St Agatha's Church, Sparkbrook
The Church of St Agatha is a parish church in the Church of England in Sparkbrook in Birmingham, England. It is now a Grade I listed building. Made of brick and decorated with stone, building started in October 1899, it was funded by the sale of the site of Christ Church, New Street, demolished the same year to make way for shops and offices - Christchurch Buildings. That site became Victoria Square after Christchurch Buildings were demolished in 1970. St Agatha was consecrated in 1901 by the Bishop of Worcester as Birmingham was in the diocese of Worcester until 1905 at which time Gore was made the first Bishop of Birmingham. A parish was assigned to the church in 1902 from Christ Church, St Paul's Church, Balsall Heath; the font and only bell came from Christ Church, along with its foundation stone dated 1805. In 1959, the church hall received a licence for public worship; the building has had an eventful history. From 1940 to 1960 parts of the building were bricked off and the sense of lightness that the interior now has was temporarily lost.
The church was damaged by the Birmingham Tornado on 28 July 2005. However the adjoining Ladypool Primary School was extensively damaged and lost its distinctive Martin & Chamberlain tower. Major restoration work took place from 2002–2005 funded by the National Heritage Lottery Board; this included the stabilisation of the tower. The restoration work was designed by Apec Architects; the restored church was reopened in January 2005 by HRH Prince Edward and the Countess of Wessex. From its beginning St Agatha's was part of the Anglo-Catholic movement. Although situated in the Diocese of Birmingham the church is under the oversight of the Bishop of Ebbsfleet, the Provincial episcopal visitor and is a part of Forward in Faith; until the 1950s there was a ring of similar churches around inner-city Birmingham - the so-called'Biretta Belt'. Many of those churches have closed but St Agatha's itself remains open despite being in an entirely Muslim ward of the city; the church's priest is shared with Balsall Heath.
The church is noted for its music - supplemented by a restored three-manual Nicholson organ -its liturgy and diverse congregation, is well known beyond the parish and the city. Celebrants have included the Archbishop of York, the Most Reverend David Hope at the centenary Mass in May 2001; the church hall is used by the Birmingham City Amateur Boxing Club Ladywood Amateur Boxing Club, founded by Frank O'Sullivan. All About Victoria Square, Joe Holyoak, The Victorian Society Birmingham Group, ISBN 0-901657-14-X St Agatha website British History Online: Churches built since 1800 - St Agatha, Sparkbrook, A History of the County of Warwick: Volume 7, 1964
Baskerville House called the Civic Centre, is a former civic building in Centenary Square, England. After serving as offices for the Birmingham City Council, it was extended with additional floors in 2007; the site was occupied by the home of John Baskerville. He was buried nearby in the area, known as Easy Hill; when the construction of a canal through the area was proposed, Baskerville's body was exhumed and found to be in good condition. It was placed on display to the public before being buried at Christ Church; the site adjacent to the canal, on the site of Baskerville House, was purchased by the Birmingham Aluminium Company who constructed Baskerville Basin. Gibson's Basin was constructed nearby to serve a rolling mill; the city council bought the land in 1919 for a new Civic Centre. Baskerville Basin was filled in. However, in 1936, Winfields Ltd decided to relocate to Icknield Port after taking over Vivians Rolling Mills, they abandoned the remainder of Gibson's Basin to Birmingham City Council who filled it in for their Civic Centre plans.
In 1926, the city council organised an open competition for the new layout of the Civic Centre, many of the designs were deemed'Too Ambitious'. As a result, the city engineer was asked to work with the architects of the Hall of Memory, S. N. Cooke, to create a better design. T. Cecil Howitt of Nottingham was asked to design the first building, to become Baskerville House; this was approved in 1936 and construction began in 1938. It became the only component to be built from the plan for the Civic Centre which would have covered all of Centenary Square and the Convention Centre, included the Masonic Hall and Birmingham Municipal Bank building on Broad Street. World War II halted construction of Baskerville House, after the war the use of Roman Imperial imagery on public buildings went out of fashion. A 1941 model of the proposed Civic Centre, designed by William Haywood, Secretary of The Birmingham Civic Society, is displayed in the Birmingham Museum & Art Gallery; the building is decorated with the Coat of arms of Birmingham.
