A vector graphics editor is a computer program that allows users to compose and edit vector graphics images interactively on a computer and save them in one of many popular vector graphics formats, such as EPS, PDF, WMF, SVG, or VML. Vector editors are contrasted with bitmap editors, their capabilities complement each other. Vector editors are better for page layout, logos, sharp-edged artistic illustrations, technical illustrations and flowcharting. Bitmap editors are more suitable for retouching, photo processing, photorealistic illustrations and illustrations drawn by hand with a pen tablet. Recent versions of bitmap editors such as GIMP and Adobe Photoshop support vector tools, vector editors such as Adobe Fireworks, Adobe FreeHand, Adobe Illustrator, Affinity Designer, Artboard, Autodesk Graphic, CorelDRAW, Inkscape, sK1 or Xara Photo & Graphic Designer have adopted raster effects that were once limited to bitmap editors; some vector editors support animation, while others are geared towards producing animated graphics.
Vector graphics are more suitable for animation, though there are raster-based animation tools as well. Vector editors are related to desktop publishing software such as Adobe InDesign or Scribus, which usually include some vector drawing tools. Special vector editors are used for computer-assisted drafting; these are not suitable for artistic or decorative graphics, but are rich in tools and object libraries used to ensure precision and standards compliance of drawings and blueprints. 3D computer graphics software such as Maya, Blender or 3D Studio Max can be thought of as an extension of the traditional 2D vector editors, as they share some common concepts and tools. Comparison of vector graphics editors Raster graphics editor Image editing Graphics MetaPost Bitmap and Vector Graphics Explained Edit SVG Images Online
Heinrich Christian Schwan, a German Lutheran pastor, was the third president of the Lutheran Church–Missouri Synod, from 1878 to 1899. He earlier served as a missionary in Brazil, as a pastor in Cleveland, as president of the synod's Central District. Schwan is credited with being the first pastor to erect a Christmas tree in an American church sanctuary and was responsible for the Missouri Synod's first exposition of Martin Luther's Small Catechism, he was the son of the Rev. Georg Heinrich Christian Schwan, an Evangelical Lutheran pastor in northern Germany, his first wife, Charlotte Wyneken, was the half-brother of Major General Theodore Schwan. Concordia Historical Institute Heinrich Christian Schwan at Find a Grave
Bear Mountain Goldmine Mountain, is a ski area in Southern California, United States. When its neighbor, Snow Summit, bought Bear Mountain in 2002, the new entity, Big Bear Mountain Resorts, comprised the two, with a single lift ticket usable at both. Snow Summit's Richard "Dick" Kun led the move to focus Bear Mountain upon snowboarders, to draw them away from Snow Summit and thereby attune it once more to the culture of the dedicated skier. Bear Mountain acquired the nickname "The Park"; the mountain contains one of the few Superpipes in Southern California. Given sufficient natural snow, its tree runs are open for skiing and snowboarding, unlike those at Snow Summit; that territory "out of bounds" off of Chair 8 has opened after heavy snow. Olympic Gold Medalist Shaun White frequented Bear Mountain while he was quite young, although he spent most of his time on the Snow Summit Westridge freestyle run. Bear Mountain popularized freestyle skiing and snowboarding with its establishment of the first freestyle park in the early 1990s.
