Los Angeles Times
The Los Angeles Times is a daily newspaper, published in Los Angeles, since 1881. It has the fourth-largest circulation among United States newspapers, is the largest U. S. newspaper not headquartered on the East Coast. The paper is known for its coverage of issues salient to the U. S. West Coast, such as immigration trends and natural disasters, it has won more than 40 Pulitzer Prizes for its coverage of other issues. As of June 18, 2018, ownership of the paper is controlled by Patrick Soon-Shiong, the executive editor is Norman Pearlstine. In the nineteenth century, the paper was known for its civic boosterism and opposition to unions, the latter of which led to the bombing of its headquarters in 1910; the paper's profile grew in the 1960s under publisher Otis Chandler, who adopted a more national focus. In recent decades, the paper's readership has declined and it has been beset by a series of ownership changes, staff reductions, other controversies. In January 2018, the paper's staff voted to unionize, in July 2018 the paper moved out of its historic downtown headquarters to a facility near Los Angeles International Airport.
The Times was first published on December 4, 1881, as the Los Angeles Daily Times under the direction of Nathan Cole Jr. and Thomas Gardiner. It was first printed at the Mirror printing plant, owned by Jesse Yarnell and T. J. Caystile. Unable to pay the printing bill and Gardiner turned the paper over to the Mirror Company. In the meantime, S. J. Mathes had joined the firm, it was at his insistence that the Times continued publication. In July 1882, Harrison Gray Otis moved from Santa Barbara to become the paper's editor. Otis made the Times a financial success. Historian Kevin Starr wrote that Otis was a businessman "capable of manipulating the entire apparatus of politics and public opinion for his own enrichment". Otis's editorial policy was based on civic boosterism, extolling the virtues of Los Angeles and promoting its growth. Toward those ends, the paper supported efforts to expand the city's water supply by acquiring the rights to the water supply of the distant Owens Valley; the efforts of the Times to fight local unions led to the October 1, 1910 bombing of its headquarters, killing twenty-one people.
Two union leaders and Joseph McNamara, were charged. The American Federation of Labor hired noted trial attorney Clarence Darrow to represent the brothers, who pleaded guilty. Otis fastened a bronze eagle on top of a high frieze of the new Times headquarters building designed by Gordon Kaufmann, proclaiming anew the credo written by his wife, Eliza: "Stand Fast, Stand Firm, Stand Sure, Stand True." Upon Otis's death in 1917, his son-in-law, Harry Chandler, took control as publisher of the Times. Harry Chandler was succeeded in 1944 by his son, Norman Chandler, who ran the paper during the rapid growth of post-war Los Angeles. Norman's wife, Dorothy Buffum Chandler, became active in civic affairs and led the effort to build the Los Angeles Music Center, whose main concert hall was named the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion in her honor. Family members are buried at the Hollywood Forever Cemetery near Paramount Studios; the site includes a memorial to the Times Building bombing victims. The fourth generation of family publishers, Otis Chandler, held that position from 1960 to 1980.
Otis Chandler sought legitimacy and recognition for his family's paper forgotten in the power centers of the Northeastern United States due to its geographic and cultural distance. He sought to remake the paper in the model of the nation's most respected newspapers, notably The New York Times and The Washington Post. Believing that the newsroom was "the heartbeat of the business", Otis Chandler increased the size and pay of the reporting staff and expanded its national and international reporting. In 1962, the paper joined with The Washington Post to form the Los Angeles Times–Washington Post News Service to syndicate articles from both papers for other news organizations, he toned down the unyielding conservatism that had characterized the paper over the years, adopting a much more centrist editorial stance. During the 1960s, the paper won four Pulitzer Prizes, more than its previous nine decades combined. Writing in 2013 about the pattern of newspaper ownership by founding families, Times reporter Michael Hiltzik said that: The first generations bought or founded their local paper for profits and social and political influence.
