Voitto Valdemar Hellsten, sometimes spelled as Voitto Hellstén, was a Finnish sprinter. Hellsten competed in 100–400 m events at the 1952, 1956 and 1960 Olympics and won a bronze medal in the 400 m in 1956, shared with Ardalion Ignatyev. Hellsten was successful at the annual athletics meetings between Finland and Sweden. From 1962 to 1970, Voitto Hellsten was a member of the Finnish parliament, where he represented the Social Democratic Party
The modern Olympic Games or Olympics are leading international sporting events featuring summer and winter sports competitions in which thousands of athletes from around the world participate in a variety of competitions. The Olympic Games are considered the world's foremost sports competition with more than 200 nations participating; the Olympic Games are held every four years, with the Summer and Winter Games alternating by occurring every four years but two years apart. Their creation was inspired by the ancient Olympic Games, which were held in Olympia, from the 8th century BC to the 4th century AD. Baron Pierre de Coubertin founded the International Olympic Committee in 1894, leading to the first modern Games in Athens in 1896; the IOC is the governing body of the Olympic Movement, with the Olympic Charter defining its structure and authority. The evolution of the Olympic Movement during the 20th and 21st centuries has resulted in several changes to the Olympic Games; some of these adjustments include the creation of the Winter Olympic Games for snow and ice sports, the Paralympic Games for athletes with a disability, the Youth Olympic Games for athletes aged 14 to 18, the five Continental games, the World Games for sports that are not contested in the Olympic Games.
The Deaflympics and Special Olympics are endorsed by the IOC. The IOC has had to adapt to a variety of economic and technological advancements; the abuse of amateur rules by the Eastern Bloc nations prompted the IOC to shift away from pure amateurism, as envisioned by Coubertin, to allowing participation of professional athletes. The growing importance of mass media created the issue of corporate sponsorship and commercialisation of the Games. World wars led to the cancellation of the 1916, 1940, 1944 Games. Large boycotts during the Cold War limited participation in the 1980 and 1984 Games; the Olympic Movement consists of international sports federations, National Olympic Committees, organising committees for each specific Olympic Games. As the decision-making body, the IOC is responsible for choosing the host city for each Games, organises and funds the Games according to the Olympic Charter; the IOC determines the Olympic programme, consisting of the sports to be contested at the Games. There are several Olympic rituals and symbols, such as the Olympic flag and torch, as well as the opening and closing ceremonies.
Over 13,000 athletes compete at the Summer and Winter Olympic Games in 33 different sports and nearly 400 events. The first and third-place finishers in each event receive Olympic medals: gold and bronze, respectively; the Games have grown so much. This growth has created numerous challenges and controversies, including boycotts, bribery, a terrorist attack in 1972; every two years the Olympics and its media exposure provide athletes with the chance to attain national and sometimes international fame. The Games constitute an opportunity for the host city and country to showcase themselves to the world; the Ancient Olympic Games were religious and athletic festivals held every four years at the sanctuary of Zeus in Olympia, Greece. Competition was among representatives of several kingdoms of Ancient Greece; these Games featured athletic but combat sports such as wrestling and the pankration and chariot racing events. It has been written that during the Games, all conflicts among the participating city-states were postponed until the Games were finished.
This cessation of hostilities was known as truce. This idea is a modern myth; the truce did allow those religious pilgrims who were travelling to Olympia to pass through warring territories unmolested because they were protected by Zeus. The origin of the Olympics is shrouded in legend. According to legend, it was Heracles who first called the Games "Olympic" and established the custom of holding them every four years; the myth continues that after Heracles completed his twelve labours, he built the Olympic Stadium as an honour to Zeus. Following its completion, he walked in a straight line for 200 steps and called this distance a "stadion", which became a unit of distance; the most accepted inception date for the Ancient Olympics is 776 BC. The Ancient Games featured running events, a pentathlon, wrestling and equestrian events. Tradition has it that a cook from the city of Elis, was the first Olympic champion; the Olympics were of fundamental religious importance, featuring sporting events alongside ritual sacrifices honouring both Zeus and Pelops, divine hero and mythical king of Olympia.
