Royal visits to Manchester and Salford during the reign of Queen Victoria
Royal visits to Manchester and the surrounding areas in the nineteenth century signify important achievements in the city's history and offer an insight into the development of the area during this period. Moreover, Manchester's response to such visits, the preparations and public displays of loyalty to the crown, challenge the perceived political history of Victorian Manchester, famed for its Liberalist notions, Free Trade and the radical position of parties such as the Chartists. Queen Victoria's accession to the throne in 1837 was a turbulent time for Manchester, as it had been in the previous century. Manchester had been divided politically and the Industrial Revolution had created new men at all levels, including the lower social orders and dissatisfaction with the 1832 Reform Act had provoked widespread agitation among the working classes; as Victoria came to the throne, so Chartism came to the masses and in Manchester this manifested itself in the Manchester Political Union who sponsored a massive rally at Kersal Moor in Salford.
The party concerned with the working people, supported the general strikes of 1842, known as Plug Plot, in which thousands of mill workers protested against wage cuts, but shortly afterwards the Chartist movement declined. At the same time the town's cultural diversity had continued to widen, as an influx of Irish immigrants had entered the town and in the 1880s, Jewish immigrants fleeing persecution in Russia settled in Manchester. Both nationalities were representative of everything the English working man, at this time, was not, a point emphasised by Tory politics, whilst not advocating extreme sectarian attitudes, maintained that the Monarch and the Church of England were at the heart of the Englishman's national identity. Furthermore, attitudes towards the Monarchy were improving, as the public saw Queen Victoria as a better example of the constitutional monarch, not involving herself in politics, when combined with Prince Albert's philanthropic activities, in the late 1840s, with education and housing for the poor, resulted in a shift in public opinion and the popularity of the Royal family increased.
The Reform Acts of 1867 and 1884 had enabled many working men to vote, from which "popular Toryism" emerged and needless to say the party's ethos of constitution and Church attracted the working classes, which despite nineteenth-century England's shift towards a secularised state manifested itself in open displays of loyalty to the Crown. This was the first visit of a monarch to the region for a century and a half and both Manchester and Salford went to great lengths to host a memorable event; the escort for the royal party included a Guard of Honour of the Yeoman Cavalry who accompanied them as far as Cross lane, the boundary between Pendleton and Salford. However, at this point, the cavalry were dismissed "for fear of disturbances, as Peterloo was still fresh in the minds of the people." 1851 had been a significant year for Prince Albert with the Great Exhibition in Hyde Park, London, an event with which he had direct involvement and one which celebrated industry and technology, an important connection with Manchester.
They stayed at Worsley New Hall as guests of the Earl of Ellesmere. On 10 October the Queen and Prince Albert left Worsley Hall and the procession took them through Salford to Peel Park, where a suggested 80,000 Sunday school children performed the National Anthem, a moment, argued as the most celebrated of the visit for its mass public appeal, as well as religious and educational significance: "One of the great moral features of Manchester – of the manufacturing districts – is the extent to which the Sunday-School system is carried… educating thousands who would otherwise have grown up in utter and deplorable ignorance" The Queen responded with an address in which she expressed her ‘great pleasure…seeing the attention, paid to the education of the rising generation in Manchester and Salford’. From Peel Park the royal procession continued into Manchester and the combined spectator figure recorded for both boroughs was 800, 000, which the Times described as, ‘a population new on the soil mixed laborious, accustomed to hear all sides of political questions and to decide them on Utilitarian principles’.
This practical, down-to-earth stereotype of the people of Manchester was, by the 1850s visible as the warehouse, representative of the town’s trading success and the advances of industry and technology, close to the heart of Prince Albert, were at the centre of the its achievements. In May 1857 Prince Albert arrived in Manchester, one month before the Queen, to open the Art Treasures Exhibition and inaugurate one of the first portrait statues to be erected of Queen Victoria during her reign; the statue in Peel Park commemorated the Royal visit to Salford in 1851 and the aforementioned success of the 80, 000 strong, Sunday schools' performance of the National Anthem. Like 1851 the visit attracted large crowds and Manchester was awash with colour, as the Standard and Royal Arms flags decorating the majestic Watts Warehouse celebrated the city's civic pride and dedication to the crown. On 21 May the Queen visited to perform the official opening of the Manchester Ship Canal; the Ship Canal took seven years to build and stretched for 35 miles, creating the city's link to the open sea and independent shipping.
