Hadeland Glassverk is situated in Jevnaker, Oppland 40 km north of Oslo, at the southern tip of lake Randsfjorden. The glass works was founded in 1762 on land belonging to the Mo estate, at the time Norway did not have the necessary skilled craftsmen, and these were recruited from abroad, principally from Germany. Initially production consisted mainly of bottles, chemists’ jars, medicine bottles, berg took charge of the glass works, and the company underwent dramatic development. Production was redefined to consist of smaller crystal items and included everything from wine glasses to bowls, during the 19th century the glassworks mainly copied designs from other European countries and in the 1920s it started developing its own designs. Hadeland Glassverk is the oldest industrial company in Norway that can claim continuous operation since its foundation, in years, most of the production is done abroad. There is still a development section at the site and this, a/S Hadeland Glassverk is currently a company within the CG Holding company, which includes business activities within industry, commodity trading and investment.
In May 2012, King Harald marked the 250th anniversary of Hadeland Glassverk, Jevnaker Glassverk Hadeland Glassverk web site
Bormioli Rocco is a formerly all-Italian manufacturer of household goods now operating under international holding company Vision Capital. The company has been Italys largest glass manufacturer and one of the leading suppliers of tableware/glassware. Founded in 1825 in Fidenza, Bormioli Rocco produces glassware and plastic containers as well as focused on pharmaceutical use. Bormioli Rocco operates 9 plants,2 decorative ateliers and 9 stores and one store with a presence in over 100 countries. The Bormioli family was originally from Altare, in the hinterland of Savona, the family name Bormioli di Altare can be tracked back to AD1300, in the archives of Savona, for the purchase of soda. In 1825, Luigi Bormioli left Altare and moved to Borgo San Donnino in the province of Parma, with the money inherited from his father, Luigi started a glassware company. In 1832, after his death, the business was continued by his wife Petronilla, a mother of six children, together with her sons Dominic and Charles, she led the company for 22 years.
In 1854 they purchase the Royal Factory of Ceramics and Glasses Strada Farnese in Parma immediately changing its name to Brothers Bormioli Glassware, soon the brothers split, Dominic remained in Fidenza and Rocco in the capital. In the following years the company from Parma began to mechanize the production, in 1880 the company name changed to Bormioli Rocco Glass and Son. At the death Rocco, in 1893, succeeded his son Louis, joined in the period of the First World War by two sons and Rocco. At the time the company was one of the industrial company of the region. A position confirmed in the two decades. In the first post-war period and with more than 1,600 employees, Bormioli Rocco worked with his son Pier Luigi, destined to lead the company after having become general manager in 1966. During the 80s, with the acquisition of companies in Italy. In the 90s, after the death of Pier Luigi Bormioli Roccos son was forced by a financial crisis to cede a majority stake to Banca Popolare di Lodi. In the following years the company part of Gruppo Banca Popolare that in 2011 was sold to the private equity firm Vision Capital.
A factory located in Rive-de-Gier, was closed in 20041825,1880, After the acquisition of the “Royal factory of majolica and glassware” in Parma, The Bormioli family changes the business name into “Vetreria Fratelli Bormioli Rocco e Figlio spa”. 1938, The first automatic machine is assembled,1946, After the war bombings and the total destruction of the factory, the production is relaunched using the most advanced automation technologies
Glass is a non-crystalline amorphous solid that is often transparent and has widespread practical and decorative usage in, for example, window panes and optoelectronics. The most familiar, and historically the oldest, types of glass are silicate glasses based on the chemical compound silica, the primary constituent of sand. The term glass, in usage, is often used to refer only to this type of material. Many applications of silicate glasses derive from their optical transparency, giving rise to their use as window panes. Glass can be coloured by adding metallic salts, and can be painted and printed with vitreous enamels and these qualities have led to the extensive use of glass in the manufacture of art objects and in particular, stained glass windows. Although brittle, silicate glass is extremely durable, and many examples of glass fragments exist from early glass-making cultures, because glass can be formed or moulded into any shape, it has been traditionally used for vessels, vases, bottles and drinking glasses.