Pelops was famous for his chariot race with King Oenomaus of Pisatis. The winners of the events were immortalised in poems and statues; the Games were held every four years, this period, known as an Olympiad, was used by Greeks as one of their units of time measurement. The Games were part of a cycle known as the Panhellenic Games, which included the Pythian Games, the Nemean Games, the Isthmian Games; the Olympic Games reached their zenith in the 6th and 5th centuries BC, but gradually declined in importance as the Romans gained power and influence in Gr
Veikko Leo Karvonen was a Finnish athlete who competed in the marathon. He won the bronze medal in the marathon at the 1956 Summer Olympics. At the 1954 European Championships he won the gold medal in the marathon and the following year won the Boston Marathon. Karvonen was born in Sakkola, a small Karelian town that belonged to Finland but was invaded by the Soviet Union during World War II. Karvonen was evacuated to Saarijärvi, where he started his running career training with Jussi Kurikkala, he ran his first marathon in autumn 1949 in Turku with the promising result of 2:45:07. Karvonen participated in the 1950 European Championships in Brussels, he finished second in the marathon 32 seconds after the winner Jack Holden. In the Track & Field News annual world ranking he was the second best marathon runner of 1950, after Holden. In 1951 Karvonen won all of them. In the Finnish Championship marathon in July his winning time was 2:28:46. In August in the Nordic Championship marathon he ran 2:28:07.
In September he won the Enschede Marathon by over six minutes' margin before Tom Richards, Karvonen's winning time was 2:29:02. In 1951 Karvonen was ranked as the best marathon runner by the Field News. Karvonen trained hard for the 1952 Summer Olympics, which were in Helsinki, the capital of his home country, Finland. In spring 1952 he was at the training camp in Dinan when he started to suffer from back pain, diagnosed as a stress reaction of the intervertebral disc; as a result, he was forced to quit running for six weeks. Karvonen was only sixth in the Finnish Championship marathon on the Olympic course of Helsinki on 22 June. However, he was nominated to the Finnish Olympic team. Karvonen rewarded his supporters at the Olympic marathon by finishing fifth with the time 2:26:41, three and half minutes after the Olympic champion Emil Zátopek. Karvonen was ranked fifth by the Track & Field News. In 1953 Karvonen finished second in the Boston Marathon. In this race he broke the 2:20 barrier for the first time.
In August Karvonen won silver medal at the Finnish Championship marathon and in September won a gold medal at the Nordic Championship marathon. In October he competed against Jim Peters in his home town of Turku. Peters beat Karvonen by over seven minutes. In the 1953 Track & Field News world ranking Karvonen was third. Karvonen did not gave up after his disappointment in Turku. In the following year's Boston Marathon he followed Peters until he took the lead before the 30 km mark. Peters dropped from his pace at the course's Heartbreak Hill and Karvonen took his most memorable victory in 2:20:39. Peters finished in 2:22:40. At the 1954 European Championships in Brussels Karvonen, Boris Grishayev, Ivan Filin competed for the victory. Filin led by twenty meters. To his misfortune, he turned in the wrong direction on missed victory. In the stadium Karvonen realized Filin's situation and ran for the gold medal before Grishayev and the disappointed Filin; because of Filin's misfortune, Karvonen did not appreciate his championship.