Their children enjoyed both profits and influence, but as the families grew larger, the generations found that only one or two branches got the power, everyone else got a share of the money. The coupon-clipping branches realized that they could make more money investing in something other than newspapers. Under their pressure the companies split apart, or disappeared. That's the pattern followed over more than a century by the Los Angeles Times under the Chandler family; the paper's early history and subsequent transformation was chronicled in an unauthorized history Thinking Big, was one of four organizations profiled by David Halberstam in The Powers That Be. It has been the whole or partial subject of nearly thirty dissertations in communications or social science in the past four decades; the Los Angeles Times began a decline with Los Angeles itself with the decline in military production at the end of the Cold War. It faced hiring freezes in 1991-1992. Another major decision at the same time was to cut the range of circulation.
They cut circulation in California's Central Valley, Nevada and the San Diego ed
The Arizona Republic
The Arizona Republic is an American daily newspaper published in Phoenix. Circulated throughout Arizona, it is the state's largest newspaper. Since 2000, it has been owned by the Gannett newspaper chain; the newspaper was founded May 1890, under the name The Arizona Republican. Dwight B. Heard, a Phoenix land and cattle baron, ran the newspaper from 1912 until his death in 1929; the paper was run by two of its top executives, Charles Stauffer and W. Wesley Knorpp, until it was bought by Midwestern newspaper magnate Eugene C. Pulliam in 1946. Stauffer and Knorpp had changed the newspaper's name to The Arizona Republic in 1930, had bought the rival Phoenix Evening Gazette and Phoenix Weekly Gazette known as The Phoenix Gazette and the Arizona Business Gazette. Pulliam, who bought the two Gazettes as well as the Republic, ran all three newspapers until his death in 1975 at the age of 86. A strong period of growth came under Pulliam, who imprinted the newspaper with his conservative brand of politics and his drive for civic leadership.
Pulliam was considered one of the influential business leaders who created the modern Phoenix area as it is known today. Pulliam's holding company, Central Newspapers, Inc. as led by Pulliam's widow and son, assumed operation of the Republic/Gazette family of papers upon the elder Pulliam's death. The Phoenix Gazette was closed in 1997 and its staff merged with that of the Republic; the Arizona Business Gazette is still published to this day. In 1998, a weekly section geared towards college students, "The Rep", went into circulation. Specialized content is available in the local sections produced for many of the different cities and suburbs that make up the Phoenix metropolitan area. Central Newspapers was purchased by Gannett in 2000, bringing it into common ownership with USA Today and the local Phoenix NBC television affiliate, KPNX; the Republic and KPNX combine their forces to produce their common local news subscription website, www.azcentral.com. In 2013, it dropped from the sixteenth daily newspaper in the United States to the twenty-first, by circulation.
On September 25, 2015, Mi-Ai Parrish was named Publisher and President of both the paper and its AZCentral.com website, effective October 12. Notable figures include Pulitzer-prize winning cartoonist Steve Benson, columnist Laurie Roberts, Luis Manuel Ortiz, the only Hispanic member of the Arizona Journalism Hall of Fame. One of Arizona's best-known sports writers, Norm Frauenheim, retired in 2008. Multiple staff members have been finalists for the Pulitzer Prize. Other staff include photojournalist Michael Schennum. An investigative reporter for the newspaper, Don Bolles, was the victim of a car bombing on June 2, 1976, dying eleven days afterward, he had been lured to a meeting in Phoenix in the course of work on a story about corruption in local politics and business and the bomb detonated as he started his car to leave. Retaliation against his pursuit of organized crime in Arizona is thought to be a motive in the murder; the Republic has tilted conservative editorially. It endorsed President George W. Bush in both 2004 presidential elections.
On October 25, 2008, the paper endorsed Arizona Senator John McCain for president. In local elections, it has endorsed Democratic candidates such as former Arizona Governor, former Secretary of Homeland Security, now President of the University of California Janet Napolitano and former Arizona Congressman Harry Mitchell. On September 27, 2016, the paper endorsed Hillary Clinton for the 2016 presidential election, marking the first time in the paper's 126-year history that it had endorsed a Democratic candidate for president; the paper had only withheld its endorsement from a Republican nominee/candidate twice in its history. During the unusual sequence of events that led up to the 1912 presidential election the paper had opted not to endorse the "formal" Republican party nominee for that election cycle; this was shortly after Theodore Roosevelt had lost the Republican convention nomination to William Howard Taft in the controversial, rigged, party convention of that year. After Roosevelt's convention loss, after the hasty formation of the "made to order" Bull Moose Party, the paper continued to endorse Theodore Roosevelt via the newly formed party.
