Easthampton is a city in Hampshire County, United States. The city is on the southeastern edge of the Pioneer Valley near the five colleges in the college towns of Northampton and Amherst; the population was 16,053 at the 2010 census. Easthampton was first settled by European immigrants beginning in 1664 and was part of Northampton. In 1785, Easthampton was established as a “district” by Massachusetts, in 1809, it was incorporated as a town. Easthampton is the youngest town in Hampshire County by date of incorporation; the town grew around the Manhan River, both through its phase as a agricultural community and through the Industrial Revolution, when mills and factories were first built in Easthampton in connection with textile manufacturing and its offshoots. The first of these, the Williston-Knight Button Company, was established in 1847 by Samuel Williston, son of the town's first minister, a Congregationalist named Payson Williston; the company specialized in cloth-covered buttons – a coveted item at the time – and to facilitate the operation of the machinery, a local brook was dammed, creating Nashawannuck Pond.
Other mills soon opened nearby, a number of them specializing in elastic and rubber thread manufacturing. Following this spurt of industrial development, the town's first high school and first national bank opened in 1864, a town hall was built in 1869. Constables were replaced by the town's first police officer in 1871, the same year that Easthampton became a regular stop on the railroad; the town's public library opened in 1881, fourteen years in 1895 the community was introduced to two new innovations and streetcars. With the influx of new residents came a number of new churches, founded for Catholic, Episcopalian and Methodist parishioners, as well as a second Congregational church. In 1899, the West Boylston Manufacturing Company and the Hampton Company, both specializing in cloth production, moved to Easthampton, recruiting a larger immigrant labor force from Poland and Canada. During World War I, the town's mills all obtained federal wartime contracts and did well financially, but long before the Great Depression hit, many factories owners were laying off employees, seeking mergers with other companies, or looking for buyers for their facilities.
World War II provided some relief for the Easthampton economy, as several of the older textile companies as well as newer heavy manufacturing corporations received another round of federal contracts. However, beginning in the early 1960s a number of critical closures hit the town hard. Revitalization attempts began with the opening of a new industrial park and continued with a joint government-private industrial mall which has failed to solve higher rates of unemployment and poverty compared to Hampshire County. Small farms and well-established small businesses remain the economic core of Easthampton. Easthampton changed its charter in 1996 to become a city; the downtown area since 1996 has attracted a small community of artists and young people migrating due to Easthampton's lower cost of living compared to nearby Northampton, a hub of the bohemian community regionally. Small stores around Main Street, Union Street, Cottage Street have changed business due to the influx of this new demographic.
This growth has produced new arts and cultural events such as the monthly Art Walk Easthampton, held each "Second Saturday", in which visual and performance artists showcase their talents at venues around the city. Easthampton is just south of the geographic center of Hampshire County, it is bordered by Southampton and Westhampton to its west, by Holyoke in Hampden County to its east and south, by Northampton to its north. It has a river boundary with Hadley to its northeast across the Connecticut River; the western flanks of Mount Tom and Mount Nonotuck form its eastern boundary. Massachusetts Route 10 passes through the center of Easthampton as Main Street and Northampton Street, leading northeast 5 miles to the center of Northampton and southwest 4 miles to Southampton. Massachusetts Route 141 leads southeast from the center of Easthampton 6 miles past Mount Tom to Holyoke. Interstate 91 and U. S. Route 5 cross the northeast tip of Easthampton near the Connecticut River, leading north to Northampton and south to Holyoke.
According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the city of Easthampton has a total area of 13.6 square miles, of which 13.3 square miles are land and 0.3 square miles, or 2.02%, are water. The Manhan River crosses Easthampton north of the city center, flowing into The Oxbow, a former channel of the Connecticut River, at the northeast end of the city. In 1797, the town was divided into four school districts. By the middle of the 19th century, the town offered over twelve small schools. Over the following century, the town began to reduce the number of small schools and to build schools suited for higher volume. In 1897, an eight-room school was constructed on Maple Street; the Maple Street School was enlarged to 16 rooms. The junior high school was consolidated here from 1950 to 1962. After 1962, this school was used for elementary classes. Mount Holyoke College graduate Sarah Chapin, the last principal of girls at Williston Seminary, became the town's first high school principal in 1864. Chapin designed the initial curriculum, served as principal until ill health in 1891.