Offices for parts of Birmingham City Council, including the Planning Department and Economic Development Department, the Grade II listed building. Remained vacant for several years after the City Council vacated the property in the spring of 1998; the initial refurbishment plan proposed conversion to a Radisson Edwardian Hotel. A feasibility study into whether it was possible to locate the Central Library was carried out, the building was deemed to not be suitable as it would not be strong enough to hold all the books; the building was subsequently sold to Targetfollow. This was approved and it was gutted and extended two floors upwards to provide office space on seven floors, a health club in the basement. Work was completed in early 2007 at an estimated cost of £ 30 million. There is 195,108 sq ft of office space within the building with floorplates of 27,000 sq ft; the two new floors are of steel and glass. A lighting scheme was added to the exterior by Hoare Lea Lighting of the Hoare Lee group who were commissioned for other aspects of the build.
The building won the Commercial Development of the Year award at the Midlands Property Week awards in July 2007. The building won the Midlands and East Anglia regional award in the Refurbished/Recycled Workplace category at the British Council for Offices awards in October 2007. A statue of King Edward VII was moved to a plinth near the South-West corner of the building in November 2010. A sculpture of the Baskerville typeface and Genius, in honour of John Baskerville stands outside the main entrance to Baskerville House in Centenary Square, it is by local artist David Patten and was created as part of the'Percentage For Art' scheme in 1990. The letters spell out Virgil, the name of the Roman poet whose works were printed by Baskerville, in his typeface, in 1757. Made out of Portland stone and bronze, it is 150 centimetres high, 100 centimetres wide and 650 centimetres long. A Guide to the Buildings of Birmingham, Peter Leather, ISBN 0-7524-2475-0 Official website The Birmingham Civic Society Images of interior work Birmingham MIPIM 2007
Bristol is a city and county in South West England with a population of 459,300. The wider district has the 10th-largest population in England; the urban area population of 724,000 is the 8th-largest in the UK. The city borders North Somerset and South Gloucestershire, with the cities of Bath and Gloucester to the south-east and north-east, respectively. South Wales lies across the Severn estuary. Iron Age hill forts and Roman villas were built near the confluence of the rivers Frome and Avon, around the beginning of the 11th century the settlement was known as Brycgstow. Bristol received a royal charter in 1155 and was divided between Gloucestershire and Somerset until 1373, when it became a county of itself. From the 13th to the 18th century, Bristol was among the top three English cities after London in tax receipts. Bristol was surpassed by the rapid rise of Birmingham and Liverpool in the Industrial Revolution. Bristol was a starting place for early voyages of exploration to the New World.
On a ship out of Bristol in 1497 John Cabot, a Venetian, became the first European since the Vikings to land on mainland North America. In 1499 William Weston, a Bristol merchant, was the first Englishman to lead an exploration to North America. At the height of the Bristol slave trade, from 1700 to 1807, more than 2,000 slave ships carried an estimated 500,000 people from Africa to slavery in the Americas; the Port of Bristol has since moved from Bristol Harbour in the city centre to the Severn Estuary at Avonmouth and Royal Portbury Dock. Bristol's modern economy is built on the creative media and aerospace industries, the city-centre docks have been redeveloped as centres of heritage and culture; the city has the largest circulating community currency in the UK—the Bristol pound, pegged to the Pound sterling. The city has two universities, the University of Bristol and the University of the West of England, a variety of artistic and sporting organisations and venues including the Royal West of England Academy, the Arnolfini, Spike Island, Ashton Gate and the Memorial Stadium.
It is connected to London and other major UK cities by road and rail, to the world by sea and air: road, by the M5 and M4. One of the UK's most popular tourist destinations, Bristol was selected in 2009 as one of the world's top ten cities by international travel publishers Dorling Kindersley in their Eyewitness series of travel guides; the Sunday Times named it as the best city in Britain in which to live in 2014 and 2017, Bristol won the EU's European Green Capital Award in 2015. The most ancient recorded name for Bristol is the archaic Welsh Caer Odor, consistent with modern understanding that early Bristol developed between the River Frome and Avon Gorge, it is most stated that the Saxon name Bricstow was a simple calque of the existing Celtic name, with Bric a literal translation of Odor, the common Saxon suffix Stow replacing Caer. Alternative etymologies are supported by numerous orthographic variations in medieval documents, with Samuel Seyer enumerating 47 alternative forms; the Old English form Brycgstow is used to derive the meaning place at the bridge.