In its most solid forms it has used for paperweights, marbles. Some objects historically were so commonly made of glass that they are simply called by the name of the material, such as drinking glasses. Porcelains and many polymer thermoplastics familiar from everyday use are glasses and these sorts of glasses can be made of quite different kinds of materials than silica, metallic alloys, ionic melts, aqueous solutions, molecular liquids, and polymers. For many applications, like glass bottles or eyewear, polymer glasses are a lighter alternative than traditional glass, silica is a common fundamental constituent of glass. In nature, vitrification of quartz occurs when lightning strikes sand, forming hollow, fused quartz is a glass made from chemically-pure SiO2. It has excellent resistance to shock, being able to survive immersion in water while red hot. However, its high melting-temperature and viscosity make it difficult to work with, other substances are added to simplify processing. One is sodium carbonate, which lowers the transition temperature.
The soda makes the glass water-soluble, which is undesirable, so lime, some magnesium oxide. The resulting glass contains about 70 to 74% silica by weight and is called a soda-lime glass, soda-lime glasses account for about 90% of manufactured glass. Most common glass contains other ingredients to change its properties, lead glass or flint glass is more brilliant because the increased refractive index causes noticeably more specular reflection and increased optical dispersion. Adding barium increases the refractive index, iron can be incorporated into glass to absorb infrared energy, for example in heat absorbing filters for movie projectors, while cerium oxide can be used for glass that absorbs UV wavelengths
Based in Torrington in north Devon, Dartington Crystal manufactures crystal glassware using traditional Swedish glass blowing techniques. Many of their ranges continue to be made in their North Devon factory, the company was founded by the Dartington Hall Trust, a charity which aimed to assist the economic regeneration of rural areas through business and the arts. In the early sixties the trust had become concerned that north Devon was becoming depopulated as a lack of job opportunities forced people to move elsewhere to find work. The glass-making factory was intended to be a solution this problem, to achieve this vision the trust recruited Eskil Vilhemson, a Swedish glass manufacturer, to be the companys Managing Director. A team of Scandinavian glass blowers came with him to Torrington, some of whom are still there to this day, a year in 1969 more glass blowers followed, one Italian and a couple from Denmark. Demand outstripped production in the 1970s and the factory had to be expanded, by the 1980s the modern image of Dartington had attracted the attention of Wedgwood who took up a large stake in the business, allowing for further expansion.
In 1987, Frank Thrower MBE died of cancer, but the business boomed in the late 1980s. In 1989 Dartington Hall Trust sold a controlling interest to the Rockware Group, whose investment in the business allowed a modern batch mixing plant and new retail shop to be built. The business underwent a management buyout in 1994 from BTR, who had acquired the Rockware Group. The business was acquired by US giftware giant Enesco in 2004. Dartington Crystal underwent another Management Buy Out in April 2006, safeguarding many skilled jobs in the area, Dartington Crystal bought Scottish-based Caithness Glass out of receivership in October 2006 and owns Royal Brierley Crystal which is based in the West Midlands. Indeed, this has given Dartington a modern and contemporary image which has kept it ahead of others, todays most popular ranges include Wine Master, Florabundance as well as Sharon and Dimple which are still made today. This replica can be seen in the Visitors Centre at the Torrington site, commissions include Holland & Holland, Rolls Royce Motor, P&O Cruises and Chivas Regal as well as many others.
Dartington are one of just a few remaining large scale producers of crystal and glass in the UK, not all of their crystal is made in Devon while they design and source other glassware from European suppliers. In addition to Dartington crystal and glass products, the Company owns and markets the Caithness Glass and they sell and distribute John Beswick ceramic character sculptures
Daum is a crystal studio based in Nancy, founded in 1878 by Jean Daum. His sons, Auguste Daum and Antonin Daum, oversaw its growth during the burgeoning Art Nouveau period, the Daum family worked at the beginning of Art Nouveau and creators of one of Frances greatest glassworks. Established at the end of the 19th century, Daum’s renown was originally linked to the Ecole de Nancy and the art of pâte-de-cristal, during the Universal Exhibition of 1900 Daum was awarded a ‘Grand Prix’ medal. Daum glass became more elaborate, acid etching was often combined with carving and engraving on a piece of glass to produce creative glass master-pieces. The most complicated creations feature applied glass elements, such as handles, today Daum still used this method to produce their pieces. Daum has always been linked with the city of Nancy and its main manufacture locations are in downtown of Nancy and a nearby village called Vannes-le-Châtel. All the pieces are still handmade by hundreds of employees in the region, Daum has a store at Place Stanislas in Nancy.