As a result of Roosevelt's insistence on an independent presidential bid that year, the Republican party of 1912 was in disarray, yielding that year's presidential election to the Democrats, with the GOP only able to carry a total of 8 electoral votes that year. Two of the main planks of Roosevelt's progressive Bull Moose platform had been campaign finance reform and improved governmental accountability. In the 1968 presidential election, the paper declined to endorse either Richard Nixon or Hubert Humphrey, asserting that "all candidates are good candidates." In the paper's 2016 editorial decision to take the further step of endorsing a Democratic candidate for the first time, the paper argued that despite Clinton's flaws, it could not support Republican nominee Donald Trump, denouncing him as "not conservative" and "not qualified." The board argued that Trump had "deep character flaws....... Stunning lack of human decency and respect," suggesting that it was evidence he "doesn't grasp our national ideals."
The paper noted its concern regarding whether or not Trump would possess the necessary restraint needed for someone with access to nuclear weapons, stating, "The president commands our nuclear arsenal. Trump can’t command his own rhetoric." Valley and State Classifieds News Sports Arizona Living Calendar Travel Arts & Entertainment Business Local (localized compact
Detroit Free Press
The Detroit Free Press is the largest daily newspaper in Detroit, Michigan, US. The Sunday edition is titled the Sunday Free Press, it is sometimes referred to as the "Freep". It serves Wayne, Macomb, Livingston and Monroe counties; the Free Press is the largest city newspaper owned by Gannett, which publishes USA Today. The Free Press has received four Emmy Awards, its motto is "On Guard for 188 Years". In 2018, the Detroit Free Press received two Salute to Excellence awards from the National Association of Black Journalists; the newspaper was launched by John R. Williams and his uncle, Joseph Campau, was first published as the Democratic Free Press and Michigan Intelligencer on May 5, 1831, it was renamed to Detroit Daily Free Press in 1835. Williams printed the first issues on a Washington press he purchased from the discontinued Oakland Chronicle of Pontiac, it was hauled from Pontiac in a wagon over rough roads to a building at Bates and Woodbridge streets in Detroit. The hand-operated press could produce 250 pages per hour.
The first issues were 14 with five columns of type. Sheldon McKnight became the first publisher with John Pitts Sheldon as editor. In the 1850s, the paper was developed into a leading Democratic publication under the ownership of Wilbur F. Storey. Storey left for the Chicago Times in 1861. In the 1870s ownership passed to William E. Quinby, who continued its Democratic leanings and established a London, England edition. In 1940, the Knight Newspapers purchased the Free Press. During the following 47 years the Free Press competed with The Detroit News in the southeastern Michigan market; the Free Press was delivered and sold as a morning paper while the News was sold and delivered as an evening newspaper. In 1987, the paper entered into a one hundred-year joint operating agreement with its rival, combining business operations while maintaining separate editorial staffs; the combined company is called the Detroit Media Partnership. The two papers began to publish joint Saturday and Sunday editions, though the editorial content of each remained separate.
At the time, the Detroit Free Press was the tenth highest circulation paper in the United States, the combined Detroit News and Free Press was the country's fourth largest Sunday paper. On July 13, 1995, Newspaper Guild-represented employees of the Free Press and News and the pressmen and Teamsters working for the "Detroit Newspapers" distribution arm went on strike. By October, about 40% of the editorial staffers had crossed the picket line, many trickled back over the next months while others stayed out for the two and a half years of the strike; the strike was resolved in court three years and the unions remain active at the paper, representing a majority of the employees under their jurisdiction. In 1998, the Free Press vacated its former headquarters in downtown Detroit and moved to offices into the News building. On August 3, 2005, Knight Ridder sold the Free Press to the Gannett Company, which had owned and operated The Detroit News. Gannett, in turn sold The News, to MediaNews Group.
