Hong Kong Strategic Route and Exit Number System
The Hong Kong Strategic Route and Exit Number System is a system adopted by the Transport Department of the Hong Kong Government to organise the major roads in the territory into Routes 1 to 10 for the convenience of drivers. When the system was first implemented in 2004, the government launched a major campaign to promote it to the public. One of the slogans was "Remember the Numbers; the system comprises nine major series of roads in Hong Kong, numbered Routes 1 to 5 and 7 to 10, which can be classified into three categories: the three north-south routes, the five east-west routes and the New Territories Circular Road. The route numbers are represented as black on yellow "road-shields" on overhead roadsigns; the entirety of the system offers some level of limited access, with a significant portion being expressway. The system implements exit numbering with the exits of each route are numbered sequentially. Exit numbers are indicated by white in black rectangular boxes on roadside signs. There are no traffic lights on the expressways.
Traffic interchange with other roads is via slip roads, maximising vehicular flow and land space usage. There are some stack interchanges; the Strategic Route System has traffic lights on only a few roads, such as Waterloo Road and Kwun Tong Road. The road surface is asphalt; the lanes are separated by white dashed lines, while unbroken white lines are used to mark the edges of the median and shoulder. The shoulder is reserved for stops due to breakdowns and emergencies, motorists are prohibited by law from travelling on it. Lanes are numbered from right with lane 1 being the closest to the median. Crash barriers, cat's eyes and rumble strips are used to ensure road safety. Signs mark the end of an expressway at its entry and exit points respectively; these expressways do not have rest areas. The speed limits for most vehicles on the Hong Kong highways are 110 km/h for North Lantau Expressway, 100 km/h for the New Territories roads and West Kowloon Highway, 80 km/h for the most expressways and 70 km/h, due to the older ones such as Island Eastern Corridor, East Kowloon Corridor, West Kowloon Corridor and Tsuen Wan Road.
A speeding offence less than 10 km/h over the speed limit is not enforced - many drivers in Hong Kong travel within this range. Cameras will shoot when it is with their fines imposed; as stipulated by the Laws of Hong Kong Cap 374 s 40 and, medium goods vehicles, heavy goods vehicles and buses or any vehicle driven by a driver with a probationary driving licence shall travel no faster than the speed limit of the road or 70 km/h, whichever is slower. Many vehicles of these types ignore this and follow the speed limit of the road on the Hong Kong highways, thereby committing speeding offence. However, this law is not enforced - cameras are not tuned to be triggered differently by these types of vehicle; the three north-south routes are Route 1, Route 2, Route 3. They connect Hong Kong Island, metro Kowloon and the New Territories via a series of flyovers and tunnels, they pass through the three tunnels crossing Victoria Harbour, their sequence of numbering follows the order of opening dates of the three tunnels: Route 1: Cross-Harbour Tunnel Route 2: Eastern Harbour Tunnel Route 3: Western Harbour Crossing The five east-west routes — Route 4, Route 5, Route 7, Route 8 and Route 10 — are numbered from south to north.
The pattern indicates that Route 6 will most be built between Routes 5 and 7. Route 4 runs along the north shore of Hong Kong Island, connecting the eastern and western ends of the island, whereas Routes 5 and 7 link southern New Territories with parts of Kowloon. Route 8 provides direct access to Chek Lap Kok Airport, was extended to Sha Tin in 2008. Route 10 provides access to the border crossing at Shenzhen. Route 4: Routes 7 and 8 Route 5: Tsuen Wan - Ngau Tau Kok section of Route 2 Route 7: Route 4 Route 8: Route 9 Route 10 The circular route, Route 9, circumscribes the New Territories, with the exit at the Shing Mun Tunnels in Sha Tin as the starting point of exit-numbering, it links up the network of expressways and trunk roads in the New Territories into a large ring. Route 9: Route 5 + Fo Tan - Lok Ma Chau section of Route 1 + Tsuen Wan - Lok Ma Chau section of Route 2 In parallel with route numbering, the junctions between routes and exits from routes are labelled with exit numbers.