More than 600 glasswork items are in the Daum Collection at the Museum of Fine Arts of Nancy that document the history of manufacturing from the 1880s through the 1990s. After this world known era of Art Nouveau, DAUM has worked with hundreds of artists, arman Hilton McConnico Philippe Starck Salvador Dalí Cyril Phan, aka Kongo Richard Texier Emilio Robba Philippe Druillet Official website Daum sponsor of Paris Art Fair 2016
Blenko Glass Company
Blenko Glass Company, located in Milton, West Virginia, is known for its artistic hand-blown glass. William J. Blenko was born in London, England in 1853 and he worked at a glass factory in his youth. In 1893, he emigrated to Kokomo, Indiana, in the US, in 1903, he was forced to close his factory and return to England, due to an economic downturn. His second business venture was in 1909, in Point Marion and this endeavor quickly failed, as did a third, in Clarksburg, West Virginia. At that time, Blenko found work at other established Ohio and West Virginia glass companies and his new company was originally named Eureka Glass Company, changing the name to Blenko. Until the arrival of his son, William H. Blenko, in 1923, he had no employees, this did not mean the end of Blenko’s stained glass industry. Blenko Glass Company still produces hand-blown sheet glass for use in stained glass windows, Blenkos early successes include providing glass for the stained glass windows of St. Patricks Cathedral in New York City, helping the company earn national recognition.
Prior to 1946, Blenkos tableware output was largely functional and classical in form, as a testament to the popularity of Blenkos early tableware, the White House has a collection of Blenko table ware, which is used periodically. Change came in 1947 with the decision to hire Winslow Anderson as a design director. Blenkos Historic Period, the focus of collector and cultural interest, begins with Anderson in 1946, the second designer, Wayne Husted, did much to propel the company into the forefront of cutting-edge design, notably including pioneering the concept of architectural scale designs. In 1964, Joel Philip Myers, Husteds successor and founder of the Studio Glass movement, further improved the companys importance and reputation by directly engaging Blenko with Studio Glass. A new wave of public interest in Blenko began with the opening of the Blenko Museum in 2000, with strong interest from collectors and nationwide exposure on PBS television specials, the companys reputation has grown to reach new audiences.
Fourth-generation company President Richard Blenko often personally participated in these drives, generating a sharp spike in publicity. The Blenko Glass Company filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy in May 2011, in August,2012 Blenko Vice President Katie Trippe announced that Blenko Glass was rebounding after filing for bankruptcy protection. Citing increased sales and lower gas prices she said the company is making an effort to move forward. A reorganization plan was accepted by the court in December 2012, the company exited bankruptcy in 2013 and continues to produce art glass for the consumer market. Despite increased fuel costs, a period of inactivity, and a rapidly changing industry and marketplace. On August 3,2015, the Eight Annual Festival of Glass held in Milton, Blenko’s special commissions include the Country Music Awards trophy and numerous sculptures by the contemporary Studio Glass artist Hank Adams, represented in many museums throughout the US
OSRAM Licht AG is a multinational lighting manufacturer headquartered in Munich, Germany. OSRAM was founded in 1919 by the merger of the businesses of Auergesellschaft, Siemens & Halske. On 5 July 2013, OSRAM was spun off from Siemens, the Osram name is derived from osmium and Wolfram, as both these elements were commonly used for lighting filaments at the time the company was founded. The brand name of OSRAM was born in 1906 and registered by the Deutsche Gasglühlicht-Anstalt, in 1906 the Osram incandescent lamp was developed by Carl Auer von Welsbach. The British General Electric Company imported Osram filaments for their own production of light bulbs, in 1919 Auergesellschaft, Siemens & Halske and Allgemeine Elektrizitäts-Gesellschaft combined their electric-lamp production with the formation of the company Osram. In 1998 Osram acquired the business of ECE Industries India Ltd at a cost of $9.55 million. In 2009 Osram acquired TRAXON Technologies, on 8 July 2013 Siemens spun off Osram, which listed on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange.
Osram is a corporation with headquarters in Munich and it employs around 34,000 people throughout the world. Osram has operations in over 120 countries, in the 2014 financial year, revenue of about €5.1 billion was achieved. Osram Opto Semiconductors is an owned subsidiary of Osram which designs. One of the products of this subsidiary is light-emitting diodes. Besides its headquarters in Regensburg, Germany, it has production sites in Penang and Wuxi, China. Osram Sylvania Inc. manufactures and markets a range of lighting products for homes, business. In fiscal year 2006, the company achieved sales of about 2 billion euros and it employs about 11,200 people in North America and is headquartered in Wilmington, north of Boston. Most of the products are marketed in North and South America under the SYLVANIA or OSRAM brand names. Traxon Technologies, together with its brand, e, cue lighting control, is a solid state lighting. In 2009, Traxon Technologies entered into a joint venture with OSRAM, german football manager Jupp Heynckes was nicknamed Osram because his face would sometimes redden under the stress of matches.
