Jonathan Pryce is a Welsh actor and singer. After studying at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art and meeting his longtime girlfriend, English actress Kate Fahy, in 1974, he began his career as a stage actor in the 1970s, his work in theatre, including an award-winning performance in the title role of the Royal Court Theatre's Hamlet, led to several supporting roles in film and television. His breakthrough screen performance was in Terry Gilliam's 1985 cult film Brazil. Critically lauded for his versatility, Pryce has participated in big-budget films including Evita, Tomorrow Never Dies, Pirates of the Caribbean as well as independent films including Glengarry Glen Ross, The Age of Innocence, The New World, The Wife, his career in theatre has been prolific, he has won two Tony Awards—the first in 1977 for his Broadway debut in Comedians, the second for his 1991 role as The Engineer in the musical Miss Saigon. In 2015, Pryce was a guest actor in the HBO series Game of Thrones as the High Sparrow before becoming a main cast member in 2016.
Since early 2017, he stars in the series Taboo. Born John Price in Carmel, Flintshire, he is the son of Margaret Ellen and Isaac Price, a former coal miner who, along with his wife, ran a small general grocery shop. Pryce has two older sisters, he was educated at Holywell Grammar School, and, at the age of 16, he went to art college and started training to be a teacher at Edge Hill College in Ormskirk. While studying, he took part in a college theatre production. An impressed tutor suggested he should become an actor and, on Pryce's behalf, applied to the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art for an application form; when he joined Equity he used Jonathan Pryce as his stage name because Equity will only have one actor with any particular name on its books. While at RADA Pryce worked as a door-to-door salesman of velvet paintings. Pryce was part of a'new wave' of actors to emerge from the Academy. Others included Bruce Payne, Juliet Stevenson, Alan Rickman, Anton Lesser, Kenneth Branagh and Fiona Shaw. Despite finding RADA "straight-laced", being told by his tutor that he could never aspire to do more than playing villains on Z-Cars, when he graduated he joined the Everyman Theatre Liverpool Company becoming the theatre's Artistic Director and went on to perform with the Royal Shakespeare Company and at the Nottingham Playhouse.
To gain his Equity card to work in Liverpool, he made his first screen appearance in a minor role on a 1972 episode of the British science fiction programme Doomwatch, called "Fire & Brimstone". He starred in two television films, both directed by Stephen Frears, Daft as a Brush and Playthings. After the Everyman, Pryce joined the director Sir Richard Eyre at the Nottingham Playhouse and starred in the Trevor Griffiths play Comedians in a role specially written for his talents, Gethin Price; the production transferred to London's Old Vic Theatre and in 1976 he reprised the role on Broadway, this time directed by Mike Nichols, for which he won the 1977 Tony Award for Best Featured Actor in a Play, his first Tony Award. It was around this time that he appeared in his first movie role, playing the character Joseph Manasse in the film drama Voyage of the Damned, starring Faye Dunaway, he did not, abandon the stage, appearing from 1978 to 1979 in the Royal Shakespeare Company's productions of The Taming of the Shrew as Petruchio, Antony and Cleopatra as Octavius Caesar.
In 1980, his performance in the title role of Hamlet at the Royal Court Theatre won him an Olivier Award, was acclaimed by some critics as the definitive Hamlet of his generation. That year, Pryce had a small but pivotal role as Zarniwoop in the 12th episode of the Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy radio series, one that he reprised for the Quintessential Phase, broadcast in 2005. In his original role as Zarniwoop, Pryce's character questions the "ruler of the Universe", a solipsist, chosen to rule arguably because of either his inherent manipulability, or immunity therefrom, on his philosophical opinions. Around the same time, in 1980, he appeared in the film Breaking Glass. In 1983, Pryce played the role of the sinister Mr. Dark in Something Wicked This Way Comes, based on the Ray Bradbury novel of the same title. After appearing in films, such as the Ian McEwan-scripted The Ploughman's Lunch, Martin Luther, Heretic, he achieved a breakthrough with his role as the subdued protagonist Sam Lowry in the Terry Gilliam film, Brazil.
