Provinces of Spain
Spain and its autonomous communities are divided into fifty provinces. Spain's provincial system was recognized in its 1978 constitution but its origin dates back to 1833. Ceuta and the Plazas de soberanía are not part of any provinces; the layout of Spain's provinces follows the pattern of the territorial division of the country carried out in 1833. The only major change of provincial borders since that time has been the subdivision of the Canary Islands into two provinces rather than one; the provinces served as transmission belts for policies enacted in Madrid, as Spain was a centralised state for most of its modern history. The importance of the provinces has declined since the adoption of the system of autonomous communities in the period of the Spanish transition to democracy, they remain electoral districts for national elections and as geographical references: for instance in postal addresses and telephone codes. A small town would be identified as being in, Valladolid province rather than the autonomous community of Castile and León.
The provinces were the "building-blocks". No province is divided between more than one of these communities. Most of the provinces—with the exception of Álava, Biscay, Guipúzcoa, Balearic Islands, La Rioja, Navarra — are named after their principal town. Only two capitals of autonomous communities — Mérida in Extremadura and Santiago de Compostela in Galicia — are not the capitals of provinces. Seven of the autonomous communities comprise no more than one province each: Asturias, Balearic Islands, Cantabria, La Rioja, Madrid and Navarra; these are sometimes referred to as "uniprovincial" communities. The table below lists the provinces of Spain. For each, the capital city is given, together with an indication of the autonomous community to which it belongs and a link to a list of municipalities in the province; the names of the provinces and their capitals are ordered alphabetically according to the form in which they appear in the main Wikipedia articles describing them. Unless otherwise indicated, their Spanish language names are the same.
List of Spanish provinces by population List of Spanish provinces by area Spanish Federation of Municipalities and Provinces Autonomous communities of Spain Comarcas of Spain ISO 3166-2:ESGeneral: Political divisions of Spain Maps of the provinces of Spain Maps of Spain's Provinces List of municipalities of Spain listed by province from the Spanish INE
Albeta is a municipality located in the province of Zaragoza, Spain. According to the 2004 census, the municipality has a population of 151 inhabitants
Alhama de Aragón
Alhama de Aragón is a spa town located in the province of Zaragoza, Spain, situated on the river Jalón, a tributary of the Ebro. According to the 2004 census, the municipality has a population of 1,150 inhabitants. Principal industries are a lighting factory. There are some wine-making in the area; the town is served by railway services to Arcos de Jalón and Calatayud, where there is a connection to the high speed AVE trains between Madrid and Barcelona. The 1957 film Los jueves, milagro, by Luis García Berlanga, starring Richard Basehart was filmed in the pueblo. Set in the fictional village of Fuentecilla, the story concerns a plot by local business men to revive the business of the spas by staging a miraculous appearance by San Dimas every Thursday evening; the town has been known for over two thousand years because of the hot springs of the area. The Roman poet Martial refers to its pre-Roman name as Congedus. O you, whose name must not be left untold by Celtiberian nations, you the honour of our common country, you, will behold the lofty Bilbilis, renowned for horses and arms, Catus venerable with his locks of snow, eased Vadavero with ita broken cliffs, the sweet grove of delicious Botrodus, which the happy Pomona loves.
You will breast the calm lakes of the Nymphs. In the Roman era, it became known as Aquae Bilbilitanorum, a reference to the waters of Augusta Bilbilis, the Latin name for Calatayud; the modern name derives from the Arabic Al-Hammam, meaning "the baths". An Arab fortress was captured by El Cid in 1070, but it reverted to Moorish control until re-captured by king Alfonso I of Aragón in 1122. In the ensuing three centuries the town was disputed by the rulers of Castille and Aragon becoming part of the latter in 1457. In the nineteenth century, the hot springs were exploited and several balnearios were built, four remaining in operation and popular with visitors today. During the Spanish Civil War, Alhama was occupied by the Nationalists. During World War II, some escaped Allied prisoners or war were interned in the town, along with airmen who crashed in or near Spain. A unique thermal lake of nearly two hectares is open throughout the year in the grounds of Balneario Termas Pallarés; the water is a constant temperature of 34 °C.