On every route, exits are numbered from one end to the other with ascending consecutive integers with a mixture of alphabet-suffixed labels. The first generation of the route number system in Hong Kong was envisaged in the 1968 Hong Kong Long Term Road Study by Freeman, Wilbur Smith & Associates, in which trunk routes were given single-digit numbers, distributors with double-digit ones. Included in the road study was an unnumbered Western Harbour Crossing, which in the plan involved a bridge crossing the Victoria Harbour between Cherry Street in Mong Kok and Kennedy Town, by way of Stonecutters Island and Green Island. Numbered routes included in the study were: 1: Aberdeen to Fanling, via Aberdeen Tunnel, Cross Harbour Tunnel, Lion Rock Tunnel
Route 4 (Hong Kong)
Route 4 is an east-west road artery along the Hong Kong Island, Hong Kong. Divided into routes 7 and 8, it was absorbed into Route 4 in 2004; the current Route 4 could be divided into two sections: From Chai Wan the route travels west towards Central via Island Eastern Corridor, Victoria Park Road, Gloucester Road, Harcourt Road Flyover, to Connaught Road Central. The section from Victoria Park Road to Connaught Road Central would be replaced and bypassed by the new Central–Wan Chai Bypass planned to be open by January 20, 2019. Part two of the roadway extension, which took Route 4 from Connaught Road Central to Kennedy Town via the Connaught Road West Flyover, was completed in 1997; the areas covered by the route include Kennedy Town, Shek Tong Tsui, Sai Ying Pun, Sheung Wan, Wan Chai, Causeway Bay, Quarry Bay, Taikoo Shing, Shau Kei Wan, A Kung Ngam, Heng Fa Chuen and Chai Wan. The section of Route 4 from Kennedy Town to Aberdeen was included in the proposal when construction commenced, but this section has yet to be built.
Route map from Transport Department Hong Kong Guide 2004, HKSAR Government
Victoria Park (Hong Kong)
Victoria Park is a public park in Hong Kong, named after Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom. It is located in Causeway Bay, on the north of Hong Kong Island, between Causeway Bay and Tin Hau MTR stations, it is part of Wan Chai District, bordered by Victoria Park Road and Victoria Harbour to the north and Causeway Road and Hong Kong Central Library to the south. The park underwent a major revamp in the early 2000s, which gave it many of its new features, including the basketball courts and tennis stadiums; the park was a typhoon shelter known as Causeway Bay Typhoon Shelter, part of Victoria Harbour, used as a refuge by fishing boats and yachts during typhoon seasons. In the 1950s, the shelter was reclaimed and the park was built there; the typhoon shelter was relocated to the north. The park has long been a gathering place for domestic workers on Sundays. Since the early 2000s, helpers from Indonesia have come to predominate, in and around the western end of the Park, as their numbers in Hong Kong have increased relative to those from the Philippines.
The parallel tradition for Filipina domestic workers is to congregate around Statue Square in Central. A portion of the park was occupied by construction of a slip road for the Central–Wan Chai Bypass project; this was "hugely controversial" as local councillors and residents alleged they were not informed that the road would cut through the park. In March 2015 construction unearthed unexploded ordnance dating from World War II and the Explosive Ordnance Disposal Bureau of the Hong Kong Police Force was called in to dispose of it; the bypass opened in early 2019. The slip road is now a permanent fixture in the north of the park, where it runs in a depression for about 150 metres before entering a tunnel portal. There is a statue of Queen Victoria, seated, at the main entrance of the park on Causeway Road; this statue was located in Statue Square. The park includes tennis courts, a swimming pool, a bowling green and other sports facilities such as the central lawn, basketball courts, football pitches and multiple children's areas and playgrounds.