She retired with the class of 1901 and
California State Assembly
The California State Assembly is the lower house of the California State Legislature, the upper house being the California State Senate. The Assembly convenes, along with the State Senate, at the California State Capitol in Sacramento; the Assembly consists with each member representing at least 465,000 people. Due to a combination of the state's large population and small legislature, the Assembly has the largest population-per-representative ratio of any state lower house and second largest of any legislative lower house in the United States after the federal House of Representatives. Members of the California State Assembly are referred to using the titles Assemblyman, Assemblywoman, or Assemblymember. In the current legislative session, Democrats enjoy a three-fourths supermajority of 61 seats, while Republicans controls 19 seats; the Speaker presides over the State Assembly in the chief leadership position, controlling the flow of legislation and committee assignments. The Speaker is elected by the full Assembly.
Other leaders, such as the majority and minority leaders, are elected by their respective party caucuses according to each party's strength in the chamber. The current Speaker is Democrat Anthony Rendon; the majority leader is Democrat Ian Calderon. As a result of Proposition 140 in 1990 and Proposition 28 in 2012, members elected to the Legislature prior to 2012 are restricted by term limits to three two-year terms, while those elected in or after 2012 are allowed to serve 12 years in the legislature in any combination of four-year State Senate or two-year State Assembly terms; every two years, all 80 seats in the Assembly are subject to election. This is in contrast to the State Senate, in which only half of its 40 seats are subject to election every two years; the chamber's green tones are based on the House of Commons of the United Kingdom. The dais rests along a wall shaped like an "E", with its central projection housing the rostrum. Along the cornice appears a portrait of Abraham Lincoln and a Latin quotation: legislatorum est justas leges condere.
Every decorating element is identical to the Senate Chamber. To run for the Assembly, a candidate must be a United States citizen and a registered voter in the district at the time nomination papers are issued, may not have served three terms in the State Assembly since November 6, 1990. According to Article 4, Section 2 of the California Constitution, the candidate must have one year of residency in the legislative district and California residency for three years; the chief clerk of the Assembly, a position that has existed since the Assembly's creation, is responsible for many administrative duties. The chief clerk is the custodian of all Assembly bills and records and publishes the Assembly Daily Journal, the minutes of floor sessions, as well as the Assembly Daily File; the chief clerk is the Assembly's parliamentarian, in this capacity gives advice to the presiding officer on matters of parliamentary procedure. The chief clerk is responsible for engrossing and enrolling of measures, the transmitting passed legislation to the governor.
Since 2016, the chaplain of the Assembly has been a Buddhist cleric. The chaplain from 2003 to 2016 was a Greek Orthodox priest; the position of sergeant-at-arms of the Assembly has existed since 1849. The sergeant-at-arms is tasked with law enforcement duties, but customarily has a ceremonial and protocol role. Today, some fifty employees are part of the Assembly Sergeant-at-Arms Office; the Chief Clerk, the acting Chief Sergeant-at-Arms, the Chaplains are not members of the Legislature. Elected in a special election Current committees include: Assembly Committee on Accountability and Administrative review Assembly Committee on Aging And Long-Term Care Assembly Committee on Agriculture Assembly Committee on Appropriations Assembly Committee on Arts, Sports and Internet Media Assembly Committee on Banking and Finance Assembly Committee on Budget Assembly Budget Subcommittee No. 1 on Health and Human Services Assembly Budget Subcommittee No. 2 on Education Finance Assembly Budget Subcommittee No. 3 on Resources and Transportation Assembly Budget Subcommittee No. 4 on State Administration Assembly Budget Subcommittee No. 5 on Public Safety Assembly Budget Subcommittee No. 6 on Budget Process Oversight and Program Evaluation Assembly Committee on Business and Consumer Protection Assembly Committee on Communications and Conveyance Assembly Committee on Education Assembly Committee on Elections and Redistricting Assembly Committee on Environmental Safety and Toxic Materials Assembly Committee on Governmental Organization Assembly Committee on Health Assembly Committee on Higher Education Assembly Committee on Housing and Community Development Assembly Committee on Human Services Assembly Committee on Insurance Assembly Committee on Jobs, Economic Development, the Economy Assembly Committee on Judiciary Assembly Committee on Labor and Employment Assembly Committee on Local Government Assembly Committee on Natural Resources Assembly Committee on Privacy and Consumer Protection Assembly Committee on Public Employees and Social Security Assembly Committee on Public Safety Assembly Committee on Revenue and Taxation Assembly Committee on Rules Assembly Committee on Transportation Assembly Committee on Utilities and Commerce Assembly Committee on Veterans Affairs Assembly Committ