The Free Press resumed publication of its own Sunday edition, May 7, 2006, without any content from The News. A quirk in the operating agreement, allows The News to continue printing its editorial page in the Sunday Free Press. On December 16, 2008, Detroit Media Partnership announced a plan to limit weekday home delivery for both dailies to Thursday and Friday only. On other weekdays the paper sold at newsstands would be smaller, about 32 pages, redesigned; this arrangement went into effect March 30, 2009. The Free Press entered a news partnership with CBS owned-and-operated station WWJ-TV channel 62 in March 2009 to produce a morning news show called First Forecast Mornings. Prior to the partnership, WWJ aired no local newscast at all. In February 2014, the DMP announced its offices along with those of the Free Press and The Detroit News would occupy six floors in both the old and new sections of the former Federal Reserve building at 160 West Fort Street; the partnership expected to place signs on the exterior similar to those on the former offices.
The move took place October 24–27, 2014. The Detroit Almanac: 300 Years of Life in the Motor City. Peter Gavrilovich and Bill McGraw, editors. ISBN 0-937247-34-0 Media in Detroit Official website Official mobile website Gannett subsidiary profile of the Detroit Free Press The Detroit Free Press Building Detroit Newspaper Partnership
California State University Channel Islands
California State University Channel Islands is a public university in Ventura County, California. CI opened in 2002 as the 23rd campus in the California State University system, succeeding the Ventura County branch campus of CSU Northridge. CI is located midway between Santa Barbara and Los Angeles near Camarillo, at the intersection of the Oxnard Plain and northernmost edge of the Santa Monica Mountains range; the Channel Islands are nearby where the university operates a scientific research station on Santa Rosa Island. CI faculty include one of the U. S.'s Sung Won Sohn. The university is a Hispanic-serving institution. Channel Islands offers 53 types of Bachelor's degrees, 6 different graduate degrees, 19 teaching credentials, a Ed. D degree. In the fall of 2017, the university enrolled the largest number of students in its history with 7,034 undergraduate and postgraduate students. Since its establishment, the university has awarded nearly 7,000 degrees. In the fall of 2013, the university had 349 faculty.
The first buildings of the campus were built in 1934 as part of President Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal during the Great Depression, a public works project to house the Camarillo State Mental Hospital and provide work for the unemployed. Construction teams utilized several thousand laborers over the course of three years in their endeavor to create everything from the hospital itself to a power plant, local utilities, animal husbandry/farm facilities that would support a vibrant complex of patients and staff numbering into the thousands during normal weekday operations; the hospital operated from 1936 to 1997. Planning for the University began in 1965, when State Senator Robert J. Lagomarsino co-authored Senate Bill 288 calling for establishment of a four-year public college in Ventura County, Governor Pat Brown signed a bill authorizing a study for a state college for the county. In 1974, Dr. Joyce Kennedy established the UC/CSU Ventura Learning Center, she went on to serve as director of the CSUN Ventura Campus for more than fifteen years.
In 1996, J. Handel Evans began as Planning President charged with beginning development of a public, four-year university in the region. In September 1997, on the recommendation of the Chancellor and a community task force appointed by the Governor, the CSU Board of Trustees voted unanimously to accept the former Camarillo State Hospital site for the purpose of transforming it into the CSU's 23rd campus. In July 1996, the CSU Board of Trustees formally adopted the name California State University Channel Islands for the new University. In September 1997, Governor Wilson signed into law S. B. 623 providing for the financing and support of the transition of the site for use as a university campus. The state legislature and the CSU Board of Trustees provided funds to begin the conversion of the facility from a state hospital into a college campus. In 1997, the hospital closed and the patients were moved into the state-local system. In August 1999, The Ventura Learning Center moved to the Camarillo site as CSUN-CI, a satellite facility for CSU Northridge.
The school chose silver as their colors for the university. The red is consistent with the tradition of the region, the silver is for the dolphin, the University mascot; the campus is situated on land inhabited by the Chumash. The CSU Board of Trustees appointed Richard R. Rush as President of California State University Channel Islands and he started on June 18, 2001. Dr. Rush's formal inauguration was held on April 19, 2002. While establishing the University structures, Dr. Rush has overseen and participated in the hiring of faculty and the university's senior staff. In addition, he has directed the development of the university's strategic and physical master plans. On August 16, 2002, CI opened to upper division transfer students and in the fall of 2003, accepted its first freshman class; as of January 2006, the first named school of the campus was the Martin V. Smith School of Business and Economics. On May 17, 2007, CI graduated its inaugural freshman class and received its initial accreditation for seven years, the maximum period allowed by the WASC.