The tennis centre court, enclosed with spectator seating for 3,607, is used to host international tennis tournaments, such as the Hong Kong Open and Hong Kong Tennis Classic. There are several pools of water located in the garden area that are used for operating remote-controlled boats; the Victoria Park Swimming Pool, opened 1957 as the first public swimming pool complex in the territory, was reconstructed as an indoor complex with a 50-metre international standard pool and a multi-purpose, adjustable-depth secondary pool. Every year, in the days preceding Chinese New Year, the park is home to the Lunar New Year Fair, which attracts large crowds late into the night. Other large events in the park include the Hong Kong Brands and Products Expo and the Hong Kong Flower Show. Since 1990, a vigil attracting tens of thousands of people is held every year on June 4 to commemorate the 1989 Tiananmen Square Crackdown; the park is often used as a gathering point for demonstrations, such as the July 1 marches and 124 March.
The recent event of the umbrella revolution has taken place near Victoria Park. Sponsored and broadcast to the public by Radio Television Hong Kong, the City Forum 城市論壇 is held in the park every Sunday, it brings together politicians and prominent public figures to discuss current public issues. The forum attracts tens of pro-Beijing men yelling expletives outside the venue when there are pro-Democratic politicians participating; such men are popularly known as the "uncles of Victoria Park". In 2010, due to the negative public sentiment aroused by the legislative reforms and from the lack of progress in universal suffrage in Hong Kong, there has been increased interest in the discussion of public issues; this resulted in heightened interest in the City Forum. There is an emergence of a new class of participants, passionate about the current affairs, predominantly male in the age category around 20s-30s, called "Brothers of Victoria Park". Though the title is similar, their political agenda is at the opposite of the spectrum.
The United Buddy Bears exhibition, displayed under the patronage of Jackie Chan in summer of 2004 on the historic lawn of Victoria Park, was the largest open air art show held in Hong Kong. About 2.0 million people saw the international exhibition in Victoria Park. The United Buddy Bears exhibition is the biggest of its kind, created by renowned artists from all over the world. Meanwhile, 140 member states of the United Nations are represented in this exhibition, shown in 20 metropolises on all 5 continents so far. Transport to the park is rather convenient. Visitors can arrive by MTR, getting off at either Causeway Bay MTR Tin Hau station. Dozens of bus routes and the trams provide convenient access. Hong Kong Tennis Classic List of tennis stadiums by capacity Victoria Park Station Official website of Victoria Park Images from a vigil in Victoria Park, commemorating the 1989 Tiananmen Square demonstrations Discover Hong Kong - Victoria Park
Island Eastern Corridor
The Island Eastern Corridor is an expressway built along the northeastern shore of Hong Kong Island in Hong Kong. It ends in Chai Wan in the east, it is part of Route 4. The section between Causeway Bay and Quarry Bay consists of viaducts built along Victoria Harbour. After World War II, the Eastern District of Hong Kong Island developed rapidly; as a result, the major thoroughfare in the area, King's Road, became congested. To relieve the issue of congestion, the idea of constructing an elevated vehicular corridor in the Eastern District was brought out in 1968, as part of the Hong Kong Long Term Road Study; the original plan was to construct an elevated dual carriageway above King's Road, which continues eastward as a ground-level road along the coastline between Sai Wan Ho and Chai Wan. Such an alignment along King's Road was discarded in favour of a waterfront viaduct running parallel to King's Road, it was not until 8 April 1981, 20 May 1982 and 5 August 1986 that construction commenced on the three sections of the corridor, respectively.