After Brazil, Pryce appeared in the historical thriller The Doctor and the Devils and in the Gene Wilder-directed film Haunted Honeymoon. During this period of his life, Pryce continued to perform on stage, gained particular notice as the successful but self-doubting writer Trigorin in a London production of Anton Chekhov's The Seagull in late 1985. From 1986 to 1987 Pryce played the lead part in the Royal Shakespeare Company's production of Macbeth, which starred Sinéad Cusack as Lady Macbeth. In 1986 he starred in the film Jumpin' Jack Flash. Pryce worked once again with Gilliam in The Adventures of Baron Munchausen, playing "The Right Ordinary Horatio Jackson"; the film was a notorious financial fiasco, with production costing more than $40 million, when the original budget was $23.5 million. The following year Pryce appeared in three of the earliest episodes of the improvisation show Whose Line Is It Anyway?, alongside Paul Merton and John Sessions, in Uncle Vanya, again a play by Chekhov, at the Vaudeville Theatre.
After a series of major dramatic roles on stage, including V
Princess Alice of the United Kingdom
Princess Alice of the United Kingdom, Grand Duchess of Hesse and by Rhine, was the Grand Duchess of Hesse and by Rhine from 1877-1878. She was the third child and second daughter of Prince Albert. Alice was the first of Queen Victoria's nine children to die, one of three to be outlived by their mother, who died in 1901. Alice spent her early childhood in the company of her parents and siblings, travelling between the British royal residences, her education was devised by Albert's close friend and adviser, Baron Stockmar, included practical activities like needlework and woodwork and languages like French and German. When her father, Prince Albert, became fatally ill in December 1861, Alice nursed him until his death. Following his death, Queen Victoria entered a period of intense mourning and Alice spent the next six months acting as her mother's unofficial secretary. On 1 July 1862, while the court was still at the height of mourning, Alice married the minor German Prince Louis of Hesse, heir to the Grand Duchy of Hesse.
The ceremony—conducted and with unrelieved gloom at Osborne House—was described by the Queen as "more of a funeral than a wedding". The Princess's life in Darmstadt was unhappy as a result of impoverishment, family tragedy and worsening relations with her husband and mother. Alice was a prolific patron of women's causes and showed an interest in nursing the work of Florence Nightingale; when Hesse became involved in the Austro-Prussian War, Darmstadt filled with the injured. One of her organisations, the Princess Alice Women's Guild, took over much of the day-to-day running of the state's military hospitals; as a result of this activity, Queen Victoria became concerned about Alice's directness about medical and, in particular, matters. In 1871, she wrote to Alice's younger sister, Princess Louise, who had married: "Don't let Alice pump you. Be silent and cautious about your'interior'". In 1877, Alice became Grand Duchess upon the accession of her husband, her increased duties putting further strains on her health.
In late 1878, diphtheria infected the Hessian court. Alice nursed her family for over a month before dying late that year. Princess Alice was the mother of Tsaritsa Alexandra Feodorovna of Russia, maternal grandmother of Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma, maternal great-grandmother of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. Another daughter, who married Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich of Russia, like the tsaritsa and her family, killed by the Bolsheviks in 1918. Alice was born on 25 April 1843 at Buckingham Palace in London, she was the second daughter and third child of Queen Victoria, her husband Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. She was christened "Alice Maud Mary" in the private chapel at Buckingham Palace by The Archbishop of Canterbury, William Howley, on 2 June 1843. "Maud", the Anglo-Saxon name for Matilda, was chosen in honour of one of Alice's godparents, Princess Sophia Matilda of Gloucester, a niece of King George III. "Mary" was chosen because Alice was born on the same day as her maternal great-aunt, the Duchess of Gloucester.
