Lake Stevens, Washington
Lake Stevens is a city in Snohomish County, United States, is named for the lake that it surrounds. It is located 8 miles east of Everett and borders to the cities of Marysville to the northwest and Snohomish to the south; the city's population was 28,069 at the 2010 U. S. census, but has since grown to an estimated 32,000. Lake Stevens was centered at the northeast corner of the lake, but has since annexed the areas around the lake, which developed into a suburban commuter town in the late 20th century. Lake Stevens was named for territorial governor Isaac Stevens in 1855 and first settled by Americans in 1886, on a 160-acre homestead along the east shore. By 1890 the first town in the area, "Ferry", had been established, its name was changed to "Hartford", it served as the main link from the famed Monte Cristo timber and mining resources to the world. In 1905 a railroad spur was built by the Rucker Brothers Timber Company, linking Hartford with Lake Stevens. Two years Rucker Mill was opened, located along and in the north cove of the lake.
In 1919, the mill, which became known as the "world's largest sawmill", burned and was rebuilt. When it burned a second time in 1925 the mill was dismantled and Lake Stevens lost the industry which caused its founding. However, by a flourishing town was established and continued under its own momentum. From the 1920s to the 1950s Lake Stevens was a resort community, with many public and private resort beaches scattered around the shore. On November 29, 1960, Lake Stevens incorporated as a City with a population of 900. Soon, its popularity and natural beauty, combined with changing commuter habits, attracted more and more residents, changing its character to that of a suburban community. By 2000 the City had grown to a population of 6,361 in 1.8 square miles. The lake remains the focal point of the greater Lake Stevens community for recreation and as "a symbol of our need to provide for a sustainable existence that will protect our natural environment". Lake Stevens is located at 48°1′11″N 122°3′58″W.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.90 square miles, of which, 8.88 square miles is land and 0.02 square miles is water. The lake itself is the largest and deepest lake in Snohomish County, with an area of 1,040 acres and an average depth of 64 feet, it is fed by Lundeen, Mitchell and Stitch Creeks and drained by Catherine Creek, which flows to the Pilchuck River. The small size of the surrounding watershed compared to the lake minimizes the effects of upstream pollution; this combined with an artificial aeration system allows for a good water quality. Much of the shoreline is developed, so few wetlands exist adjacent to the lake. Recreational activities include boating and swimming; as of the census of 2010, there were 28,069 people, 9,810 households, 7,250 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,160.9 inhabitants per square mile. There were 10,414 housing units at an average density of 1,172.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 85.1% White, 1.7% African American, 0.9% Native American, 3.6% Asian, 0.4% Pacific Islander, 3.2% from other races, 5.1% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.6% of the population. There were 9,810 households of which 45.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.3% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.8% had a male householder with no wife present, 26.1% were non-families. 19.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.86 and the average family size was 3.26. The median age in the city was 32.5 years. 29.9% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 49.9% male and 50.1% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 6,361 people, 2,139 households, 1,683 families residing in the city; the population density was 2,951.8 people per square mile. There were 2,234 housing units at an average density of 1,036.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 92.31% White, 0.60% African American, 0.91% Native American, 1.10% Asian, 0.31% Pacific Islander, 0.90% from other races, 3.87% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.55% of the population. There were 2,139 households out of which 49.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.5% were married couples living together, 9.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 21.3% were non-families. 15.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.0% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.96 and the average family size was 3.30. In the city, the age distribution of the population shows 33.9% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 36.3% from 25 to 44, 17.6% from 45 to 64, 5.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 101.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.0 males. The median income for a household in the city was $65,231, the median income for a family was $68,250. Males had a median income of $51,536 versus $30,239 for females; the per capita income for the city was $22,943.
About 3.8% of families and 4.4% of the population were below the poverty line, in
United States Geological Survey
The United States Geological Survey is a scientific agency of the United States government. The scientists of the USGS study the landscape of the United States, its natural resources, the natural hazards that threaten it; the organization has four major science disciplines, concerning biology, geography and hydrology. The USGS is a fact-finding research organization with no regulatory responsibility; the USGS is a bureau of the United States Department of the Interior. The USGS employs 8,670 people and is headquartered in Reston, Virginia; the USGS has major offices near Lakewood, Colorado, at the Denver Federal Center, Menlo Park, California. The current motto of the USGS, in use since August 1997, is "science for a changing world." The agency's previous slogan, adopted on the occasion of its hundredth anniversary, was "Earth Science in the Public Service." Since 2012, the USGS science focus is directed at six topical "Mission Areas", namely Climate and Land Use Change, Core Science Systems, Ecosystems and Minerals and Environmental Health, Natural Hazards, Water.
