Triangle Region (Denmark)
Triangle Region Denmark is a cooperation consisting of seven Danish municipalities on the Danish peninsula of Jutland and the island of Funen: Billund, Haderslev, Middelfart and Vejle. The Triangle Region began as the general term for the industrial and communications hubs of Kolding and Fredericia in the early 1960s; the three cities worked together to coordinate and collaborate locally, but have since expanded into a cooperation between seven municipalities, which together have 421,480 inhabitants and cover an area of 4,266.0 km2. An area of political and economic stability, the Triangle Region is regarded as Denmark’s third major region after Aarhus and Copenhagen, it has a reputation for having lower levels of pollution and traffic problems than the big cities. The Triangle Region was an industrial area with an emphasis on production and logistics but more it has become a hub for entrepreneurs and energy companies. A formal cooperation between municipalities in the region began in 1994 and the current Triangle Area Denmark was established in 2007 by the new municipalities of Billund, Kolding, Middelfart and Vejle.
Haderslev joined in 2016. Billund was first mentioned as "Byllundt" in the year 1454 and as "Billund" in 1510. In 1916, Ole Kirk Christiansen, who would found LEGO, bought a Billund furniture company, founded in 1895, he invested in the town, creating the Skjoldbjerg church. In 1930, Kirk Christiansen began producing utility items such as ironing boards and miniature toys, his first toys were created from leftover production scraps but his true toy production started in 1932. In 1934, the toy factory was named "LEGO." A small town, Billund today is most notable as the home of the LEGO Group, for LEGOLAND, for Billund Airport, the second largest airport in Denmark. The airport was built by the LEGO Group, but is now run independently. Fredericia was built in 1650 by Frederick III as the principal fortress for Jutland; when the city was built, the King gave certain privileges to the city such a freedom of religion and asylum, giving the city a unique diversity, still visible today. In 1849 the Danes defeated the Prussians at Fredericia.
The fortress was closed in 1909, the city's modern development began. Fredericia Harbor is among Denmark's most important harbors; the city has traditionally been famed for the manufacture of refined petroleum, textiles, frozen fish and tobacco, as well as import from Asia and the now closed ship yard. Taulov, located halfway between Fredericia and Kolding, is the main village of a parish, home to a local vassal, making it the administrative center of the area known as Elbo Herred. Despite recent finds of significant burial mounds and farm houses dating back to the Danish Iron Age, the village itself has little to no significance and was a small railway town with its own municipality until the 1970s, after which it became part of Fredericia Municipality and the arrival of the motorway gave the village a growth spur; the combination of the railroad and motorway has made Taulov an important focal point for the Triangle Region in terms of infrastructure, as the area is unique in having railroad and motorway junctions connecting the area to all of Denmark and the rest of Scandinavia, the proximity to one of Denmark's largest harbors and the nearby Billund Airport.
The'Taulov Transport Center' was designated as a'Core Rail Road Terminal' by the European Union in 2014. The village is home to various manufacturing facilities such as an Arla Foods export plant and Veksø A/S, a street furniture manufacturing company, the new'DanmarkC' area between Taulov and Fredericia is expanding with retail and storage facilities. A new train station is being proposed in Taulov to serve as a "Park & Ride"-station for the region when faster train services will be implemented. Haderslev is situated in a valley, leading from Vojens to the Baltic Sea. Haderslev was founded by Vikings at least a century before it was granted status as royal borough in 1292. At that time, it had become one of the main trading centres in Southern Jutland. In 1327, the royal castle, was mentioned for the first time, it was situated east of the cathedral. In the following centuries the city prospered, building both the Gothic Cathedral and the second castle of Hansborg, similar to Kronborg. Due to the plague in Copenhagen, King Christian IV was married there.