In 1954 Karvonen ran altogether five marathons within eight months and ranked first in the Track & Field News annual world ranking. In August 1955 Karvonen was second in the Finnish Championship marathon, four minutes after Paavo Kotila. For the rest of the year Karvonen did not lose any race. For the second year in a row he was ranked as world's best marathon runner by the Track & Field News. In August 1956 Finnish Championship marathon Karvonen was only third after Paavo Kotila and Eino Oksanen. However, in that race he ran his personal best 2:18:56, which remained his record until the end of his career. However, in the Olympics marathon Karvonen was overall third-place finisher. Twelve kilometers before the finish line, Karvonen was still in second position after Alain Mimoun; the race was run in hot conditions and Karvonen admitted it as the most painful race of his career. Karvonen suffered in the last kilometers, it took months until Karvonen recovered from the race. In 1956 Karvonen was ranked third by the Field News.
At the 1957 Boston Marathon, Karvonen was second after John J. Kelley, a young American, who beat Karvonen by four minutes; the New York Times reported that midway through the race, Karvonen was clutching his side and seemed to have a stitch. Karvonen was still sixth at the 1958 European Championships with his all-time third best time, 2:22:45, second at the 1958 Fukuoka Marathon, fourth at the 1959 Boston Marathon. During his career Karvonen won 15 of them. IAAF obituary New York Times obituary Tilastopaja profile for Veikko Karvonen Track & Field News Men's World Rankings, 1947–2002 Veikko Karvonen at the International Olympic Committee
Jani Nikanor Sievinen is a former medley swimmer from Finland, who won the silver medal in the 200 m individual medley at the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta, Georgia. In winning the World Championship 200m individual medley title in 1994, he established a new world record of 1:58.16 which lasted for nine years until it was broken by Michael Phelps. Jani Sievinen was married to Mari Sievinen, they have three daughters. Sievinen has two sons from his previous marriage to Susanna Sievinen. Personal website: www.janisievinen.com Evans, Hilary. "Jani Sievinen". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on 2009-03-07
Marjo Tuulevi Matikainen-Kallström is a politician and former Finnish cross-country skier. Matikainen-Kallström represents the National Coalition Party in Finland. From 1996 to 2004 she was a Member of the European Parliament, since 2004 she has been a member of the Finnish Parliament, she had a short but winning sporting career. In the six seasons she competed at a top international level, she won the World Cup three years in a row. At the 1984 Winter Olympics in Sarajevo, Matikainen-Kallström won a bronze medal in the relay aged just 19. Four years in Calgary she won bronze on the 10 km race, in the 5 km sprint won gold after being in second place all race until the last kilometre before coming through to win, 1.3 seconds ahead of Tamara Tikhonova, who had to settle for silver. That same year she won another bronze medal in the relay. At the 1987 FIS Nordic World Ski Championships in Oberstdorf, she won the 5 km sprint, silver in the 10 km. Matikainen-Kallström finished her championship career with a fantastic 1989 FIS Nordic World Ski Championships on her home soil in Lahti, where she won the following medals: Gold medal in the 15 km Gold medal in the 4 x 5 km Silver medal in the 10 km freestyle Bronze medal in the 10 km classical Bronze medal in the 30 km classicalMatikainen-Kallström was the first winner of the women's 30 km event at the Holmenkollen ski festival in 1988.
She quit competition after these championships at the age of 24 to concentrate on her studies at the Helsinki University of Technology and on politics. All results are sourced from the International Ski Federation. 3 titles – 8 victories 17 podiums 1 victory 8 podiums Holmenkollen winners since 1892 – click Vinnere for downloadable pdf file Marjo Matikanen Kallstroem at the International Ski Federation
Eero Johannes "Erkka" Tapio is a retired Greco-Roman wrestler from Finland who won four medals at the world championships of 1965–69, including a gold medal in 1967. He competed at the 1964, 1968 and 1972 Summer Olympics and placed fifth-sixth in 1964 and 1968, he was voted the Finnish Sports Personality of the Year in 1967, placing within first ten in 1965, 1966 and 1969. Tapio was born to a farmer, through his life worked as a painter, wrestling coach and sports official. In the 1970s–80s he worked with the national wrestling team, he is married and has two children, born in 1966 and 1968