The corridor was opened in three phases: Causeway Bay to Taikoo Shing on 8 June 1984. Work has been done to the expressway several times over its life, including the bridge diversions at Quarry Bay, completed in 2003, where Route 4 joins with Route 2. There is a proposed extension of the Corridor into the hills of Chai Wan and Siu Sai Wan; the section of viaduct near City Garden has been rebuilt and expanded so that it could become the eastern terminus of the Central-Wan Chai Bypass. In 2008 the Island Eastern Corridor became the new venue of the Hong Kong Marathon 10km race, held on 2008-02-17; the race track started from City Garden in North Point, ran eastwards until Shau Kei Wan, where it made a U-turn, back along westbound IEC and ended at Victoria Park, near the western terminus of the IEC. The noise problem caused by the IEC's design became evident as residents complained about noises as high as 60dB emitting at about five to six o'clock in the morning. In February 2008 the Government announced that it will construct a waterfront promenade between Causeway Bay and Sai Wan Ho, with significant sections at North Point running under Island Eastern Corridor, using floating boards.
However, the Government is concerned about the plan violating the Protection of the Harbour Ordinance, since the boards may need to extend seabound due to the lack of space. Further study will take place regarding the feasibility of the project; when it is finished, a continuous promenade will be formed between Central and Sai Wan Ho, together with recreational land use projects related to the Central-Wan Chai Bypass. The corridor starts at Causeway Bay as a viaduct, where it joins Victoria Park Road and Gloucester Road with a ramp, it heads east along the coast of North Point, still a viaduct until it comes to Quarry Bay where it descends onto ground level, interchanges with the approach road of Eastern Harbour Crossing. After passing Taikoo Shing, the corridor becomes a viaduct again, now crossing between Sai Wan Ho and Aldrich Bay, making a broad curve toward the Hong Kong Museum of Coastal Defence, where it returns to ground level and runs past A Kung Ngam and Heng Fa Chuen all the way towards Chai Wan.
It ends near Chai Wan Park, at a large roundabout with Chai Wan Road and Wan Tsui Road in Chai Wan, just next to MTR Chai Wan Station. The full length of the corridor, save for a small section in Chai Wan between its eastern terminus and Wing Tai Road, is a statutorily-designated expressway. Speed limit for the expressway portion of IEC is 70 km/h, it is criticised for using up the seafront which could have been enjoyed by residents of Hong Kong had alternative alignments been chosen. Residents have complained about traffic noises owing to some sections' proximity to residential buildings, it could be advised that there would have to be sound barriers installed along this section, it has been suggested that the Watson Road – Tin Chiu Street section of the corridor be replaced with a tunnel, but was never considered due to the complex nature of the necessary works. The bus companies in Hong Kong operate a number of "express" bus routes that travel on the Island Eastern Corridor. Examples are: KMB 619 Shun Lee<->Sheung Wan Hong Kong Macau Ferry 681 Ma On Shan Town Centre <-> Central 307 Tai Po Central <-> Central Ferry Piers 118 Cheung Sha Wan Sham Mong Road <-> Siu Sai Wan Island Resort New World First Bus 2X Wan Chai Ferry Pier <-> Aldrich Bay 8 Wan Chai Ferry Pier <-> Heng Fa Chuen 8P Wan Chai Ferry Pier <-> Siu Sai Wan 82X Quarry Bay <-> Siu Sai Wan 720 Central <-> Aldrich Bay 720A Aldrich Bay <-> Admiralty 720P Central <-> Taikoo Shing 722 Yiu Tung Estate <-> Central Citybus 8X Happy Valley <-> Siu Sai Wan 19 Happy Valley <-> Siu Sai Wan 780 Chai Wan <-> Central 788 Central <-> Siu Sai Wan 789 Siu Sai Wan <-> Admiralty The junctions along the corridor are as follows: List of expressways in Hong Kong Google Maps of Island Eastern Corridor
Connaught Road is a major thoroughfare on the north shore of Hong Kong Island, Hong Kong. It links Shing Sai Road in Harcourt Road in Admiralty to the east; the road consists of namely Connaught Road Central and Connaught Road West. Connaught Road Central runs the length of Central, parallel to the north shore, it runs from Admiralty in the east, where it connects Harcourt Road at the junction with Murray Road. The road ends west on Tai Street. Connaught Road West runs towards the Kennedy Pok Fu Lam areas in the west. For most of the stretch, Connaught Road West runs beneath the Connaught Road West Flyover, it is the main thoroughfare to the entrance of the Western Harbour Tunnel and beyond to Shek Tong Tsui, where it merges with Des Voeux Road West. This road was once a waterfront promenade with boats docked against the northern side of the road. In 1889, the north shore of Victoria City was under extensive reclamation. In 1890, Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn visited Hong Kong, when Francis Fleming, the acting governor announced a new road to be constructed in front of the old "Bowring Praya".
