs in industry.
Allocation of Workers:Unemployment rate: 9.8% The commune has many buildings and structures that are registered as historical monuments: A Lavoir at La Gorp The Château Beauséjour was rebuilt in the middle of the 19th century but as farm buildings it may be older. The old house was listed as Pouyau in the old Land Registry; the Château du Tillac was the noble house of the Joly de Bonneau family. It was built in the 17th century at the site of an old house as it is located on one of the peaks at the end the peninsula; the Chauvette House at 10 Rue de la Commanderie des Templiers A House at 27 Rue Edmond-Faulat A House at 6-8 Rue Edmond-Faulat The Charron House at 9 Rue Edmond-Faulat The Château de Formont was a former noble house on one of the peaks of the end of the peninsula and is shown on the Belleyme map. The building may have been built in the early 18th century as indicated by the date it bore of 1723, now destroyed; the Café Duthil at 11 Avenue de la Gare A House at 7 Rue Guillaume-Peychaud The Château du Gua was a former noble house of the Laroque and Pineau families.
It was mentioned on the Belleyme map. The house was destroyed and rebuilt in 1866; the Le Gaès Farmhouse at 22 Avenue de la Libération The Rousseau House at 61 Avenue de la Libération A Wine Warehouse at 69 bis Avenue de la Libération The former Covered Market / Town Hall at the Place du Maréchal-Leclerc The Château Saint-Denis was an ancient noble house but not listed as such on the Belleyme map. Built in the 17th century for the Pineau family according to a U-shaped plan, it was the property of the actor Louis Jouvet in 1930. The Château Peychaud was a lordship documented since the 16th century belonging to the Fayet family; the old castle was rebuilt in 1680 and in the early 18th century when it included the current building flanked to the north by agricultural areas. The Château Bellevue was rebuilt in the middle of the 19th century on the site of a former U-shaped house mentioned as Puymanot on the Belleyme map and the old Land Registry, it has been converted into a school since 1980. The Château Durandeau was a former noble house of the Rishon family shown on the Belleyme map.
The building may have been built in the 17th century and rebuilt in the 18th century extensively restored in the middle of the 19th century. The Le Grain House at 32 Avenue du Roy The Beaujet House at 83 Avenue du Roy The Town Hall / School at Place de la Victoire The War Memorial at Place de la Victoire A Monumental Column at Rue de la Vierge Mills Winemakers' Huts Houses and Farms Montferrand Marsh The commune has several religious sites that are registered as historical monuments: The Parish Church of Saint Pierre The Chapel of Saint Denis The Cemetery at Rue Victor-Hugo The Presbytery at 3 Rue Victor-Hugo The former Church of the Templars Notre-Dame-de-la-Grave at Rue de la Vierge Monumental Crosses The Parish Church of Saint Pierre contains a large number of items that are registere
Andernos-les-Bains is a commune in the Gironde department in southwestern France. Andernos-les-Bains is a located on the northeast shore of Arcachon Bay. To its northwest is the town of Arès. Andernos-les-Bains consists of four other small communities: Taussat, Cassy and Audenge. All these villages are characterized by small fisheries. For many years, the oyster and fishing industry provided the main income to the area. More tourism has become a strong economic factor in the area; the bay was well known for the Portuguese oyster which died out during 1970-1972 because of gill disease. But a new oyster was found, the "Pacific oyster". In 1974 the new oyster developed a disease caused by the paint used on fishing boats. An oil tanker spill in 1978 further damaged the oyster industry, which continued to suffer until 1981; the oyster industry suffered around the bay. This was a disaster for whole of France and Europe as the Arcachon oyster is a world-famous delicacy. Since 2000 the oyster industry has been recovering and now nearly 15,000 metric tons are produced per year.
Andernos-les-Bains has a 5.4 km long sand beach. The closest airport is Bordeaux-Mérignac. Sarah Bernhardt, a French actress, is known to have visited Andernos during the First World War; the Great Dune of Pyla - the longest in Europe Island of Birds - with two bird houses in the middle of the bay which act as landmarks Cape Ferret light house at the tip of the Arcachon Bay Andernos-les-Bains is twinned with: Largs, Scotland Communes of the Gironde department INSEE Andernos-les-Bains Official site Andernos-les-Bains Information
Ayguemorte-les-Graves is a commune in the Gironde department in southwestern France. Communes of the Gironde department INSEE