In December 2012, the USGS split the Energy and Minerals and Environmental Health Mission Area resulting in seven topical Mission Areas, with the two new areas being: Energy and Minerals and Environmental Health. Administratively, it is divided into six Regional Units. Other specific programs include: Earthquake Hazards Program monitors earthquake activity worldwide; the National Earthquake Information Center in Golden, Colorado on the campus of the Colorado School of Mines detects the location and magnitude of global earthquakes. The USGS runs or supports several regional monitoring networks in the United States under the umbrella of the Advanced National Seismic System; the USGS informs authorities, emergency responders, the media, the public, both domestic and worldwide, about significant earthquakes. It maintains long-term archives of earthquake data for scientific and engineering research, it conducts and supports research on long-term seismic hazards. USGS has released the UCERF California earthquake forecast.
As of 2005, the agency is working to create a National Volcano Early Warning System by improving the instrumentation monitoring the 169 volcanoes in U. S. territory and by establishing methods for measuring the relative threats posed at each site. The USGS National Geomagnetism Program monitors the magnetic field at magnetic observatories and distributes magnetometer data in real time; the USGS collaborates with Canadian and Mexican government scientists, along with the Commission for Environmental Cooperation, to produce the North American Environmental Atlas, used to depict and track environmental issues for a continental perspective. The USGS operates the streamgaging network for the United States, with over 7400 streamgages. Real-time streamflow data are available online. National Climate Change and Wildlife Science Center implements partner-driven science to improve understanding of past and present land use change, develops relevant climate and land use forecasts, identifies lands and communities that are most vulnerable to adverse impacts of change from the local to global scale.
Since 1962, the Astrogeology Research Program has been involved in global and planetary exploration and mapping. In collaboration with Stanford University, the USGS operates the USGS-Stanford Ion Microprobe Laboratory, a world-class analytical facility for U--Pb geochronology and trace element analyses of minerals and other earth materials. USGS operates a number of water related programs, notably the National Streamflow Information Program and National Water-Quality Assessment Program. USGS Water data is publicly available from their National Water Information System database; the USGS operates the National Wildlife Health Center, whose mission is "to serve the nation and its natural resources by providing sound science and technical support, to disseminate information to promote science-based decisions affecting wildlife and ecosystem health. The NWHC provides information, technical assistance, research and leadership on national and international wildlife health issues." It is the agency responsible for surveillance of H5N1 avian influenza outbreaks in the United States.
The USGS runs 17 biological research centers in the United States, including the Patuxent Wildlife Research Center. The USGS is investigating collaboration with the social networking site Twitter to allow for more rapid construction of ShakeMaps; the USGS produces several national series of topographic maps which vary in scale and extent, with some wide gaps in coverage, notably the complete absence of 1:50,000 scale topographic maps or their equivalent. The largest and best-known topographic series is the 7.5-minute, 1:24,000 scale, quadrangle, a non-metric scale unique to the United States. Each of these maps covers an area bounded by two lines of latitude and two lines of longitude spaced 7.5 minutes apart. Nearly 57,000 individual maps in this series cover the 48 contiguous states, Hawaii, U. S. territories, areas of Alaska near Anchorage and Prudhoe Bay. The area covered by each map varies with the latitude of its represented location due to convergence of the meridians. At lower latitudes, near 30° north, a 7.5-minute quadrangle contains an area of about 64 square miles.
At 49° north latitude, 49 square miles are contained within a quadrangle of that size. As a unique non-metric map scale, the 1:24,000 scale requires a separate and specialized romer scale for pl
Everett is the county seat of and the largest city in Snohomish County, United States. It is located 25 miles north of Seattle and is one of the main cities in the metropolitan area and Puget Sound region. Everett is the seventh-largest city in Washington state and had a total population of 103,019 at the 2010 census; the city is located at the mouth of the Snohomish River along Port Gardner Bay, an inlet of Possession Sound. American settlement on the Everett peninsula began in the 1860s, with several sawmills built to serve the area's growing timber industry. Everett was platted by a group of investors seeking to build an industrial city and named for the son of co-founder Charles L. Colby; the city was incorporated in 1893, shortly after the arrival of the Great Northern Railway, prospered as a major industrial center. Everett's economy transitioned away from lumber and towards aviation after World War II, with the construction of Boeing's aircraft assembly plant at Paine Field in 1967. Boeing remains the city's largest employer, alongside the U.