This newly constructed road was named Connaught Road, after the prince. A statue of the Duke once occupied the junction of Pedder Street. Connaught Road West was lined with many piers in the past. Rice wholesalers gathered there owing to its proximity to the shore. Due to reclamation of the harbour, the entire length of Connaught Road has now become landlocked. AIG Tower Hong Kong Club Building Statue Square City Hall, Hong Kong Mandarin Oriental, Hong Kong Connaught Place Chater House Jardine House Central Elevated Walkway World-Wide House Exchange Square International Finance Centre Tower One Wing On House Hang Seng Bank Headquarters Building Shun Tak Centre List of streets and roads in Hong Kong
The Cross-Harbour Tunnel is the first tunnel in Hong Kong built underwater. It consists of two steel road tunnels each with two lanes constructed using the single shell immersed tube method, it is the earliest of three vehicular harbour crossings in Hong Kong, opened for traffic on 2 August 1972. It was constructed under a 30-year private-sector franchise based on a build–operate–transfer model, the title passed to the Hong Kong government in August 1999 upon termination of the franchise, it has become one of the most congested roads in Hong Kong and the world, with 116,753 vehicles passing through it daily in 2013. The Hong Kong government used the operator model "Build Operate Transfer", or "BOT", for the implementation of the tunnel project; the concession was given to the Cross-Harbour Tunnel Company Limited, today the Cross-Harbour Holdings Limited, founded in 1965 to carry out the tunnel project. The Hong Kong government participated to 20% in order not to hand over their influence on the project.
The tunnel was designed with two lanes for each direction of travel for a capacity of 80,000 vehicles. The project was structurally managed jointly by the British engineering firms Scott Wilson Kirkpatrick & Partners and Freeman Fox & Partners; the tunnel links the main financial and commercial districts on both sides of Victoria Harbour, connecting Kellett Island, with a reclaimed site at Hung Hom Bay, Kowloon. The toll plaza is located at the Hung Hom end of the tunnel, has 14 toll booths, it provides the first road link between Hong Kong Island. Prior to the opening of the tunnel, cross-harbour vehicular traffic depended on ferries and for passengers, the Star Ferry; the project was joint-engineered by Scott Wilson Kirkpatrick & Partners and Freeman Fox & Partners Construction began in September 1969 and was to last four years. The concession period ran from the start of construction, so that the operator carried out the construction one year faster than planned. On 2 August 1972, the tunnel cost 5 HK $ per car for transit.
After just three and a half years of operation, the operator had re-recorded the construction costs. In 1984, the Hong Kong government introduced a tax in addition to the operator's toll to make the overcrowded tunnel less priced; the price for a car transit was now 10 HK $. In 1993, an electronic toll collection system was installed. Together with measures to control the flow of traffic, the vehicle capacity could be increased, it was administered by The Cross-Harbour Tunnel Company Ltd until August 1999, when the operation franchise agreement expired and the government assumed control. Since 1 November 2010, the tunnel is managed and maintained by Serco on contract basis; the 2017 Hong Kong action film Shock Wave, starring Andy Lau, set its main plot in the tunnel. The tunnel generates HK$700 million in annual toll revenue; as of 2018, there are 44 bus routes passing through the tunnel. Harbour crossings in Hong Kong List of tunnels and bridges in Hong Kong Megaproject Cross-Harbour Tunnel By-laws, c/o University of Hong Kong