Coro (non-profit organization)
Coro is an American non-partisan, non-profit organization best known for its fellowship program dedicated to teaching skills useful in leadership in public affairs to young adults. The organization was founded in San Francisco in 1942 by W. Donald Fletcher, an attorney, Van Duyn Dodge, an investment counselor, their premise was based on the realization that, unlike law, business or medicine, post graduate training in the area of leadership was non existent, they wanted to train young veterans in the leadership skills necessary to assure that our democratic system of government could more meet the needs of its citizens. Contrary to the assumption that "Coro" refers to the word "core," the name is a nonce word created to represent "both discovery and exploration." The Coro Fellows Program in Public Affairs, the organization's premier fellowship, is a full-time, nine month, graduate-level experiential leadership training program that prepares diverse and committed individuals for effective and ethical leadership in the public affairs arena.
Unconventional by traditional academic standards, the Fellows Program is rigorous and demanding, aiming toward personal and professional growth. The Fellows Program is offered in Los Angeles, New York, San Francisco and St. Louis. Coro introduces program participants to all aspects of the public affairs arena, preparing them to translate their ideals into action for improving their own communities and beyond; the fellowship comprises field placements, group interviews, focus weeks, individual and group projects. Sixty Fellows are chosen nationally each year through a competitive selection process, including a day-long assessment at each center's city; the Fellows represent a broad range of academic, cultural and economic backgrounds and interests. What they share is an unwavering commitment to civic engagement. Recent participants have ranged from 21 to 53 years of age; the Coro Exploring Leadership Program is offered in multiple cities, including Oakland, New York, San Francisco. Launched in 1998, Exploring Leadership is a full-time summer and part-time academic year program that prepares high school juniors for opportunities in the 21st century workforce and higher education by engaging them to become active citizens and to improve their communities.
Each Coro location has developed a variety of full and part-time and regionally based programs aimed at leadership training. The Neighborhood Leadership Programs at Coro Southern California, the Coro Leadership Center – St Louis, Coro Pittsburgh works with emerging and established leaders in specific geographic neighborhood. Program participants identify local issues in their community and work with Coro trainers to develop and carry out innovative and proactive solutions; the Public Allies program at the Coro Center for Civic Leadership advances the skills and experience of diverse young leaders as they strengthen communities and civic participation. Program participants complete a 10-month apprenticeship at a nonprofit organization while undergoing leadership training and completing a team service project; the Women in Leadership program at the Coro Center for Civic Leadership Pittsburgh and at FOCUS St. Louis provides an opportunity for women to refine their personal and professional management leadership skills in order to increase their effectiveness as leaders in the Pittsburgh and St. Louis metropolitan areas.
Cleveland Executive Fellowship - A Coro Program funded by the Cleveland Foundation is a full-time one-year, immersion fellowship to develop individuals who can serve as Northeast Ohio's future leaders. Coro National and the Cleveland Foundation launched the fellowship with the ultimate goal of creating a pipeline of civic leaders who can problem solve across traditional boundaries, work with diverse communities and make the civic arena work through networks and collaboration. Leadership New York at the Coro New York Leadership Center and Leadership Southern California at Coro Southern California are executive-level programs conducted in partnership with local organizations in each city; these mid-career professionals come together to examine and address the most pressing regional issues in their communities. Coro New York Leadership Center conducts Immigrant Civic Leadership Program which strengthens the ability of leaders in immigrant communities to mobilize immigrant participation in key decision-making processes.