S. Navy, which has operated Naval Station Everett since 1992. Everett received an All-America City Award in 2002. Everett remains a major employment center for Snohomish County, but has become a bedroom community for Seattle in recent decades, it is connected to Seattle by Interstate 5 and various public transit services at Everett Station, including the Sounder commuter train and commuter buses. The Port Gardner peninsula was inhabited by local Coast Salish tribes, including the Snohomish, who maintained a winter village at Hibulb at the mouth of the Snohomish River; the area was explored by the Vancouver Expedition of 1792, which landed on a beach on the modern Everett waterfront on June 4 and claimed the land for England. The Snohomish and other tribes signed the Treaty of Point Elliott in 1855, relocating to the nearby Tulalip Indian Reservation and relinquishing its lands to the territorial government, opening the region to American settlement; the first permanent American settler to arrive on the peninsula was Dennis Brigham, a carpenter from Worcester, who claimed a 160-acre homestead on Port Gardner Bay in 1861 and built a cabin for himself.
He was joined by several other families on their own homesteads, which included the establishment of a general store and a sawmill that went out of business. Over the next several years a handful of settlers moved to the area, but it wasn't until 1890 that plans for platting a town were conceived. On July 17, 1890, The steamship Queen of the Pacific left Tacoma for an Alaskan cruise with Henry Hewitt, Jr. and Charles L. Colby aboard. During this "Fateful voyage" initial plans for an industrial city on the peninsula along the banks of the Snohomish river were formulated. On August 22, 1890, The Rucker Brothers filed their plat at Port Gardner, a 50-acre townsite on the bayfront side of what is now the city of Everett; this plat was withdrawn to accommodate the plans of the Hewitt-Colby group. On September 1, 1890, Henry Hewitt filed a bond on the Davis tract at the north end of what was to become the Everett town site, beginning the process of acquisition that would become the Everett Land Company along with Charles L. Colby and Colgate Hoyt.
In October 1890, the Hewitt-Colby syndicate decided to name their industrial city after Everett Colby, the fifteen-year-old son of investor Charles L. Colby, who had displayed a prodigious appetite at dinner. Everett Colby in turn was named for orator Edward Everett. On November 19, 1890, the Articles of Incorporation for the Everett Land Company were filed, with Henry Hewitt Jr. as president. On November 26, 1890, the Rucker Brothers transferred 434.15 acres of property on the Everett peninsula to Hewitt. Three days "The Remarkable Document" was drafted, setting the terms by which the Rucker Brothers would donate half their remaining holdings to Hewitt in exchange for promises of specific development; the Company bought much of the Ruckers' land. Everett was incorporated on May 4, 1893, the year the Great Northern Railway came to the town. Both Hewitt and the Ruckers had speculated that James J. Hill would make the town the terminus of his railroad; however Hill continued the railroad along the shore of Puget Sound to Seattle.
Although it succeeded in building the city, the Everett Land Company was a failure for its investors. The outside investors withdrew, the Company's holdings were transferred to a new company controlled by Hill; the Ruckers, who helped broker the deal, stayed in Everett and became leading citizens of the young city. Railroads and mines played a part in Everett's future; the mining community of Monte Cristo depended on a railway for supplies. It was hoped that the railroad would bring in traffic. For a while ore was smelted in Everett sawmilling and port activity commenced. A dozen steam riverboats were built in Everett for the Yukon gold rush. Several survivors of the Bellingham riots settled in Everett for two months, until they were beaten and forcefully evicted by a mob on November 5, 1907. Everett was the site of the Everett Massacre of 1916 in which a posse led by local Sheriff Donald McRae shot and killed five Industrial Workers of the World members; the IWW members on the steamer Verona travelled from Seattle to support strikers in Everett and sought to land, but McRae and his posse of deputized civilians blocked the harbor.
