Vidhan Sabha

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The State Legislative Assembly or the Vidhan Sabha is the lower house (in states with bicameral) or the sole house (in unicameral states) of the state legislature in the different states of India.[1] The same name is also used for the lower house of the legislatures for two of the Union Territories, Delhi and Puducherry.[citation needed] The upper house in the seven states[citation needed] with a bicameral legislature is called the Legislative Council, or Vidhan Parishad, equivalent to the Senate of the United States or the House of Lords of the United Kingdom. Members of a State Legislative Assembly are direct representatives of the people of the particular state as they are directly elected by an electorate consisting of all citizens above the age of 18 of that state. Its maximum size as outlined in the Constitution of India is not more than 500 members and not fewer than 60 members. However, the size of the State Legislative Assembly can be fewer than 59 members through an Act of Parliament: such is the case in the states of Goa, Sikkim, Mizoram and the Union Territory of Puducherry. In some states the Governor may appoint 1 member to Governors) to State Legislative Assembly are referred to as Members of Legislative Assembly or MLAs. Each State Legislative Assembly for a five-year term, after which all seats are up for election. During a state of emergency, its term may be extended past five years or it may be dissolved. The term of the Legislative Assembly is five years. But it may be dissolved even earlier than five years by the Governor on the request of the Chief Minister. The term of a Legislative Assembly may be extended during an Emergency, but not by more than six months at a time. A State Legislative Assembly can also be dissolved if a motion of no confidence is passed within it against the majority party or coalition.

Qualifications required to become a member[edit]

To become a member of a State Legislative Assembly, a person must be a citizen of India, not less than 25 years of age. He or she should be mentally sound and should not be bankrupt. He or she should also state an affidavit that there are no criminal procedures against him or her. Speaker of State Legislative Assembly who is responsible for the conduct of business of the body, and also a Deputy Speaker to preside during the Speaker's absence. The Speaker acts as a neutral judge and manages all debates and discussions in the house. Usually he or she is a member of the stronger political party

A State Legislative Assembly holds equal legislative power with the upper house of state legislature, the State Legislative Council ('Legislative Council'), except in the area of money bills in which case the State Legislative Assembly has the ultimate authority.

Special powers of the State Legislative Assembly[edit]

A motion of no confidence against the government in the state can only be introduced in the State Legislative Assembly. If it is passed by a majority vote, then the Chief Minister and his Council of Ministers must collectively resign.

A money bill can only be introduced in State Legislative Assembly. In bicameral jurisdictions, after it is passed in the State Legislative Assembly, it is sent to the Vidhan Parishad, where it can be kept for a maximum time of 14 days.

In matters related to ordinary bills, the will of Legislative Assembly prevails and there is no provision of joint sitting. In such cases, Legislative council can delay the legislation by maximum 4 months (3 months in first visit and 1 month in the second visit of the bill).

List of State Legislative Assembly[edit]

State Legislative Assembly (Legislative Assembly) Image List of constituencies Location/state capital Number of Constituency Governing party
Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly Amaravathi 175 Telugu Desam Party
Arunachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Arunachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly Itanagar 60 Bharatiya Janata Party
Assam Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Assam Legislative Assembly Dispur 126 Bharatiya Janata Party
Bihar Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Bihar Legislative Assembly Patna 243 Janata Dal (United)
Chhattisgarh Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Chhattisgarh Legislative Assembly Atal Nagar 90 Bharatiya Janata Party
Delhi Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Delhi Legislative Assembly New Delhi 70 Aam Aadmi Party
Goa Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Goa Legislative Assembly Panaji 40 Bharatiya Janata Party
Gujarat Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Gujarat Legislative Assembly Gandhinagar 182 Bharatiya Janata Party
Haryana Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Haryana Legislative Assembly Chandigarh 90 Bharatiya Janata Party
Himachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Himachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly Shimla 68 Bharatiya Janata Party
Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly Srinagar 87 Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party
Jharkhand Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Jharkhand Legislative Assembly Ranchi 81 Bharatiya Janata Party
Karnataka Legislative Assembly Vidhana Souda , Bangalore.jpg List of constituencies of Karnataka Legislative Assembly Bengaluru 224 Janata Dal (Secular)
Kerala Legislative Assembly Niyamasabha Mandiram.JPG List of constituencies of Kerala Legislative Assembly Thiruvananthapuram 140 Communist Party of India (Marxist)
Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly Madhyapradesh Legislative Assembly.jpg List of constituencies of Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly Bhopal 230 Bharatiya Janata Party
Maharashtra Legislative Assembly
Vidhan Bhavan1.jpg
List of constituencies of Maharashtra Legislative Assembly 288 Bharatiya Janata Party
Manipur Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Manipur Legislative Assembly Imphal 60 Bharatiya Janata Party
Meghalaya Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Meghalaya Legislative Assembly Shillong 60 National People's Party
Mizoram Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Mizoram Legislative Assembly Aizawl 40 Indian National Congress
Nagaland Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Nagaland Legislative Assembly Kohima 60 Nationalist Democratic Progressive Party
Odisha Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Odisha Legislative Assembly Bhubaneshwar 147 Biju Janata Dal
Puducherry Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Puducherry Legislative Assembly Pondicherry 30 Indian National Congress
Punjab Legislative Assembly Assembly 09.jpg List of constituencies of Punjab Legislative Assembly Chandigarh 117 Indian National Congress
Rajasthan Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Rajasthan Legislative Assembly Jaipur 200 Bharatiya Janata Party
Sikkim Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Sikkim Legislative Assembly Gangtok 32 Sikkim Democratic Front
Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly Fort St. George, Chennai 3.jpg List of constituencies of Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly Chennai 234 All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
Telangana Legislative Assembly Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly.jpg List of constituencies of Telangana Legislative Assembly Hyderabad 119 Telangana Rashtra Samithi
Tripura Legislative Assembly Ujjayanta palace Tripura State Museum Agartala India.jpg List of constituencies of Tripura Legislative Assembly Agartala 60 Bharatiya Janata Party
Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly Lucknow 403 Bharatiya Janata Party
Uttarakhand Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Uttarakhand Legislative Assembly Dehradun 70 Bharatiya Janata Party
West Bengal Legislative Assembly West Bengal State Legislative Assembly House, Kolkata.jpg List of constituencies of West Bengal Legislative Assembly Kolkata 294 All India Trinamool Congress
Total 4120[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bihar State Legislative Assembly". vidhansabha.bih.nic.in. Retrieved 12 January 2017.
  2. ^ "Election Commission of India". eci.nic.in. Retrieved 12 January 2017.

External links[edit]