Bornholms Amt is a former county on the island of Bornholm in easternmost Denmark. The county was established in 1662, it was the only county unchanged by the administrative reforms of 1793 and 1970 occupying the same territory from 1662 until 2002. Before the reform in 1970 there were 21 municipalities on the island, of which 6 market city municipalities and 15 parish municipalities; the 6 market city municipalities were supervised by the county, differing from the situation in the rest of Denmark where the market city municipalities were supervised by the Interior ministry. This distinction ended in 1970, since only the term kommune is used. Decided in a referendum on the island May 29, 2001, as of January 1, 2003, the county and the island's five municipalities merged forming the new Bornholm Regional Municipality, it is supervised by the State Administration of Greater Copenhagen. Nørre Sønder Vester Øster Aakirkeby municipality Allinge-Gudhjem municipality Hasle municipality Nexø municipality Rønne municipalityThis article is based on the corresponding article on the Danish Wikipedia accessed on March 24, 2006
Until 1 January 2007 Jelling municipality was a municipality in Vejle County on the Jutland peninsula in south-west Denmark. The municipality covered an area of 89 km2, had a total population of 5,697, its last mayor was a member of the Venstre political party. The main town and the site of its municipal council was the town of Jelling; the municipality was created in 1970 due to a kommunalreform that combined a number of existing parishes: Hvejsel Parish Jelling Parish Kollerup Parish Vindelev ParishJelling municipality ceased to exist as the result of Kommunalreformen. It was merged with Børkop, Egtved and Vejle municipalities to form a new Vejle municipality; this created a municipality with an area of 1,055 km2 and a total population of 82,935. The new municipality belongs to Region of Southern Denmark. Located in the former municipality are the runic gravestones— the Jelling stones, the burial mounds, church which became UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1994. Vejle municipality's official website Jelling Stones at the World Heritage website Municipal statistics: NetBorger Kommunefakta, delivered from KMD aka Kommunedata Municipal mergers and neighbors: Eniro new municipalities map
Horsens is a city on the east coast of Jutland region of Denmark. It is the seat of the Horsens municipality; the city's population is 58.646 and the municipality's population is 87,736, making it the 8th largest city in Denmark. Horsens is best known for its entertainment events. Horsens New Theatre is a cultural centre, it has managed to draw major names such as Bob Dylan and The Rolling Stones. Horsens lies at the end of Horsens Fjord in eastern Jutland; the city is surrounded by typical moraine landscape with low hills and valleys created by glaciers during the last ice ages. Horsens is 50 km south of Aarhus and 30 km north of Vejle, 200 km from Copenhagen, it is believed the name Horsens derives from næs. From the 12th century the name Horsens is known; the earliest traces of a city are remains of a pagan burial site and houses dating back to the 10th century. In the 12th century, the kings Sweyn III and Valdemar I issued coins in the city. In the 13th century the city got its own legal code. Excavations have shown that the city was expanded around 1300, with a moat going around the city and its harbour.
Industrialization started from the middle of the 19th century. The population rose when people from the countryside moved to the city to work in the factories; the first Danish iron foundry outside of Copenhagen was opened as well as tobacco and textile factories. The city is undergoing a positive development with new industry moving to Horsens, or expanding their activities in Horsens. A lot of electronics and graphical companies are based there. Horsens has the only Industrial Museum in Denmark; the city is home to VIA University College. In recent years, much effort has been made to improve cultural events. Several internationally known artists, such as Madonna, Iron Maiden, Joe Cocker, Elton John, The Beach Boys, Bob Dylan, Tom Jones, Bryan Adams, David Bowie, José Carreras, Helmut Lotti, Westlife, R. E. M. Paul McCartney, Robbie Williams, The Rolling Stones, Dolly Parton, AC/DC, U2, Rammstein and Snow Patrol have performed, or have performances planned in Horsens. Metallica has performed several times in Horsens.
Hard Rock/Heavy Metal band Pretty Maids is from Horsens. One of the largest cultural events in Denmark is the annual European Medieval Festival on the last Friday and Saturday in August; the town centre of Horsens is transformed into the largest medieval market town in Northern Europe with activities and entertainment for families and children of all ages. Every March, Horsens hosts a Crime Festival; the Crime Festival - in Danish called Krimimessen - is an event for literary crime and thrillers. The Crime Festival is organized by Horsens Public Library; every year, many well-known crime writers visit Horsens. The city is home to a museum showing the history of the industrial society; the museum shows technological development and developments in living conditions for workers. European route E45 runs by the city of Horsens. Peter Sørensen from the Social Democrats is mayor of Horsens. Vitus Bering, the famous Russian Navy captain was born here; the largest educational institution in Horsens is VIA University College, which offers a wide range of engineering and business programmes for Danish and International students.
