A tapir is a large, herbivorous mammal, similar in shape to a pig, with a short, prehensile snout. Tapirs inhabit jungle and forest regions of South America, Central America, the five extant species of tapirs are the Brazilian tapir, the Malayan tapir, the Bairds tapir, the kabomani tapir, and the mountain tapir. The four species that have been evaluated are all classified as endangered or vulnerable and their closest relatives are the other odd-toed ungulates, which include horses, donkeys and rhinoceroses. Five extinct species within one extant genus are widely recognized, four are in Central and South America whilst the fifth is in Asia. Bairds tapir, Tapirus bairdii Brazilian tapir, Tapirus terrestris Kabomani tapir, size varies between types, but most tapirs are about 2 m long, stand about 1 m high at the shoulder, and weigh between 150 and 300 kg. Baby tapirs of all types have striped-and-spotted coats for camouflage, females have a single pair of mammary glands, and males have long penises relative to their body size.
The proboscis of the tapir is a highly flexible organ, able to move in all directions, tapirs often exhibit the flehmen response, a posture in which they raise their snouts and show their teeth to detect scents. This response is frequently exhibited by bulls sniffing for signs of other males or females in oestrus in the area, the length of the proboscis varies among species, Malayan tapirs have the longest snouts and Brazilian tapirs have the shortest. Tapirs have brachyodont, or low-crowned teeth, that lack cementum and their dental formula is, Totaling 42 to 44 teeth, this dentition is closer to that of equids, which may differ by one less canine, than their other perissodactyl relatives, rhinoceroses. Their incisors are chisel-shaped, with the large, conical upper incisor separated by a short gap from the considerably smaller canine. A much longer gap is found between the canines and premolars, the first of which may be absent, tapirs are lophodonts, and their cheek teeth have distinct lophs between protocones, paracones and hypocones.
Tapirs have brown eyes, often with a bluish cast to them, which has identified as corneal cloudiness. The exact etiology is unknown, but the cloudiness may be caused by exposure to light or by trauma. However, the tapirs sensitive ears and strong sense of smell help to compensate for deficiencies in vision, tapirs have simple stomachs and are hindgut fermenters that ferment digested food in a large cecum. Young tapirs reach sexual maturity between three and five years of age, with females maturing earlier than males, under good conditions, a healthy female tapir can reproduce every two years, a single young, called a calf, is born after a gestation of about 13 months. The natural lifespan of a tapir is about 25 to 30 years, apart from mothers and their young offspring, tapirs lead almost exclusively solitary lives. Along with freshwater lounging, tapirs often wallow in mud pits, in the wild, the tapirs diet consists of fruit and leaves, particularly young, tender growth. Tapirs will spend many of their waking hours foraging along well-worn trails, Bairds tapirs have been observed to eat around 40 kg of vegetation in one day
Historic districts in the United States
Buildings, structures and sites within a historic district are normally divided into two categories and non-contributing. Districts greatly vary in size, some have hundreds of structures, the U. S. federal government designates historic districts through the United States Department of Interior under the auspices of the National Park Service. Federally designated historic districts are listed on the National Register of Historic Places, state-level historic districts may follow similar criteria or may require adherence to certain historic rehabilitation standards. Local historic district designation offers, by far, the most legal protection for historic properties because most land use decisions are made at the local level, local districts are generally administered by the county or municipal government. The first U. S. historic district was established in Charleston, South Carolina in 1931, Charleston city government designated an Old and Historic District by local ordinance and created a board of architectural review to oversee it.
New Orleans followed in 1937, establishing the Vieux Carré Commission, other localities picked up on the concept, with the city of Philadelphia enacting its historic preservation ordinance in 1955. The Supreme Court case validated the protection of resources as an entirely permissible governmental goal. In 1966 the federal government created the National Register of Historic Places, conference of Mayors had stated Americans suffered from rootlessness. By the 1980s there were thousands of federally designated historic districts, Historic districts are generally two types of properties and non-contributing. In general, contributing properties are integral parts of the historic context, in addition to the two types of classification within historic districts, properties listed on the National Register of Historic Places are classified into five broad categories. They are, structure, site and object, all but the eponymous district category are applied to historic districts listed on the National Register.
A listing on the National Register of Historic Places is governmental acknowledgment of a historic district, the Register is an honorary status with some federal financial incentives. The National Register of Historic Places defines a historic district per U. S. federal law, a district may comprise individual elements separated geographically but linked by association or history. Districts established under U. S. federal guidelines generally begin the process of designation through a nomination to the National Register of Historic Places, the National Register is the official recognition by the U. S. government of cultural resources worthy of preservation. While designation through the National Register does offer a district or property some protections, if the federal government is not involved, the listing on the National Register provides the site, property or district no protections. If, company A was under federal contract the Smith House would be protected, a federal designation is little more than recognition by the government that the resource is worthy of preservation.
Usually, the National Register does not list religious structures, moved structures, reconstructed structures, however, if a property falls into one of those categories and are integral parts of districts that do meet the criteria an exception allowing their listing will be made. Historic district listings, like all National Register nominations, can be rejected on the basis of owner disapproval, in the case of historic districts, a majority of owners must object in order to nullify a nomination to the National Register of Historic Places
Pima County, Arizona
Pima County /ˈpiːmə/ is a county in the south central region of the U. S. state of Arizona. As of the 2010 census, the population was 980,263, the county seat is Tucson, where nearly all of the population is centered. The county is named after the Pima Native Americans who are indigenous to this area, Pima County comprises the Tucson, AZ Metropolitan Statistical Area. The vast majority of the county lies in and around the city of Tucson. Tucson, Arizonas second largest city, is a major commercial, other urban areas include the Tucson suburbs of Oro Valley, Marana and South Tucson, a large ring of unincorporated urban development, and the growing satellite town Green Valley. The rest of the county is sparsely populated, the largest towns are Sells, the capital of the Tohono Oodham Nation, and Ajo in the countys far western region. Pima County, one of the four counties in Arizona, was created by the 1st Arizona Territorial Legislature with land acquired through the Gadsden Purchase from Mexico in 1853.
The original county consisted of all of Arizona Territory east of longitude 113°20, soon thereafter, the counties of Cochise and Santa Cruz were carved from the original Pima County. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 9,189 square miles. As of the 2000 census, there were 843,746 people,332,350 households, the population density was 92 people per square mile. There were 366,737 housing units at a density of 40 per square mile. 29. 34% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race,22. 80% reported speaking Spanish at home. 28. 50% of all households were made up of individuals and 9. 40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older, the average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.06. In the county, the population was out with 24. 60% under the age of 18,10. 90% from 18 to 24,28. 40% from 25 to 44,21. 90% from 45 to 64. The median age was 36 years, for every 100 females there were 95.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.70 males, the median income for a household in the county was $36,758, and the median income for a family was $44,446.
Males had an income of $32,156 versus $24,959 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,785, about 10. 50% of families and 14. 70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19. 40% of those under age 18 and 8. 20% of those age 65 or over