Video game writing is the art and craft of writing scripts for video games. Similar to screenwriting, it is a freelance profession, it includes many differences from writing for film, due to the non-linear and interactive nature of most video games, the necessity to work with video game designers and voice actors. There are many differing types of text in video games in comparison to stage shows or movies, including written text, foreign or made-up languages, situation-based information; when developing Triple A games, more than one writer will be required to create the game, split into different roles. People who write video games are part of the design team, during pre-production, create the main plot of a video game but can focus on the dialogue, the character creation and development or the worldbuilding. During the game development process, the design may change and a video game writer can be asked to fix the eventual narrative issues; the importance of the plot can be minimized by some video game designers, for instance Harvey Smith of Arkane Studios claimed that "The world is important.
The characters are important. The plot? It can be thrown away; because each gamer will build his own story.". Moreover, according to academic and video game designer Ian Bogost video games can be much more than narrative media, by putting together, in a non-linear structure, elements of everyday life, as in What Remains of Edith Finch. One issue specific to the medium is that priority is given to interactive play mechanics over narrative which could lead to Ludonarrative dissonance: a situation when ludic and narrative elements are opposed to each other, as Far Cry 2 director Clint Hocking defined the concept in his blog; as video games are more recent than other media, video game writing is still a field to be conquered. There is no specific training to video game writing and some video game writers – such as Tim Schafer and Sam Barlow – are in charge of other game development tasks. In the video game industry, it is one area where some women are famous such as Roberta Williams and Jane Jensen.
Video game writing differs from writing for arts, due to the non-linear and interactive nature of most video games, the necessity to work with video game designers and voice actors. There are many differing types of text in video games in comparison to stage shows or movies, including written text, foreign or made-up languages, situation-based information. Subsequently, more than one writer will be used to create the game, split into different roles, with more specific job titles that can range from being a traditional writer, developing an overview of the story and how it reacts to the player, or creating a translation or localization. A pitch writer specializes in writing pitches for video games to publishers, they create collaborative pitch documents within a game studio that contain design mockups or art concepts. The main parts of a pitch document, in order from first to last, are the executive summary, audience analysis, competition analysis, market analysis and budget and schedule. With an increasing emphasis placed on game profitability in the free to play model, the F.
T. U. E. and retention metrics have become important parts of the pitch document. Narrative designer is a hybrid role of video game design and writing that creates not only the story, but how it is communicated to players and how the game mechanics work to reinforce that story. Bioware writer David Gaider described the role as "the person who shapes the game’s narrative, as well as the one who writes all the words." The script writer focuses on the voice over. The script's dialogue can be written in flowcharts to illustrate the various dialogue resulting from both decision and indecision. A script writer is less involved with the video game's mechanics, is tasked with writing and working with voice actors. To screenplay script doctors, video game writers can be brought in to assist with writing-related tasks. However, the term is more vague than in screenplays due to the wide variety of potential tasks needed. Similar to screenwriting, it is a freelance profession. Writing roles may be filled by other members of the development team.
Traditionally, game writers used simple tools like Excel or just plain pen and paper. Some game writers used tools designed for the film industry such as Final Draft; as the field has evolved and player agency started to play a bigger role, the need for professional game writing tools has emerged. Twine: Twine is an open-source tool for telling interactive, nonlinear stories; this tool is free and used by students to design simple stories. Games created in twine can be exported to HTML5. Articy:draft 3: is a professional tool for narrative design that offers a complete solution for writing interactive content, game planning and content management. Games designed with Articy Draft 3 can be exported to Unity, Unreal and JSON
Bassendean named West Guildford, is a northeastern suburb of Perth, Western Australia. Its local government area is the Town of Bassendean, it is the name of the sand dune system on the Swan Coastal Plain known as the Bassendean Dune System. The land along the Swan River was divided as settlers arrived in the Swan River Colony. Guildford was established in 1829 and within three years all of its town lots had been sold. A government reserve to the west, across the river, was deemed suitable for a town site, the town of West Guildford was established. After he purchased a nearby farm from the Stokes family, Colonial Secretary Peter Broun named the homestead Bassendean. In 1922, West Guildford was renamed Bassendean. Flooding in 1929 caused severe damage to the primary school oval. In December 1934, Bassendean Road Board held a referendum, seeking approval to borrow funds for the improvement of an area, known as Hays Swamp, on the edge of the townsite; the development would include a bowling green with floodlights, a croquet lawn, Bassendean Oval, tennis courts and provisions for other sports.
