Anglet is a French commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of southwestern France. Anglet lies in the traditional province of Labourd of the Northern Basque Country while its inhabitants have traditionally spoken Gascon; the inhabitants of the commune are known as Angloyes. Anglet commune is part of the urban area of Bayonne-Anglet-Biarritz located south-west of the city and part of the Basque province of Labourd; the commune is 10% covered with pine forests, including those of Pignada and Chiberta. The sandy coast starts 200 km north at the Pointe de Grave on the shore of the estuary of the Gironde and ends in Anglet, it is punctuated by numerous seawalls cutting the shore. At Anglet the outline of the public maritime domain has been updated and a coastal reserve forty metres wide has been observed since 1978. With its many bays and inlets this area is a laboratory for monitoring techniques for studying coastal erosion; the Anglet coast has 11 beaches from north to south: Beach of la Barre.
The French Basque Coast designates the part of the Aquitaine coast between the Chambre d'Amour cave at Anglet and the Spanish border. Anglet has an airport Aéroport de Biarritz-Anglet-Bayonne some 2 kilometres south of the town accessible from the D810 road, it has flights to destinations across France as well as Europe. Anglet is served by the A63 autoroute, the D810 road from Bayonne to Anglet town, the D260 road from Bayonne to the northern part of the commune and continuing south-west towards Biarritz. During the winter season of 2013/2014 the A1, A2, C, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10, 11, 12, 14, N Chronoplus bus routes operated by the Transdev agglomeration de Bayonne serve Anglet connecting it to other communes in the metropolitan area: Bayonne, Bidart, Saint-Pierre-d'Irube, Tarnos; the Adour flows into the Atlantic Ocean between Anglet on the left bank and Tarnos on the right bank. The commune is traversed by the following tributaries of the Adour: the Sarraoute the Artigou the Camoudiet the Horc the Prade the Gaoube the Houillassat the Gaoubole the Hourclat the Larraoudille the Bon the Adour de Gripp the May d'Escaret the Arrimoula the Adour de Lesponne the Serris The origin of the name Anglet is Roman from the Latin angulus, "Land shaped like a wedge" or "low terrain or depression".
This last hypothesis was confirmed by Jean-Baptiste Orpustan who indicated that the official name and the basque name derived from two distinct strains of the same origin: angellu, a diminutive of Angulu, cited by L. Michelena who affirmed that "low terrain" applies to "all the sandy beach-front in the commune"; the Basque name of the commune is Angelu and the Gascon name is Anglet. The inhabitants are known as Anglòi in Angeluar in Basque; the following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune. Sources: Raymond: Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, 1863, on the page numbers indicated in the table. Orpustan: Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, New Basque ToponymyOrigins: Cartulary: Cartulary of Bayonne or Livre d'Or Collations: Collations of the Diocese of Bayonne Cassini: Cassini Map from 1750 Chapter: Titles of the Chapter of Bayonne Saint-Claire: Titles of the Abbey of Sainte-Claire of Bayonne Based on discoveries made, the oldest land in Anglet dates back to prehistory and Mousterian culture.
Various flint tools characteristic of the Mousterian period have been discovered. The use of splinters on both faces to make sharp points allows working on skins and making axes with wooden handles. Around Anglet, including the Tower of Lannes and Sutar, open air locations high above low swampy parts were preferred as in other parts of Basque Country; the prefecture of the Aquitaine region, considering the knowledge elements of the archaeological heritage of the commune identified in the archaeological database of the Regional Directorate of Cultural Affairs of Aquitaine issued an order for the following sites: Brindos, Cote 50, La Ballastière of Micoteau, Hondritz referenced as having Paleolithic occupation. The sites in the Rue du Colombier and the Tower of Lannes are referenced to as prehistoric sites of refuge which refers to occupation in proto-historic times. During the Roman era, Bayonne served as a castrum for a cohort large enough for a rampart to be built surrounding an area somewhat excessive for an Army, but no remains indicate that there was a cit
Anoye is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of southwestern France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Anoyaises. Anoye is located 15 km west of Vic-en-Bigorre, it can be accessed by the D604 road coming north from the D7 just west of Baleix and continuing through the village and the commune north to Maspie-Lalonquere-Juillacq. The D224 road goes east from the village to Momy and the D207 road forms part of the western border of the commune; the commune is forested in the east and central west however there is a large area of farmland in a central north-south strip and in the west. The Léez river, a tributary of the Adour, flows from south to north in the east of the commune with a tributary forming the north-western border of the commune and another tributary forming part of the southern border. A further tributary flows east just south of the village into the Lees; the commune name in Bearnais is Anoja. Brigitte Jobbé-Duval states that the origin of the name is Latin and refers to a "marshland".