Shooting broke out and at least five IWW members were killed, along with two in the posse who were deemed to have been killed by friendly fire. Everett streets are named after each of the three founders. Adjacent streets Colby Avenue and Hoyt Avenue run
Snohomish County, Washington
Snohomish County is a county located in the U. S. state of Washington. With an estimated population of 801,633 as of 2017, it is the third-most populous county in Washington, after nearby King and Pierce counties; the county seat and largest city is Everett. The county was created out of Island County on January 14, 1861 and is named for the Snohomish tribe. Snohomish County is included in WA Metropolitan Statistical Area; the western portion of the county, facing Puget Sound and other bodies of water, has the majority of its population and cities. The eastern portion of the county is mountainous and is part of the Cascade Mountains and the Mount Baker-Snoqualmie National Forest, with few settlements along major rivers. "Snohomish" comes from the name of the largest Native American tribe in the area when settlers arrived in the 19th century. The name is spelled as "Sdoh-doh-hohbsh" in the Lushootseed language and has a disputed meaning with unclear origins, with Indian agent Dr. Charles M. Buchanan once saying that he had "never met an Indian who could give a meaning to the word Snohomish" in his 21 years with the Tulalips.
Chief William Shelton, the last hereditary tribal chief of the Snohomish tribe, claimed that it meant "lowland people", a name associated with the tribe's location on the waters of the Puget Sound. The name is used for the Snohomish River, which runs through part of the county, the City of Snohomish, the former county seat, renamed after the formation of the county; the current spelling of the name was adopted by the Surveyor General of Washington Territory in 1857, with earlier documents and accounts using alternative spellings. John Work of the Hudson's Bay Company recorded the name "Sinnahmis" in 1824, while the Wilkes Expedition of 1841 used "Tuxpam" to describe the Snohomish River; the same river was named "Sinahomis" by Captain Henry Kellett in 1847, was accepted by the U. S. government for several years. Snohomish County was inhabited by several Coast Salish groups, predominantly settled along the western coastline and near the region's rivers; the Snohomish were the largest group and occupied an area from present-day Warm Beach to Shoreline, while Stillaguamish lived in the Stillaguamish River basin.
The region was first charted and named by European explorers in the late 18th century, beginning with Captain George Vancouver and his British expedition. Vancouver arrived in Puget Sound and Port Gardner Bay on June 4, 1792, landing near present-day Everett; the Treaty of Point Elliott was signed at present-day Mukilteo on January 22, 1855, marking the cession of Coast Salish territories in the Puget Sound lowlands. The Tulalip Indian Reservation was established to house the remaining tribes, including the Snohomish and Skykomish. Snohomish County was created out of Island County on January 14, 1861; the territorial legislature designated Mukilteo, the area's largest settlement, as the temporary county seat in January 1861. The county government was permanently moved to Cadyville Snohomish, in July of that year. After the incorporation of the city of Everett in 1893, the city's leaders attempted to move the county seat from Snohomish. A countywide general election on November 6, 1894 chose to relocate the county seat to Everett, amid controversy and allegations of illegal votes.
After two years of litigation between the cities of Snohomish and Everett, the county seat was relocated to Everett in December 1896. One of the first county censuses was taken in 1862 by Sheriff Salem A. Woods. Early important pioneers in the Snohomish County region included E. F. Cady of Snohomish, E. C. Ferguson of Snohomish and Isaac Cathcart. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,196 square miles, of which 2,087 square miles is land and 109 square miles is water. Snohomish County is located in the western part of Washington, about halfway between the state's north and south borders. Possession Sound and Puget Sound define the county's western border, while the eastern border is defined by the summits of the Cascade Range. Four counties are adjacent to Snohomish County: Skagit County to the north, Chelan County to the east, King County to the south, Island County to the west; the county's surface is covered by plains in the mountainous terrain in the east. The Cascade Range passes through the eastern part of the county and includes the highest point in Snohomish County, Glacier Peak at 10,541 feet above sea level.