The Coro Community Leadership Program offers working professionals and active retirees the opportunity to strengthen their leadership skills, network with a diverse group of Bay Area leaders, learn about and contribute to community and civic leadership in the Bay Area. The Emerging Leaders in Public Affairs program at the Coro Center for Civic Leadership is aimed at positioning participants for increased involvement in the electoral process as ethical and effective candidates, campaign staffers, board members, appointees and/or community advocates. Coro Southern California's Health Leadership Program “HLP” is a premier leadership training experience that uses collaborative approaches to prepare a multi-cultural, professionally diverse group of professionals dedicated to improving the quality and accessibility of healthcare in Los Angeles County. Coro Center for Civic Leadership's Regional Internship Center strives to increase the number of organizations in Southwestern Pennsylvania offering internships by working with employers to develop programs and connect them with potential interns.
In addition to San Francisco, centers under the Coro umbrella exist in Los Angeles, St. Louis, Kansas City, New York, Pittsburgh. In 2005, Coro partnered with the Cleveland Foundation to establish a
Davis, known prior to 1907 as Davisville, is a city in the U. S. state of California and the most populous city in Yolo County. It had a population of 65,622 in 2010, not including the on-campus population of the University of California, over 9,400 in 2016; as of 2016, there were 35,186 students enrolled at the university. Davis grew into a Southern Pacific Railroad depot built in 1868, it was known as "Davisville", named after Jerome C. Davis, a prominent local farmer. However, the post office at Davisville shortened the town name to "Davis" in 1907; the name stuck, the city of Davis was incorporated on March 28, 1917. From its inception as a farming community, Davis has been known for its contributions to agricultural policy along with veterinary care and animal husbandry. Following the passage of the University Farm Bill in 1905 by the California State Legislature, Governor George Pardee selected Davis out of 50 other sites as the future home to the University of California's University Farm opening to students in 1908.
The farm renamed the Northern Branch of the College of Agriculture in 1922, was upgraded to become the seventh UC general campus, the University of California, Davis, in 1959. Davis is located in Yolo County, California, 11 mi west of Sacramento, 70 mi northeast of San Francisco, 385 mi north of Los Angeles, at the intersection of Interstate 80 and State Route 113. Neighboring towns include Dixon, Winters and West Sacramento. Davis lies in the Sacramento Valley, the northern portion of the Central Valley, in Northern California, at an elevation of about 52 feet above sea level. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.5 square miles. 10.4 square miles of it is land and 0.04 square miles of it is water. The topography is flat; the Davis climate resembles that of nearby Sacramento and is typical of California's Central Valley Mediterranean climate region: warm and dry in the spring and autumn, cool and wet in the winter. It is classified as a Köppen Csa climate.
Summer days are hot, ranging from 85 °F to 105 °F, but the nights turn pleasantly cool always dropping below 70 °F. The Delta Breeze, a flow of cool marine air originating from the Pacific Ocean via San Francisco Bay and the Sacramento–San Joaquin River Delta provides relief in the evening. Winter temperatures reach between 45 °F and 65 °F in the afternoon. Average temperatures range from 46 °F in January to 75 °F in July and August. Thick ground fog called tule fog settles into Davis during late winter; this fog can be dense with visibility nearly zero. As in other areas of northern California, the tule fog is a leading cause of road accidents in the winter season. Mean rainfall per annum is about 20 inches; the bulk of rain occurs between about mid-November to mid-March, with no precipitation falling from mid-June to mid-September. Record temperatures range from a high of 116 °F on July 17, 1925, to a low of 12 °F on December 11, 1932. Davis is internally divided by two freeways, a north–south railroad, an east-west mainline and several major streets.