Her gender was greeted with mixed feelings from the public, the Privy Council sent a message to Albert expressing its "congratulation and condolence" on the birth of a second daughter. Her godparents were the King of Hanover, the Princess of Hohenlohe-Langenburg, the Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Princess Sophia Matilda of Gloucester. Alice's birth prompted her parents to find a larger family home. Buckingham Palace was not equipped with the private apartments that Victoria's growing family needed, including suitable nurseries. Therefore, in 1844, Victoria and Albert purchased Osborne House on the Isle of Wight as a family holiday home. Alice's education was devised by his close friend, Baron Stockmar. At Osborne and her siblings were taught practical skills such as housekeeping, cooking and carpentry, as well as daily lessons in English and German. Victoria and Albert favoured a monarchy based on family values. Alice was fascinated with the world outside the Royal Household. On one occasion, she escaped from her governess at the chapel at Windsor Castle and sat in a public pew, so she could better understand people who were not strict adherents to royal protocol.
In 1854, during the Crimean War, the eleven-year-old Alice toured London hospitals for wounded soldiers with her mother and her eldest sister. She was the most sensitive of her siblings and was sympathetic to other people's burdens, possessing a sharp tongue and an triggered temper. In her childhood, Alice formed a close relationship with her brother, the Prince of Wales, her eldest sister, The Princess Royal. Victoria's marriage to Prince Frederick of Prussia in 1858 upset her. Alice's compassion for other people's suffering established her role as the family caregiver in 1861, her maternal grandmother Victoria, Duchess of Kent, died at Frogmore on 16 March 1861. Alice had spent much of her time at her grandmother's side played the piano for her in Frogmore's draw
1838 Coronation Honours
The 1838 Coronation Honours were appointments by Queen Victoria to various orders and honours on the occasion of her coronation on 28 June 1838. The honours were published in The London Gazette on 20 July and 24 July 1838; the recipients of honours are displayed here as they were styled before their new honour, arranged by honour, with classes and divisions as appropriate. Major Edward Alexander Campbell of the Bengal Cavalry Duncan MacDougall, late Lieutenant-Colonel of the 79th Regiment of Highlanders, Knight Commander of the Royal and Military Order of St. Ferdinand Major-General Jeffrey Prendergast, of the Honourable East India Company's Service Major Henry Bayly, Knight of the Royal Hanoverian Guelphic Order Major William Lloyd, of the Honourable East India Company's Service Charles Shaw, Knight Commander of the Royal Portuguese Military Order of the Tower and Sword, Knight Commander of the Spanish Military Order of San Fernando Charles Frederick Williams, of Lennox lodge, Hants. and Upper Bedford-place, in the county of Middlesex Edward Johnson, of Greenhill, Weymouth, in the county of Dorset, of the Royal and Distinguished Order of Charles the Third of Spain John Kirkland, of Hampton and Pall-mall, in the county of Middlesex William Newbigging of Edinburgh William Hyde Pearson of Clapham, in the county of Surrey Admiral Sir William Sidney Smith Lieutenant-General Sir John Lambert Lieutenant-General the Honourable Sir Robert William O'Callaghan Major-General Sir Alexander Dickson Major-General Sir Alexander Caldwell of the Bengal Army and East India Company Major-General Sir James Law Lushington of the Madras Army and East India Company Archibald, Earl of Gosford Lord George William Russell, Her Majesty's Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to His Majesty the King of Prussia Charles Augustus Lord Howard de Walden, Her Majesty's Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Her Most Faithful Majesty Richard Jenkins, of the East India Company's Civil Service ArmyAdmiral John Lawford Major-General Andrew Pilkington Major-General John Gardiner Major-General Sir Arthur Benjamin Clifton Major-General Lord Greenock Major-General Sir Willoughby Cotton Major-General Sir John George Woodford Major-General Sir Patrick Lindesay Major-General Charles James Napier Major-General Sir Evan John Murray MacGregor Major-General Edward Gibbs Major-General George Thomas Napier Major-General the Honourable Hercules R. Pakenham Major-General Sir John Thomas Jones Major-General Sir John Harvey Major-General Sir Leonard Greenwell Major-General Sir Robert Henry Dick Major-General Sir Neil Douglas Rear-Admiral Sir John Acworth Ommanney Major-General Alexander Cameron Major-General John Fox Burgoyne East India CompanyMajor-General John Rose of the Bengal Infantry Major-General Thomas Corsellis of the Bombay Infantry Major-General William Richards of the Bengal Infantry Major-General Thomas Whitehead of the Bengal Infantry Major-General John Doveton of the Madras Cavalry Major-General David Foulis of the Madras Cavalry Major-General Sir Thomas Anburey of the Bengal Engineers Royal NavyCaptain Sir Edward Thomas Troubridge Captain Cuthbert Featherstone Daly Captain Edward Pelham Brenton Captain Richard Arthur Captain James Andrew Worthy Captain Robert Morgan George Festing Captain Barrington Reynolds Captain Robert MaunsellArmyColonel William Wood, 41st foot Colonel William Warre.