The Queen knighted the mayor of Salford, William Henry Bailey and the lord mayor of Manchester, Anthony Marshall at the opening of the Canal. In the ru
Aimé Jacques Alexandre Bonpland was a French explorer and botanist who traveled with Alexander von Humboldt in Latin America from 1799 to 1804. He co-authored volumes of the scientific results of their expedition; the standard author abbreviation Bonpl. is used to indicate this person as the author when citing a botanical name. Bonpland was born as Aimé Jacques Alexandre Goujaud in La Rochelle, France, on 22, 28, or 29 August 1773, his father was a physician and, around 1790, he joined his brother Michael in Paris, where they both studied medicine. From 1791, they attended courses given at Paris's Botanical Museum of Natural History, their teachers included Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, Antoine Laurent de Jussieu, René Louiche Desfontaines. During this period, Aimé befriended his fellow student, Marie François Xavier Bichat. Amid the turmoil of the French Revolution and Revolutionary Wars, Bonpland served as a surgeon in the French army or navy. Having befriended Alexander von Humboldt at Corvisart's house, he joined him on a five-year journey through Mexico and the Orinoco and Amazon basins.
During this trip, he collected and classified about 6,000 plants that were unknown in Europe up to that time. His account of these findings was published as a series of volumes from 1808 to 1816 entitled Equatorial Plants. Upon his return to Paris, Napoleon granted him a pension of 3000 francs per year in return for the many specimens he bestowed upon the Museum of Natural History; the Empress Josephine was fond of him and installed him as superintendent over the gardens at Malmaison, where many seeds he had brought from the Americas were cultivated. In 1813, he published his Description of the Rare Plants Cultivated in Navarre. During this period, he became acquainted with Gay-Lussac and other eminent scientists and, after the abdication of Fontainebleau, vainly pleaded with Napoleon to retire to Mexico, he was present at Josephine's deathbed. In 1816, he took various European plants to Buenos Aires, where he was elected professor of natural history, he soon left his post, however. In 1821, he established a colony at Santa Ana near the Paraná for the specific object of harvesting and selling yerba mate.
The colony was located in territory claimed by both Argentina. The Paraguayans therefore destroyed the colony and Bonpland was arrested as a spy and detained at Santa Maria, Paraguay until 1829. During his captivity, he had several children, he was given freedom of movement and acted as a physician for the local poor and the military garrison. At the same epoch, the Swiss naturalist Johann Rudolph Rengger stayed in Paraguay: he was not allowed to cross the guarded border, but was free to circulate pending the request of a special permit for each excursion. Bonpland was freed in 1829 and in 1831 returned to Argentina, where he settled at San Borja in Corrientes. There, aged 58, he made a living farming and trading in yerba mate. In 1853, he returned to Santa Ana, he received a 10 000-piastre estate from the Corrientes government in gratitude for his work in the province. The small town around it is now known as "Bonpland" in his honor. A different small town in Misiones province just south of Santa Ana is named Bonpland.
He died at age 84, at San Borja, Santa Ana, or Restauración on 4 or 11 May 1858, before his planned return to Paris. Bonpland's biography was written by Adolphe Brunel. A fictionalized account of his travels with Humboldt occurs in Daniel Kehlmann's Die Vermessung der Welt, translated by Carol Brown Janeway as Measuring the World: A Novel. Bonpland Street in the ritzy Buenos Aires neighborhood of Palermo Hollywood lies among streets named after Charles Darwin, Robert FitzRoy, Alexander von Humboldt. There is a Bonpland Street in the city of Bahía Blanca, Argentina, in Caracas, in Montevideo, Uruguay. Many animals and plants are named in his honor, including the squid Grimalditeuthis bonplandi and the orchid Ornithocephalus bonplandi; the lunar crater Bonpland is named after him. Pico Bonpland in the Venezuelan Andes is named to his honor, although he never visited the Venezuelan Andes. A peak of over 2,300 m in New Zealand bears his name; the mountain is near the head of Lake Wakatipu in the South Island.