Utilizing another form, Rev. Dr. Shaw derived the name from the Celtic words bras, or braos and tuile; the poet Thomas Chatterton popularised a derivation from Brictricstow linking the town to Brictric, a leading landholder in the area. It appears that the form Bricstow prevailed until 1204, the Bristolian'L' is what changed the name to Bristol. Archaeological finds, including flint tools believed to be between 300,000 and 126,000 years old made with the Levallois technique, indicate the presence of Neanderthals in the Shirehampton and St Annes areas of Bristol during the Middle Palaeolithic. Iron Age hill forts near the city are at Leigh Woods and Clifton Down, on the side of the Avon Gorge, on Kings Weston Hill near Henbury. A Roman settlement, existed at what is now Sea Mills. Isolated Roman villas and small forts and settlements were scattered throughout the area. Bristol was founded by 1000. By 1067 Brycgstow was a well-fortified burh, that year the townsmen beat off a raiding party from Ireland led by three of Harold Godwinson's sons.
Under Norman rule, the town had one of the strongest castles in southern England. Bristol was the place of exile for Diarmait Mac Murchada, the Irish king of Leinster, after being overthrown; the Bristol merchants subsequently played a prominent role in funding Richard Strongbow de Clare and the Norman invasion of Ireland. The port developed in the 11th century around the confluence of the Rivers Frome and Avon, adjacent to Bristol Bridge just outside the town walls. By the 12th century Bristol was an important port, handling much of England's trade with Ireland, including slaves. There was an important Jewish community in Bristol from the late 12th century through to the late 13th century when all Jews were expelled from England; the stone bridge built in 1247 was replaced by the current bridge during the 1760s. The town incorporated neighbouring suburbs and became a county in 1373, the first town in England to be given this status. During this period, Bristol became manufacturing centre. By the 14th centur
Colmore Row is a street in Birmingham City Centre in the centre of Birmingham, running from Victoria Square to just beyond Snow Hill station. It is traditionally the city's most prestigious business address. Colmore Row and its environs were designated a conservation area in 1971, extended twice in 1985. Colmore Row itself has 23 listed buildings, two listed at Grade I and two at Grade II*. Before this area of Birmingham was developed in the 18th century, Colmore Row was a country lane called New Hall Lane, connecting the roads from City centre to Dudley and West Bromwich and separating the farmlands of the New Hall Estate to the north from those of the Inge Estate to the south. Development of the south of the lane started with the building of St Philip's Church in 1708. In 1746, a private Act of Parliament opened up the New Hall Estate to the north for development, with the first plots being let and developed from 1747 onwards; the road was renamed at this point, but only the stretch between Newhall Street and Livery Street was named Colmore Row.
The stretch between Newhall Street and New Street was named Ann Street, after head of the family Ann Colmore, while the stretch north of Livery Street called Bull Lane, became known as Monmouth Street. Ann Street disappeared as a name when the street was divided between Colmore Row and Victoria Square, when the latter was created in 1879; the original buildings of Colmore Row were the brick and stucco Georgian houses typical of the late 18th century. The 120 year leases on these properties started to expire in the 1840s and 1850s, between 1869 and 1900 all were replaced by the late Victorian commercial premises that still give the street its predominant character. After the Second World War, Colmore Row was to have formed part of the extensive Inner Ring Road system planned by City Engineer Herbert Manzoni; this would have necessitated demolishing all of the buildings between Colmore Row and Waterloo Street, but fell victim to increasing land values and awareness of conservation issues in the 1970s.