In the 16th century, the city became one of the first Scandinavian places to embrace the Lutheran Reformation. Prior to the Second Schleswig War of 1864, Haderslev was situated in the Duchy of Schleswig, a Danish fief, so its history is properly included in the contentious history of Schleswig-Holstein. From 1864 it was part of Prussia, as such part of the North German Confederation, from 1871 onwards, part of the German Empire. In the 1920 Schleswig Plebiscite that returned Northern Schleswig to Denmark, 38.6% of Haderslev's inhabitants voted for remaining part of Germany and 61.4% voted for the cession to Denmark. It was the capital of the German Kreis Hadersleben and the Danish Haderslev County. Kolding is a seaport located at the head of Kolding Fjord where the Battle of Kolding was fought on 25 December 1658; the allied Polish and Danish forces under hetman Stefan Czarniecki defeated the Swedish forces of Charles X Gustav of Sweden. A battle between German and Danish forces took place near the tow
Denmark the Kingdom of Denmark, is a Nordic country and the southernmost of the Scandinavian nations. Denmark lies southwest of Sweden and south of Norway, is bordered to the south by Germany; the Kingdom of Denmark comprises two autonomous constituent countries in the North Atlantic Ocean: the Faroe Islands and Greenland. Denmark proper consists of a peninsula, an archipelago of 443 named islands, with the largest being Zealand and the North Jutlandic Island; the islands are characterised by flat, arable land and sandy coasts, low elevation and a temperate climate. Denmark has a total area of 42,924 km2, land area of 42,394 km2, the total area including Greenland and the Faroe Islands is 2,210,579 km2, a population of 5.8 million. The unified kingdom of Denmark emerged in the 10th century as a proficient seafaring nation in the struggle for control of the Baltic Sea. Denmark and Norway were ruled together under one sovereign ruler in the Kalmar Union, established in 1397 and ending with Swedish secession in 1523.
The areas of Denmark and Norway remained under the same monarch until Denmark -- Norway. Beginning in the 17th century, there were several devastating wars with the Swedish Empire, ending with large cessions of territory to Sweden. After the Napoleonic Wars, Norway was ceded to Sweden, while Denmark kept the Faroe Islands and Iceland. In the 19th century there was a surge of nationalist movements, which were defeated in the 1864 Second Schleswig War. Denmark remained neutral during World War I. In April 1940, a German invasion saw brief military skirmishes while the Danish resistance movement was active from 1943 until the German surrender in May 1945. An industrialised exporter of agricultural produce in the second half of the 19th century, Denmark introduced social and labour-market reforms in the early 20th century that created the basis for the present welfare state model with a developed mixed economy; the Constitution of Denmark was signed on 5 June 1849, ending the absolute monarchy, which had begun in 1660.
It establishes a constitutional monarchy organised as a parliamentary democracy. The government and national parliament are seated in Copenhagen, the nation's capital, largest city, main commercial centre. Denmark exercises hegemonic influence in the Danish Realm, devolving powers to handle internal affairs. Home rule was established in the Faroe Islands in 1948. Denmark negotiated certain opt-outs, it is among the founding members of NATO, the Nordic Council, the OECD, OSCE, the United Nations. Denmark is considered to be one of the most economically and developed countries in the world. Danes enjoy a high standard of living and the country ranks in some metrics of national performance, including education, health care, protection of civil liberties, democratic governance and human development; the country ranks as having the world's highest social mobility, a high level of income equality, is among the countries with the lowest perceived levels of corruption in the world, the eleventh-most developed in the world, has one of the world's highest per capita incomes, one of the world's highest personal income tax rates.
The etymology of the word Denmark, the relationship between Danes and Denmark and the unifying of Denmark as one kingdom, is a subject which attracts debate. This is centered on the prefix "Dan" and whether it refers to the Dani or a historical person Dan and the exact meaning of the -"mark" ending. Most handbooks derive the first part of the word, the name of the people, from a word meaning "flat land", related to German Tenne "threshing floor", English den "cave"; the -mark is believed to mean woodland or borderland, with probable references to the border forests in south Schleswig. The first recorded use of the word Danmark within Denmark itself is found on the two Jelling stones, which are runestones believed to have been erected by Gorm the Old and Harald Bluetooth; the larger stone of the two is popularly cited as Denmark's "baptismal certificate", though both use the word "Denmark", in the form of accusative ᛏᛅᚾᛘᛅᚢᚱᚴ tanmaurk on the large stone, genitive ᛏᛅᚾᛘᛅᚱᚴᛅᚱ "tanmarkar" on the small stone.