The following genera and species have been described by Aimé Bonpland. 1805: Essai sur la géographie des plantes. Written with Alexander von Humboldt. Von Humboldt, Alexander. Essay on the geography of plants. Translated by Sylvie Romanowski, with an Introduction by Stephen T. Jackson. University of Chicago Press. ISBN 9780226360669. OCLC 977369593. English translation from 2009. 1811: A collection of observations on zoology and comparative anatomy written with Alexander von Humboldt, Printing JH Stone, Paris. Digital version at the website Gallica. 1813: Description of rare plants grown at Malmaison and Navarre by Aimé Bonpland. Printing P; the elder Didot, Paris. By Aimé Bonpland dedicated to the Empress Joséphine. Digital version at the website Botanicus, Digital version of the illustrations at the website of the Bibliothèque interuniversitaire de santé. 1815: Nova plantarum genera and species written with Alexander von Humboldt and Karl Sigismund Kunth
The United Kingdom the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, sometimes referred to as Britain, is a sovereign country located off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state, the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world; the Irish Sea lies between Great Ireland. With an area of 242,500 square kilometres, the United Kingdom is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world, it is the 22nd-most populous country, with an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017. The UK is constitutional monarchy; the current monarch is Queen Elizabeth II, who has reigned since 1952, making her the longest-serving current head of state.
The United Kingdom's capital and largest city is London, a global city and financial centre with an urban area population of 10.3 million. Other major urban areas in the UK include Greater Manchester, the West Midlands and West Yorkshire conurbations, Greater Glasgow and the Liverpool Built-up Area; the United Kingdom consists of four constituent countries: England, Scotland and Northern Ireland. Their capitals are London, Edinburgh and Belfast, respectively. Apart from England, the countries have their own devolved governments, each with varying powers, but such power is delegated by the Parliament of the United Kingdom, which may enact laws unilaterally altering or abolishing devolution; the nearby Isle of Man, Bailiwick of Guernsey and Bailiwick of Jersey are not part of the UK, being Crown dependencies with the British Government responsible for defence and international representation. The medieval conquest and subsequent annexation of Wales by the Kingdom of England, followed by the union between England and Scotland in 1707 to form the Kingdom of Great Britain, the union in 1801 of Great Britain with the Kingdom of Ireland created the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
Five-sixths of Ireland seceded from the UK in 1922, leaving the present formulation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. There are fourteen British Overseas Territories, the remnants of the British Empire which, at its height in the 1920s, encompassed a quarter of the world's land mass and was the largest empire in history. British influence can be observed in the language and political systems of many of its former colonies; the United Kingdom is a developed country and has the world's fifth-largest economy by nominal GDP and ninth-largest economy by purchasing power parity. It has a high-income economy and has a high Human Development Index rating, ranking 14th in the world, it was the world's first industrialised country and the world's foremost power during the 19th and early 20th centuries. The UK remains a great power, with considerable economic, military and political influence internationally, it is sixth in military expenditure in the world. It has been a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council since its first session in 1946.
It has been a leading member state of the European Union and its predecessor, the European Economic Community, since 1973. The United Kingdom is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the Council of Europe, the G7, the G20, NATO, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and the World Trade Organization; the 1707 Acts of Union declared that the kingdoms of England and Scotland were "United into One Kingdom by the Name of Great Britain". The term "United Kingdom" has been used as a description for the former kingdom of Great Britain, although its official name from 1707 to 1800 was "Great Britain"; the Acts of Union 1800 united the kingdom of Great Britain and the kingdom of Ireland in 1801, forming the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Following the partition of Ireland and the independence of the Irish Free State in 1922, which left Northern Ireland as the only part of the island of Ireland within the United Kingdom, the name was changed to the "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland".