The plans for the street included widening it to a width of 112 ft with a central reservation of 14 ft in width. The likelihood of forthcoming comprehensive redevelopment protected many of the buildings from being demolished to make way for office developments, today Colmore Row and the surrounding area has one of the most consistent 19th century streetscapes in Central Birmingham. In the 1980s, Barclays proposed a redevelopment of 55-73 Colmore Row; the scheme involved the demolition of the entire building except for the façades and the banking hall of the listed building. The local planning authority called for greater retention of the building structure as with other schemes in the area; the agents submitted multiple planning applications to put pressure on the planning department. As the planning department failed to come to a decision on two planning applications in their time periods, the bank took the case to a government department. Barclays and local planning authority failed to reach any deal in negotiations, which broke down.
The government saw that the retention of the façade was satisfactory as it allowed the economic reuse of the site. The decision left the development and design framework for the area in a weakened state as the building subject to the decision was deemed to be of less national importance in respect to its local importance; the use of façadism on the building has since been seen as successful following the addition of Mansard roofs providing additional floorspace. In addition to Snow Hill station, Colmore Row hosts the city centre bus stops AB to AF - which together have the IATA location identifier code ZBC; this is a list of notable buildings on Colmore Row in order from west to east. 122-124 Colmore Row, former Eagle Insurance Company offices (William Lethaby and Joseph Ball, 1900 114-116 Colmore Row, former Atlas Assurance office 110 Colmore Row, former National Insurance Co. office National Westminster House - now demolished. 85 Colmore Row, former Union Club St Philip's Cathedral Grand Hotel, Great Western Arcade Colmore Gate Snow Hill railway station List of conservation areas in the West Midlands
Edgbaston is an affluent suburban area of central Birmingham, curved around the southwest of the city centre. It is bordered by Moseley to the south east and by Winson Green to the north west. In the 19th century, the area was under the control of the Gough-Calthorpe family and the Gillott family who refused to allow factories or warehouses to be built in Edgbaston, thus making it attractive for the wealthier residents of the city, thus it was known as "where the trees begin". Edgbaston is home to Edgbaston Cricket Ground, a Test match venue, the University of Birmingham, established as Birmingham Medical School in 1825, eight out of the nine independent schools within the city, Edgbaston Golf Club, one of the most exclusive private members clubs in the Midlands, as well as the Priory Club, which boasts world class sporting facilities. In addition, the area boasts the Birmingham Botanical Gardens as well as the Edgbaston Archery and Lawn Tennis Society, the oldest lawn tennis club in the world, still in use today.
The first game of lawn tennis was incidentally played in Edgbaston, in a garden of a house known as "Fairlawn". The area is home to a Michelin star restaurant, Simpsons, as well as a host of renowned pubs such as The Highfield, The Physician and the Edgbaston; the parliamentary constituency of Edgbaston includes the smaller Edgbaston ward and the wards of Bartley Green and Quinton. Edgbaston is a local government district, managed by its own district committee. Edgbaston means "village of a man called Ecgbald", from the Old English personal name + tun "farm"; the personal name Ecgbald means "bold sword". The name was recorded as a village known as Celboldistane in the Hundred of Coleshill in the 1086 Domesday Book until at least 1139, wrongly suggesting that Old English stān "stone, rock" is the final element of the name. In 1801, Edgbaston had a population of around 1,000 people. By 1841, this had increased to 16,500 as a result of wealthy manufacturers moving to the area. By 1850, 29 roads had been laid out and uninterrupted growth continued.
The United Kingdom Census 2001 found that 20,749 people were living in the Birmingham City Council ward of Edgbaston, in 8,666 households. This produced an average of 2.4 people per household below the citywide average of 2.5. The ward, which has an area of 871.6ha, had a population density of 23.8 people per hectare. Like the city of Birmingham, Edgbaston had a higher proportion of females, at 50.1%, to males. 27.1% of the population was in the 25–44 age bracket and 15.1% were aged between 45–59. At 14.8%, Edgbaston had a lower proportion of people of a pensionable age than the rest of Birmingham. It had a lower proportion of people of working age at 73.8%, although it was above the national percentage of 61.5%. Edgbaston has a above average percentage for ethnic minorities with ethnic minorities representing 31.8% of the population as opposed to 29.6% for Birmingham. The largest ethnic minority group was the British Asian group at 16.1%. 25.6% of people were born outside of the United Kingdom, above the Birmingham figure of 16.5%.
