Bruges is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France, just north of Bordeaux. The homography with Bruges is purely coincidental; the place-name comes from Gasconic bruche, with a plural -s meaning "bushes", "scrubs". Anthony Moura-Komenan footballer Mathieu Valbuena footballer Communes of the Gironde department INSEE
Blanes is a town and municipality in the comarca of Selva in Girona, Spain. During the Roman rule it was named Blandae, it is known as the "Gateway to the Costa Brava". Its coast is part of the Costa Brava; the township is 18.29 km². Blanes is a popular tourist town, it is known for the Concurs de Focs d'Artifici during the Santa Anna festival. Other places of interest include a botanical gardens, such as the Cala Bona, beaches which are surrounded by mountains; the population in 2017 was 38,813. The history of Blanes predates the Roman conquest. Iberian activity has been attested in the area. Romanization of Blanes and its surroundings began around the 3rd century BC. Roman remains of the Blandae site lie nearby. After the rule of the Romans the area shared the fate of much of the Peninsula, being conquered successively by the Goths, the Moors and the Christians shortly after. In the 13th century, after the Christians regained the power, important architectural developments took place in Blanes; some examples are Palau Vescomtal, the Església Parroquial church and the city walls.
In the 17th century, during the Catalan Revolt, Blanes was burned to ashes. The Palau Vescomtal was destroyed. Another event that affected Blanes was the War of the Spanish Succession. Afterwards the reconstruction of the town and the expansion of agriculture started. One of the botanical gardens in Blanes is the Marimurtra, which covers 15 hectares, it is visited by 300,000 people every year. Another garden is the Pinya de Rosa; the Festa major or feast of Santa Anna and Sant Joaquim are celebrated in the 3rd or 4th week of July, between the 21st and 27th annually. During the eight days, the major feasts are celebrated as well as the European Concurs de Focs d'Artifici which attracts more than 500,000 visitors; this is an international competition. Over 500,000 kg of fireworks are used at each event. Most people watch the fireworks from the beach; the fireworks competition nearly always runs in the last full week of July. 2018 marks the 48th edition of the competition, which will take place Saturday July 21 through Thursday July 26According to a local radio station, Radio Marina, nearly 1 million people visited the fireworks competition during its 5-day course.
Prior to 2012 the competition ran for five consecutive days. At the height of Spain's financial crisis it was decided to drop to four days as a money-saving measure. In 2016 enough sponsors were found to restore the fifth day of the event. In 2017; the Festa menor or the feast of the co-patrons, is traditionally celebrated on the la Nit de la Caminada Popular in mid-August and has been around for 25 years as of 2012. This is a wholly family-oriented trek which many people walk accompanied by their children, pets etc, it is 8 km long. The reward is a slice of watermelon. In December 2008 an unusually strong storm struck Blanes' beach; the port of Blanes was hit hardest. The old seawall was not capable of holding off a storm of that magnitude. Many pleasure boats, fishing vessels and tourist ferries were smashed onto the beach. Before the storm, plans had been made to upgrade the harbor but the repairs were delayed; the poor state of the harbor made it more vulnerable to the storm surges and resulted in the heavy loss in the Boxing Day storm.
This storm has been referred to by locals as the worst storm Blanes had seen since the 1950s. The festival lasts eight days; this week the competition is held every year Fireworks of the Costa Brava, one of the largest in Europe. The first documented date of the launch of a firework in Blanes 1906. Has knowledge of other date but it was not until 1962 that the launch will begin to once a year; the year 1971 marks the first Fireworks Competition while the people become three nights launch fireworks. This number has fluctuated over the years. From 1958 releases have always made from Sa Palomera the big rock that separates the two parts blanenca coast and is considered symbolically the beginning of the Costa Brava; every night of celebration contest a different firework company presents its work to the public who come to the beach, with a duration of between 20 and 24 minutes. This is assessed by the Popular Jury is designated each year and is responsible for choosing the winners. Blames is home to the Club de Futbol Obispado.
