Vickers Model 1931

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Vickers Model 1931
VickersModel1931.JPG
75mm Vickers antiaircraft gun model 1936/39 displayed in "King Ferdinand" National Military Museum, Bucharest
TypeAnti-aircraft gun
Place of originUnited Kingdom
Service history
In service1937–1950?
Used bySee users section
WarsWorld War II
Production history
DesignerVickers
ManufacturerVickers
Reșița
Produced1931–39?
Specifications
Mass2,825 kg (6,228 lb)
Barrel length3.225 m (10 ft 7 in) L/43

Shell75 x 495mm R[1]
Shell weight6.5 kg (14 lb 5 oz) (HE)
Caliber75 mm (3 in)
CarriageCruciform
Elevation0° to +90°
Traverse360°
Rate of fire12 rpm
Muzzle velocity750 m/s (2,500 ft/s)
Effective firing range5 km (3.1 mi) slant range
Maximum firing range10 km (33,000 ft) ceiling
Bungescu M1938 Fire-control system, used for the Romanian-made guns

The Vickers Model 1931 was a British anti-aircraft gun used during the Second World War. The design was rejected by the British and Vickers exported the gun worldwide during the 1930s. Romania bought a license for 100 in 1936, although hundred more were built during the war;[2] the second batch of 100 pieces was started in July 1941,[3] the production rate being of 5 pieces per month as of October 1942.[4] Denmark also bought a license. Belgium, the Netherlands, Lithuania, Turkey, Switzerland and China bought numbers of guns directly from Vickers. Finland bought a dozen to help reduce balance of payment problems with the British in 1936; the Finnish guns were chambered in their standard 76.2 mm (3 in) caliber.[5] Those weapons captured after the German conquest of Europe were taken into Wehrmacht service as the 7.5 cm Flak M 35(h) or 7.5 cm Flak M 35(d). Similarly the Soviet Union used those guns it captured from Lithuania. Supposedly it saw limited British service with Home Defense "barrage units" 1940—43.[6]

The cruciform carriage had two pneumatic or solid rubber wheels that were removable. Two legs locked together for transport and the barrel was secured to them; the other two legs folded in half and were elevated almost vertically into the air (see the Romanian reference to see exactly how it looked).[7]

Users[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "75-77 MM CALIBRE CARTRIDGES". www.quarryhs.co.uk. Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  2. ^ Axworthy, p. 30
  3. ^ Axworthy, p. 30
  4. ^ Axworthy, p. 75
  5. ^ "ANTIAIRCRAFT GUNS PART 3: Heavy Guns". 23 September 2007. Retrieved 22 May 2009.
  6. ^ Gander and Chamberlain, p. 163
  7. ^ "75mm Vickers antiaircraft gun model 1936/39". Retrieved 22 May 2009.

References[edit]

  • Axworthy, Mark; Scafes, Cornel; Craciunoiu, Cristian (1995). Third Axis, Fourth Ally: Romanian Armed Forces in the European War, 1941-1945. London: Arms and Armour. ISBN 1-85409-267-7.
  • Gander, Terry; Chamberlain, Peter (1979). Weapons of the Third Reich: An Encyclopedic Survey of All Small Arms, Artillery and Special Weapons of the German Land Forces 1939-1945. New York: Doubleday. ISBN 0-385-15090-3.

External links[edit]