Most of the eastern part of the county is preserved by the Mount Baker National Forest and Snoqualmie National Forest, which are consolidated into the Mount Baker-Snoqualmie National Forest. The mountains provide a source for several major rivers in the east, including the Snohomish, Skykomish and Stillaguamish, that in turn form major bodies of water to the west; as of the 2010 census, there were 713,335 people, 268,325 households, 182,282 families residing in the county. The population density was 341.8 inhabitants per square mile. There were 286,659 housing units at an average density of 137.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 78.4% white, 8.9% Asian, 2.5% black or African American, 1.4% American Indian, 0.4% Pacific islander, 3.8% from other races, 4.6% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 9.0% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 20.3% were German, 12.6% were Irish, 12.2% were English, 8.2% were Norwegian, 3.6% were American. Of the 268,325 households, 35.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.4% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husban
2010 United States Census
The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010; the census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired; the population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million, as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000; as required by the United States Constitution, the U. S. census has been conducted every 10 years since 1790. The 2000 U. S. Census was the previous census completed. Participation in the U. S. Census is required by law in Title 13 of the United States Code. On January 25, 2010, Census Bureau Director Robert Groves inaugurated the 2010 Census enumeration by counting World War II veteran Clifton Jackson, a resident of Noorvik, Alaska.
More than 120 million census forms were delivered by the U. S. Post Office beginning March 15, 2010; the number of forms mailed out or hand-delivered by the Census Bureau was 134 million on April 1, 2010. Although the questionnaire used April 1, 2010 as the reference date as to where a person was living, an insert dated March 15, 2010 included the following printed in bold type: "Please complete and mail back the enclosed census form today." The 2010 Census national mail participation rate was 74%. From April through July 2010, census takers visited households that did not return a form, an operation called "non-response follow-up". In December 2010, the U. S. Census Bureau delivered population information to the U. S. President for apportionment, in March 2011, complete redistricting data was delivered to states. Identifiable information will be available in 2082; the Census Bureau did not use a long form for the 2010 Census. In several previous censuses, one in six households received this long form, which asked for detailed social and economic information.
The 2010 Census used only a short form asking ten basic questions: How many people were living or staying in this house, apartment, or mobile home on April 1, 2010? Were there any additional people staying here on April 1, 2010 that you did not include in Question 1? Mark all that apply: Is this house, apartment, or mobile home – What is your telephone number? What is Person 1's name? What is Person 1's sex? What is Person 1's age and Person 1's date of birth? Is Person 1 of Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin? What is Person 1's race? Does Person 1 sometimes live or stay somewhere else? The form included space to repeat all of these questions for up to twelve residents total. In contrast to the 2000 census, an Internet response option was not offered, nor was the form available for download. Detailed socioeconomic information collected during past censuses will continue to be collected through the American Community Survey; the survey provides data about communities in the United States on a 1-year or 3-year cycle, depending on the size of the community, rather than once every 10 years.
A small percentage of the population on a rotating basis will receive the survey each year, no household will receive it more than once every five years. In June 2009, the U. S. Census Bureau announced. However, the final form did not contain a separate "same-sex married couple" option; when noting the relationship between household members, same-sex couples who are married could mark their spouses as being "Husband or wife", the same response given by opposite-sex married couples. An "unmarried partner" option was available for couples; the 2010 census cost $13 billion $42 per capita. Operational costs were $5.4 billion under the $7 billion budget. In December 2010 the Government Accountability Office noted that the cost of conducting the census has doubled each decade since 1970. In a detailed 2004 report to Congress, the GAO called on the Census Bureau to address cost and design issues, at that time, had estimated the 2010 Census cost to be $11 billion. In August 2010, Commerce Secretary Gary Locke announced that the census operational costs came in under budget.
Locke credited the management practices of Census Bureau director Robert Groves, citing in particular the decision to buy additional advertising in locations where responses lagged, which improved the overall response rate. The agency has begun to rely more on questioning neighbors or other reliable third parties when a person could not be reached at home, which reduced the cost of follow-up visits. Census data for about 22% of U. S. househol
Darrington is a town in Snohomish County, United States. It is located in a mountain valley within the North Cascades, formed by the Sauk River and North Fork Stillaguamish River 30 miles east of Arlington, the nearest city. Darrington is connected to nearby areas by State Route 530, which runs along the two rivers towards Arlington and Rockport, it had a population of 1,347 at the 2010 census. The town was founded in 1891 on the site of a Skagit campsite between the two rivers, near the traditional home of the Sauk-Suiattle tribe. Prospectors had arrived in the area during the 1880s while looking for gold and other minerals, but were displaced by the logging industry that would come to dominate Darrington for much of the 20th century; the Northern Pacific Railway built a branch line to the town in 1901 and ushered in several years of growth. During the Great Depression, Darrington hosted a Civilian Conservation Corps camp that improved roads and firefighting infrastructure in the nearby Mount Baker National Forest.