The following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune. Sources: Grosclaude: Toponymic Dictionary of communes, Béarn, 2006 Raymond: Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, 1863, on the page numbers indicated in the table. Cassini: Cassini Map from 1750 Ldh/EHESS/Cassini: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini database Origins: Marca: Pierre de Marca, History of Béarn. Saint-Pé: Cartulary of the Abbey of Saint-Pé Fors de Béarn Malta: Titles of the Order of St John of Jerusalem Census: Census of Béarn Denombrement: Denombremont of Anoye Pau: Anoye: Titles of Anoye Brigitte Jobbé-Duval indicates that the village, a stop on the Way of Saint James of Compostela, was identified in the 11th century. There was a hospital at Anoye run by the Knights of St. John of Jerusalem under the responsibility of the Commander of Caubin. In 1385, according to the census demanded by Gaston Phoebus, the village of Anoye had 45 fires and depended on the Bailiwick of Lembeye. There was a market, three to four bakeries, seven shops.
In 1648 the Barony of Lons became a marquisate which included Abitain, Baleix, Juillacq, Le Leu, Lons, Oraàs, Peyrède, Viellepinte. Paul Raymond noted that Anoye was a former archpreisthood of the diocese of Lescar, a member of the Commandery of Saint John of Jerusalem, of Caubin, of Morlaàs. Anoye was the chief town of a district called the Clau of Anoye comprising Anoye, Maspie and Lion. List of Successive Mayors Anoye is a member of four inter-communal structures: The Community of communes of the Canton de Lembeye en Vic-Bilh. In 2009 the commune had 149 inhabitants; the evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year. Population change Sources: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 Anoye is part of the urban area of Pau; the commune has many buildings and structures that are registered as historical monuments: The commune has several religious buildings and sites that are registered as historical monuments: A Presbytery The Parish Church of Saint-Orens, at a place called Astis until the 18th century.
The Parish Church of Notre Dame was a former chapel from the 12th, 13th, 14th centuries and was rebuilt in 1757, 1764, 1878. The church contains many items which are registered as historical objects: Furniture 7 Stained glass windows 3 Paintings 9 Statues A Cemetery Cross A TombstoneAnoye is a stage on the via Tolosane on the Way of St James. Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department Anoye on Lion1906 Noye on the 1750 Cassini Map Anoye on the INSEE website INSEE
Ainhice-Mongelos is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in southwestern France. It is located in the former province of Lower Navarre; the inhabitants of the commune are known as Monjolostars. The town is part of the country Basque province of Cize of Lower Navarre, it is located in the Pyrenees mountains some 40 km in a direct line southeast of Bayonne and about 15 km northeast of the Spanish border. The commune is farmland with scattered small forests. Access to Ainhice-Mongelos is via the Highway D933 which runs northeast from Saint-Jean-le-Vieux which runs from southwest to northeast along the eastern side of the commune through the village of Mongelos continues northeast, ending near Saint Palais. Just south of the commune at Lacarre, the Highway D422 branches from the D933 to the northwest and passes through the western side of the commune, ending at Lopeenia just to the west of the commune. No other highways enter the commune; the village of Anhice-Mongelos can be reached by a country road from the D933 at Mongelos or by any of the many country roads which cover the commune.
