Viking Press is an American publishing company now owned by Penguin Random House. It was founded in New York City on March 1, 1925, by Harold K. Guinzburg and George S. Oppenheim and acquired by the Penguin Group in 1975. Guinzburg, a Harvard graduate and former employee of Simon and Schuster and Oppenheimer, a graduate of Williams College and Alfred A. Knopf, founded Viking in 1925 with the goal of publishing nonfiction and “distinguished fiction with some claim to permanent importance rather than ephemeral popular interest.” B. W. Huebsch joined the firm shortly afterward. Harold Guinzburg's son Thomas became president in 1961; the firm's name and logo—a Viking ship drawn by Rockwell Kent—were meant to evoke the ideas of adventure and enterprise implied by the word "Viking." In August 1961, they acquired H. B. Huesbsch, which maintained a list of backlist titles from authors such as James Joyce and Sherwood Anderson; the first imprint was The Book of American Negro Spirituals, edited by James Weldon Johnson.
The young firm focused on a liberal return policy. These policies, along with popular fiction authors Dorothy Parker, D. H. Lawrence and Erskine Caldwell, as well as non-fiction authors Bertrand Russell and Mohandis Gandhi, helped the firm weather the Depression; the house has been home to many prominent authors of fiction, non-fiction, play scripts. Five Viking authors have been awarded Nobel Prizes for Literature and one received the Nobel Peace Prize; the Viking Children's Book department was established in 1933. Viking Kestrel was one of its imprints, its books have won the Newbery and Caldecott Medals, include such books as The Twenty-One Balloons and illustrated by William Pene du Bois, Make Way for Ducklings, The Stinky Cheese Man by Jon Scieszka and Lane Smith, The Outsiders, Pippi Longstocking, The Story of Ferdinand. Its paperbacks are now published by Puffin Books, which includes the Firebird imprints. From 2012 and as of 2016, Viking Children's publisher is Kenneth Wright. In 1943, the Viking Portable Library was introduced, a series designed to provide compact, well-printed anthologies for the general reader and college students.
These compilations encompassed works by Hemingway and Shakespeare. Over the next decade, Viking published works by Lillian Hellman, Arthur Miller, Rumer Godden and Rex Stout. Saul Bellow published his third novel, The Adventure of Augie March in 1953, would publish his next five works with the press, including the Pulitzer Prize winning Humboldt's Gift in 1975. In 1957, Jack Kerouac's On the Road was published by the press, during the 1960s Viking published works by Hannah Arendt, Theodore Draper, Zbignew Brzezinski, Ian Fleming, Ken Kesey, Jimmy Breslin. Viking publishes 75 books a year, it has published both successful commercial fiction and acclaimed literary fiction and non-fiction, its paperbacks are most published by Penguin Books. Viking's current president is Brian Tart; the Viking Critical Library offers academic editions of literary texts. Like W. W. Norton's Norton Critical Editions, all titles print the text alongside a selection of critical essays and contextual documents; the series, which only saw sporadic publications in the late'70s and late'90s, has been dormant since 1998, with no new titles released since then.
However, a number of existing titles remain in print. Titles Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis, Consulting Editor In 1933, Viking Press founded a department called Junior Books to publish children's books; the first book published was The Story About Ping in 1933 under editor May Massee. Other stories published under the Viking label early in its history include The Story of Ferdinand, Make Way for Ducklings, The Twenty-One Balloons. Junior Books was renamed to Viking Children's Books at some point in the past, it publishes sixty titles a year. 10 Newbery Medals 10 Caldecott Medals 27 Newbery Honors 33 Caldecott Honors 1 American Book Award 2 Coretta Scott King Awards 3 Batcheldor Honors 5 Christopher Medals 2 Margaret A. Edwards Awards for authors S. E. Hinton and Richard Peck Bean, Martha Sue. A History and Profile of the Viking Press, Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Theses, 1969. "Viking Press, Viking Penguin", Dictionary of Literary Biography, Volume 46, pp. 365-368. Viking Press overview at Penguin Viking Press history at Penguin Viking Children's Books overview at Penguin Viking Children's Books history at Penguin
Electric Field Proximity Sensing or EFPS is a sensory system that relies on the fact that an electric field can be perturbed by the existence of a nearby object, provided it is at least conductive. One type of EFPS is The People Detector; the People Detector is a micro-electronic based device that can detect the presence of both moving and stationary objects through solid materials. Its ability to operate through any non-conductive material permits complete invisibility; the sensor functions by detecting small changes in an ultra-low-power electromagnetic field generated between two remotely located antenna electrodes. Its range is adjustable from a few centimetres to 4 m. Electric field proximity detectors can detect conducting or conducting objects and does not depend on impedance to ground; because EF sensors provide comparatively low amounts of data, they have the potential to provide several advantages over optical systems. Electric field systems can be made smaller and power efficient. Since EF sensors penetrate non-conducting materials, they can remain hidden allowing them to remain protected from weather.
EFPS systems today are used in a wide variety of industrial and commercial applications, including automobile airbag systems, in advanced robotic manipulators, in home automation, to determine which rooms are occupied. This is the same sensing system, used by the electric catfish to navigate through muddy waters; these fish make use of spectral changes and amplitude modulation to determine factors such shape, distance and conductivity. The abilities of the electric fish to communicate and identify sex and hierarchy within the species are made possible through electric fields. EF gradients as low as 5nV/cm can be found in some saltwater weakly electric fish. Researchers at MIT have created a prototype of a 3-dimensional EFPS called the "Fish", it can monitor objects in a 3-dimensional space. The People Detector does not have a microprocessor. Technology Review, a science and technology magazine published by MIT, featured EFPS in their September 2007 computing section. Intel had created a robotic arm that could distinguish between plastic bottles that had water present or not.
The robotic arm did not have to touch the bottles to determine. Researchers applied an oscillating voltage to an electrode, in the thumb of the robot for example, which created an electric field; as the field interacted with the water in the bottle, special sensors could determine the change in the electric field and cause the robot to behave in certain ways. The People Detector Senses Working Overtime
A Christmas Snow is a 2010 direct-to-video independent Christmas film by Trost Moving Pictures. It stars Muse Watson, Anthony Tyler Quinn and newcomer Cameron ten Napel. There is a guest appearance by Danny Cahill as the Food Critic. A soundtrack based on the film is being produced by Bryan Popin. Author Jim Stovall will write a novelized version of A Christmas Snow. For the past 30 years, Kathleen has carried around the haunting memory of her father abandoning her and her mother on Christmas Eve, she blames her mother for that night and now refuses to celebrate Christmas at all. Although she tries to forget her past, it has not forgotten her; because of a blizzard, Kathleen finds herself stuck in her home with two strangers during the days leading up to Christmas. Sam, a gentle older man Kathleen took in for the night, Lucy, the daughter of her soon to be fiancé bring her face to face with the hurts of her past, she has to choose between letting go and grabbing hold of a life-changing forgiveness, or continuing to carry her pain and bitterness.
A Christmas Snow was filmed in Oklahoma on an 18-day schedule. The final scene was shot at the Greyhound Bus terminal at Detroit streets. Filming was completed on February 2010 after an overnight shoot. Exploration Films signed on to take over distribution of the film in 2018 Official website A Christmas Snow on IMDb