The city has a roller hockey team, Blanes Hoquei Club, dispute the main League OK Liga. Blanes is home to one of the most important tournaments of roller hockey, the Golden Cup. Mamadou Tounkara, footballer Rubén Yáñez, footballer Roberto Bolaño, poet, essayist Ardales, Spain Villenave-d'Ornon, France Panareda Clopés, Josep Maria. Guia de Catalunya, Barcelona:Caixa de Catalunya. ISBN 84-87135-01-3. ISBN 84-87135-02-1. Official website Official Blanes tourist guide Independent Blanes Tourist Guide Government data pages
Bègles is a commune in the Gironde department in southwestern France. It is adjacent to it on the south. Bègles was the birthplace of: Sandrine Cantoreggi, violinist Lilly Daché, milliner and fashion designer Jacques Dufilho, actor Bègles is twinned with: Collado Villalba, Spain Suhl, Germany Bray, Ireland Communes of the Gironde department INSEE Official website
France the French Republic, is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories. The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean, it is bordered by Belgium and Germany to the northeast and Italy to the east, Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories include French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic and Indian oceans; the country's 18 integral regions span a combined area of 643,801 square kilometres and a total population of 67.3 million. France, a sovereign state, is a unitary semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris, the country's largest city and main cultural and commercial centre. Other major urban areas include Lyon, Toulouse, Bordeaux and Nice. During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the arrival of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia.
The Treaty of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into Middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia which became the Kingdom of France in 987 emerged as a major European power in the Late Middle Ages following its victory in the Hundred Years' War. During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world; the 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars between Protestants. France became Europe's dominant cultural and military power in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French Revolution overthrew the absolute monarchy, established one of modern history's earliest republics, saw the drafting of the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation's ideals to this day. In the 19th century, Napoleon established the First French Empire, his subsequent Napoleonic Wars shaped the course of continental Europe. Following the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous succession of governments culminating with the establishment of the French Third Republic in 1870.
France was a major participant in World War I, from which it emerged victorious, was one of the Allies in World War II, but came under occupation by the Axis powers in 1940. Following liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was established and dissolved in the course of the Algerian War; the Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, remains today. Algeria and nearly all the other colonies became independent in the 1960s and retained close economic and military connections with France. France has long been a global centre of art and philosophy, it hosts the world's fourth-largest number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving around 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country with the world's sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, tenth-largest by purchasing power parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs well in international rankings of education, health care, life expectancy, human development.
France is considered a great power in global affairs, being one of the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council with the power to veto and an official nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading member state of the European Union and the Eurozone, a member of the Group of 7, North Atlantic Treaty Organization, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, the World Trade Organization, La Francophonie. Applied to the whole Frankish Empire, the name "France" comes from the Latin "Francia", or "country of the Franks". Modern France is still named today "Francia" in Italian and Spanish, "Frankreich" in German and "Frankrijk" in Dutch, all of which have more or less the same historical meaning. There are various theories as to the origin of the name Frank. Following the precedents of Edward Gibbon and Jacob Grimm, the name of the Franks has been linked with the word frank in English, it has been suggested that the meaning of "free" was adopted because, after the conquest of Gaul, only Franks were free of taxation.
Another theory is that it is derived from the Proto-Germanic word frankon, which translates as javelin or lance as the throwing axe of the Franks was known as a francisca. However, it has been determined that these weapons were named because of their use by the Franks, not the other way around; the oldest traces of human life in what is now France date from 1.8 million years ago. Over the ensuing millennia, Humans were confronted by a harsh and variable climate, marked by several glacial eras. Early hominids led a nomadic hunter-gatherer life. France has a large number of decorated caves from the upper Palaeolithic era, including one of the most famous and best preserved, Lascaux. At the end of the last glacial period, the climate became milder. After strong demographic and agricultural development between the 4th and 3rd millennia, metallurgy appeared at the end of the 3rd millennium working gold and bronze, iron. France has numerous megalithic sites from the Neolithic period, including the exceptiona
Cenon is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France. It is a suburb of the city of Bordeaux, is adjacent to it on the east side. Communes of the Gironde department INSEE Official website
A suburb is a mixed-use or residential area, existing either as part of a city or urban area or as a separate residential community within commuting distance of a city. In most English-speaking countries, suburban areas are defined in contrast to central or inner-city areas, but in Australian English and South African English, suburb has become synonymous with what is called a "neighborhood" in other countries and the term extends to inner-city areas. In some areas, such as Australia, China, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, a few U. S. states, new suburbs are annexed by adjacent cities. In others, such as Saudi Arabia, Canada and much of the United States, many suburbs remain separate municipalities or are governed as part of a larger local government area such as a county. Suburbs first emerged on a large scale in the 19th and 20th centuries as a result of improved rail and road transport, which led to an increase in commuting. In general, they have lower population densities than inner city neighborhoods within a metropolitan area, most residents commute to central cities or other business districts.
