Veer Lorik

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The legend of Veer Lorik is very popular among the Ahir tribe of eastern Uttar Pradesh.[1] S.M. Pandey named the Tale of Lorik, a national epic of the Ahir peasantry.[2]

Lorikayan, or the story of Lorik, is a Bhojpuri Folklore and is credited as the Ramayana of the Ahir Caste.[3]

Lorik, the Ahir hero on the cover page of Local Folk Album


The world of the Loriki is one of many small kingdoms—Ahir, Rajput, and aboriginal—vying for cattle, land, women and power. The Ahir stand equal to the "twice-born" warrior castes, where marriage by capture is the norm, and expressions of strength, bravery, loyalty, nobility, and honor are valued. Like many other epic traditions, it depicts the life of a tragic hero (Lorik). Episodes of the Loriki are localized in the various regions that know the epic, and it is viewed—especially by rural Ahir—as a caste history to which many of their distinctive customs can be traced. Lorik is seen as an historical hero of great stature and the Ahirs' most illustrious ancestor.[4]

The story revolves around the romance of a married Rajput princess Chanda(Manjari) with Lorik, an Ahir by caste, with whom she elopes to escape the censure of her parents and the public.[5]

Significance in Hindi Literature[edit]

The Lorik and Chanda tales hold significance in Hindi folk literature. There is record of the story of Lorik and Chanda from the early 14th century.[6] In writing the first Hindavi verse romance, the Chandayan, Maulana Daud adapted the Ahir Folk-epic of Lorik and Chanda into a distinctive Sufi story in 1379.[7][8] The maulana believed that the whole of the Chandayan was divine truth and that it was compatible with interpretations of some verses of the Quran.[9]


See also[edit]

External links[edit]


  1. ^ William Crooke. Introduction to the Popular Religion and Folklore of Northern India. Retrieved 2014-02-27. 
  2. ^ Traditions of heroic and epic poetry. 1969-12-04. Retrieved 2014-02-27. 
  3. ^ Manorma Sharma. Folk India: A Comprehenseive Study of Indian Folk Music and Culture. p. 32. Retrieved 2014-02-27. 
  4. ^ "Culture and Power in Banaras". Retrieved 2014-02-27. 
  5. ^ J. C. Heesterman. India and Indonesia: General Perspectives. Retrieved 2014-02-27. 
  6. ^ Ronald Stuart McGregor (1984). Hindi Literature from Its Beginnings to the Nineteenth Century. Otto Harrassowitz Verlag. p. 14. ISBN 9783447024136. 
  7. ^ Meenakshi Khanna (2007). Cultural History of Medieval India. Berghahn Books,. p. 176. ISBN 9788187358305. Retrieved 1 October 2014. 
  8. ^ "SM-1: स्नातकोत्तर पाठयक्रम". Retrieved 13 July 2016. 
  9. ^ J. C. Heesterman (1989). India and Indonesia: General Perspectives Volume 4 of Comparative history of India and Indonesia. BRILL. p. 39. ISBN 9789004083653. 
  10. ^ " | Official Website of Department of Sports, Uttar Pradesh | Stadiums". Retrieved 2017-08-03. 
  11. ^ "नंदकिशोर ने वीर लोरिक की प्रतिमा का किया अनावरण". Prabhat Khabar (daily). Prabhat Khabar. Prabhat Khabar. 13 May 2015. Retrieved 7 March 2016. 
  12. ^ a b "Veer Lorik ke naam par ho vishwavidyalaya ka namkaran". Jagaran. 24 February 2016. Retrieved 2 March 2016. 
  13. ^ "वीर लोरिक के नाम से बने विश्वविद्यालय" (daily). Amar Ujala. 24 February 2016. Retrieved 2 March 2016. 
  14. ^ "वीर लोरिक के नाम पर हो विवि का नामकरण". raftar. 24 February 2016. Retrieved 2 March 2016. 
  15. ^ India. Supreme Court. Indian Factories and Labour Reports, Volume 105. Law Publishing House. pp. 74, 75. Retrieved 24 March 2016. 
  16. ^ Smita Tewari Jassal (2012). Unearthing Gender: Folksongs of North India. Duke University Press. p. 267. ISBN 9780822351306. Retrieved 24 March 2016.