In the Drainage basin of the Adour, the commune is traversed by a tributary of the Nive, the Lakako erreka and, a tributary of the Laurhibar, the Arzubiko erreka and by tributaries of the latter, the Bassaguibeléko erreka and the Idiondoa brook. The Artikaitéko erreka which flows into Bidouze passes through the commune; the name of the commune in Basque is Ainhize-Monjolose. According to Jean-Baptiste Orpustan the origin of the name Ainhice remains unknown. According to Brigitte Jobbé-Duval Mongelos is a Gascon name meaning Mont Jaloux; the following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune. Sources: Orpustan: Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, New Basque Toponymy Mérimée: Presentation of Ainhice-Mongelos on the Ministry of Culture database. Raymond: Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, 1863, on the page numbers indicated in the table. Origins: Pamplona: Titles of Pamplona Biscay: Martin Biscay Navarre: Regulations of the States of Navarre Camara: Titles of the Camara de Comptos Ohix: Contracts of Ohix Bayonne: Visitations of the Diocese of Bayonne The medieval village of Mongelos was established in 1240 as subject to the King of Navarre.
Subject to Ainhice, they were reunited on 16 August 1841. List of Successive Mayors of Anhice-Mongelos The commune belongs to seven inter-communal organisations: the community of communes of Garazi-Baigorri the AEP union of Ainhice the energy union of Pyrenees-Atlantiques the school union for RPI Ainhice-Gamarthe-Lacarre the inter-communal association for the development and management of the abattoir at Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port the joint association for the watershed of the Nive the union to support Basque culture. Economic activity is agricultural; the town is part of the zone of appellation of Ossau-iraty. Euskal Herriko Laborantza Ganbara or the "Chamber of Agriculture for the Basque Country" is an association under the law of 1901 founded on 15 January 2005 and is headquartered in Ainhice-Mongelos. According to the Map of the Seven Basque Provinces published in 1863 by Prince Louis-Lucien Bonaparte, the dialect of Basque spoken in Ainhice-Mongelos is eastern low Navarrese. Several houses and farms are registered as historical monuments.
These are: Houses and Farms Barnetxea Farm Elizaldea Farm Etxeparea Farm Irazabalea Farm Church of the Assumption The town has a kindergarten. Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department AINHIZE-MONJOLOSE in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia Ainhice-Mongelos on Lion1906 Ainhice on the 1750 Cassini Map Ainhice-Mongelos on the INSEE website INSEE
Andoins is a French commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of southwestern France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Andosiennes; the commune is part of the urban area of Pau and is located 5 km east of Pau, the commune is part of the Vic-Bilh region of Gascony. The commune is traversed by the A64 autoroute; the nearest exit is Exit 11 just south-east of the commune. Access to the village is by the D39 road from Morlaàs in the north-west which continues south-east to Limendous. There is the D538 which goes north-west from the village to Serres-Morlaàs. There is the D215 which goes south-west from the village to Artigueloutan. Located in the drainage basin of the Adour, the commune is traversed from south-east to north-west by the Luy de France which forms part of the northern border before continuing to join the Lucet east of Morlaàs; the Ayguelengue forms the southern border of the commune before joining the Oussere and continuing west. The commune name in béarnais is Andonsh..
Brigitte Jobbé-Duval indicates that the village's name comes from the family name Antonius, modified in basque to Anton plus the suffix -tz inducing the property of or the domain of Anton. The following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune. Sources: Raymond: Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, 1863, on the page numbers indicated in the table. Origins: Lescar: Cartulary of Lescar Pau: Cartulary of the Château of Pau Fors de Béarn Census: Census of Béarn Ossau: Cartulary of Ossau. Paul Raymond on page 5 of the 1863 dictionary noted that Andoins was the seat of the second largest barony in Béarn which included Limendous, he noted that in 1385 there were 20 fires in Andoins and it depended on the Bailiwick of Pau. The town was part of the archdeaconry of Vic-Bilh, which depended on the bishopric of Lescar of which Lembeye was the capital. List of Successive Mayors Andois is part of six inter-communal structures: the public agency for local management.