The city is unofficially divided into six main districts made up of smaller neighborhoods: Central Davis, north of Fifth Street and Russell Boulevard, south of Covell Blvd. East of SR 113, west of the railroad tracks running along G Street. Within these boundaries is the denoted neighborhood of Old North Davis, sometimes considered part of Downtown. Downtown Davis the numbered-and-lettered grid north of I-80, south of Fifth Street, east of A Street, west of the railroad tracks, including the Aggie Village and Olive Drive areas. East Davis, north of I-80, south of east of the railroad tracks, it includes the older,'inner' East Davis of lettered streets and neighborhoods such as Davis Manor and Rancho Yolo, as well as more distinctly identified subdivisions such as Mace Ranch, Lake Alhambra Estates, Wildhorse. North Davis, north of Covell Blvd. North Davis includes Covell Park, Senda Nueva and North Davis Farms. South Davis, south of I-80, includes Willowbank. El Macero, although outside the city limits, is sometimes considered part of South Davis.
West Davis, north of I-80 and west of SR 113. West Davis includes Westwood, Aspen and the eco-friendly Village Homes development, known for its solar-powered houses. Davis in 1984 claimed to be America's First Solar City Babcock Ranch 34 years makes the false claim; the University of California, Davis is located south of Russell Boulevard and west of A Street and south of 1st Street. The land occupied by the university is not incorporated within the boundaries of the city of Davis and lies within both Yolo and Solano Counties. Local energy planning began in Davis after the energy crisis of 1973. A new building code promoted energy efficiency. Energy use in buildings decreased and in 1981 Davis citizens won a $100,000 prize from utility PG&E, for cutting e
Cable-Satellite Public Affairs Network is an American cable and satellite television network, created in 1979 by the cable television industry as a nonprofit public service. It televises many proceedings of the United States federal government, as well as other public affairs programming; the C-SPAN network includes the television channels C-SPAN, C-SPAN2, C-SPAN3, the radio station WCSP-FM, a group of websites which provide streaming media and archives of C-SPAN programs. C-SPAN's television channels are available to 100 million cable and satellite households within the United States, while WCSP-FM is broadcast on FM radio in Washington, D. C. and is available throughout the U. S. on SiriusXM via Internet streaming, globally through apps for iOS, BlackBerry, Android devices. The network televises U. S. political events live and "gavel-to-gavel" coverage of the U. S. Congress, as well as occasional proceedings of the Canadian and British Parliaments and other major events worldwide, its coverage of political and policy events is unmoderated, providing the audience with unfiltered information about politics and government.
Non-political coverage includes historical programming, programs dedicated to non-fiction books, interview programs with noteworthy individuals associated with public policy. C-SPAN is a private, non-profit organization funded by its cable and satellite affiliates, it does not have advertisements on any of its networks, radio stations, or websites, nor does it solicit donations or pledges; the network operates independently, neither the cable industry nor Congress has control of its programming content. Brian Lamb, C-SPAN's chairman and former chief executive officer, first conceived the concept of C-SPAN in 1975 while working as the Washington, D. C. bureau chief of the cable industry trade magazine Cablevision. It was a time of rapid growth in the number of cable television channels available in the United States, Lamb envisioned a cable-industry financed nonprofit network for televising sessions of the U. S. Congress and other public affairs event and policy discussions. Lamb shared his idea with several cable executives.
Among them were Bob Rosencrans, who provided $25,000 of initial funding in 1979, John D. Evans, who provided the wiring and access to the headend needed for the distribution of the C-SPAN signal. C-SPAN was launched on March 19, 1979, in time for the first televised session made available by the House of Representatives, beginning with a speech by then-Tennessee representative Al Gore. Upon its debut, only 3.5 million homes were wired for C-SPAN, the network had just three employees. The second C-SPAN channel, C-SPAN2, followed on June 2, 1986 when the U. S. Senate permitted itself to be televised. C-SPAN3, the most recent expansion channel, began full-time operations on January 22, 2001, shows other public policy and government-related live events on weekdays along with weekend historical programming. C-SPAN3 is the successor of a digital channel called C-SPAN Extra, launched in the Washington D. C. area in 1997, televised live and recorded political events from 9:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. Eastern Time Monday through Friday.