Although the United Kingdom is a sovereign country, Scotland and Northern Ireland are widely referred to as countries. The UK Prime Minister's website has used the phrase "countries within a country" to describe the United Kingdom; some statistical summaries, such as those for the twelve NUTS 1 regions of the United Kingdom refer to Scotland and Northern Ireland as "regions". Northern Ireland is referred to as a "province". With regard to Northern Ireland, the descriptive name used "can be controversial, with the choice revealing one's political preferences"; the term "Great Britain" conventionally refers to the island of Great Britain, or politically to England and Wales in combination. However, it is sometimes used as a loose synonym for the United Kingdom as a whole; the term "Britain" is used both as a synonym for Great Britain, as a synonym for the United Kingdom. Usage is mixed, with the BBC preferring to use Britain as shorthand only for Great Britain and the UK Government, while accepting that both terms refer to the United K
Victoria amazonica is a species of flowering plant, the largest of the Nymphaeaceae family of water lilies. It is the National flower of Guyana; the species has large leaves, up to 3 m in diameter, that float on the water's surface on a submerged stalk, 7–8 m in length. The species was once called Victoria regia after Queen Victoria. V. amazonica is native to the shallow waters of the Amazon River basin, such as oxbow lakes and bayous. It is depicted in the Guyanese coat of arms; the flowers are white the first night they become pink the second night. They are up to 40 cm in diameter, are pollinated by beetles; this process was described in detail by Sir Ghillean Jorge Arius. It is the largest waterlily in the world. A member of the genus Victoria placed in the Nymphaeaceae family or, sometimes, in the Euryalaceae; the first published description of the genus was by John Lindley in October 1837, based on specimens of this plant returned from British Guiana by Robert Schomburgk. Lindley named the genus after the newly ascended Queen Victoria, the species Victoria regia.
The spelling in Schomburgk's description in Athenaeum, published the month before, was given as Victoria Regina. Despite this spelling being adopted by the Botanical Society of London for their new emblem, Lindley's was the version used throughout the nineteenth century. An earlier account of the species, Euryale amazonica by Eduard Friedrich Poeppig, in 1832 described an affinity with Euryale ferox. A collection and description was made by the French botanist Aimé Bonpland in 1825. In 1850 James De Carle Sowerby recognised Poeppig's earlier description and transferred its epithet amazonica; the new name was rejected by Lindley. The current name, Victoria amazonica, did not come into widespread use until the twentieth century. Victoria regia, as it was named, was described by Tadeáš Haenke in 1801, it was once the subject of rivalry between Victorian gardeners in England. Always on the look out for a spectacular new species with which to impress their peers, Victorian "Gardeners" such as the Duke of Devonshire, the Duke of Northumberland started a well-mannered competition to become the first to cultivate and bring to flower this enormous lily.
In the end, the two aforementioned Dukes became the first to achieve this, Joseph Paxton being the first in November 1849 by replicating the lily's warm swampy habitat, a "Mr Ivison" the second and more successful at Syon House. The species captured the imagination of the public, was the subject of several dedicated monographs; the botanical illustrations of cultivated specimens in Fitch and W. J. Hooker's 1851 work Victoria Regia received critical acclaim in the Athenaeum, "they are accurate, they are beautiful"; the Duke of Devonshire presented Queen Victoria with one of the first of these flowers, named it in her honour. The lily, with ribbed undersurface and leaves veining "like transverse girders and supports", was Paxton's inspiration for The Crystal Palace, a building four times the size of St. Peter's in Rome. Media related to Victoria amazonica at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Victoria amazonica at Wikispecies
Hackpen White Horse
Hackpen White Horse is a chalk hill figure of a white horse on Hackpen Hill, located below The Ridgeway on the edge of the Marlborough Downs, two miles south east of Broad Hinton, England. It is one of nine white horse hill figures located in Wiltshire, it is known as the Broad Hinton White Horse due to its near location to Broad Hinton. Cut by local parish clerk Henry Eatwell in 1838 to commemorate the coronation of Queen Victoria, the horse is 90' square feet and is said to be best viewed from B4041 road; the horse is scoured and maintained. The origin of the horse is uncertain, is sometimes said to be the only 19th century white horse to have little of its history known, it is regarded that the horse was cut in 1838 by Henry Eatwell, a parish clerk of Broad Hinton, assisted by a local pub landlord. It is said to commemorate the coronation of Queen Victoria; the horse is cut of chalk, is 90' square feet, making it the only square-dimension horse in England, faces WNW. Although the hill it resides on, Hackpen Hill, is high, it is a gentle slope when compared to the hills of most other Wiltshire horses.