Horsens is the home to professional football club AC Horsens. Their home ground is the 10,400 capacity CASA Arena Horsens. In 2015, the CASA Arena will host Motorcycle speedway when it holds the Speedway Grand Prix of Denmark for the first time, taking over as host from the Parken Stadium in Copenhagen which had held the Speedway Grand Prix event from 2003-2014. Horsens is home to professional basketball team Horsens IC who play in Basketligaen; the team plays at Forum Horsens which has a capacity of 3,300. The team has won the league 6 times most in 2014-15 and 2015-16 as well as winning the Danish Basketball Cup 3 times most in the 2014-15 season. From 1853 to 2006 the city housed the Horsens Statsfængsel prison, which held prisoners serving longer sentences. A notable prisoner was former minister of justice Peter Adler Alberti; the last execution in peacetime in Denmark happened in the prison in 1892 when Jens Nielsen was decapitated in the courtyard. Carl August Lorentzen was a safe cracker who became famous for his escape from the prison in 1950 when he dug a tunnel from his cell and out to freedom with a spoon.
When the guards discovered he was missing they found a note from him with the words "Where there is a will there is a way". Lorentzen was captured a few days on a nearby farm; the old run-down buildings were not fit for a modern prison. In 2006 the prison was closed and the newly built State Prison of East Jutland was opened; the new prison, placed near Horsens, held the mass murderer Peter Lundin for a period. Since its closure as a prison, Horsens Statsfængsel has housed a crime and prison museum, conference and business facilities; the prison grounds have been used for concerts. It was considered as the venue of the Eurovision Song Contest 2014, along with two other cities in Denmark. VisitHorsens moved to the Prison in 2013 and in 2015 a hotel called SleepIn has opened in the Prison. Hans Svane a Danish statesman and ecclesiastic Vitus Bering, naval officer and explorer, the Bering Strait was named after him Poul Vendelbo Løvenørn a Danish military officer and landowner Catherine Antonovna of Brunswick daughter of Duke Anthony Ulrich of Brunswick lived under
Bornholm is a Danish island in the Baltic Sea, to the east of the rest of Denmark, south of Sweden, northeast of Germany and north of the westernmost part of Poland. Occupying an area of 588.36 square kilometres, the island had a total population on 1 January 2019 of 39,572. Among Bornholm's chief industrial activities are dairy farming and arts and crafts industries such as glass production and pottery using locally worked clay. Tourism is important during the summer months; the island is home to an large number of Denmark's round churches. The island is known as solskinsøen because of its weather and klippeøen because of its geology, which consists of granite, except along the southern coast; the heat from the summer is stored in the rock formations and the weather is quite warm until October. As a result of the climate, a local variety of the common fig, known as Bornholm's Diamond, can grow locally on the island; the island's topography consists of dramatic rock formations in the north sloping down towards pine and deciduous forests, farmland in the middle and sandy beaches in the south.
Strategically located in the Baltic Sea, Bornholm has been fought over for centuries. It had been ruled by Denmark, but by Sweden and Lübeck, Germany; the ruin of Hammershus, at the northwestern tip of the island, is the largest medieval fortress in northern Europe, testament to the importance of its location. This island and Ertholmene is what remains in Denmark of Skåneland east of Øresund, having been surrendered to Sweden in 1658 but with Bornholm after a local revolt regained in 1660. Many inhabitants speak the Bornholmsk dialect, a dialect of Danish. Bornholmsk retains three grammatical genders, like Icelandic and most dialects of Norwegian, but unlike standard Danish, its phonology includes innovations. This makes the dialect difficult to understand for some Danish speakers. However, Swedish speakers consider Bornholmian to be easier to understand than standard Danish; the intonation resembles the Scanian dialect spoken in nearby Scania, the southernmost province of Sweden. Bornholm Regional Municipality is the local authority covering the entire island.
It is the result of a merger of the five former municipalities on the island and the former Bornholm County. Bornholm Regional Municipality was a county in its own right during its first four years from 1 January 2003 until 31 December 2006. From 1 January 2007 all counties were abolished, Bornholm became part of the Capital Region of Denmark whose main responsibility is the health service; the municipality still retains its name Bornholm Regional Municipality. The island had 21 municipalities until March 1970, of which 6 were 15 parishes. In addition to supervising parish municipalities, the responsibility of the counties in all of Denmark, the market town municipalities of Bornholm were supervised by Bornholm County as well and not by the Interior Ministry as was the case in the rest of Denmark; the seat of the municipal council is Rønne. The voters decided to merge the county with the municipalities in a referendum May 29, 2001, effective from January 1, 2003; the question on the ballot was, "Do you want the six municipal entities of Bornholm to be joined to form one municipal entity as of 1 January 2003?"