The famous Cistercian abbey of Monasterio de Piedra with its water gardens lies 25 kilometres to the south-west. The city of Calatayud which has famous mudéjar church towers is about 35 kilometres to the north east. Other examples of mudéjar art can be found in neighbouring villages. La Virgen de las Candelas and San Blas, February 2–3 Pilgrimage to the hermitage of San Gregorio, 2nd Sunday in May Pilgrimage to the hermitage of Santa Quiteria, May 22 San Roque, August 14–17 Pablo Luna Carné, famous composer of zarzuelas. Ángel Vicioso, racing cyclist Ariza Ateca Cetina Contamina Daroca Godojos
Almonacid de la Sierra
Almonacid de la Sierra is a municipality located in the province of Zaragoza, Spain. According to the 2004 census, the municipality has a population of 894 inhabitants, it has a total area of 54 km squared. This town is located near the Sierra de Algairén, Sistema Ibérico, in the comarca of Campo de Cariñena. More detail on the Spanish Wikipedia page
A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. The term is used in connection with national population and housing censuses; the United Nations defines the essential features of population and housing censuses as "individual enumeration, universality within a defined territory and defined periodicity", recommends that population censuses be taken at least every 10 years. United Nations recommendations cover census topics to be collected, official definitions and other useful information to co-ordinate international practice; the word is of Latin origin: during the Roman Republic, the census was a list that kept track of all adult males fit for military service. The modern census is essential to international comparisons of any kind of statistics, censuses collect data on many attributes of a population, not just how many people there are. Censuses began as the only method of collecting national demographic data, are now part of a larger system of different surveys.
Although population estimates remain an important function of a census, including the geographic distribution of the population, statistics can be produced about combinations of attributes e.g. education by age and sex in different regions. Current administrative data systems allow for other approaches to enumeration with the same level of detail but raise concerns about privacy and the possibility of biasing estimates. A census can be contrasted with sampling in which information is obtained only from a subset of a population. Modern census data are used for research, business marketing, planning, as a baseline for designing sample surveys by providing a sampling frame such as an address register. Census counts are necessary to adjust samples to be representative of a population by weighting them as is common in opinion polling. Stratification requires knowledge of the relative sizes of different population strata which can be derived from census enumerations. In some countries, the census provides the official counts used to apportion the number of elected representatives to regions.
In many cases, a chosen random sample can provide more accurate information than attempts to get a population census. A census is construed as the opposite of a sample as its intent is to count everyone in a population rather than a fraction. However, population censuses rely on a sampling frame to count the population; this is the only way to be sure that everyone has been included as otherwise those not responding would not be followed up on and individuals could be missed. The fundamental premise of a census is that the population is not known and a new estimate is to be made by the analysis of primary data; the use of a sampling frame is counterintuitive as it suggests that the population size is known. However, a census is used to collect attribute data on the individuals in the nation; this process of sampling marks the difference between historical census, a house to house process or the product of an imperial decree, the modern statistical project. The sampling frame used by census is always an address register.
Thus it is not known how many people there are in each household. Depending on the mode of enumeration, a form is sent to the householder, an enumerator calls, or administrative records for the dwelling are accessed; as a preliminary to the dispatch of forms, census workers will check any address problems on the ground. While it may seem straightforward to use the postal service file for this purpose, this can be out of date and some dwellings may contain a number of independent households. A particular problem is what are termed'communal establishments' which category includes student residences, religious orders, homes for the elderly, people in prisons etc; as these are not enumerated by a single householder, they are treated differently and visited by special teams of census workers to ensure they are classified appropriately. Individuals are counted within households and information is collected about the household structure and the housing. For this reason international documents refer to censuses of housing.
The census response is made by a household, indicating details of individuals resident there. An important aspect of census enumerations is determining which individuals can be counted from which cannot be counted. Broadly, three definitions can be used: de facto residence; this is important to consider individuals who have temporary addresses. Every person should be identified uniquely as resident in one place but where they happen to be on Census Day, their de facto residence, may not be the best place to count them. Where an individual uses services may be more useful and this is at their usual, or de jure, residence. An individual may be represented at a permanent address a family home for students or long term migrants, it is necessary to have a precise definition of residence to decide whether visitors to a country should be included in the population count. This is becoming more important as students travel abroad for education for a period of several years. Other groups causing problems of enumeration are new born babies, people away on holiday, people moving home around census day, people without a fixed address.
People having second homes because of working in another part of the country or retaining a holiday cottage are dif
Alcalá de Moncayo
Alcalá de Moncayo is a municipality located in the province of Zaragoza, Spain. According to the 2004 census, the municipality has a population of 144 inhabitants
Almochuel is a municipality located in the Campo de Belchite comarca, province of Zaragoza, Spain. According to the 2008 census, the municipality has a population of 33 inhabitants