The inhabitants of Denmark are there called "Danes", in the accusative. The earliest archaeological findings in Denmark date back to the Eem interglacial period from 130,000–110,000 BC. Denmark has been inhabited since around 12,500 BC and agriculture has been evident since 3900 BC; the Nordic Bronze Age in Denmark was marked by burial mounds, which left an abundance of findings including lurs and the Sun Chariot. During the Pre-Roman Iron Age, native groups began migrating south, the first tribal Danes came to the country between the Pre-Roman and the Germanic Iron Age, in the Roman Iron Age; the Roman provinces maintained trade routes and relations with native tribes in Denmark, Roman coins have been found in Denmark. Evidence of strong Celtic cultural influence dates from this period in Denmark and much of North-West Europe and is among other things reflected in the finding of the Gundestrup cauldron; the tribal Danes came from the east Danish islands and Scania and spoke an early form of North Germanic.
Historians believe that before their arrival, most of Jutland and the nearest islands were settled by tribal J
The Haraldskær Woman is a bog body of a woman found preserved in a bog in Jutland and dating from about 490 BCE. Workers found the body in 1835 while excavating peat on the Haraldskær Estate; the anaerobic conditions and acids of the peat bog contributed to the body's excellent preservation. Not only was the intact skeleton so were the skin and internal organs. Scientists settled disputes about the age and identity of this well preserved body in 1977, when radiocarbon dating determined conclusively that the woman's death occurred around the 5th century BCE; the Haraldskær Woman's body is on permanent display in an ornate glass-covered sarcophagus inside St. Nicolai Church in central Vejle, Denmark. After discovery of the body, early theories of her identity centered on the persona of Queen Gunnhild of Norway, who lived around 1000 CE. Most of the bog bodies recovered indicate the victim died from a violent murder or ritualistic sacrifice; these theories are consistent with the body being put into a bog as opposed to burial in dry earth.
According to the Jomsvikinga Saga, Harald Bluetooth of Denmark ordered Queen Gunnhild be drowned in a bog. Based upon the belief of her royal personage, King Frederick VI of Denmark-Norway commanded an elaborately carved sarcophagus to hold her body; this careful treatment of the Haraldskær Woman's remains explains the excellent state of conservation of the corpse. In 1842, the young Danish archaeologist J. J. A. Worsaae disputed the identification of the Haraldskær Woman with Gunnhild. A pioneer in archaeological stratigraphy, Worsaae presented evidence the Haraldskær Woman dated from the Iron Age. Radiocarbon dating confirmed the body was not Gunnhild, but rather a woman of the early Iron Age who lived about 490 BCE. Though no one proved the Haraldskær Woman has any royal lineage, her body lies in state in a display in the north transept of Saint Nicolai Church. Excavators found the body of the Haraldskær Woman in a supine position in an excellent state of preservation, she was naked and her clothes, consisting of a leather cape and three woolen garments, had been placed on top of her.
Hurdles of branches and wooden poles pinned the body down. The complete skin envelope and the internal organs were both intact; the body had a lancing wound to the knee joint area. Her skin was bronzed with a robust skin tone due to tannins in the peat, all the body joints were preserved with overlying skin in a state as if she had died only recently. Doctors determined she had been about 50 years old when she died and in good health without signs of degenerative diseases which are found in human remains of that age. In 1979, doctors at Århus Hospital undertook a further forensic examination of the Haraldskær Woman. By this time, the body had desiccated and the skin was leathery wrinkled and folded. A CT-scan of the cranium more determined her age to be about 40 at the time of her death; the body height now measured only 1.33 m, but doctors used the original 1835 descriptions to estimate she would have stood about 1.50 m. In 2000, Lone Hvass of the Elsinore Museum, Miranda Aldhouse-Green of Cardiff University, the Department of Forensic Science at the University of Århus performed a re-examination of the Haraldskær Woman.
