Spittelmarkt (Berlin U-Bahn)
Spittelmarkt is a Berlin U-Bahn station located on the U 2 line in Mitte, at the eastern end of Leipziger Straße. It opened on 1 October 1908 the terminus of Berlin's second U-Bahn line, connecting it with Potsdamer Platz on the initial Stammstrecke route, it is named after Spittelmarkt square, former site of the Saint Gertrude hospital established about 1400. The station, designed by Alfred Grenander, was lavishly erected right beneath the banks of the Spree river, with daylight windows above the water's surface. Spittelmarkt became a through station with the extension of the line to Alexanderplatz on 1 July 1913. In 1940 the windows were walled up as an air raid precaution. There was a direct bomb hit on the platform area on 3 February 1945, it was only by chance. Since this wall is the sea wall of the Spree, the inner-city tunnel system would have been flooded and would have disrupted the underground traffic in the long term. In 1990 a major accident occurred. Fourteen people were injured. Spilled oil had covered the tracks.
It did not reopen until extensive reconstruction works started in 2003. Media related to U-Bahnhof Spittelmarkt at Wikimedia Commons
Warschauer Straße (Berlin U-Bahn)
Warschauer Straße is a Berlin U-Bahn station located on the U 1 and U 3. The U-Bahn station is the eastern terminus of the Berlin U-Bahn lines U 1 and U 3. Designed by Paul Wittig under contract with Siemens & Halske and opened on 17 August 1902 under the name Warschauer Brücke, the station was the first station of the Berlin elevated railway; the station consists of a 26 meter wide brick viaduct. The station was closed at the end of World War II and did not open again until 14 October 1945. Since the U-Bahn station is the only station of the U1 located in the eastern part of the city, it was again closed in 1961 due to the construction of the Berlin Wall. Following German Reunification in 1990, the station underwent extensive reconstruction and was reopened on 14 October 1995. At the same time it was renamed Warschauer Straße in order to create uniformity with the adjacent Berlin S-Bahn station located 150 metres away. In 1914, Berlin's elevated rail company planned to extend the rail line east to Frankfurter Allee to the location of today's Frankfurter Tor U-Bahn station.
However, World War I and its aftermath prevented the execution of these plans. In 2011, Berlin city transport planners excluded such an extension in their development plan. At the same time, any plans to move the U-Bahn station to create a single interchange station were shelved. Instead, the Berlin Senate plans an extension of a footbridge linking the two stations; the Oberbaumbrücke, the East Side Gallery as well as the Mercedes-Benz Arena can be reached on foot. Three discothèques are located in the basement vaults of the U-Bahn building: The Matrix Club, since 1996, one of the biggest venues in Berlin with up to nine bars and five dancefloors, the Narva Lounge and the Busche
Görlitzer Bahnhof (Berlin U-Bahn)
Görlitzer Bahnhof is a Berlin U-Bahn station on the viaduct of the U 1 and U 3. It is located in Kreuzberg, in an area that offers a wide range of nightlife but is notorious for its riots on 1 May; the station opened on 18 February 1902 under the name of Oranienstraße and is still preserved in its original condition. Designed by the company Siemens & Halske. In 1926, it was named after the nearby Görlitzer Bahnhof, one of Berlin's pre-war railway stations where southeastbound trains departed. On 8 February 1945, the eastern parts of the section were destroyed. On 18 March 1945, there was a heavy damage to the track area. On April 30 1951, the train station Görlitzer Bahnhof was closed to passengers and in 1987 closed for freight; the name Görlitzer Bahnhof today is only used by the U-Bahn station Görlitzer bahnhof. In 1981, it was renovated
Kurfürstendamm (Berlin U-Bahn)
Kurfürstendamm is an underground station, part of the Berlin U-Bahn network in Germany. It is on the U 1 and U 9 line and opened on 28 August 1961, when the first section of the U9 between Spichernstraße and Leopoldplatz was inaugurated; as there had been no stop of the U1 where it now crossed the U9, the line received an additional station here. It lies in eastern Charlottenburg on the intersection of Kurfürstendamm and Joachimstaler Straße, south of Zoologischer Garten Berlin and the Bahnhof Zoo. At the road junction above the station can be found the Café Kranzler, successor of the Café des Westens, a famous venue for artists and bohémiens of the pre–World War I era, as well as the Swissôtel Berlin; the well-known Kurfürstendamm boulevard is the most important upscale shopping district in Berlin. Next to the Kaiser-Wilhelm-Gedächtniskirche on Breitscheidplatz, shattered during the air raids in World War II, a modern new church was built
Bayerischer Platz (Berlin U-Bahn)
Bayerischer Platz is a Berlin U-Bahn station on the U 4 and the U 7 lines. The station is located under the square of the same name in the centre of the Bayerisches Viertel neighbourhood in Schöneberg; the U4 station opened with the rest of that line on 1 December 1910 and is now a protected historic landmark. The Schöneberg line between Nollendorfplatz and Innsbrucker Platz, today's U4, was built by the independent city of Schöneberg to connect it to the "new West" of Berlin; the Bayerischer Platz station was built in 1909/10 to the design of Johannes Kraaz. However, the platform areas of each station on the line were built to a standardised design, presumed to be by Friedrich Gerlach, the Prussian official, involved in every facet of the development of Schöneberg; the stations resemble those of Alfred Grenander and emulate his use of a distinguishing colour for each station. Kraaz conceived of the south entrance to the station as a pergola integrated into Fritz Encke's architecture in the square.