In the early 2000s, Transworld Snowboarding Magazine placed Bear Mountain among its Top 10 Parks. The movement of jibbing continues to grow with the addition of the Red Bull Plaza and weekly film series called "Sunday in the Park." Bear Mountain comprises three main peaks: Bear Peak, Silver Mountain, Goldmine Mountain. Bear Peak's 8,805 ft summit is Southern California's highest peak served by a lift. Bear Mountain relies on artificial snowmaking, as do most Southern California ski resorts. In 2014, Mammoth Mountain purchased Snow Summit for $38 million. In 2017, Mammoth Resorts announced its sale by Starwood to a partnership of Aspen Skiing Company and KSL Capital Partners named Alterra Mountain Company. Official website
Thabazimbi Commando was a light infantry regiment of the South African Army. It formed part of the South African Army Infantry Formation as well as the South African Territorial Reserve. During this area, the unit was engaged in area force protection and cordones as well as stock theft control assistance to the rural police; this unit fell under the command of the SADF's Group 29. This unit, along with all other Commando units was disbanded after a decision by South African President Thabo Mbeki to disband all Commando Units; the Commando system was phased out between 2003 and 2008 "because of the role it played in the apartheid era", according to the Minister of Safety and Security Charles Nqakula. South African Commando System
You Never Can Tell is an 1897 four-act play by George Bernard Shaw that debuted at the Royalty Theatre. It was published as part of a volume of Shaw's plays entitled Plays Pleasant. In June 2011, the play was revived at the Coliseum Theatre in Aberystwyth, where it had been performed one century earlier. Mr. Valentine, the dentist – Mr. Yorke Stephens Gloria Clandon, the eldest daughter – Miss Margaret Halstan Walter, the waiter – Mr. James Welch Dolly Clandon, twin to Philip – Miss Winifred Fraser Philip Clandon, twin to Dolly – Mr. Roland Bottomley Mrs. Clandon, the mother – Miss Elsie Chester Mr. Fergus Crampton, the landlord and father – Mr. Herman Vezin Mr. Finch McComas, a solicitor – Mr. Sydney Warden Bohun, a QC – Mr. Charles Charrington The Parlor-maid – Miss Mabel Hardinge Jo, another waiter – Mr. Edward Knoblauch The Cook – Mr. Leopold ProfeitProduced under the direction of Mr. James Welch Original Theatre programme. Sunday Evening November 26th 1899 The play is set in a seaside town and tells the story of Mrs Clandon and her three children, Dolly and Gloria, who have just returned to England after an eighteen-year stay in Madeira.
The children have no idea who their father is and, through a comedy of errors, end up inviting him to a family lunch. At the same time a dentist named Valentine has fallen in love with Gloria. However, Gloria claims to have no interest in love or marriage; the play continues with a comedy of errors and confused identities, with the friendly and wise waiter, dispensing his wisdom with the titular phrase "You Never Can Tell." Time: One Day in August 1896 Place: An English seaside resort Act I A dentist's office Act II The Terrace of The Marine Hotel Act III The Clandons sitting room at The Marine Hotel Act IV The Clandons sitting room at The Marine Hotel – Later at Night You Never Can Tell at the Internet Broadway DatabaseYou Never Can Tell has been performed at the Shaw Festival, Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario several times: in 1963, 1973, 1979, 1988, 1995, 2005 and most in 2015. The BBC broadcast a production on 31 July 1971 starring Freddie Jones as William the Waiter, Prunella Scales as Gloria Clandon, Denys Hawthorne as Valentine, Godfrey Kenton as Mr. Crampton, Jo Manning Wilson as Dolly, Lockwood West as Mr. McComas and Nigel Anthony as Philip.
The CBC broadcast a production in 1973 with Frances Hyland as Mrs. Clandon, Tony Van Bridge as Mr. Crampton, Chris Wiggins as William the Waiter, Maureen Fitzgerald as Gloria, Drew Russell as Valentine and William Osler as Mr. Bohun. Another BBC production was broadcast on 29 September 2013 directed by Martin Jarvis and starring Ian Ogilvy as William the Waiter, Jamie Bamber as Valentine, Christopher Neame as Mr. Crampton, Moira Quirk as Dolly, Adam Godley as Mr. McComas and Rosalind Ayres as Mrs Clandon. Costume sketches and set designs by Motley Theatre Design Group – Motley Collection of Theatre & Costume Design
Triflic anhydride is the chemical compound with the formula 2O. It is the acid anhydride derived from triflic acid; this compound is a strong electrophile, useful for introducing the triflyl group, CF3SO2. Abbreviated Tf2O, triflic anhydride is the acid anhydride of the strong acid triflic acid, CF3SO2OH. Triflic anhydride is prepared by dehydration of triflic acid using P4O10. Triflic anhydride is useful for converting ketones into enol triflates. In a representative application, is used to convert an imine into a NTf group, it will convert phenols into a triflic ester. The typical impurity in triflic anhydride is triflic acid, a colorless liquid. Samples of triflic anhydride can be assayed by 19F NMR spectroscopy: −72.6 ppm vs. −77.3 for TfOH. It is an aggressive electrophile and hydrolyzes to the strong acid triflic acid. Methanesulfonic anhydride