Because the hill is gentle, the horse is banked up and raised from the surrounding grass to make it more visible. The head was elevated to help with the foreshortening; the best view of the horse is said to be from the nearby B4041 road, whilst the A361 road near Broad Hinton provides a clear view. At the top of the hill is a car park where the Ridgeway crosses the B4041 road, a footpath stretches from there down to the horse, making the horse accessible to the public. Many real horses roam the field, it has been suggested that the stones for Stonehenge and Avebury may have come from a field of sarsen stones just to the south east of its location. The expression "as different as chalk and cheese" is sometimes believed to refer to the land divided by Hackpen Hill; the hill forms the boundary between the high chalk downs to the south of it and the clay cattle country to the north, where cheese is a product of the milk from the cattle, so the two areas "are as different as chalk and cheese." Hackpen White Horse was not the only hillside shape cut to commemorate Queen Victoria.
The horse ties "neck-and-neck" with Broad Town White Horse as the closest white horse to Swindon. The horse is scoured. In either May or June 2000, John Wain cleaned it single-handedly, he flew David Brewer over the area to photograph the village of Broad Hinton and the white horse for brewers's book Images of a Wiltshire Downland Village: Broad Hinton and Uffcott. Wain cleaned it annually until Bevan Pope cleaned the horse single-handedly on 23 September 2004. Wain cleaned the horse again with the help of a group of friends on 1 February 2011 and 4 February 2012. On both occasions, they illuminated the newly cleaned horse. Although to illuminate a white horse has been sporadic tradition for other horses in Wiltshire, those occasions marked the first times it had been done for Hackpen White Horse. In March 2009, the horse was transformed into a "red horse" for the Comic Relief charity's Red Nose Day campaign; the White Horse pub, located half a mile away in Winterbourne Bassett, features an illustration resembling the horse as its logo.
The pub itself was named after the eight horses in Wiltshire. The horse has featured in several artworks, including a stained glass window made by Berry Stained Glass, Benoit Philppe's The Hackpen White Horse oil on canvas painting, a silver necklace created in 2015 by Devizes-based jeweller Daniel Pike. In 2005, the horse appeared in episode 1 of series 6 of Top Gear, and, in 2012, for a Pukka Pies sponsorship advert for ITV travel series Ade in Britain, Pukka Pies modified a photograph of the location to include a hill figure of one of their pies instead of the horse. Wiltshire white horsesWestbury White Horse Pewsey White Horse Devizes White Horse Broad Town White Horse Cherhill White Horse Marlborough White Horse Alton Barnes White HorseOther white horsesUffington White Horse Osmington White Horse Kilburn White Horse Woolbury White Horse
1838 Coronation Honours
The 1838 Coronation Honours were appointments by Queen Victoria to various orders and honours on the occasion of her coronation on 28 June 1838. The honours were published in The London Gazette on 20 July and 24 July 1838; the recipients of honours are displayed here as they were styled before their new honour, arranged by honour, with classes and divisions as appropriate. Major Edward Alexander Campbell of the Bengal Cavalry Duncan MacDougall, late Lieutenant-Colonel of the 79th Regiment of Highlanders, Knight Commander of the Royal and Military Order of St. Ferdinand Major-General Jeffrey Prendergast, of the Honourable East India Company's Service Major Henry Bayly, Knight of the Royal Hanoverian Guelphic Order Major William Lloyd, of the Honourable East India Company's Service Charles Shaw, Knight Commander of the Royal Portuguese Military Order of the Tower and Sword, Knight Commander of the Spanish Military Order of San Fernando Charles Frederick Williams, of Lennox lodge, Hants. and Upper Bedford-place, in the county of Middlesex Edward Johnson, of Greenhill, Weymouth, in the county of Dorset, of the Royal and Distinguished Order of Charles the Third of Spain John Kirkland, of Hampton and Pall-mall, in the county of Middlesex William Newbigging of Edinburgh William Hyde Pearson of Clapham, in the county of Surrey Admiral Sir William Sidney Smith Lieutenant-General Sir John Lambert Lieutenant-General