C-SPAN Radio began operations on October 9, 1997, covering similar events as the television networks and simulcasting their programming. The station broadcasts on WCSP in Washington, D. C. is available on XM Satellite Radio channel 120 and is streamed live at c-span.org. It was available on Sirius Satellite Radio from 2002 to 2006. Lamb semi-retired in March 2012, coinciding with the channel's 33rd anniversary, gave executive control of the network to his two lieutenants, Rob Kennedy and Susan Swain. On January 12, 2017, the online feed for C-SPAN1 was interrupted and replaced by a feed from the Russian television network RT America for 10 minutes. C-SPAN announced that they were troubleshooting the incident and were "operating under the assumption that it was an internal routing issue." C-SPAN celebrated its 10th anniversary in 1989 with a three-hour retrospective, featuring Lamb recalling the development of the network. The 15th anniversary was commemorated in an unconventional manner as the network facilitated a series of re-enactments of the seven historic Lincoln-Douglas debates of 1858, which were televised from August to October 1994, have been rebroadcast from time to time since.
Five years the series American presidents: Life Portraits, which won a Peabody Award, served as a year-long observation of C-SPAN's 20th anniversary. In 2004, C-SPAN celebrated its 25th anniversary, by which time the flagship network was viewed in 86 million homes, C-SPAN2 was in 70 million homes and C-SPAN3 was in eight million homes. On the anniversary date, C-SPAN repeated the first televised hour of floor debate in the House of Representatives from 1979 and, throughout the month, 25th anniversary features included "then and now" segments with journalists who had appeared on C-SPAN during its early years. Included in the 25th anniversary was an essay contest for viewers to write in about how C-SPAN has influenced their life regarding community service. For example, one essay contest winner wrote about how C-SPAN's non-fiction book programming serves as a resource in his charitable mission to record non-fiction audio books for people who are blind. To commemorate 25 years of taking viewer telephone calls, in 2005, C-SPAN had a 25-hour "call-in marathon", from 8:00 pm.
Eastern Time on Friday, October 7, concluding at 9:00 pm. Eastern Time on Saturday, October 8; the network had a viewer essay contest, the winner of, invited to co-host an hour of the broadcast from C-SPAN's Capitol
Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee
The Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee is the Democratic Hill committee for the United States House of Representatives, working to elect Democrats to that body and discourage primary challengers. The DCCC recruits candidates, raises funds, organizes races in districts that are expected to yield politically notable or close elections; the structure of the committee consists of the Chairperson, their staff, other Democratic members of Congress that serve in roles supporting the functions of the committee. The Chairperson of the DCCC is the fifth-ranking position among House Democrats, after the Minority Leader, the Minority Whip, the House Assistant Democratic Leader and the Democratic Caucus Chairperson; the current chair is Cheri Bustos of Illinois, who assumed the position in 2019. The DCCC originated in 1866 as the Democratic National Congressional Committee. Due to the reform of campaign finance legislation that took effect in the 2004 election cycle, the DCCC splits into two organizations a few months before each Election Day: One organization can continue to stay in contact with the individual congressional campaigns, offering advice and suggestions to candidates and their staffs in each race.
The other organization, which makes independent expenditures in congressional districts on behalf of the campaigns, is not allowed to coordinate activities with the campaigns. In recent elections, the DCCC has played an expansive role in supporting Democratic candidates with independently produced television ads and mail pieces. Rahm Emanuel assumed the position of DCCC committee chair after the death of the previous chair, Bob Matsui, at the end of the 2004 election cycle. Emanuel led the Democratic Party's effort to capture the majority in the House of Representatives in the 2006 elections. After Emanuel's election as chairman of the Democratic Caucus, Chris Van Hollen became committee chair for the 110th Congress, thus for the 2008 elections, he continued through the 2010 elections. For the 2014 election cycle, Democratic Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi appointed congressman Ben Ray Luján to serve as the committee's chair. In August 2014, the DCCC said it had 444 field staff working in 48 states and planned to add 219 more by the end of August as part of its efforts to manage an expanded ground game across the nation for the 2014 midterm elections.