Christianity was the predominant religion, with 52.5% of the population stating that they were Christians, compared with 59.1% for Birmingham. 8.0% stated that they were Muslims, below the Birmingham figure of 14.3%. Edgbaston was home to a significant Orthodox Jewish community. 19.1% of the Edgbaston population stated that they had no religion.46.4% of households were owner-occupied, below the Birmingham figure of 60.4%. 19.3% were rented 15.2% were rented from a housing association and 11.6% were rented from Birmingham City Council. There was a total number of 9,191 houses in Edgbaston. At 45.6%, the largest proportion of houses in Edgbaston were purpose-built blocks of flats. This is much higher than the city average of 17.9%. Detached houses were the second most common housing type in the ward at 19.7%. Edgbaston had an unemployment rate of 8.1%, below the city average of 9.5% although above the national average of 5%. 13.4% of the population stated themselves as students. Of the unemployed, 42% were in long term unemployment and 15.6% had never worked.
At 24.6%, the majority of the population worked in finance, real estate, business activities. The largest employer in the area was the Heart of Birmingham Primary Care Trust, employing 10,000 people; the Edgbaston Parliamentary Constituency has a much higher population. Warwickshire County Cricket Club is based at the Edgbaston Cricket Ground, the area being part of Warwickshire; as well as hosting regular county matches, the ground plays host to the England cricket team during one day internationals and test matches. The area has a world class tennis venue; the DFS Classic for female players has been held there every year since 1982 and some of the world's top players participate. The tournament wins count towards world rankings; the oldest lawn tennis club in the world, the Edgbaston Archery and Lawn Tennis Society, founded in 1860 is nearby. There is a members-only golf course which offers views over the southern part of the suburb. Edgbaston Croquet Club has been located in the area since 1915.
The Church of England parish churches are St Augustine's Church, St Germain's Church, St. George's Church and St. Bartholomew's Church known as Edgbaston Old Church. Birmingham Central Synagogue built in 1961 is in Edgbaston; the Roman Catholic church of the Birmingham Oratory, on Hagley Road, was built in 1907 in the Baroque style as a memorial to John Henry Newman, who founded the English Oratory here. Its dome is a prominent landmark. J. R. R. Tolkien lived in Edgbaston during his teenage years, and
William James Bloye was an English sculptor, active in Birmingham either side of World War II. He studied, taught at the Birmingham School of Art, where his pupils included Gordon Herickx, Roy Kitchin, Raymond Mason, John Poole and Ian Walters, he studied stone-carving and letter cutting under Eric Gill around 1921. In 1925 he became a member of the Birmingham Civic Society, having, at about that time, a studio at 111, Golden Hillock Road, Small Heath, Birmingham; as Birmingham's unofficial civic sculptor he worked on all public commissions including libraries and the University. He carved bas-relief plaques for public houses in Birmingham, decorated a number of buildings by the architect Holland W. Hobbiss. During the 1920s, he served on the Technical Committee of the Birmingham Civic Society, he became a member of the Royal British Society of Sculptors: associate in 1934, fellow in 1938. He won the latter's Otto Beit Medal. Retiring from the School of Art in 1956 he moved to Solihull, he died in Arezzo, Italy in 1975.
In December 2010, a blue plaque was unveiled on the site of his former studio. As of January 2010, Birmingham City Council are working on the restoration Bloye's statue of Pan at Aston Hall; the statue's head is missing, they have appealed for old photographs, to assist in its reconstruction. Bloye was associated with the Royal Birmingham Society of Artists. Although the two 1919 bronze plaques at the RBSA entrance are the earliest known work by Bloye in Birmingham, he only became a member in 1930. After a period as vice-president, he became president in 1948 and served in that role until 1950, he was the RBSA's Professor of Sculpture from at least the mid-1940s until at least 1961. The Society's permanent collection includes one of a life-size plaster bust, Head of Man, it is undated and not on display. The subject's name is not recorded