Vestlandsk

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Norway divided by the prevalence of four dialect groups

Vestandsk or Vestlandske dialekter (West Norwegian) is a collective term for the dialects that are spoken on the coast of western Norway in the area ranging from Romsdal in the north to Agder in the south. These dialects can furthermore be split into north-western dialects (Nordvestlandske dialekter), south-western dialects (Sørvestlandske dialekter) and southern dialects (Sørlandske dialekter).[1] [2]

  • Nordvestlandske dialekter (North-Western dialects) have e-infinitive, and extends from the middle of Sogn og Fjordane to Romsdal. Of these, one can mention:
    • Jølstramål - centering on Jølster[3]
    • Sunnmørsdialekt - collective term for dialects in Sunnmøre
    • Romsdalsdialekt - dialect of Romsdal
  • Sørvestlandske dialekter (South-western dialects) have a-infinitive, and extends from the inner Sogn og Fjordane, through Hordaland and Rogaland and parts of Vest-Agder. Of these, one can mention:
    • Bergensk, Haugesundsk, Stavangersk - these are city dialects (bymål). They have strong simplification,[of what?] which is characteristic for all urban dialects (bydialekter), but originate from the dialects of the area with which they have much in common.[4][5]
    • Jærsk - dialect in Jæren
    • Strilamål - dialect of Strilelandet, an area around Bergen
  • Sørlandske dialekter (Southern dialects) have /p, t, k/-voicing, guttural R and a-endings, and is spoken in the Agder and part of Telemark.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Martin Skjekkeland. "dialekter i Norge". Store norske leksikon. Retrieved February 1, 2017. 
  2. ^ "Vestlandet". lokalhistoriewiki.no. Retrieved February 1, 2017. 
  3. ^ "Jølster kommune". lokalhistoriewiki.no. Retrieved February 1, 2017. 
  4. ^ Martin Skjekkeland. "dialekter i Bergen". Store norske leksikon. Retrieved February 1, 2017. 
  5. ^ Kjell Venås. "dialekter i Rogaland". Store norske leksikon. Retrieved February 1, 2017. 
  6. ^ Martin Skjekkeland. "dialektar på Agder". Store norske leksikon. Retrieved February 1, 2017. 

Other sources[edit]

  • Jahr, Ernst Håkon (1990) Den Store dialektboka (Oslo: Novus) ISBN 8270991678
  • Kristoffersen, Gjert (2000) The Phonology of Norwegian (Oxford University Press) ISBN 978-0-19-823765-5
  • Vanvik, Arne (1979) Norsk fonetikk (Oslo: Universitetet i Oslo) ISBN 82-990584-0-6