Several waves of Appalachian emigrants arrived in the area from North Carolina, forming a culture, seen in the town's annual Bluegrass festival and rodeo. Darrington was incorporated as a town on October 15, 1945, continues to operate under a mayor–council government, it has transitioned away from logging and towards tourism due to its proximity to the Mount Baker-Snoqualmie National Forest, which includes outdoor activities such as hiking, mountain climbing, fishing. The Darrington area is 554 feet above sea level and receives more precipitation and snowfall than the Puget Sound lowlands; the upper Stillaguamish and Sauk valleys on the Sauk and White Chuck rivers were inhabited by various Coast Salish groups, including the Stillaguamish, the Sauk-Suiattle, the Upper Skagit. The Sauk-Suiattle maintained a village site and burial ground near modern-day Darrington, while the Skagits used the plain between the Stillaguamish and Sauk rivers as a portage for overhead transport of canoes; the portage, named Kudsl Kudsl or Kuds-al-kaid, was used as a transiting point for travelers from Eastern Washington on their way to and from the Puget Sound coast.
The area was known as Burn or Sauk Portage to early surveyors and visitors from towns along the Puget Sound coastline. A group of railroad surveyors for the Northern Pacific Railway arrived in modern-day Darrington in 1870 while plotting the potential route for a railroad crossing the Cascades to Lake Chelan, but chose Stampede Pass to the south; the North Stillaguamish Valley was called "Starve Out" until 1884 by settlers, who arrived alone and under-prepared for the area's conditions. The Sauk-Suiattle was threatened with eviction by soldiers who were sent to the area by the valley settlers, who were unsuccessful in seizing the lands after their claim of hostile people was determined to be unfounded. To strengthen their claims to the lands, the tribe partnered with a surveying team to record their claims to the eastern side of the Sauk River, where the modern-day Indian reservation now sits; the discovery of gold and other valuable minerals in the Monte Cristo area in 1889 lured prospectors into the northern Cascades and stimulated the development of the surrounding mountain valleys.
A 45-mile wagon road along the Sauk River connecting Monte Cristo to Sauk Prairie and the settlement of Sauk City on the Skagit River was constructed in 1891, forming part of the modern Mountain Loop Highway. The wagon road was only used for three years before being replaced by the Everett and Monte Cristo Railway to the south. Nearby areas were explored by prospectors who made over 100 claims to pieces of land in the highlands around the valley, including Gold Hill; the Sauk Prairie campsite evolved into a settlement, known as "The Portage" and developed around several homesteads established between 1888 and 1891. A name for the town was decided by a vote of several pioneer residents in July 1891 to prepare for the arrival of a post office; the vote was tied between two options and Darrington, the maiden name of settler W. W. Cristopher's mother. According to some reports, the name was to be "Barrington" but was changed due to a mistake from the Postal Department or by the townspeople to resemble the word "dare".
By the end of the decade, the town had gained a schoolhouse, a general store, a hotel, a postmaster, Fred Olds, whose horse inspired the naming of Whitehorse Mountain. Darrington's residents lobbied the Seattle and International Railway for the construction of a branch line from Arlington to the town as early as 1895, offering a 15-year contract to ship 75 percent of the area's extracted ores; the railroad agreed to the offer and began construction in 1900, was absorbed by the Northern Pacific Railway during that time, outpacing Great Northern and their plans to build a railroad to their timber holdings in the Sauk River valley. Railway crews arrived in the Darrington area by the following year and the first train arrived at the town's depot on May 31, 1901. Several sawmills and other timber industries began in the years following the railroad's completion, as mining fortunes in the surrounding area dwindled. Most of the original prospectors had left the Darrington area during the Klondike gold rush of the late 1890s, while those who remained established a single smelter in the mountains.