the Honourable Sir Robert William O'Callaghan Major-General Sir Alexander Dickson Major-General Sir Alexander Caldwell of the Bengal Army and East India Company Major-General Sir James Law Lushington of the Madras Army and East India Company Archibald, Earl of Gosford Lord George William Russell, Her Majesty's Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to His Majesty the King of Prussia Charles Augustus Lord Howard de Walden, Her Majesty's Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Her Most Faithful Majesty Richard Jenkins, of the East India Company's Civil Service ArmyAdmiral John Lawford Major-General Andrew Pilkington Major-General John Gardiner Major-General Sir Arthur Benjamin Clifton Major-General Lord Greenock Major-General Sir Willoughby Cotton Major-General Sir John George Woodford Major-General Sir Patrick Lindesay Major-General Charles James Napier Major-General Sir Evan John Murray MacGregor Major-General Edward Gibbs Major-General George Thomas Napier Major-General the Honourable Hercules R. Pakenham Major-General Sir John Thomas Jones Major-General Sir John Harvey Major-General Sir Leonard Greenwell Major-General Sir Robert Henry Dick Major-General Sir Neil Douglas Rear-Admiral Sir John Acworth Ommanney Major-General Alexander Cameron Major-General John Fox Burgoyne East India CompanyMajor-General John Rose of the Bengal Infantry Major-General Thomas Corsellis of the Bombay Infantry Major-General William Richards of the Bengal Infantry Major-General Thomas Whitehead of the Bengal Infantry Major-General John Doveton of the Madras Cavalry Major-General David Foulis of the Madras Cavalry Major-General Sir Thomas Anburey of the Bengal Engineers Royal NavyCaptain Sir Edward Thomas Troubridge Captain Cuthbert Featherstone Daly Captain Edward Pelham Brenton Captain Richard Arthur Captain James Andrew Worthy Captain Robert Morgan George Festing Captain Barrington Reynolds Captain Robert MaunsellArmyColonel William Wood, 41st foot Colonel William Warre.
Unattached Colonel George C. D'Aguilar, Deputy Adjutant-General in Ireland Colonel Henry Sullivan, 6th Foot Colonel Stephen A. Goodman, 48th Foot Colonel Edward Wynyard, unattached Colonel George Brown, Rifle Brigade Colonel Charles Edward Conyers, Inspecting Field Officer Colonel James Allan, 57th Foot Colonel David Forbes, 78th Foot Colonel Henry Adolphus Proctor, 6th Foot Colonel Edward Parkinson, 11th Foot Colonel Thomas Francis Wade, Unattached Colonel Richard Egerton, Unattached Colonel William Chalmers, 57th Foot Colonel Chatham Horace Churchill, 31st Foot, Quartermaster-General in India Colonel James Grant, 23d Foot Colonel Thomas William Taylor, Lieutenant-Governor, Royal Military College Colonel John Morillyon Wilson, 77th Foot Colonel Thomas Willshire, 2nd Foot Colonel Henry Oglander, 26th Foot Colonel Edward Fleming, Inspecting Field Officer Colonel Philip Bainbridge, Assistant Quartermaster-General Colonel Sempronius Stretton, 84th Foot Colonel Thomas E. Napier, Chasseurs Britanniques Colonel Nathaniel Thorn, Assistant Quartermaster-General Colonel William Henry Sewell, 31st Foot, Deputy Quartermaster-General in India Colonel Joseph Thackwell, 3rd Dragoons Colonel Alexander Macdonald, Royal Artillery Colonel Sir William L. Herries, Unattached Colonel Thomas Staunton St. Clair, Unattached Colonel George William Paty, 94th Foot Colonel Thomas James Wemyss, 99th Foot Colonel Robert Burd Gabriel, 2nd Dragoons Colonel William Rowan, Unattached Colonel James Shaw Kennedy, Unattached Colonel George Leigh Goldie, 11th Foot Colonel George Couper, Unattached Colonel Henry Rainey, Unattached Colonel the Honourable Charles Gore, Deputy Quartermaster-General in Canada Colonel Griffith George Lewis, Royal Engineers Colonel George Judd Harding, Royal Engineers Lieutenant-Colonel John Gurwood, Unattached Lieutenant-Colonel Walter Frederick O'Reilly, Royal African Corps Lieutenant-Colonel Alexander Kennedy Clark, 7th Dragoon Guards Lieutenant-Colonel Edward T. Michell, Royal Artillery Lieutenant-Colonel Thomas Blanchard, Royal Engineers Lieutenant-Colonel Thomas Dyneley, Royal Artillery Lieutenant-Colonel William Reid, Royal Engineers Lieutenant-Colonel William Bolden Dundas, Royal Artillery Lieutenant-Colonel John Neave Wells, Royal Engineers Lieutenant-Colonel William Brereton, Royal Artillery Lieutenant-Colonel John Owen, Royal Marines Lieutenant-Colonel Charles Cornwallis Dansey, Royal