Le Boulou is a commune in the Pyrénées-Orientales department in southern France. It is situated 12 km from the Spanish border; the town of Le Boulou is located in the canton of Vallespir-Albères and in the arrondissement of Céret, in the south of Pyrénées-Orientales. The name of the town in catalan is El Voló. In the 10th century, the territory of Le Boulou appears to be shared between the lord of Saint-Jean-Pla-de-Corts, lady Minimilla, the church of Elne. Le Boulou is ruled by the lords of Montesquieu from the 11th to the 14th centuries, it becomes part of the crown lands. At the end of the 17th century, Bernard de Kennedy, following the court of James II of England in France, decides to settle in Le Boulou and receives French citizenship from Louis XIV of France, his grandson, Côme de Kennedy, is granted a title of lord of Le Boulou in 1755. Côme's son, Joseph de Kennedy is the running lord during the French Revolution, but his house is used as a headquarter by the Spanish general Antonio Ricardos during the first battle of Boulou in 1793.
Accused of betrayal, Joseph de Kennedy is sent to the guillotine on 2 May 1794, on the next day after the second battle of Boulou. Communes of the Pyrénées-Orientales department INSEE
Boule-d'Amont is a commune in the Pyrénées-Orientales department in southern France. Boule-d'Amont is located in the arrondissement of Prades. Mayors Communes of the Pyrénées-Orientales department INSEE
France the French Republic, is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories. The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean, it is bordered by Belgium and Germany to the northeast and Italy to the east, Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories include French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic and Indian oceans; the country's 18 integral regions span a combined area of 643,801 square kilometres and a total population of 67.3 million. France, a sovereign state, is a unitary semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris, the country's largest city and main cultural and commercial centre. Other major urban areas include Lyon, Toulouse, Bordeaux and Nice. During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the arrival of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia.
The Treaty of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into Middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia which became the Kingdom of France in 987 emerged as a major European power in the Late Middle Ages following its victory in the Hundred Years' War. During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world; the 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars between Protestants. France became Europe's dominant cultural and military power in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French Revolution overthrew the absolute monarchy, established one of modern history's earliest republics, saw the drafting of the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation's ideals to this day. In the 19th century, Napoleon established the First French Empire, his subsequent Napoleonic Wars shaped the course of continental Europe. Following the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous succession of governments culminating with the establishment of the French Third Republic in 1870.
France was a major participant in World War I, from which it emerged victorious, was one of the Allies in World War II, but came under occupation by the Axis powers in 1940. Following liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was established and dissolved in the course of the Algerian War; the Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, remains today. Algeria and nearly all the other colonies became independent in the 1960s and retained close economic and military connections with France. France has long been a global centre of art and philosophy, it hosts the world's fourth-largest number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving around 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country with the world's sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, tenth-largest by purchasing power parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs well in international rankings of education, health care, life expectancy, human development.
France is considered a great power in global affairs, being one of the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council with the power to veto and an official nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading member state of the European Union and the Eurozone, a member of the Group of 7, North Atlantic Treaty Organization, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, the World Trade Organization, La Francophonie. Applied to the whole Frankish Empire, the name "France" comes from the Latin "Francia", or "country of the Franks". Modern France is still named today "Francia" in Italian and Spanish, "Frankreich" in German and "Frankrijk" in Dutch, all of which have more or less the same historical meaning. There are various theories as to the origin of the name Frank. Following the precedents of Edward Gibbon and Jacob Grimm, the name of the Franks has been linked with the word frank in English, it has been suggested that the meaning of "free" was adopted because, after the conquest of Gaul, only Franks were free of taxation.