Forensic analysis revealed stomach contents of unhusked millet and blackberries. Her neck had a faint groove as if someone applied a rope for strangulation; the scientists concluded bog acids caused the swelling of the knee joint and that the woman was already dead before the branches pinned her down. Because of her careful placement, since cremation was the prevailing mode of interment during that period in Jutland, the examiners guess the Haraldskær Woman was a victim of ritual sacrifice; the principal locations where bog bodies have been discovered are the Northern European countries of Germany, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom and Denmark. The oldest of these bodies dates to about 8000 BCE, although the majority of specimens in Denmark are from the Pre-Roman Iron Age to Roman Iron Age era; as of 2006, more than 700 ancient bodies have been discovered in these sites, although other estimates have placed the number in the thousands. It is difficult for scientists to ascertain a precise number because many of the bodies have been lost or destroyed.
Before archaeologists began searching for bog bodies, the bodies were discovered during the routine extraction of peat, reburied or discarded. After the discovery that systematic conservation of Iron Age bodies was attributable to the acidic anaerobic environs, major excavations have occurred in Jutland. Other bog bodies recovered on the Jutland peninsula that have undergone as extensive an analysis as the Haraldskær Woman include Tollund Man, Grauballe Man, Elling Woman, Huldremose Woman and the Borremose Woman. Danish author Steen Steensen Blicher, an amateur archaeologist and one of the first to visit the site, made the first literary reference to the Haraldskær Woman. In 1836, he published his novella Gravhøjen, a parody about a mistaken archaeological find. However, by 1841 Blicher seemed to have changed his mind about the Haraldskær Woman's identity when he wrote the poem Dronning Gunhild, a lament for the dead queen in the bog. In 1846, the Danish playwright Jens Christian Hostrup wrote his comedy, A Sparrow Doing a Crane Dance, in which the ghost of Queen
Frederikssund Kommune is a municipality on the shores of Roskilde Fjord in the northern part of the island of Zealand in eastern Denmark. On 1 January 2007, the municipality was enlarged to include the old Jægerspris and Skibby municipalities, it now covers an area of 250 km² and has a population of 44,401. As of 1 January 2014 its mayor is John Schmidt Andersen, a member of the agrarian liberal Venstre political party. Frederikssund municipality belongs to Region Hovedstaden; the seat of its municipal council is the town of Frederikssund with a population of 15,283. The town is connected to the Hornsherred peninsula by the Kronprins Frederik bridge; the former municipalities of Jægerspris and Skibby are located on this peninsula. The ten largest urban areas in the municipality are: The new harbour square provides the finishing touches to the harbour developments which began in the 1990s. There are ambitious plans to build a new residential development to the south of Frederikssund near Store Rørbæk.