Since it was the only station on the line to have a 90 m long platform from the start, it was given another entrance at the north end in pergola style. This entrance survives unchanged today. However, the south entrance, rebuilt after being destroyed in World War II, had to be removed in 1956/57 when Grunewaldstraße was straightened to run through the square. At the time of the station's construction, there were plans to have a line to Neukölln cross at this point; the station was intended to bridge such a future line, which would be built 60 years later. On 3 February 1945, during World War II, several Allied bombs scored direct hits on the station while 2 trains were halted there, killing 63 people; the north entrance and lobby with their wrought iron railings and pilasters are unchanged, the only station entrance on the line to be preserved. The walls are tiled in blue and the stairwells faced with fossil-bearing rock. In the platform area, the original white and blue wall tiles were replaced with brighter colours during reconstruction after the war, but the platform appears as it did, two original kiosks, one with the original tiling remain.
The next station is Rathaus Schoneberg. The lower-level U7 portion of the station, built to Rainer G. Rümmler's design in 1968–70 and opened in 1971 makes use of the Bavarian colours: the walls are clad in blue fibre cement panels with the station name on a white horizontal stripe, the support columns are white; the ceiling, resembling skylights in industrial buildings, was designed to avoid dazzling train operators. The lobbies are decorated in contrasting colours: white and turquoise; the design resembles that at Eisenacher Straße by Rümmler. The next station is Eisenacher Straße. At the same time, the glass-fronted south entrance building erected in the 1950s to replace the demolished original was rebuilt to a modernistic design by Rümmler. Colourful art is mounted on the walls inside; the BVG has done fundamental maintenance to the main entrance building in 2013. In addition, the station will be equipped with two additional handicapped accessible lifts by the end of the year. On 27 May 2013 the demolition of the main building began.
These were completed by 3 December 2013. Biagia Bongiorno. Die Bahnhöfe der Berliner Hoch- und Untergrundbahn. Verkehrsdenkmale in Berlin. Berlin: Imhof, 2007. ISBN 978-3-86568-292-5. P. 128. Map of station location, Berliner Verkehrsbetriebe
Berlin-Pankow is a station on the Berlin–Szczecin railway, situated in Berlin's Pankow district. It is served by the S-Bahn lines S 2, S 8 and S 85 and is the northern terminus of the U-Bahn line U 2. Pankow is a station on Berlin Berlin U-Bahn networks; the station is served by the following services: The station opened on 15 October 1880, south of the former Pankow village. It soon was named Pankow-Schönhausen after the neighbouring Schönhausen Palace; the entrance building was rebuilt in 1911 with the establishment of the suburban railway toward Bernau, which would become the first line of the Berlin S-Bahn on 8 August 1924. The station was renamed Berlin-Pankow in 1954. With the construction of the marshalling yard Pankow the passenger station was converted received in the course of the work a platform "after kind of the citizens of Berlin light rail stations"; until 1916, the suburban traffic was separated from the long-distance and freight traffic on the Szczecin railway to Bernau. The new track pair for long-distance and freight traffic went into operation between the previous line and the marshalling yard and was structurally taken into account in its construction.
In the course of the expansion, a new reception building was built from 1909 to 1914 to plans by Karl Cornelius and Ernst Schwartz on the north side. A good ten years electrical operation was tested on the entire suburban line. Based on the electrification decision in 1913, the German Reichsbahn intended until 1922 still a trolleybus operation and 15 kilovolt 162/3 Hertz AC voltage. Between Pankow and Pankow-Heinersdorf at the beginning of 1921, twelve masts were set up at a distance of around 100 meters; the Reichsbahn decided, for the still common today with the Berlin S-Bahn operation with lateral busbar. The transformer plant was erected in Pankow for the power supply. On 8 August 1924, the electrical control mode was recorded, it was supposed to be a regional railway station but plans were scrapped. These are the railway lines that pass through Pankow station: S2 S8 S85 Since 1930, when the northern terminus of the U2 U-Bahn line was extended to nearby Pankow, an extension towards the Berlin Pankow station had been planned, but no work was carried out.
In October 1997, the "underground station Pankow" was renamed to Vinetastraße. The new terminus was opened on 16 September 2000; the next extension possible after the Pankow will be Pankow Kirche and Rosenthaler Weg. The possibility of extending the line to Niederschönhausen was first considered in 1957, was kept on the drawing board when Berlin was divided into East Berlin and West Berlin, in 1961; the city of Berlin had given the green light to build Pankow station only, connected to the Berlin S-Bahn on 7 November 1987
Nollendorfplatz (Berlin U-Bahn)
Nollendorfplatz is a Berlin U-Bahn station located on the U 1, the U 2, the U 3, the U 4. It opened in 1902 and today is the only station in Berlin, served by four metro lines; the station and the eponymous square named after Nakléřov in the Czech Republic lie in the north of Schöneberg at the junction of Motzstraße, Kleiststraße and Bülowstraße. The area is an important centre of gay culture and the nearby Winterfeldtplatz is home to a known market; the quarter, which used to be a unstable center of heroin addicts and squatters twenty years ago has seen a remarkable comeback into the mainstream culture with high rents and upscale restaurants and bookshops. In this it resembles for the western part of Kreuzberg; the subway station itself received an art nouveau glass dome which resembles the one it had before the war, designed by Cremer & Wolffenstein. Media related to Nollendorfplatz at Wikimedia Commons Hoch- und Untergrundbahnhof Nollendorfplatz entry in the list of Berlin cultural monuments