Vernon County, Wisconsin

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Vernon County, Wisconsin
CourthouseVernonCountyWI.jpg
Vernon County Courthouse in October 2015
Map of Wisconsin highlighting Vernon County
Location in the U.S. state of Wisconsin
Map of the United States highlighting Wisconsin
Wisconsin's location in the U.S.
Founded 1851
Seat Viroqua
Largest city Viroqua
Area
 • Total 816 sq mi (2,113 km2)
 • Land 792 sq mi (2,051 km2)
 • Water 25 sq mi (65 km2), 3.0%
Population (est.)
 • (2014) 30,362
 • Density 38/sq mi (15/km²)
Congressional district 3rd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.vernoncounty.org

Vernon County is a county in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. As of the 2010 census, the population was 29,773,[1] its county seat is Viroqua.[2]

History[edit]

Vernon County was renamed from Bad Ax County on 22 March 1862. Bad Ax County had been created on 1 March 1851 from territory that had been part of Richland and Crawford counties,[3][4] the name Vernon was chosen to reflect the county's green fields of wheat and to evoke Mount Vernon.[5]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 816 square miles (2,110 km2), of which 792 square miles (2,050 km2) is land and 25 square miles (65 km2) (3.0%) is water.[6]

Major highways[edit]

Airports[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

2000 Census Age Pyramid for Vernon County
Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 11,007
1870 18,645 69.4%
1880 23,235 24.6%
1890 25,111 8.1%
1900 28,351 12.9%
1910 28,116 −0.8%
1920 29,252 4.0%
1930 28,537 −2.4%
1940 29,940 4.9%
1950 27,906 −6.8%
1960 25,663 −8.0%
1970 24,557 −4.3%
1980 25,642 4.4%
1990 25,617 −0.1%
2000 28,056 9.5%
2010 29,773 6.1%
Est. 2016 30,814 [7] 3.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790–1960[9] 1900–1990[10]
1990–2000[11] 2010–2014[1]

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 28,056 people, 10,825 households, and 7,501 families residing in the county, the population density was 35 people per square mile (14/km²). There were 12,416 housing units at an average density of 16 per square mile (6/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.81% White, 0.06% Black or African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.21% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.27% from other races, and 0.48% from two or more races. 0.66% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 38.3% were of Norwegian, 26.9% German, 6.4% Irish and 6.1% English ancestry. 90.9% spoke English, 3.5% German, 1.8% Norwegian, 1.2% Pennsylvania Dutch and 1.0% Spanish as their first language.

There were 10,825 households out of which 31.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.70% were married couples living together, 6.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.70% were non-families. 26.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the county, the population was spread out with 27.40% under the age of 18, 6.80% from 18 to 24, 25.30% from 25 to 44, 23.50% from 45 to 64, and 17.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years, for every 100 females there were 97.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.60 males.

Economy[edit]

The county is home to the headquarters of Organic Valley, the world's largest cooperative of family farmers.[13][14]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Towns[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Gallery[edit]

Politics[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 49.1% 7,004 44.6% 6,371 6.3% 900
2012 41.6% 5,942 56.4% 8,044 2.0% 283
2008 38.1% 5,367 60.1% 8,463 1.7% 245
2004 45.6% 6,774 53.4% 7,924 1.0% 147
2000 43.6% 5,684 50.4% 6,577 6.0% 783
1996 33.8% 3,796 49.6% 5,572 16.6% 1,858
1992 32.0% 4,072 44.6% 5,673 23.4% 2,971
1988 47.2% 5,226 51.9% 5,754 0.9% 98
1984 55.8% 6,469 43.5% 5,051 0.7% 83
1980 51.1% 6,528 43.1% 5,501 5.8% 744
1976 51.6% 6,132 46.5% 5,534 1.9% 226
1972 65.8% 6,836 32.8% 3,407 1.4% 142
1968 55.2% 5,824 34.7% 3,666 10.1% 1,065
1964 42.6% 4,640 57.3% 6,242 0.2% 16
1960 58.8% 6,909 41.1% 4,836 0.1% 15
1956 55.7% 6,200 44.2% 4,923 0.2% 17
1952 65.3% 7,619 34.6% 4,032 0.1% 12
1948 43.7% 4,139 55.2% 5,226 1.1% 105
1944 51.0% 5,676 48.6% 5,409 0.3% 36
1940 53.0% 6,614 46.2% 5,776 0.8% 102
1936 42.4% 4,811 53.2% 6,044 4.4% 502
1932 32.9% 2,979 65.6% 5,939 1.5% 139
1928 71.3% 6,596 27.7% 2,559 1.1% 99
1924 30.4% 2,670 4.6% 406 65.0% 5,703
1920 86.0% 5,694 9.5% 627 4.5% 298
1916 58.6% 2,912 36.8% 1,830 4.5% 225
1912 57.7% 2,663 27.1% 1,253 15.2% 701
1908 69.7% 4,114 26.5% 1,561 3.9% 227
1904 82.4% 4,744 13.2% 762 4.4% 255
1900 75.6% 4,463 21.5% 1,268 2.9% 173
1896 71.4% 4,393 26.4% 1,627 2.2% 137
1892 60.0% 3,106 27.8% 1,440 12.3% 635

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 24, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Bad Axe (county). Wisconsinhistory.org. Retrieved on 2013-07-21.
  4. ^ Vernon County [origin of place name]. Wisconsinhistory.org. Retrieved on 2013-07-21.
  5. ^ "Winnebago Took Its Name from an Indian Tribe". The Post-Crescent. December 28, 1963. p. 14. Retrieved August 25, 2014 – via Newspapers.com.  open access publication – free to read
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 9, 2015. 
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 11, 2015. Retrieved August 9, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 9, 2015. 
  10. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 9, 2015. 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved August 9, 2015. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  13. ^ http://driftlesswisconsin.com/explore/food-and-farming/
  14. ^ http://www.organicvalley.coop/about-us/overview/our-history/
  15. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 43°35′N 90°50′W / 43.59°N 90.83°W / 43.59; -90.83