Frederikssund station Municipal statistics: NetBorger Kommunefakta, delivered from KMD aka Kommunedata Municipal mergers and neighbors: Eniro new municipalities map Road map from Google maps The new Frederikssund municipality's official website Frederikssund / Hornsherred Tourist Bureau Frederikssund Gymnasium Center Bowl Frederikssund Golf Club Photos The local public library Frederikssund marina
Ballerup Kommune is a municipality in Region Hovedstaden on the island of Zealand in eastern Denmark. It is located 15 kilometers from central Copenhagen; the municipality covers an area of 34.09 km², has a population of 48,231. It is the name of the municipal seat, Ballerup; the current mayor is Jesper Würtzen of the Social Democrats. Other than Ballerup, the towns that make up the municipality are Skovlunde. Neighboring municipalities are Herlev to the east, Furesø to the north, Egedal to the west, Albertslund and Glostrup to the south; the geography of Ballerup municipality was not affected on January 1, 2007 as the result of the nationwide Kommunalreformen. The municipality is home to companies such as GN Store Nord and Leo Pharma. East Kilbride, Scotland Wuxi, China Ballerup station Ballerup Bladet Municipal statistics: NetBorger Kommunefakta, delivered from KMD aka Kommunedata Municipal mergers and neighbors: Eniro new municipalities map Municipality's official website East Kilbride, Ballerup's twin town
East Jutland metropolitan area
East Jutland metropolitan area is a potential metropolitan area in Jutland and Funen, Denmark. Aarhus is the most populated town in the region; the National Planning Report of 2006 published by the Danish Environment Ministry argued that “East Jutland is developing into a coherent area with high population growth and division of labour between the cities in the urban band that extends from Kolding to Randers” and foresaw “the contours of a future million city”. The report recommended dialogue about future development between the state, the region and the municipalities. In the next National Planning Report of 2013, the area was split into East Jutland North and the Triangle Region; the municipalities in the two subregions cooperate as Business Region Aarhus and the Triangle Region respectively. With about 1.4 million people living in the area, it represents 25% of the population of Denmark and is the second largest urban area after Greater Copenhagen. The area has 19 municipalities as of 2016.
The metropolitan area is home to many large companies. Major companies include Arla Foods. Vestas is a Danish manufacturer, seller and servicer of wind turbines and the largest in the world of its kind. Among cooperative dairy companies, Arla is the third largest in the world; the primary harbour of the region is Aarhus harbour. It is the largest industrial harbour in Denmark and among largest in Northern Europe, only surpassed by the Swedish industrial harbour in Gothenburg in the Kattegat sea area. With modern facilities, it handles 12 million tonnes of cargo per year and is therefore among the 100 biggest container ports in the world. Greater Aarhus boasts a unique position in the global wind energy market, it is home to some of the world's biggest manufacturers of wind turbines and constitutes the world's most advanced knowledge center. An array of suppliers and subcontractors, covers the entire supply chain and the sector benefits from a solid political backing of wind energy on local and national level.
The wind business cluster here has a long legacy of cooperation between manufacturers, scientific communities and public authorities. As a knowledge hub and gathering point for the wind industry, Aarhus is to play a vital role in developing the wind energy systems of the future: · 87% of Denmark's combined turnover from wind energy is generated by businesses in the Greater Aarhus area · 53% of Denmark's high-skill wind employees work in the Greater Aarhus area · 57% of all top executives in the Danish wind industry work in the Greater Aarhus area · 14,000 employees in the Danish wind industry work within Central Region Denmark – 11,000 of them within one hour drive from Aarhus. Notable universities and educational institutions within the area includes: Aarhus University University of Southern Denmark Aarhus School of Architecture Aarhus School of Business Aarhus Technical College Engineering College of Aarhus The Danish School of Journalism VIA University College There are two primary commercial international airports serving the area: Aarhus Airport Billund Airport The area has several motorways but the European route E45 goes from the south to the north and is central to the area's growth.
The core area around Aarhus is the most populated area in East Jutland, that area is much smaller in km² - 6,182 km² - and with a population of more than one million. The figures below are for the core area centered on Aarhus and most populous area in the East Jutland metropolitan area as of 1 January 2016; the figures below are for the whole East Jutland metropolitan area as of 1 January 2016. In the National Planning Report of 2013, the term East Jutland metropolitan area was replaced by the two subregions of East Jutland North and the Triangle Region; the municipalities of the two subregions cooperate as Business Region Aarhus and the Triangle Region. Business Region Aarhus is a partnership between the 12 municipalities of Favrskov, Horsens, Odder, Samsø, Skanderborg, Syddjurs and Aarhus, all in the Central Denmark Region; the partnership began in 1994, before the Danish municipal reform of 2007. The region formed the northernmost part of the East Jutland metropolitan area and Samsø Municipality, but since 24 February 2016, Viborg municipality was included.