Suburbs tend to proliferate around cities that have an abundance of adjacent flat land. The English word is derived from the Old French subburbe, in turn derived from the Latin suburbium, formed from sub and urbs; the first recorded usage of the term in English, was made by John Wycliffe in 1380, where the form subarbis was used, according to the Oxford English Dictionary. In Australia and New Zealand, suburbs have become formalised as geographic subdivisions of a city and are used by postal services in addressing. In rural areas in both countries, their equivalents are called localities; the terms inner suburb and outer suburb are used to differentiate between the higher-density areas in proximity to the city center, the lower-density suburbs on the outskirts of the urban area. The term'middle suburbs' is used. Inner suburbs, such as Te Aro in Wellington, Eden Terrace in Auckland, Prahran in Melbourne and Ultimo in Sydney, are characterised by higher density apartment housing and greater integration between commercial and residential areas.
In New Zealand, most suburbs are not defined which can lead to confusion as to where they may begin and end. Although there is a geospatial file defining suburbs for use by emergency services developed and maintained by Fire and Emergency New Zealand, in collaboration with other government agencies, to date this file has not been released publicly. New Zealand company Koordinates Limited requested access to the geospatial file under the Official Information Act 1982 but this request was rejected by the New Zealand Fire Service on the basis that it would prejudice the health & safety of, or cause material loss, to the public. In September 2014 a decision was made by the Ombudsman of New Zealand ruling that the New Zealand Fire Service refusal to release the geospatial file without agreeing to terms which included, among other restrictions, a prohibition on redistribution of the geospatial file, was reasonable. In the United Kingdom and in Ireland, suburb refers to a residential area outside the city centre, regardless of administrative boundaries.
Suburbs, in this sense, can range from areas that seem more like residential areas of a city proper to areas separated by open countryside from the city centre. In large cities such as London and Leeds, suburbs include separate towns and villages that have been absorbed during a city's growth and expansion, such as Ealing and Guiseley. In the United States and Canada, suburb can refer either to an outlying residential area of a city or town or to a separate municipality or unincorporated area outside a town or city; the earliest appearance of suburbs coincided with the spread of the first urban settlements. Large walled towns tended to be the focus around which smaller villages grew up in a symbiotic relationship with the market town; the word'suburbani' was first used by the Roman statesman Cicero in reference to the large villas and estates built by the wealthy patricians of Rome on the city's outskirts. Towards the end of the Eastern Han Dynasty, the capital, was occupied by the emperor and important officials.
As populations grew during the Early Modern Period in Europe, urban towns swelled with a steady influx of people from the countryside. In some places, nearby settlements were swallowed up as the main city expanded; the peripheral areas on the outskirts of the city were inhabited by the poorest. Due to the rapid migration of the rural poor to the industrialising cities of England in the late 18th century, a trend in the opposite direction began to develop; this trend accelerated through the 19th century in cities like London and Manchester that were growing and the first suburban districts sprung up around the city centres to accommodate those who wanted to escape the squalid conditions of the industrial towns. Toward the end of the century, with the development of public transit systems such as the underground railways and buses, it became possible for the majority of the city's population to reside outside the city and to commute into the
Lormont is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France. It is adjacent to it on the northeast. Thus, it is a member of the metropolitan Urban Community of Bordeaux; the name Lormont comes from "Laureamontus" or "Laureomonte". The "laurier" was a wood sacred to the Gauls. For the Romans it symbolized the god Apollo; the Celts considered it to be a symbol of immortality. Until the revolution, Lormont was spelled'Lormon' without t. Lormont is located on the right bank of the river Garonne, 6 km north and downstream of Bordeaux, it has long been a small town in the Bordeaux area until its entry into the CUB on 1 January 1968. It is a popular location due to different means of transport and roads present: once being accessible by gondolas and a national train station, the Pont d'Aquitaine and the tram; the town has 735 hectares. Lormont can be divided into several major areas: Carriet: located north of the town, near Bassens, it is surrounded by major access roads. Located in the area is the council pool, new educational facilities and a mixed housing renewal.