A Bornite mine was developed at Long Mountain and was hoped to revive the mining industry of the area, but was abandoned in 1910 after its mineral deposits were found to be smaller than expected. Darrington surpassed a population of 100 re
Mountlake Terrace, Washington
Mountlake Terrace is a suburban city in Snohomish County, United States. It lies on the southern border of the county, adjacent to Shoreline and Lynnwood, is 13 miles to the north of Seattle; as of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 19,909 people. Mountlake Terrace was founded in 1949 by suburban developers on the site of a disused airfield. Within five years, the community had grown to over 5,000 people and was incorporated as a city in 1954 to provide municipal services. In recent decades, Mountlake Terrace has begun development of its own downtown with mixed-use buildings and large employers in lieu of remaining a bedroom community for Seattle commuters. Interstate 5 runs north–south through the city and connects Mountlake Terrace to Seattle and Everett; the site of Mountlake Terrace was thickly forested in the mid-Nineteenth Century and formed part of the traditional hunting-gathering areas of the Snohomish people. The area was obtained by the Puget Mill Company in 1862. By 1900, most of the land in south Snohomish County had been logged.
Pope & Talbot Company, the successor entity of the Puget Mill Company, subdivided the cut area into 10-acre plots, which were sold as "chicken ranches." These plots were sold with moderate success to ranchers raising poultry and chinchilla. An interurban rail line between Tacoma and Everett, Washington was built in 1910, allowing easier access to the farms from throughout the region. Many of them failed during the Great Depression and the railroad was abandoned in 1939. A portion of the area was used by the United States government during World War II as a landing field. At the end of the war, the government ceased operation of the airfield. In 1949, developers Albert Jack Peterson. Bought the abandoned airstrip and began constructing cinder-block houses, they named their development "Mountlake Terrace" because from some parts of the property they could see both Mount Rainier and Lake Washington, the old runway looked a little like a terrace. In 1954, over 5,000 people lived in the area between 244th and 216th Streets SW, 48th and 68th Avenues W.
The existing infrastructure was overwhelmed by this unplanned growth. Some people waited a year for a party-line telephone, streets were unpaved, household sanitation was provided by individual septic systems; the nearest police department was in Everett, 15 miles away. One resident, Patrick McMahan, became frustrated by these conditions, organized the Mountlake Terrace Study Committee, which led a campaign to incorporate the community; the election held November 23, 1954 supported incorporation, 517 to 483. Voters chose a five-person city council in the same election; the council had its first meeting on November 24 and selected Gilbert "Gil" Geiser, a 35-year-old hardware store owner, as Mountlake Terrace's first mayor. Geiser had to lend the new city $5. With the filing, on November 29, Mountlake Terrace became a third-class city. Mountlake Terrace's population doubled between 1950 and 1960 and nearly doubled again by 1970. Small businesses flourished in two strip-mall-type shopping centers in the middle of the area, on land provided by the developers.
The developers donated land for several churches, including the parish of St. Pius X, which celebrated its first mass on June 22, 1955; the John Fluke Corporation moved its electronics center from Seattle to Mountlake Terrace in 1959. In 1961 a bond issue was approved in a special election; the city had been first envisioned as an automobile-based bedroom community, but subsequent leaders began to envision it as a "stand-alone" development with an economically vital downtown area. This effort was aided by the arrival of Fluke and the construction of the two strip malls and the City Hall. However, this development halted in the 1980s. Boeing suffered a significant business downturn, in which about 75% of plant workers in Everett lost their jobs. In 1981, Fluke moved its facility to Everett; the 1980 census showed that Mountlake Terrace's population had dropped by 5 percent in 10 years. The city budget was trimmed, but Mountlake Terrace entered 1989 with a $1.3 million deficit. The mid-2000s saw new construction on 56th Avenue, in 2006 the city created a plan to revitalize the downtown area and encourage economic activity.
As of 2013 the town's largest employer was Premera Blue Cross. A city-center plan adopted in February 2007 allows mixed-use buildings of up to seven stories in the central block and up to five stories in surrounding blocks; the previous limit was three stories. Mountlake Terrace is located at 47°47′27″N 122°18′24″W; the city's elevation above sea level ranges between 262 and 530 feet, with an average altitude of 440 feet. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.17 square miles, of which, 4.06 square miles is land and 0.11 square miles is water. The total area is 2.65% water. The southwestern portion of the city includes Lake Ballinger Park, which offers access to Lake Ballinger and contains a boat launch and a fishing pier; the lake itself is located in Mountlake Terrace and in neighboring Edmonds. According to Mountlake Terrace's 2013 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are: As of the census of 2010, there were 19,909 people, 8,192 households, 4,891 families residing in the city.
The population density was 4,903.7 inhabitants per square mile. T