In 2009 the commune had 625 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year. Population change Sources: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 The commune has a number of buildings that are registered as historical monuments: A House at Grange Montane A Fortified Area A Farmhouse at Poublan The Maison Séries Farmhouse The Maison Lacaze Farmhouse The Cazenave Farmhouse The Maison Coustet Farmhouse Houses and Farms The Parish Church of Saint-Laurent is registered as an historical monument; the church contains many items that are registered as historical objects: Guilhem Arnaud, Baron of Andoins who died in 1301. His funerary monument is displayed in the church of the Commandery of Caubin in the commune of Arthez-de-Béarn. Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department Andoins on Lion1906 Andoins on Google Maps Andoins on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute website Andoins on the 1750 Cassini Map Andoins on the INSEE website INSEE
Aïcirits-Camou-Suhast is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in southwestern France. The people of the commune are known as Aiziriztar; the commune is part of the Mixe country in the French Basque Country of Lower Navarre. It is located north of Saint-Palais. Highway D29 runs north from Saint-Palais through the entire commune from south to north and passing through the town; the D529 Highway runs east from the commune to its junction with Highway D134. Highway D933 enters the commune in the southeast and runs north along the eastern side of the commune to exit in the north; the commune is located in the Drainage basin of the Adour and is watered by the Bidouze, a tributary of the Adour, it has its tributaries: the Joyeuse and the Eyherachar and Recalde streams. The commune's name in Basque is Aiziritze-Gamue-Zohazti. For Aïcirits, Jean-Baptiste Orpustan proposed the Basque etymology aitz, meaning "high" and aratze, meaning "fern patch", giving "high fern patch" or "rocky fern patch".
He indicated that Suhast may come from zuhaztoi, meaning "plantation of trees". The inhabitants of Camou are known as Gamuar and the inhabitants of Suhast are known as Zohaztiar; the following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune. Sources: Orpustan: Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, New Basque Toponymy Raymond: Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, 1863, on the page numbers indicated in the table. Ldh/EHESS/Cassini: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini database Origins: Notaries: Notaries of Labastide-Villefranche Bayonne: Cartulary of Bayonne or Livre d'Or Ohix: Navarre: Titles of the Kingdom of Navarre Biscay: Martin Biscay Pamplona: Titles of Pamplona Suhast the village of Camou-Mixe, joined Aïcirits and Camou-Mixe on 22 March 1842. List of Successive Mayors of Aïcirits-Camou-Suhast The commune is linked to the following administrative bodies: the catchment area of Saint-Palais Local Agency for Employment of Biarritz the social welfare fund of Bayonne the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Bayonne Basque Country the sanitation sector of Bayonne Saint-Palais-South-West-Landes the subdivision of the Departmental Equipment management of Saint-Palais-Bidache The town depends on the district court of Bayonne, the High Court of Bayonne and the Court of Appeal of Pau.
The commune belongs to six inter-communal structures: the community of communes of Amikuze the AEP union for the Mixe country the energy union of Pyrenees-Atlantiques. Population change Sources: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 Aïcirits-Camou-Suhast is classified by the INSEE among the communes which are predominantly rural areas in the hilly agricultural region of the Basque Country, it is part of a favoured agricultural area known as "simple". The registered office of the Lur Berri company, a large food cooperative group, is located in Aïcirits-Camou-Suhast; the town is part of the designated zone of Ossau-iraty. It hosts other companies in the agri-food sector as one of the first fifty two communes of the department: Union agricultural coop feed livestock. According to the Map of the Seven Basque Provinces published in 1863 by Prince Louis-Lucien Bonaparte, the dialect of Basque spoken in Aicirits-Camou-Suhast is eastern low Navarrese; the village has a cave at Camou linked to the Basque legend of Txahalgorri, the young red bull.