The site is hilly, which offer views on the Garonne and Bordeaux. Carriet is called "Garden City". Génicart: Initial period of construction was in the 1970s on the "plateau". Composed of buildings associated with Urbanisation Priority Zones and is now a booming urban renewal. Le Bourg: Better known as the'village' it is located towards the banks of the river; the houses located in this area are of a vintage era from where once you would find docks and naval shipyards, now home to the Port Autonome of Bordeaux. Le Grand Tressan: Domaine du Manoir: located east of the city, this neighborhood consists of individual residences bordering the cities of Sainte-Eulalie, Artigues-près-Bordeaux and Carbon-Blanc. Les Iris-Lissandre: The district Iris is located along the Garonne and Génicart. Lissandre contains a large Hermitage Park, a large natural park with an area of 30 hectares; the castle of Iris and Iris Farm offers enjoyable moments of discovery. La Ramade: Currently under construction, the new district will open its doors to many people benefiting from new housing.
Access can be made by the Rocade A630: Exits 2 3 26 27 A floodplain was constructed in the extension area of the'Entre – Deux – Mers', to confluence the two valleys of the Dordogne and Garonne, this space is made up of recent estuarine sediments. Once 60 meters is reached, the soil consists of a limestone plateau; the town is bordered by the Garonne and has two streams channelled, the Pimpin and the Garosses, which form an estey. Geothermal drilling was carried out in Génicart and supplies thermal water to a Thermo center in located in the Hermitage Park. Work begun in January 2010 to build a complex of about 7000m2. Lormont is located on two hills framing a narrow valley,'Cape deu Tureu' in the north and'Roqua' to the south. Cycling enthusiasts challenge the steep climb of the côte du avenue des champs; the maximum altitude recorded in Lormont is 63 meters. Located on the outskirts of Bordeaux, Lormont has always been a prosperous village, fishing port, a place for the transit of goods and people.
In 778, Charlemagne and Roland founded the Church of St. Martin. Around the year 1000, the Dukes of Aquitaine built the first château de Lormont where Eleanor of Aquitaine stayed; the northern half of Lormont in 1152 became a sauveté of the Archbishops and would have accommodated the princes of England, while the other half is establishing itself dependent provost of Bordeaux. In 1308, Pope Clement V resided at the château de Lormont where Richard II was born, the son of the "Black Prince" in 1367; the town prospered and lived well with their vineyards and ferrying passenger from the port. Famine and invasion of a Spanish fleet devastated the city. In 1570, Protestants burnt the church and the Hermitage. In 1751, the Intendant Tourny opened the road to Paris. Lormont became one of the most important communities of Bordeaux; the first French commercial steamboat called. They employed 1,000 workers and built 500 within a century to become the "chantiers de la Garonne" in 1882. After the lines of the TER were opened, in 1901, Lormont played host to the first tramway at the place du port which allowed the Bordelais discover the city.
By the 19th century, the Bordelais used to travel to Lormont for a day of leisure on Sunday afternoons. During the 1960s Lormont was subject to a grand industrialisation which doubled the size of the population; this decade saw the construction of the large housing blocks in the Carriet Génicart and the'4 Pavilions' shopping centre, the inauguration of the Pont d'Aquitaine, the opening of school, sports and associative infrastructure. Large industries like Siemens and Ricard took up residency in the area; the coat of arms of the city was selected in January 1969 following a competition and validated by the City Council, June 6, 1969. The form is of an English styled shield which recalls the ties that bound Lormont. In 2008, the outgoing mayor, Jean Touzeau, was elected for a third term; the municipal council of the city is composed of 35 members including the mayor, 10 deputies, 3 community advisors, 17 municipal councilors and 4 councilors elected from the opposition. 1790–1792: Pierre CHAIGNEAU 1792–1795: Adrien LORCHER 1795–1799: Mathurin MUSSET 1799–1815: Pierre DEJANEAU 1815–1821: Paul LARRAT 1821–1829: Arnaud CHAIGNEAU 1829–1831: Arnaud CHAIGNEAU Jr 1831–1857: Pierre BICHON 1857–1869: Hyppolyte GOURDON 1869–1874: C