Unattached Colonel George C. D'Aguilar, Deputy Adjutant-General in Ireland Colonel Henry Sullivan, 6th Foot Colonel Stephen A. Goodman, 48th Foot Colonel Edward Wynyard, unattached Colonel George Brown, Rifle Brigade Colonel Charles Edward Conyers, Inspecting Field Officer Colonel James Allan, 57th Foot Colonel David Forbes, 78th Foot Colonel Henry Adolphus Proctor, 6th Foot Colonel Edward Parkinson, 11th Foot Colonel Thomas Francis Wade, Unattached Colonel Richard Egerton, Unattached Colonel William Chalmers, 57th Foot Colonel Chatham Horace Churchill, 31st Foot, Quartermaster-General in India Colonel James Grant, 23d Foot Colonel Thomas William Taylor, Lieutenant-Governor, Royal Military College Colonel John Morillyon Wilson, 77th Foot Colonel Thomas Willshire, 2nd Foot Colonel Henry Oglander, 26th Foot Colonel Edward Fleming, Inspecting Field Officer Colonel Philip Bainbridge, Assistant Quartermaster-General Colonel Sempronius Stretton, 84th Foot Colonel Thomas E. Napier, Chasseurs Britanniques Colonel Nathaniel Thorn, Assistant Quartermaster-General Colonel William Henry Sewell, 31st Foot, Deputy Quartermaster-General in India Colonel Joseph Thackwell, 3rd Dragoons Colonel Alexander Macdonald, Royal Artillery Colonel Sir William L. Herries, Unattached Colonel Thomas Staunton St. Clair, Unattached Colonel George William Paty, 94th Foot Colonel Thomas James Wemyss, 99th Foot Colonel Robert Burd Gabriel, 2nd Dragoons Colonel William Rowan, Unattached Colonel James Shaw Kennedy, Unattached Colonel George Leigh Goldie, 11th Foot Colonel George Couper, Unattached Colonel Henry Rainey, Unattached Colonel the Honourable Charles Gore, Deputy Quartermaster-General in Canada Colonel Griffith George Lewis, Royal Engineers Colonel George Judd Harding, Royal Engineers Lieutenant-Colonel John Gurwood, Unattached Lieutenant-Colonel Walter Frederick O'Reilly, Royal African Corps Lieutenant-Colonel Alexander Kennedy Clark, 7th Dragoon Guards Lieutenant-Colonel Edward T. Michell, Royal Artillery Lieutenant-Colonel Thomas Blanchard, Royal Engineers Lieutenant-Colonel Thomas Dyneley, Royal Artillery Lieutenant-Colonel William Reid, Royal Engineers Lieutenant-Colonel William Bolden Dundas, Royal Artillery Lieutenant-Colonel John Neave Wells, Royal Engineers Lieutenant-Colonel William Brereton, Royal Artillery Lieutenant-Colonel John Owen, Royal Marines Lieutenant-Colonel Charles Cornwallis Dansey, Royal
Johanna Clara Louise Lehzen, better known as Baroness Louise Lehzen, was the governess, adviser and companion, to Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom. Born to a Lutheran pastor in Hanover, in 1819 Lehzen entered the household of the Duchess of Kent and her husband Prince Edward Augustus, Duke of Kent and Strathearn. Five years Lehzen became governess to their only child, Princess Victoria. Lehzen became protective of her, who resided in a household dominated by the controlling Kensington System, implemented by the Duchess and her comptroller Sir John Conroy. "Dear, good Lehzen" soon came to supersede all others--including her own mother--in Alexandrina’s eyes. Princess Alexandrina became second-in-line to the British throne in 1827. Lehzen encouraged the princess to become strong and independent from the Duchess and Conroy's influence, causing friction between the two and Lehzen. Attempts to remove the governess, who had the support of Alexandrina’s uncles George IV, William IV, Leopold I of Belgium, were unsuccessful.