The former Chateau of Camou. It contains collections of ancient models of machines from plans of Leonardo da Vinci; the Church of Saint Martin. Martin Landerretche, born on 26 July 1842 at Bussunarits-Sarrasquette and died on 29 January 1930 at Espelette was a bascologue, a priest, writer and a Basque French academic in the Basque language, he was the pastor at Aïcirits. Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department AIZIRITZE-GAMUE-ZOHAZTI in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia Aïcirits-Camou-Suhast on Lion1906 Aïcirits-Camou-Suhast on Google Maps Aïcirits-Camou-Suhast on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute website Aïcirits and Suhast on the 1750 Cassini Map Aïcirits-Camou-Suhast on the INSEE website INSEE
Alos-Sibas-Abense is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in southwestern France. It is located in the former province of Soule; the inhabitants of the commune are known as Aloztar-Ziboztar-Oniztar Alos-Sibas-Abense is located some 90 km south-east of Bayonne and 80m km west of Lourdes. The D918 road does not enter. Access to the commune is on road D247 from Alcay-Alcabehety-Sunharette in the southwest which runs through the heart of the commune to the village, it continues to the southeast linking with the D918 at Tardets-Sorholus. Most of the commune is farmland with some forest and it has a network of country roads covering most of the commune. Located in the Drainage basin of the Adour, the Saison river passes along and forms the eastern border of the commune parallel with the D918 road; the Aphoura stream, fed by the Ardounc, the Batasse, the Laritolle, the Jaga, the Uthurrotche erreka, flows near the village and to the Saisson. The commune name in Basque is Aloze-Ziboze-Onizegaine.
The Basque form of Sibas can be Ziborotz. Jean-Baptiste Orpustan suggested that Abense came from a Roman phonetic change to the Basque Oniz > onise > oénse > auénse > abense. The base of the name is the oronym ona present in Bayonne and Oneix; the modern Basque form are equivalent to "Upper". Brigitte Jobbé-Duval suggests; the following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune. Sources: Orpustan: Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, New Basque Toponymy Raymond: Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, 1863, on the page numbers indicated in the table. Cassini: 1750 Cassini Map EHESS: Abense on the Ldh/EHESS/Cassini database Origins: Luntz: Soule: Customs of Soule Duchesne: Duchesne collection volume CXIV Sibas merged with Alos on 23 October 1843 to form Alos-Sibas. On 16 April 1859, following the annexation of part of the territory of Abense-de-Haut, the commune took the name of Alos-Sibas-Abense. On the same day the commune of Abense-de-Haut disappeared, its territory being divided between Alos-Sibas and Tardets.
Lists of Successive Mayors of Alos-Sibas-Abense AlosSibasAbense-de-Haut Alos-SibasAbense-de-Haut Alos-Sibas-Abense The town is part of six intercommunal structures: the community of communes of Soule-Xiberoa the union to support Basque culture SIVOM of the canton of Tardets the municipal association for the gaves of Oloron and Mauleon SIVU for Tourism in Haute-Soule and Barétous the AEP Union for Soule country In 2009 the commune had 274 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the town since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of municipalities with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year. Population change Sources: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 Economic activity is focused on agriculture; the town is part of the Appellation d'origine contrôlée zone of Ossau-iraty. Etchandia House owned by the Etchandy family. La Salle d'Abense The Church of Abense contains a Processional Cross, registered as an historical object.
The common practices Controlled burns for prevention of forest fires. The town has an Ikastola. Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department Alos-Sibas-Abense official website Alos-Sibas-Abense personal website ALOZE-ZIBOZE-ONIZEGAINE in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia Alos-Sibas-Abense on Lion1906 Alos-Sibas-Abense on Google Maps Alos-Sibas-Abense on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute website Alos and Abens on the 1750 Cassini Map Alos-Sibas-Abense on the INSEE website INSEE
Ahaxe-Alciette-Bascassan is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in southwestern France. The people of the commune are known as Ahastarr. Ahaxe-Alciette-Bascassan is part of Cize country, a historical province in Lower Navarre, it includes three former parishes, sometimes counted as four groups of houses in the Middle Ages and with five toponyms: Alciette, Garatehegi and Bascassan located at the confluence of the Laurhibar and Esteneko streams. Alciette is the parish farthest away to the northeast in the combination of the three parishes. Ahaxe-Alciette-Bascassan is located some 6 km south-east of Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port and can be accessed by Highway D18 running from close to there through the heart of the commune southeast to Lecumberry; the village is not on the highway and is left onto the country road Vierge-d'Ahaxe off the D18 heading southeast. There is a country road from Aincille in the west to the village of Bascassin in the commune and there are other country roads entering from the north and the southeast.