Controversy arose after the DCCC issued press releases on June 29 and July 2, 2012 which claimed that funds from which Sheldon Adelson, a Las Vegas casino owner, donated to the Republican Party come in part from "Chinese prostitution money". The press releases were repeating allegations from one of Adelson's former employees who filed a lawsuit and alleged that Adelson "approved of prostitution at a casino in Macau"; the DCCC repeated the charges in press releases that attacked Republicans Jim Renacci, Scott DesJarlais, Jim Gerlach. Adelson fought back against the claims, which he called "outrageous", filed a brief threatening a libel suit against the DCCC which demanded that the "DCCC retract the claims, apologize for them, retain any documents associated with them in preparation for a potential lawsuit". Politifact, a nonpartisan fact checking organization, rated the DCCC's claims as "pants on fire", saying that the DCCC "seized upon questionable claim and exaggerated it to taint all of Adelson's political donations with prostitution earnings" and carried "that on down a convoluted line to Scott DesJarlais and talk about "his Chinese prostitution money"".
On August 2, 2012, under immense pressure from Adelson's right wing propaganda machine, including daily coordinated disinformation on Fox News, talk radio and Senate Republicans, the RNC, the DCCC issued a public apology, saying: In press statements issued on June 29 and July 2, 2012, the DCCC made unsubstantiated allegations that attacked Sheldon Adelson, a supporter of the opposing party. This was wrong; the statements were untrue and unfair and we retract them. The DCCC extends its sincere apology to his family for any injury we have caused. In July 2016, the DCCC said. Subsequently, a person described as a hacker and known as "Guccifer 2.0" released documents and information that were obtained from the cyberattack on the DCCC. Despite the DCCC's funding opposition research and spending $20,000 against activist writer Laura Moser, she reached the May 22, 2018 runoff with 24.3% of the vote after attorney Lizzie Pannill Fletcher's 29.3% in the seven-candidate primary in the 7th Texas Congressional District.
Tom Perez, who became the chair of the Democratic National Committee after the firing of Debbie Wasserman Schultz in 2016, broke ranks and criticized the DCCC's opposition to Moser. In the run-up to the 2020 United States House of Representatives elections, the DCCC announced a policy to blacklist any vendors who worked with Democratic challengers to sitting Congresspeople. Of the four congressional campaign committees, the DCCC, with a staff of 25, has the largest in-house research department. In a February 2012 profile of the department, Roll Call wrote that "The DCCC's team of 20-somethings researches opposition targets for eight weeks at a time, scouring news clips and YouTube videos and traveling across the country to comb through public records, all in hopes of finding a good hit. Discoveries go into hundred-page research books on their targets that are used as bait to recruit candidates, leaked to reporters or cited i
Akin Gump Strauss Hauer & Feld
Akin Gump Strauss Hauer & Feld LLP, headquartered in Washington, D. C. is an American international law firm and the largest lobbying firm in the United States by revenue. With more than 900 attorneys, the firm has offices in Dallas, Washington, D. C. San Antonio, Irvine, Fort Worth, New York, Philadelphia, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Hong Kong, Abu Dhabi, Frankfurt and Hartford. Akin Gump is considered to be among the most profitable and prestigious firms in the nation and has been ranked as among the top law firms in the United States by The American Lawyer; the firm is known for its representation of high-profile clients. With regard to compensation, Akin Gump is ranked by associates as one of the top 10 highest-paying law firms in the country; the firm was founded in Texas, in 1945 by Robert Strauss and Richard Gump. It maintains a large presence in Texas with a total of five offices in the state. In early September 1950, Strauss and Gump added Irving Goldberg and William P. Fonville to the firm, renamed Goldberg, Gump & Strauss.