The campus is under continuing construction to accommodate the projected growth of the university. While there are about 5,300 registered students, projected enrollment for the year 2025 is 15,000 full-time students. Dr. Rush has announced his intention to retire at the end of the current academic year in June 2016, after 15 years as the campus's first president. CI is the only four-year public university in Ventura County and in 2010 it received Hispanic Serving Institution status; the university achieved this status by moving past the threshold of having at least a 25 percent Hispanic student population. Achieving HSI status has enabled the school to compete for funding and other financial support from the U. S. Department of Education. CI received $16.4 million if federal support for HSI Initiatives. The Hispanic/Latino student population is 50% as of the fall of 2017; the campus is located about two miles south of the city of Camarillo, at the base of Long Grade Canyon. The school is set on rich agricultural land at the edge of the Oxnard Plain and nestled into the base of the Santa Monica Mountains.
The flat site is marked by a lone peak called Round Mountain. The state hospital was built in a remote area so roads were improved to provide for the campus traffic; the university developed a bus transit network to serve the campus with VISTA buses providing access to Gold Coast Transit in Oxnard and the Camarillo train sta
Evansville Courier & Press
The Evansville Courier & Press is a daily newspaper based in Evansville, Indiana. It serves about 30,000 daily and 50,000 Sunday readers; the Evansville Courier was founded in 1845 by a young attorney. Its first issue was printed; the Evansville Press was founded in 1906 by Edward W. Scripps as an afternoon daily. Both papers were separate and fierce competitors until 1937, when the Evansville Press was flooded and the Evansville Courier agreed to print their competitor's paper. In 1938, the two papers formed a joint operating agreement to handle business affairs; the two papers retained separate staffs and editorial policies, but published a joint Sunday edition with two editorial pages from the two papers. The E. W. Scripps Company sold the Press and bought the Courier in 1986; the joint Sunday edition was replaced by a Sunday edition of the Courier. The two newspapers continued to publish separate editions until the Evansville Press was discontinued as a separate newspaper on December 31, 1998.
The Courier was renamed the Press. In 2015, the newspaper was purchased by Gannett Company. In 2002, 2004, 2011 and 2017 the newspaper was named the state's "Blue Ribbon Daily" by the Hoosier State Press Association; the newspaper was a finalist for the same award in 2009 and 2010. In 2005, the ourier & Press photography staff won the Pictures of the Year International "Best Use of Photography" Award for papers with circulation under 100,000. In 2010, staff photographer Denny Simmons was named the Indiana News Photographers Association Photographer of the Year; the newspaper is known for its dedication to community commitment to education. As part of the newspaper's 150th anniversary, it planted 150 trees on the University of Southern Indiana campus. In recent years, the Courier & Press has introduced several new community recognition events, they include the 20 Under 40 award for emerging community leaders and Star Students, which salutes 90 outstanding high school juniors in southwest Indiana, west-central Kentucky and southeastern Illinois.
Karl Kae Knecht and photographer Edward J. Meeman, began his journalism career at the Evansville Press as a $4 a week cub reporter.
Abilene Reporter-News is a daily newspaper based in Abilene, Texas, USA. The newspaper started publishing as the weekly Abilene Reporter, helmed by Charles Edwin Gilbert on June 17, 1881, just three months after Abilene was founded, it is hence the oldest continuous business in the city. It became a daily newspaper in 1885. Two months after starting the paper, a fire destroyed several buildings in Abilene, including Gilbert's office, he rode the train 21 miles east to Baird and used a borrowed printing press to produce an extra edition on the fire. Two other Abilene papers began publication in the 1880s; the newspaper, owned in the early 1920s by Bernard Hanks, became one of the two original flagships of the Harte-Hanks newspaper chain in 1924. In 1937, the company merged its morning paper,The Morning News, with the afternoon Daily Reporter to form the Abilene Reporter-News; the newspaper published evening editions into the 1950s. The E. W. Scripps Company bought the newspaper, along with other Texas-based Harte-Hanks papers, in 1997.