Bassendean is home to the Western Australian Rail Transport Museum which opened in 1974. The display has a collection of steam and diesel locomotives, most of which have been restored to operating conditions; as part of the collection are a number of carriages and other equipment associated including the Zanthus station and a signal box from the Perth city station. The West Australian Model Railway Club is housed within the complex; the display's centrepiece is a working scale model featuring engine characters from the children's series Thomas the Tank Engine and Friends. Lou's Hair Design on Old Perth Road in Bassendean is one of the longest established businesses/Hairsalons in the area, opened in 1982 by Lucio Pasquale and now run by his son David Pasquale. Cyril Jackson Senior High School was built in 1962, was converted into Cyril Jackson Senior Campus in 1990 to provide specialised study for post high school students gaining entrance into university study. Peter Broun, first Colonial Secretary of Western Australia Margaret Forrest, wife of Premier Sir John Forrest Pat Giles, ALP Senator during the Hawke and Keating governments Deborah Vernon Hackett, mining company director and philanthropist Rolf Harris a disgraced former entertainer, grew up in Bassendean and was known as "The Boy from Bassendean" May Holman, the first woman Australian Labor Party parliamentarian Adem K, musician of the band Turnstyle has lived in Bassendean since 2001 Town of Bassendean Carter, Jennie.
Bassendean: a social history 1829–1979 Perth, W. A: Town of Bassendean, 1986. ISBN 1-86252-478-5 Town of Bassendean Website Cyril Jackson Senior Campus Website
Rigel was a large black Newfoundland dog, said to have saved some of the survivors of the sinking of the RMS Titanic. One account of the story was published in the New York Herald, April 21, 1912, the other was the book Sinking of the Titanic and Great sea disasters by Logan Marshall, published 1912. However, although the story has been reproduced, there is doubt about whether the dog existed. Rigel was said to have been owned by the First Officer of the Titanic. Murdoch died in the sinking, but Rigel swam away, stayed close to one of the lifeboats; when RMS Carpathia arrived on the scene looking for survivors, Rigel began to bark. The lifeboat had drifted under the bows of the Carpathia, was at risk of being run down, but the people in the boat were too exhausted to make themselves heard. Rigel's barks alerted Captain Arthur Rostron, who ordered the engines stopped and began the search for survivors. Everyone in the lifeboat was saved, Rigel was pulled from the icy water after three hours, unaffected by the experience.
The dog was too large to be pulled from the water by hand, but a seaman aboard the Carpathia, Jonas Briggs, managed to get a canvas sling under its belly, with which it was hauled aboard. This story, has been the subject of some controversy; the above narrative has been credited to Rigel's inventive savior, Jonas Briggs, who adopted the dog. But researchers have raised doubts about his role in the story, they note. Moreover, none of the survivors in lifeboat number four mentioned the dog in their accounts of their rescue. So the story might be untrue. Another theory, most notably advocated by Stanley Coren, claims that the Carpathia's Master at Arms, John Brown, adopted Rigel, while "Brigg" was the name of a passenger aboard one of the lifeboats. In this telling, John Brown retired soon after the incident and took the Newfoundland with him to his home in rural Scotland. There, the dog lived to an old age. Citations Sources Further reading Animals aboard the RMS Titanic Legends and myths regarding RMS Titanic List of fictional dogs Menagerie animals aboard Titanic Did Murdoch have a dog called Rigel
Ethelwyn Manning was the second Chief Librarian of the Frick Art Reference Library. During World War II, she assisted the Committee of the American Council of Learned Societies on Protection of Cultural Treasures in War Areas known as the Monuments, Fine Arts, Archives program. Manning graduated from Smith College in 1908 and the school of Library Science at Simmons College in 1911, she studied at the Training School for Children's Librarians at the Carnegie Library, Pittsburgh. Manning began her career as a Children's Librarian at the Brooklyn Public Library in 1909, she subsequently held positions in the public libraries of Burlington, Cedar Rapids and Milton, Massachusetts. In 1917, she was appointed Head Cataloger of the Amherst College Library in Massachusetts. In September 1924, Manning was appointed the second Chief Librarian of the Frick Art Reference Library, a research institute dedicated to promoting the study of art history and related subjects, founded four years earlier by Helen Clay Frick as a memorial to her father, the collector Henry Clay Frick.