73.9% voted in favour. The lowest percentage for the merger was in Nexø municipality, whose mayor, Annelise Molin, a Social Democrat, spoke out against the merger, it was required. Otherwise the merger would have to be abandoned altogether; the six municipal entities had 122 councillors and the new regional municipality would have 27 councillors from the start. They were reduced to 23 from 1 January 2018; the merger was approved in a law by the Folketing 19 March 2002, transferring the tasks of the abolished county and old municipalities to the new Bornholm Regional Municipality. The first regional mayor in the first three years from 2003 until 2005 was Thomas Thors, a physician and member of the Social Democrats and the last mayor of Rønne Municipality for five years from 1998 until 2002. Bjarne Kristiansen, the last mayor of Hasle 2½ years from the summer of 2000 until 2002, representing the local Borgerlisten political party, served as mayor for four years from January 1, 2006 until 2009. From January 1, 2007, Bornholm became a part of the Capital Region of Denmark.
From January 1, 2010 the mayor has been Winni Grosbøll, a high school teacher and a member of the Social Democrats political party. Ferry services connect Rønne to Świnoujście, Sassnitz, Køge, 45 kilometres by road south of Copenhagen, Denmark. Simrishamn has a ferry connection during the summer. There are regular catamaran services between Nexø and the Polish ports of Kołobrzeg, Łeba and Ustka. There are direct bus connections Ystad-Copenhagen, coordinated with the catamaran. There are flights from Bornholm Airport to Copenhagen and other locations; because of
Fredericia is a town located in Fredericia municipality in the southeastern part of the Jutland peninsula in Denmark. The city is part of the Triangle Region, which includes the neighbouring cities of Kolding and Vejle, it was founded in 1650 by Frederick III. The city itself has a population of 39,922 January 2014) and the Fredericia municipality has a population of 50,324. After the devastation caused by the Thirty Years War in a unfortified Jutland, King Christian IV realized the necessity of building a strong fortress in Jutland, decided that this project could be combined with his plans for building a large town in Jutland. A fortified encampment was built on a point of land called Lyngs Odde, near the current location of Fredericia, with a rampart stretching to either side of the point, thus protecting the encampment from attacks. However, the fortifications were not perfect, when Swedish Field Marshal Lennart Torstenson invaded Jutland, he was able to break through the ramparts, it was Frederick III, able to complete the plans for the fortification adding a flank fortification on nearby Bers Odde as suggested by Danish Imperial Marshal Anders Bille.
On 15 December 1650, the King signed the document giving the town its first privileges, work on the new fortifications could begin. In 1651, the town was named Frederiksodde after the king, on 22 April 1664, it was given the new Latinized name of Fredericia; every 6 July, the town of Fredericia holds a festival to commemorate the 1849 Battle of Fredericia, fought during the First War of Schleswig, in which Danish troops won a victory over the Schleswig-Holstein rebels who were laying siege to the town. Fredericia's landmark, was unveiled on 6 July 1858; the municipality today is part of the East Jutland metropolitan area with 1.2M inhabitants, is the site of Fredericia municipality's municipal council. The town is one of Denmark's largest traffic hubs; the town is a major barracks, home to the Royal Danish Army's Signals Regiment, located at Rye's Barracks and Bülow's Barracks. Hartvig Philip Rée a Jewish-Danish merchant and author Poul Pagh a Danish merchant and shipowner Magdalene Thoresen a Norwegian poet, short story writer and playwright Henrik Pontoppidan, a Danish realist writer, shared the 1917 Nobel Prize for Literature Frederick Brockhausen a cigar maker, trade union activist and politician in Milwaukee Vilhelm Buhl was the 11th Prime Minister of Denmark Svend Melsing, theatre director and playwright Dr Erik Holtved a Danish artist, archaeologist and ethnologist Ellen Krause a Danish artist and an Odsherred Painters Tage Skou-Hansen a Danish writer and scholar Cecil Bødker a Danish writer of young adult fiction books and poet Erik Moseholm a Danish jazz bassist, bandleader of the DR Big Band Jørgen Vig Knudstorp, former CEO of Lego Group Christian Holten Bonke a Danish documentary filmmaker and screenwriter Thomas Sørensen, footballer Patrick Hougaard a Danish motorcycle speedway rider Annette Jensen a Danish handball player Sara Thygesen a Danish badminton player, specializing in doubles play.