In 1963, Jack Hauer left a competitor to join the firm, which became known as Goldberg, Gump, Strauss & Hauer. Goldberg left the firm in 1966 to accept a federal judgeship on the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit, he was replaced by Henry Akin. Fonville’s departure—and the ascent to named partner status of Alan Feld, who had joined the firm in 1960—gave the firm the name it bears. In 2012, the firm's partnership elected Kim Koopersmith to serve as the firm's chairperson, she succeeded R. Bruce McLean, who had helmed the firm for 20 years and became the first woman to chair the firm and one of the few women up to that time to head an Am Law 50 law firm. In 2013, Akin Gump adopted a "single tier" partnership structure, in which all partners have equity, abandoning the more popular "two tier" structure in which many partners have no equity interest. In 2017, Akin Gump hired its first chief diversity and inclusion officer, Michele Meyer-Shipp, who joined the firm from Prudential Financial.
According to the Center for Responsive Politics, Akin Gump was one of the top law firms contributing to federal candidates during the 2012 election cycle, donating $2.56 million, 66% to Democrats. By comparison, during that same period Kirkland & Ellis donated $2.49 million, 59% to Republicans, while oil conglomerate ExxonMobil donated $2.66 million, 88% to Republicans. Since 1990, Akin Gump has contributed $19.84 million to federal candidates, since 2003 has spent $8 million on lobbying. The firm's clients includes the governments of Japan, South Korea, the Maldives, Nicaragua. Paul Manafort, a central figure in the 2017 Special Counsel investigation, was being represented by Melissa Laurenza, a partner of the firm. Melissa Laurenza's role in the Russian investigation centers from her representation of Manafort; the United States Office of Special Counsel compelled Melissa Laurenza to testify in the case. In October 2017, "New York University law professor Stephen Gillers said the judge was persuaded that there was significant evidence Manafort and Gates had duped their lawyer into sending inaccurate letters to Justice about their lobbying efforts and about what emails might exist about the work."
In 2018, the firm was again selected for The American Lawyer's A-List, the annual ranking of the country's 20 leading law firms. 2017 marked the firm's 15th appearance on Corporate Board Member's list of the nation's top 20 corporate law firms. In 2018, for the 10th year out of the last 11, Akin Gump was named to The National Law Journal's "Appellate Hot List" of firms that " big in federal and state appeals courts across the country." Yale Law Women, the largest student organization at Yale Law School, named Akin Gump to its 2007 list of Top 10 Family Friendly Firms. In October 2017, the Minority Corporate Counsel Association presented Akin Gump with the Thomas L. Sager Award in recognition of the firm's "sustained commitment to improving the hiring and promotion of diverse attorneys." In 2017, for the 11th year in a row, Akin Gump received a perfect score on the Human Rights Campaign's Corporate Equality Index, which rates employers on their treatment of gay, lesbian and transgender employees and investors.
Chambers & Partners ranks the firm as top tier in 11 areas of practice around the globe including in bankruptcy/restructuring/insolvency, capital markets: debt, government relations and Native American law. Victor H. Fazio, former U. S. Representative from California Ileana Ros-Lehtinen, former U. S. Representative from Florida Lamar Smith, former U. S. Representative from Texas Vernon Jordan Jr. former adviser to President Bill Clinton John E. Sununu, former U. S. Senator from New Hampshire Al From and former CEO of the Democratic Leadership Council Dario Frommer, former majority leader of the California State Assembly Lincoln P. Bloomfield, Jr. former Assistant Secretary of State for Political-Military Affairs Tommy Thompson, former governor of Wisconsin Joe Donnelly, former U. S. Senator from Indiana George P. Bush, Commissioner of the Texas General Land Office Joaquín Castro, U. S. Representative, Texas' 20th Congressional District Julián Castro, former San Antonio mayor, former U. S. Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, candidate for 2020 Democratic presidential nomination Antonio Delgado, U.
S. Representative from New York John M. Dowd, former U. S. Attorney, wrote Dowd Report and legal advisor to President Donald Trump Ben Fountain, award-winning fiction writer Savannah Guthrie, co-anchor, The Today Show Kay Hagan, former U. S. Senator from North Carolina Ken Mehlman, f