The Aarhus area was classified in a 2005 ESPON report as a Category 3 MEGA. MEGAs are Metropolitan European Growth Areas; the term Greater Aarhus is used indistinctly in various contexts, but according to Aarhus Municipality it includes the 9 municipalities of Aarhus, Norddjurs, Viborg, Odder and Samsø. The Triangle Region is a partnership between the 7 municipalities of Billund, Haderslev, Middelfart and Vejle, all in the Southern Denmark Region. Vejle is the most populated town in the Triangle Region. Towns Landscapes and nature Metropolitan areas of Denmark Largest urban areas in the Nordic countries Henrik Mølgaard Frandsen. "Aarhus Kommune og etableringen af en politisk ramme-struktur for den østjyske byregion" [Aarhus Municipality and the establishment of a political fr
Jelling is a village in Denmark with a population of 3,431, located in Jelling Parish approx. 10 km northwest of Vejle. The village lies 105 metres above sea level. Jelling is located in Vejle Region of Southern Denmark; the town is famous for the Jelling stones, national monuments. Until the Municipal Reform of 2007 on 1 January 2007, Jelling was the capital of Jelling municipality. Jelling was the only town in the former Vejle County headquarters for a bank – Jelling Sparekasse, which had its headquarters in the town until 2007 when it merged with Den Jyske Sparekasse, headquartered in Grindsted. Jelling Sparekasse's slogan was: "If king Gorm was alive today... we would be the country's National Bank." One source at least claims that Jelling was the capital of an ancient kingdom of Denmark, known as Jellund. From Jelling it is 56 km to Herning and Silkeborg, 80 km to Aarhus and 10 km to the regional capital Vejle. Jelling is close to the Østjyske Motorvej – and Midtjyske Motorvej –; the railroad track Herning – Vejle goes through Jelling.
In 2003 Jelling municipality was the first municipality in Denmark to offer its residents wireless Internet connection, up to 4 Mbit broadband, at a distance of up to 10 km from Jelling. Vejle municipality is working to execute a master plan in the village centre; the plan is to redirect traffic in Jelling, close Gormsgade, which today is part of the main road in the town. This master plan will cost in the neighbourhood of 250 million DKK which include financing described by The State of Denmark, Vejle municipality, Haderslev Diocese and other private foundations, among them "AP Møller and Chastine Mc-Kinney Møller Foundation for General Purposes" – which has donated 70 million DKK for the project. Jelling is an important historical town in the history of Denmark. In the Viking Age it served as the royal seat of the first Monarchs of the Kingdom of Denmark. Jelling is the site of a large stone ship and two large burial mounds, the Jelling stones and Jelling Church which are an UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1994.
In the North Mound, built between 958 and 959 CE, an empty burial chamber was found. The South Mound contains no burial. Beneath the two mounds is a large stone ship from around the end of the 9th century. Between the two mounds stands two rune stones, the Jelling stones. Near the stones, Gorm's son King Harald Bluetooth built a wooden church, beneath it re-interred the remains of his father; the Jelling Music Festival is held annually and is Denmark's third largest festival. Bredagerskolen is the largest school in Vejle municipality; the school has 810 students divided into 0–9 classes over 2–5 traces. The village houses the CVU Lillebælt, which trains educators. There are three grocery stores in Jelling, two gas stations, three garages, two banks, two breweries, some other stores; the newly opened town house is to house Borgerservice, a library, a cinema, a café, one of the two breweries. Gorm the Old the first recognized ruler of Denmark, reigning from c.936 to his death c.958. He ruled from Jelling, made the oldest of the Jelling Stones in honour of his wife Thyra.
Nielsine Paget a New Zealand homemaker and community worker Jelling travel guide from Wikivoyage