EnOcean Fluorescent lamp Phoebus cartel OSRAM OSRAM Licht AG – website of the listed holding company
Pilkington Group Limited is a multinational glass manufacturing company headquartered in St Helens, United Kingdom and a wholly owned subsidiary of the Japan-based NSG Group. Prior to its acquisition by NSG in 2006 it was an independent company listed on the London Stock Exchange, the company was founded in 1826 as a partnership between members of the Pilkington and Greenall families, based in St Helens, Lancashire. The venture used the name of St Helens Crown Glass Company. On the departure from the partnership of the last Greenall in 1845, in July 1894 the business was incorporated under the Companies Act 1862 as Pilkington Brothers Limited. Pilkington was floated as a company on the London Stock Exchange in 1970. It was for years the biggest employer in the northwest industrial town. The distinctive blue-glass head office tower-block on Alexandra Business Park, off Prescot Road, used as the firms world HQ, Pilkington allowed the Float Process to be used under licence by numerous manufacturers around the world. A rank and file strike in 1970, sparked off by an error in wage packets, anti-union legislation was introduced by central government.
In late 1985, Pilkington was the subject of an unfriendly take-over bid from BTR Industries, pilkingtons efforts to reject the bid were assisted by its employees, the town and some government ministers. Their joint successful work was followed by a withdrawal of BTRs offer in early 1986, Pilkington aggressively protected its patents and trade secrets through a network of licensing agreements with glass manufacturers around the world. The modern float technique became widespread when Alistair Pilkington developed a practical version, patented in the late 1950s. As Pilkington plc owned all but one of the plants around the world employing the float process Pilkington had a monopoly. Although the patents had expired by the early 1980s, Pilkington had licensed their use, the agreement came into force on 22 December 1994, and expired ten years later. In late 2005 the company received a bid from the smaller Japanese company NSG. Pilkington had 19% and NSG around half that, the acquisition was completed in June 2006, after the European Commission stated that it would not be opposed.
Pilkington has developed a self-cleaning coated float glass product, called Pilkington Activ and this self-cleaning glass has a coating which uses a method of photocatalysis to break down organic dirt with sunlight. The dirt is washed away by the rain during a hydrophilic process. Pilkington has developed and launched Pilkington energiKare – Energy Efficient Glazing, notes Bibliography Official website Official UK site Pilkington energiKare – Energy Efficient Glazing
Heaton, Butler and Bayne
Heaton and Bayne were an English firm who produced stained glass windows from 1862 to 1953. Clement Heaton founded his own stained glass firm in 1852, joined by James Butler in 1855, between 1859 and 1861 they worked alongside Clayton and Bell and were joined by Robert Turnill Bayne, who became their sole designer and a full partner in the firm in 1862. The firm was known as Heaton and Bayne from 1862 and his windows show strong design and colour, and are often recognisable by the inclusion of at least one figure with Baynes features and long beard. A change in direction came with their production of windows to the designs of Henry Holiday in 1868, during a long career, the firm produced stained glass for numerous churches throughout the Britain and the Empire, as well as the United States. Westminster Abbey includes a Heaton and Bayne window, installed in 1868, other windows by this firm are in Wimborne Minster 1857, Peterborough Cathedral 1864 and St Marys Parish Church, Hampton c1888. A documentary film, Stained Glass Masters, Butler, the documentary was narrated by Edgar Award winning author Burl Barer.