Another theory is that it is derived from the Proto-Germanic word frankon, which translates as javelin or lance as the throwing axe of the Franks was known as a francisca. However, it has been determined that these weapons were named because of their use by the Franks, not the other way around; the oldest traces of human life in what is now France date from 1.8 million years ago. Over the ensuing millennia, Humans were confronted by a harsh and variable climate, marked by several glacial eras. Early hominids led a nomadic hunter-gatherer life. France has a large number of decorated caves from the upper Palaeolithic era, including one of the most famous and best preserved, Lascaux. At the end of the last glacial period, the climate became milder. After strong demographic and agricultural development between the 4th and 3rd millennia, metallurgy appeared at the end of the 3rd millennium working gold and bronze, iron. France has numerous megalithic sites from the Neolithic period, including the exceptiona
Arles-sur-Tech is a commune in the Pyrénées-Orientales department in southern France. Arles-sur-Tech is located in the arrondissement of Céret. Arles-sur-Tech is situated in the southernmost valley in mainland France before Spain, the Vallespir, through which the 84 km long river "Tech" flows; this small town is surrounded by the eastern Pyrenees. The town sits on the only main road which passes through the valley, the D 115, making it accessible from Spain in the west and the plane of Roussillon and Perpignan in the east, it is located close to the more well-known spa town of Amélie-les-Bains-Palalda. Arles-sur-Tech is twinned with: Cubelles, Spain Saint-Mary Abbey: Arles-sur-Tech is best known for its abbey, which holds the relics of Saints Abdon and Sennen in a sarcophagus called Sainte Tombe, traditionally believed to have been brought from Rome by Abbot Arnulf in the middle of the tenth century, its waters are traditionally believed to hold miraculous healing properties. The Caixa de Rotllan, a dolmen.
Saint-Stephen church Saint-Saviour church Saint-Peter church Holy Cross church The Fou canyon, said to be the world's narrowest. Abbé Adolphe Crastre, Histoire du martyre des saints Abdon et Sennen, de leurs reliques, de leurs miracles, de leur culte et de l'eau miraculeuse du sarcophage. Facsimile reprint, Nîmes: Les Éditions Lacour-Ollé, 2005. ISBN 2-7504-1045-2 Communes of the Pyrénées-Orientales department INSEE commune file Official site
Argelès-sur-Mer is a commune in the Pyrénées-Orientales department in southern France. It is about 25 km from Perpignan. Argelès-sur-Mer is located in the arrondissement of Céret. Argelès-sur-Mer is on the Côte Vermeille at the foot of the Albères mountain range, close to the Spanish border, it has the longest beach in the Pyrenées Orientales. During World War II, Argelès-sur-Mer was the location of a concentration camp, where up to 100,000 defeated Spanish Republicans were interned next to a windy beach in abysmal sanitary conditions by the French government after the defeat of the Spanish Republic; the refugees streamed to the camp from the winter of 1938/39 after the collapse of the Catalan front following the rebel offensive. Étoile sportive catalane is the rugby union club of Argelès-sur-Mer. BuildingsDolmen of the Collets de Cotlliure Dolmen of the Cova de l'Alarb Dolmen of Sant Pere dels Forquets Chapel of Saint-Jérôme d'Argelès, from the 10th century Church of Saint-Ferréol de la Pava, from the 10th century Parish church of Notre-Dame del Prat, from the 14th to the 20th centuries Church of Sainte-Marie de Torreneules, from the 8th to the 10th centuries Abbey of Valbonne, from the 13th to the 14th centuries Church of Saint-Laurent-du-Mont, from the 12th century Church of Saint-Martin-et-Sainte-Croix, from the 11th or 12th century, the old village of Taxo d'Avall Church of Saint-Pierre dels Forquets, pre-romanesque ruins Castle of Pujols, from the 13th century Massane tower, in the Albera Massif, from the 13th century Castle of Valmy, from the 19th century Casa de l'Albera, museum about the Albera MassifNatural sitesNational nature reserve of the Mas Larrieu National nature reserve of the Massane forest The Bois des pins is the historical pine forest located near the beach front.
Created in the 1860s by the General Council of the Pyrénées-Orientales, it still has to this day over 8,000 centenarian pines. Marcelle Narbonne: supercentenarian who lived and died in Argelès-sur-Mer. David Ensor: British lawyer, actor and Labour Party politician and died in Argelès-sur-Mer. Marc Lièvremont: former rugby union footballer raised in Argelès-sur-Mer and former member of the Étoile sportive catalane club. Communes of the Pyrénées-Orientales department INSEE commune file Town council website Information in Catalan Encyclopaedia
Cabestany is a commune in the Pyrénées-Orientales department in southern France. Cabestany is located in the arrondissement of Perpignan; the Master of Cabestany was from this area, there is a museum dedicated to his work in the town. Communes of the Pyrénées-Orientales department INSEE
La Bastide, Pyrénées-Orientales
La Bastide is a commune in the Pyrénées-Orientales department in southern France. La Bastide is located in the arrondissement of Céret. Mayors Communes of the Pyrénées-Orientales department INSEE