Fredericia municipality Fredericia travel guide from Wikivoyage "Fredericia". Encyclopædia Britannica. 11. 1911
Venstre, full name Venstre, Danmarks Liberale Parti, is a conservative-liberal, agrarian political party in Denmark. Founded as part of a peasants' movement against the landed aristocracy, today it espouses an economically liberal pro-free market ideology. Venstre is the major party of the centre-right in Denmark, the third largest party in the country; the party has produced many Prime Ministers. Denmark's current government is a minority government consisting of Venstre, the Liberal Alliance, the Conservative People's Party, with external support from the Danish People's Party. In the 2015 parliamentary elections, Venstre received 19.5% of the vote, 34 out of 179 seats. It is led by Lars Løkke Rasmussen, who took over as party leader and Prime Minister from Anders Fogh Rasmussen when the latter became Secretary General of NATO in 2009; the party is a member of Liberal International and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe. One of Denmark's thirteen MEPs are from Venstre in the 2014-19 term of office, they sit with the ALDE Group in the European Parliament.
Venstre is categorised as centre-right on the political spectrum. It is a market liberal party within the Nordic agrarian tradition, today is notably more pro-free market than its sister parties; some describe it as classical liberal, since its leader from 1998 to 2009, Anders Fogh Rasmussen, is known for his authorship of the book From Social State to Minimal State. His book advocated an extensive reform of the Danish welfare state along classical liberal lines, including lower taxes and less government interference in corporate and individual matters. Since the elections in 2001, Venstre has enacted a so-called "tax stop" in order to halt the growth in taxes seen during the previous eight years under the Social Democrats; this tax stop has been under heavy fire from the parties on the left wing of Danish politics for being "asocial" and "only for the rich." Venstre, or "the Left" in English, was founded in 1870 under the name Det Forenede Venstre. It was formed through the merger of three parliamentary factions, all of whom had identified as leftist in the context of the time.
From 1895 to 1910 it was known as Venstrereformpartiet, after that as Venstre. Venstre was traditionally a party advocating free trade and farmers' interests as opposed to the interests of the aristocracy which were the platform of the conservative party, Højre; this traditional landed basis resulted in a relative decline in influence due to the accelerating urbanisation of Danish society. Starting in the 1880s, the party began expanding into urban regions as well. By the 1910s, the splitting off of the Social Liberals and the appearance of the Social Democrats had pushed Venstre toward the centre, it relied on its former conservative adversaries for parliamentary support. After the 1960s these developments reoriented Venstre from a classical liberal party to conservative liberalism. During the leadership of Anders Fogh Rasmussen, the party turned further to the right. 1901–1909 1910–1913 1920–1924 1926–1929 1945–1947 1950–53 with the Conservative People's Party 1968–71 with the Conservative People's Party and the Danish Social Liberal Party 1973–75 1978–79 with the Social Democratic Party 1982–88 with the Conservative People's Party, Centre Democrats, the Christian People's Party 1988–90 with the Conservative People's Party and Social Liberal Party 1990–93 with the Conservative People's Party 2001–11 with the Conservative People's Party 2015–16 2016– with the Liberal Alliance and the Conservative People's Party Johan Henrik Deuntzer Jens Christian Christensen Niels Neergaard Ludvig Holstein-Ledreborg Klaus Berntsen Niels Neergaard Thomas Madsen-Mygdal Knud Kristensen Erik Eriksen Poul Hartling Anders Fogh Rasmussen Lars Løkke Rasmussen The fact that the major centre-right political party in a country calls itself'Left' is confusing to foreign observers.
The name has, its historical explanation. At the time of its foundation, Venstre affirmed then-progressive ideas in the Danish parliament, their opponents, Højre, the forerunner of the present-day Conservative People's Party, advocated for established interests the Church of Denmark and the landed gentry. In current Danish politics there is a clear distinction between the concepts of Venstre and venstrefløj; the use of the word for "left" in the name of the Danish political party Radikale Venstre and the Norwegian party Venstre is meant to refer to liberalism and not socialism. Members of the party are referred to as venstremænd and venstrekvinder "Venstre men" and "Venstre women". Venstres Ungdom Liberal Students of Denmark Liberalism Contributions to liberal theory Liberalism worldwide List of liberal parties Liberal democracy Liberalism and radicalism in Denmark Nordic agrarian parties Tom Matz, Venstre ved du hvor du har. ForlagsKompagniet: Nørhaven Book. Venstre official site Denmark's Li
Archaeology is a bimonthly magazine for the general public, published by the Archaeological Institute of America. The institute publishes the professional American Journal of Archaeology; the editor-in-chief was Peter Young until 2011. Jarrett Lobell assumed the editorship from Valentino in November 2018. Official website