Adoration of the Magi in Tewkesbury Abbey, faith and Charity in the church of St Mary the Virgin Staverton, Northamptonshire. “Memorial Window to C. H. Crompton-Roberts of Drybridge House, several windows in St. Saviours Episcopal Church in Bar Harbor, Maine. Several windows in St. Matthews Cathedral in Laramie, Stained glass - British glass, 1811-1918 Victorian Era Work of Heaton and Bayne on Flickr Stained glass masters Buckinghamshire Stained Glass
Fenton Art Glass Company
The Fenton Art Glass Company was founded in 1905 by brothers Frank L. Fenton and John W. Fenton. The original factory was in an old factory in Martins Ferry. The factory at one time was owned by the old West Virginia Glass Company, at first they painted glass blanks from other glass makers, but started making their own glass when they became unable to buy the materials they needed. They moved across the Ohio river to Williamstown, West Virginia, the first year for glass production was 1907. In 1908 John Fenton left the company and founded the Millersburg glass company in Millersburg, Frank Fenton was the designer and decorator. From 1905 to 1920, the designs made there were heavily influenced by two other companies and Steuben. But the many different colors were the work of Jacob Rosenthal, towards the end of 1907, the Fenton brothers were the first to introduce carnival glass, which became a popular collectors item. During the Great Depression and World War II, Fenton produced practical items due to shortages, at the same time, they continued creating new colors.
Towards the end of the Great Depression they produced perfume bottles for the Wrisley Company in 1938, the bottles were made in French opalescent glass with the hobnail pattern. In 1939, Fenton started selling Hobnail items in milk glass, Hobnail milk glass would become the top-selling line and allowed the Fenton company to expand. In the late 1940s, the top three members of Fentons management died, Bill Fenton immediately stepped in and took over the positions of President and Vice President, respectively. Over the next thirty years, they continued to expand Fenton Art Glass, in 1986, George W. Fenton, Franks son, took over as President of the company. In 1970, the company added their logo to the bottom of their Original Formula Carnival Glass pieces to them from their older Carnival Glass pieces. In 1974, Fenton started putting their logo on all the pieces they made. Pieces made in the 1980s have the number eight under the letter n in the logo, pieces from the 1990s have the number nine, from June 1996 to July 1998 Fenton marked preferred seconds sold in their gift shop with a sandblasted solid or hollow star.
In August 1998 an F replaced the star, another type of mark is found on glass baskets. Where the glass handles of the baskets are attached to the base of the basket a stamp is made, each handler had a specific pattern to help identify which handler attached the handle. The marks began in the 1950s and were instituted by Frank M. Fenton used a coding system to describe the items it produced
Arc International is a French manufacturer and distributor of household goods. The company was established in Arques, Pas-de-Calais, where it is still headquartered, in 1892 the name was changed to Verrerie Cristallerie dArques, and after a series of acquisitions in the 1990s the group was renamed in 2000 to the current name. It is the manufacturer of crystal and glassware in the world. It is privately held and has been owned by members of the Durand family since 1916, Arc International currently licenses the Pyrex brand of cookware for sale in the European Union. Competitors include Lenox Group, World Kitchen and Waterford Wedgwood, the company reported 16,500 employees and gross sales of €1.4 billion in 2006, reinvesting 3% of its turnover into research and development. In subsequent years, the company diversified into consumer cooking and dining glassware, by the 1960s, the company had mastered the process of manufacturing stemware and other finer glassware products. One of Arcs signature products is the thick-walled ten-sided working glasses that were a workhorse in French kitchens after their introduction in 1978, from 1897 onwards, the company was dominated by the Durand family, who eventually purchased the firm entirely in 1926.
To this day, the continues to be the sole proprietors. The firm adopted a number of practices that positioned it to one of Europes leading mass production glassmakers. Brands under the Arc International group are to date Luminarc, Cristal dArques, Chef&Sommelier, in addition to these commercial brands, it owns glass material brands, Kwarx, Diamax. Arc International has created or acquired and sold brands such as Arcuisine, Salviati, Mikasa was sold by the firm to Lifetime Brands in 2008 for an undisclosed amount. The Arcopal brand was introduced in 1958 and this fully tempered glassware is high-strength and durable and chip resistant. Although very thin, Arcopal glass is five times stronger than china, Arcopal tableware was famous for its translucent opal borosilicate glass. In 1986 the Arcopal ranges of products were included in Luminarc and Arcoroc offers, the Arcopal France tableware is microwave and dishwasher safe. Arcopal bakeware is oven and dishwasher safe, the Luminarc brand was introduced in 1958, first as a brand for glasses made of annealed glass, expanding to a generalist tableware items brand with multiple glass materials.
All Luminarc products are safe, all dinnerware lines, tempered storage lines, salad bowls and hot drinks lines are shock-resistant. All major lines are made in the Arc International headquarters factory based in Arques, Luminarc features specific lines under license. The Cristal dArques brand, created in 1968, was born from the industrialization of stemmed glasses crystal-making developed by Arc International and this innovation leads to mass-market commercialization and affordability of a material previously deemed luxury