The commune is located in the Drainage basin of the Adour, the commune lands are watered by the Laurhibar, a tributary of the Nive, a tributary of that, the Esteneko stream. The Apatéko stream, a tributary of the Arzubiko stream crosses the territory of Ahaxe-Alciette-Bascassan; the commune's name in Basque is Ahatsa-Altzieta Bazkazane. AhaxeThe toponym Ahaxe appears in the forms: Jean-Baptiste Orpustan indicates that the toponym comes from the Basque oronymic base of aitz meaning "rock" or "height"; the people of the commune are called in Basque Ahatsarr. AlcietteThe toponym Alciette appears in the forms: The Basque name for the people of this area is Alzietarr. According to Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, Alciette is derived from the medieval Alzueta which itself comes from the Basque alzu meaning "place where there are abundant alder trees". BascassanThe name Bascassan appears in the forms: Bazquazen Bascaçen Bascacen ) Bazcacen ) Basquacen ) Bazcacen Vazquacen Vazcazen and Vazaçan Bascassan Its origin is uncertain.
The people of the area are called Bazkazandarr in basque. Ahaxachillo is mentioned in the 1863 dictionary.) Bastida is indicated by Raymond. Errékaldéa is mentioned with the spelling Errecaldia referring to the flowing stream of Bascassan flowing into the Laurhibar. CurutchetCurutchet was a former fief of a vassal of the Kingdom of Navarre. EtcheverriaPaul Raymond mentioned an Etcheberry, a fief located in the parish of Alciette and a vassal of the Kingdom of Navarre. GaratehegiThe name Garatehegi appears in the forms: Garateguia sent jullian et garateheguj la parropie de garatehegi Garatteguy Garatéhéguy Garateguy Garatehegi from Basque means "summit of the high country". GasteluaGastelua appears with the spelling Gastellu in 1863. LibiétaLibiéta is a toponym that appears in the forms: Libiet Libiette LigetaLigeta is mentioned in the forms: Lagueta Ligueta Liguete, 1366, 1413); the origin of this toponym could be the Latin Liger. The Lordship of Ahaxe called the Lordship of Cize, was allied with the Viscounts of Arbéroue in the 11th century as well as the lordships of Guiche and to the Counts of Biscay.
Ahaxe and Alciette-Bascassan were reunited on 11 June 1842. List of Successive Mayors of Ahaxe-Alciette-Bascassan The commune belongs to seven inter-communal structures: the community of communes of Garazi-Baigorri. Population change Sources: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 Economic activity is agricultural; the commune is part of the zone designation of the Ossau-iraty. The 2006 classification by INSEE, indicating the median household incomes for each municipality with more than 50 households classed Ahaxe-Alciette-Bascassan at a rank of 27,645 with an average income of €13,257. According to the Map of the Seven Basque Provinces published in 1863 by Prince Louis-Lucien Bonaparte, the Basque dialect spoken in Ahaxe-Alciette-Bascassan is eastern low Navarrese. There is a gaztelu zahar at a place called Gaztalepo, located 550 metres above sea level. There is a lice or a fence surrounding a fortification running at 313 metres above sea level at a place called Gaztelua or Gastellia.
These artifacts represent the ancient past of the commune. There are several buildings and farms in the commune that are listed as historical monuments; these are: Houses and Farms Kapila House Idioinea farm Gohonetxea farm Château Saint-Julien A number of churches and sites in the commune have been classified as historical monuments. These are: Parish Church of Saint Julien of Antioch The cemetery contains a remarkable collection of Hilarri. Hilarri in the Saint Julien Church Cemetery Chapel of Saint-Saveur of Alciette; the chapel contains several historical objects: Pulpit 2 Benches Main Altar, Retable and 4 Candlestic