When Victoria became queen in 1837, Lehzen served as a sort of unofficial private secretary, enjoying apartments adjacent to Victoria's. The Queen's marriage to Prince Albert in 1840 led to significant changes in the royal household. Albert and Lehzen detested each other, after an illness of the Princess Royal in 1841, Lehzen was dismissed, her close relationship with the Queen came to an end, although the two continued to write letters to each other. Lehzen spent her last years in Hanover on a generous pension, dying in 1870. Historian K. D. Reynolds writes that Lehzen was a major influence on Victoria's character, in particular giving her the strength of will to survive her troubled childhood and life as a young queen. Johanna Clara Louise Lehzen was born in Hanover on 3 October 1784, the youngest of seven daughters and two sons of Lutheran pastor Joachim Friedrich Lehzen and his wife Melusine Palm. Forced by circumstances to work for her living since she was young, Lehzen was employed by the von Marenholtzes, an aristocratic German family, where she earned glowing references.
Based on these references, Lehzen became part of the household of Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld in December 1819, when she served as governess to twelve-year-old Princess Feodora of Leiningen, the daughter of the princess by her first marriage. Princess Victoria was married to the Prince Edward Augustus, Duke of Kent and Strathearn, who was, at the time, fourth in line for the British throne. Lehzen and the entire household were moved to England in 1817 so that the new Duchess of Kent's child might be born there, strengthening the child's claim to the throne; the baby was a girl, christened "Alexandrina Victoria" after her mother and her godfather, Alexander I of Russia. The Duke of Kent died quite in 1820, followed by his father, King George III. Victoria's uncle, the Prince Regent, ascended the throne as King George IV. Victoria was now third in line to the throne, after her uncles the Duke of York and the Duke of Clarence, both of whom were well past middle age and neither of whom had legitimate heirs.
As the eventual heir, Victoria had to be educated accordingly. Feodora was now 14, no longer required the services of a governess. After the dismissal of nursemaid Mrs. Brock, Lehzen – as she was always known in the household – took over five-year-old Victoria's care in 1824; the Duchess and her comptroller, John Conroy made the appointment not only because Lehzen was German, but because they believed she was unlikely to operate independently of their wishes. Twentieth century historian Christopher Hibbert describes Lehzen as "a handsome woman, despite her pointed nose and chin, emotional, humourless." Though she at first feared Lehzen's stern manner, "dear, good Lehzen" soon came to occupy a place in Victoria's heart that superseded all others, including her own mother, the Duchess of Kent. Lehzen encouraged the princess to distrust her mother and her mother's friends, to maintain her independence; the governess was uninterested in money and lacked ambition for herself, instead choosing to devote her time and energy to the princess.