Manning worked at the Frick Art Reference Library for twenty-four years, overseeing the institution's transfer from its original location in a two and one-half story building at 6 East 71st Street to its present thirteen story building located at 10 East 71st Street. During World War II, when the Committee of the American Council of Learned Societies on Protection of Cultural Treasures in War Areas was in residence at the Library, she worked alongside art historians on the Committee to prepare maps detailing the location of art treasures and landmarks in war zones and in danger of Nazi plundering. Manning was instrumental in developing the institution's collection of study photographs of works of art, acquiring thousands of reproductions from European photographers and hiring photographers in the United States to travel through the country and photograph inaccessible paintings in private collections; the resulting collection, which presently comprises more than one million images, documents the Western artistic tradition
Yasha Malekzad is an award-winning music video director and producer from Beccles in Suffolk, who has worked with international artists including Enrique Iglesias, Will Smith, Usher, Lil Wayne, Sharon Stone, Nicky Jam, The Wanted, Christina Milian, JLS, Tinchy Stryder, Romeo Santos, Lionel Richie, Era Istrefi, Paulina Rubio, Wisin, Roselyn Sanchez, Parker Ighile, Stafford Brothers, Camilla Belle and many more. He is currently working on a long format documentary project on Olympic wrestling titled Pahlavan. Yasha is the creative director of Artist Preserve, his production company and product placement agency, located in Chelsea, London. Yasha Malekzad, of Persian and English descent, was born into a creative family of dancers and musicians, he pursued a career as a music producer and graduated from De Montfort University with an honours degree in music production and innovation. Whilst making a living DJing and selling records he fell into the world of film, first through producing music videos and by directing them.
Yasha always demonstrated great technical ability through his music production, transferred into his film making and given him the reputation of being a hands on director. Nicky Jam, Will Smith & Era Istrefi Live It Up Official Fifa World Cup 2018 Song starring Ronaldinho & WillianEnrique Iglesias Move to Miami ft. Pitbull Duele El Corazon ft. Wisin Heart Attack starring Camilla Belle Turn The Night Up Loco ft. Romeo Santos, including cameos by Danny Trejo & Roselyn Sánchez Dirty Dancer ft. Usher & Lil Wayne Ayer I Like How It Feels ft. Pitbull Tonight ft Ludacris Finally Found You ft. Sammy Adams & Daddy Yankee Heart Attack "Bailando" ft. Descemer Bueno & Gente de Zona "Bailando" ft. Descemer Bueno, Gente de Zone and Sean Paul Subeme La Radio ft. Descemer Bueno & Zion & Lennox Noche y De Día ft. Yandel & Juan Magan El Baño feat Bad Bunny starring Eric RobertsPaulina Rubio Boys Will Be BoysStafford Brothers ft Christina Milian & Lil Wayne HelloParker Ighile So BeautifulJodie Connor Bring ItDaley Broken Alone TogetherPahlavan A documentary Film telling wrestling's story.
Best Music Video, 2011, Ev. Gerard Award, Dirty Dancer Best Music Video, 2011, Los Premios 40 Principales Award, Tonight Best Music Video, 2011, Univision’s Best of Music, Tonight Los Premios 40 Prinpales, 2014, Best Spanish Video - Bailando Latin Music Italian Awards, 2014, Best Latin Male Video of the Year - Bailando Premios Juventud, My Favourite Music Video - Bailando Personal Website Yasha Malekzad - IMDb Artist Preserve London Pahlavan Project
Sullivan Joseph Fortner is an American jazz pianist. He was the regular pianist in trumpeter Roy Hargrove's band from 2010 to 2017, has released two albums on Impulse! Records. Fortner grew up in New Orleans, he started playing the piano from the age of four. He was inspired to play by seeing a woman playing the organ in a local church, his mother was the choir director of a Baptist church. For a time, he relied on his perfect pitch to play music. Fortner went on to obtain a bachelor's degree from the Oberlin Conservatory of Music and a master's degree from the Manhattan School of Music. In 2009, Fortner was part of vibraphonist Stefon Harris' band, including for a tour of Europe. Fortner was pianist in trumpeter Roy Hargrove's quintet from 2010 to 2017. Fortner became influenced by fellow pianist Barry Harris from 2011, when he realised that his knowledge of the music was too shallow. Fortner recorded with the Hargrove band's saxophonist, Justin Robinson, in 2013. In 2015, Fortner was the winner of the American Pianists Association Cole Porter Fellowship in Jazz, a prize that consists of "$50,000, the opportunity to record for Mack Avenue Records, two years of professional career services and development".
In early 2015, Fortner's quartet contained saxophonist Tivon Pennicott, bassist Ameen Saleem and drummer Jeremy "Bean" Clemons. Fortner's first release as leader was Aria from Impulse! Records, received a four-star review from DownBeat magazine; the next, Moments Preserved, was a trio album, with Saleem and Clemons, but Hargrove played on three of the tracks. Fortner played on some of the tracks. 2016: DownBeat magazine: “25 for the Future” An asterisk indicates the year the album was released