The company spun out its newspaper assets into Journal Media Group in April 2015
Journal Media Group
Journal Media Group was a Milwaukee, Wisconsin-based newspaper publishing company. The company's roots were first established in 1882 as the owner of its namesake, the Milwaukee Journal, expanded into broadcasting with the establishment of WTMJ radio and WTMJ-TV, the acquisition of other television and radio stations. On April 1, 2015, the E. W. Scripps Company acquired Journal Communications, spun out the publishing operations of both Scripps and Journal into a new company known as Journal Media Group, it is led by Timothy E. Stautberg—the former head of Scripps' newspaper business, joined by previous Journal CEO Stephen J. Smith as a chairman. In 2016, Journal Media Group was acquired by Gannett; the Milwaukee Journal was started in 1882, in competition with four other English-language, four German- and two Polish-language dailies. It launched WTMJ-AM in 1927, WTMJ-TV in 1947; the Journal Company, until primarily owned by local interests, introduced an employee stock trust plan in 1937, as a result most Journal stock was held by its employees.
A small bloc of Journal stock was given to Harvard to fund the Nieman Fellowship program for promising journalists, another bloc was still held by the original owning families until the IPO. The Milwaukee Sentinel, begun in 1837 as a weekly published by city co-founder Solomon Juneau, passed through the hands of several owners before being sold to the Hearst Corporation in 1924. Hearst operated the Sentinel until 1962, following a long and costly strike, it abruptly announced the closing of the paper. Although Hearst claimed that the paper had lost money for years, The Journal Company, concerned about the loss of an important voice, agreed to buy the Sentinel name, subscription lists, goodwill associated with the name. In 1995 the Journal and Sentinel were consolidated; the new Journal Sentinel became a seven-day morning paper. In 1964, Journal Communications bought a part interest in Perry Printing, a commercial printer specializing in printing magazines and free-standing inserts for publications.
A decade in 1974, it purchased the remaining shares of the company. In 1995, it sold the operation to the Milhous Group of California. In 1968, the Midwestern Relay cable transmission division of the Journal Company was developed out of broadcast-related expertise. On February 26, 2007 Journal Communications sold the regional telecommunications provider to held Q-Comm Corp of Delaware. Upon closing the transaction, Q-Comm terminated Jim Ditter, president of Norlight since 1995, chief financial officer Mike Garvey. What is now known as the Journal Community Publishing Group began in Waupaca, Wisconsin in 1972 as a publishing and printing company called Add Inc. A majority interest was purchased by Journal Communications in 1981, the remainder in 1986. In June 2007, Journal Communications sold off its JCP interests in Louisiana, Ohio and Vermont; the sales brought in a combined $30 million. The company sold 11 community newspapers, five shoppers and two printing plants in Connecticut and Vermont to Hersam Acorn Newspapers.
In Ohio, Journal sold eight shoppers, numerous specialty print products and the Advantage Press commercial printing business to Gannett Company. It sold its Louisiana-based publishing business to a Target Media Partners affiliate. In 1999 Journal Communications acquired the Great Empire radio group; the corporation had its initial public offering of Class A shares in 2003. For decades, Journal Communications been criticized with concerns about being a media monopoly in the Milwaukee area, it created the now-defunct alternative papers MKE and ¡Aqui! Milwaukee to regain advertising dollars lost to local independents like the Shepherd Express and the Milwaukee Spanish Journal. On July 30, 2014, it was announced that Journal would be acquired by the E. W. Scripps Company in an all-stock transaction. Scripps would retain the two firms' broadcasting properties, while both the Scripps and Journal print properties would be spun off as Journal Media Group; the FCC approved the deal on December 12, 2014, it was approved by shareholders on March 11, 2015.
The merger and spin-off were finalized on April 1, 2015. Although Journal Media Group was based at Journal Communications' old headquarters in Milwaukee, the latter company was defunct, having been absorbed into Scripps and renamed "Desk BC Merger, LLC". On October 7, 2015, it was announced that Gannett would acquire Journal Media Group for $280 million; the deal was finalized on April 8, 2016. Milwaukee Journal Sentinel Ventura County Star Redding Record Searchlight Naples Daily News Treasure Coast Newspapers: The Stuart News Indian River Press Journal The St. Lucie News-Tribune Evansville Courier & Press The Gleaner The Anderson Independent-Mail The Knoxville News-Sentinel The Commercial Appeal The Abilene Reporter-News Corpus Christi Caller Times San Angelo Standard-Times Times Record News Kitsap Sun Florida Clay To