Victoria took to calling Lehzen "Mother" and "dearest Daisy" in private, writing Lehzen was "the most affectionate, devoted and disinterested friend I have." As part of the controlling Kensington System devised by Conroy, after 1824 Victoria was to be accompanied by Lehzen at all times during the day. In 1827, the Duke of York died, making the Duke of Clarence heir presumptive, Victoria second-in-line to the throne. Conroy complained that the princess should not be surrounded with commoners, leading George IV to award them both titles. George IV himself died in 1830, was duly succeeded by his brother the Duke of Clarence, who became King William IV. William formally recognised Victoria as his heir presumptive. According to Lehzen, around this time the famous scene took place, in which Lehzen slipped a copy of the genealogy of the House of Hanover into one of the princess's lesson books. After perusing it for some time, Victoria came to see that her father had been next in line after the king, that Queen Adelaide had no surviving children.
This was the first time Victoria came to realise the destiny, assumed by many since her birth.
Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen
Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen was Queen of the United Kingdom and Queen of Hanover as the wife of King William IV. Adelaide was the daughter of George I, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen, Luise Eleonore of Hohenlohe-Langenburg. Adelaide, the capital city of South Australia, is named after her. Adelaide was born on 13 August 1792 at Meiningen, Germany, the eldest child of George I, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen, she was titled Princess Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen, Duchess in Saxony with the style Serene Highness from her birth until the Congress of Vienna, when the entire House of Wettin was raised to the style of Highness. She was baptised at the castle chapel on 19 August, her godparents numbered twenty-one, including her mother, the Holy Roman Empress, the Queen of Naples and Sicily, the Crown Princess of Saxony, the Duchess of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg, the Duchess of Saxe-Coburg, the Duchess of Saxe-Weimar, the Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg, the Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal-Barchfeld. Saxe-Meiningen was a small state.
It was the most liberal German state and, unlike its neighbours, permitted a free press and criticism of the ruler. At the time, no statute existed which barred a female ruling over the small duchy and it was not until the birth of her brother, Bernhard, in 1800, that the law of primogeniture was introduced. By the end of 1811, King George III was incapacitated and, although still King in name, his heir-apparent and eldest son George was Prince Regent. On 6 November 1817 Princess Charlotte, died in childbirth. Princess Charlotte was second in line to the throne: had she outlived her father and grandfather, she would have become queen. With her death, the King was left with no legitimate grandchildren; the Prince Regent was estranged from his wife, forty-nine years old, thus there was little likelihood that he would have any further legitimate children. To secure the line of succession, Prince William, Duke of Clarence, the other sons of George III sought quick marriages with the intent of producing offspring who could inherit the throne.
William had ten children by the popular actress Dorothea Jordan, being illegitimate, they were barred from the succession. Considerable allowances were to be voted by Parliament to any royal duke who married, this acted as a further incentive for William to marry. Adelaide was a princess from an unimportant German state, but William had a limited choice of available princesses and, after deals with other candidates fell through, a marriage to Adelaide was arranged; the allowance proposed was slashed by Parliament, the outraged Duke considered calling off the marriage. However, Adelaide seemed the ideal candidate: amiable, home-loving, willing to accept William's illegitimate children as part of the family; the arrangement was settled and William wrote to his eldest son, "She is doomed, poor dear innocent young creature, to be my wife."Adelaide's dowry was set at 20,000 florins, with additional three separate annuities being promised by her future husband, the English regent, the State of Saxe-Meiningen.
Adelaide married William in a double wedding with William's brother, Prince Edward Augustus, Duke of Kent and Strathearn, his bride Victoria, Dowager Princess of Leiningen, on 11 July 1818, at Kew Palace in Surrey, England. They had only met for the first time about a week earlier, on 4 July at Grillon's Hotel in Bond Street. Neither William nor Adelaide had been married before, William was twenty-seven years her senior. Despite these unromantic circumstances, the couple settled amicably in Hanover, by all accounts were devoted to each other throughout their marriage. Adelaide improved William's behaviour. Observers thought them parsimonious, their lifestyle simple boring. William accepted the reduced increase in his allowance voted by Parliament. On the Continent, Adelaide became pregnant, but in her seventh month of pregnancy, she caught pleurisy and gave birth prematurely on 27 March 1819 during the illness, her daughter, lived only a few hours. Another pregnancy in the same year caused William to move the household to England so his future heir would be born on British soil, yet Adelaide miscarried at Calais or Dunkirk during the journey on 5 September 1819.
Back in London, they moved into Clarence House, but preferred to stay at Bushy House near Hampton Court where William had lived with Dorothea Jordan. She became pregnant again, a second daughter, was born on 10 December 1820. Elizabeth seemed strong but died less than three months old on 4 March 1821 of "inflammation in the Bowels". William and Adelaide had no surviving children. Twin boys were stillborn on 8 April 1822, a possible brief pregnancy may have occurred within the same year. Princess Victoria of Kent came to be acknowledged as William's heir presumptive, as Adelaide had no further pregnancies. While there were rumours of pregnancies well into William's reign, they seem to have been without basis. At the time of their marriage, William was not heir-presumptive to the throne, but became so when his brother Frederick, Duke of York, died childless in 1827. Given the small likelihood of his older brothers producing heirs, William's relative youth and good health, it had long been considered likely that he would become king in due course.
In 1830, on the death of his elder brother, George IV, Wil
Christian Friedrich, Baron Stockmar
Christian Friedrich Freiherr von Stockmar was a German physician and statesman, a leading player in the affairs of the United Kingdom under Queen Victoria. He was born in Germany, of German parentage and Swedish descent, he was educated as a physician, became the personal physician of Prince Leopold of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha in 1816 at the time of Leopold's marriage to Princess Charlotte of the United Kingdom, the only child of King George IV. Charlotte died giving birth to a stillborn son about a year and Stockmar stayed in Leopold's service as his private secretary, comptroller of the household, political advisor, it is said, without real proof, that one of the services he provided was procuring a mistress for Leopold. He was not at all pleased when in 1828 one of his cousins, Caroline “Lina” Philippine Auguste Bauer, an actress, who bore a striking resemblance to Princess Charlotte, became the mistress of his master, she was brought over to England, together with her mother, but the affair did not last long and she returned to Germany and to the theater.
After her death, her memoirs were published in which she claimed that she had contracted a morganatic marriage with Leopold and that she had received the title Countess of Montgomery. There has never been any evidence of such marriage, which furthermore was denied by the son of the late Dr. von Stockmar. After Leopold had come under scrutiny for the position of King of the Greeks, he was made King of the Belgians in 1831. From on, Stockmar took up residence in Coburg, continuing to advise Leopold. In 1837, he was sent by Leopold to serve as advisor to Queen Victoria: one of his first tasks was to brief her on whether Leopold's nephew, Prince Albert, was a suitable mate. After the marriage of Victoria and Albert, Stockmar became their unofficial counsellor, including in the education of Victoria's son and heir, the future King Edward VII, intervened in several crises. Stockmar's memoirs were published as Memoirs of Baron Stockmar. In 1848 he was made ambassador of the Duchy of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha to the parliament of the German Confederation.
His prominence in the United Kingdom's political circles led to resentment at what was seen to be Albert's intervention in the UK's affairs. Stockmar was raised to the rank of baron by the King of Saxony, he died at Coburg. In August 1821 he married Fanny Sommer. Crabitès, Pierre. Victoria's Guardian Angel: A Study of Baron Stockmar. London: Routledge. Esher, Reginald B. B. ed.. The Letters of Queen Victoria, a Selection from Her Majesty's Correspondence Between the Years 1837 and 1861. New York: Longmans, Green. 3 volumes. Grey, Charles; the Early Years of His Royal Highness the Prince Consort. London: Smith and Company. Pp. 174–236, 420–422. Hough, Richard. Victoria and Albert. New York: St. Martin's Press. Pp. 11–33, 79–84, 123–124. ISBN 978-0-312-30385-3. Martin, Theodore; the Life of His Royal Highness the Prince Consort. Volume the Second. New York: Appleton. Wangenheim, R. von. Baron Stockmar: Eine coburgisch-englische Geschichte. Coburg 1996