Municipalities of Spain
The municipalities of Spain are the basic level of Spanish local government. There are a total of 8,118 municipalities in Spain, including the cities of Ceuta. In the Principality of Asturias, municipalities are officially named concejos, the area of the municipal territory usually ranges 2–40 km², but municipalities such as Tremp cover more than 300 km². The organisation of the municipalities is governed by a 2 April 1985 law, the Statutes of Autonomy of the various autonomous communities contain provisions concerning the relations between the municipalities and the autonomous governments. In general, municipalities enjoy a degree of autonomy in their local affairs, many of the functions of the comarcas. Each municipality is a corporation with independent legal personality, its body is called the ayuntamiento. The ayuntamiento is composed of the mayor, the deputy mayors, the mayor and the deputy mayors are elected by the plenary assembly, which is itself elected by universal suffrage on a list system every four years.
The plenary assembly must meet publicly at least every three months at the seat of the ayuntamiento, many ayuntamientos have a governing commission, named by the mayor from among the councillors, it is required for municipalities of more than 5,000 inhabitants. The governing commission, whose role is to assist the mayor between meetings of the assembly, may not include more than one third of the councillors. List of municipalities of Spain Political divisions of Spain
Carabanchel is a district in the south western suburbs of Madrid, Spain. The area was the scene of fighting during the Spanish Civil War -especially in November 1936, during the Battle of Madrid. Unaccustomed to street fighting, they took heavy casualties, for the remainder of the Siege of Madrid, the front lines ran through the streets of Carabanchel, until Republican Madrid fell in March 1939. It was home of Spains most notorious prison, which housed political prisoners during the Franco era. The prison was closed in 1998, the Gómez Ulla Military Hospital, formerly known as Hospital de Carabanchel, is located in the area. The district is divided into 7 wards, Abrantes Comillas Opañel Puerta Bonita San Isidro Vista Alegre Media related to Carabanchel at Wikimedia Commons
By population, Spain is the sixth largest in Europe and the fifth in the European Union. Spains capital and largest city is Madrid, other urban areas include Barcelona, Seville, Bilbao. Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula around 35,000 years ago, in the Middle Ages, the area was conquered by Germanic tribes and by the Moors. Spain is a democracy organised in the form of a government under a constitutional monarchy. It is a power and a major developed country with the worlds fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP. Jesús Luis Cunchillos argues that the root of the span is the Phoenician word spy. Therefore, i-spn-ya would mean the land where metals are forged, two 15th-century Spanish Jewish scholars, Don Isaac Abravanel and Solomon ibn Verga, gave an explanation now considered folkloric. Both men wrote in two different published works that the first Jews to reach Spain were brought by ship by Phiros who was confederate with the king of Babylon when he laid siege to Jerusalem.
This man was a Grecian by birth, but who had given a kingdom in Spain. He became related by marriage to Espan, the nephew of king Heracles, Heracles renounced his throne in preference for his native Greece, leaving his kingdom to his nephew, from whom the country of España took its name. Based upon their testimonies, this eponym would have already been in use in Spain by c.350 BCE, Iberia enters written records as a land populated largely by the Iberians and Celts. Early on its coastal areas were settled by Phoenicians who founded Western Europe´s most ancient cities Cadiz, Phoenician influence expanded as much of the Peninsula was eventually incorporated into the Carthaginian Empire, becoming a major theater of the Punic Wars against the expanding Roman Empire. After an arduous conquest, the peninsula came fully under Roman Rule, during the early Middle Ages it came under Germanic rule but later, much of it was conquered by Moorish invaders from North Africa. In a process took centuries, the small Christian kingdoms in the north gradually regained control of the peninsula.
The last Moorish kingdom fell in the same year Columbus reached the Americas, a global empire began which saw Spain become the strongest kingdom in Europe, the leading world power for a century and a half, and the largest overseas empire for three centuries. Continued wars and other problems led to a diminished status. The Napoleonic invasions of Spain led to chaos, triggering independence movements that tore apart most of the empire, eventually democracy was peacefully restored in the form of a parliamentary constitutional monarchy. Spain joined the European Union, experiencing a renaissance and steady economic growth
Centro is the central district of the city of Madrid, Spain. It is approximately 5.23 km² in size and it has a population of 149,718 people and a population density of 28, 587/km². The Centro district of Madrid is the oldest section of the city, evidence of a stable settlement dates back to Spains Muslim period. In the second half of the 9th century, the emir of Córdoba, Muhammad I, built a fortress on a promontory beside the river and its purpose was to watch the passes of the Sierra de Guadarrama and to initiate raids against the northern Christian countries. The remaining ruins of the wall are still preserved. A small suburb called Magerit developed to the east of the fortress, with the exception of the wall, few structures from this period remain. The city passed into Christian hands in 1085, prospering into a villa by 1123, philip II chose to place his court in Madrid in 1561, ensuring the swift evolution of the city. Many of the buildings and monuments of the region known as El Madrid de los Austrias are from this period.
The city quickly surpassed the borders of the current Centro district, the majority of new monuments continue to be built in the area, including the Royal Palace and the Plaza de Cibeles. The Bourbon kings, especially Carlos III, fixated on converting Madrid into a city at the height of the new European villas and this resulted in huge investments in the infrastructure of the city, especially sewage and public buildings. In the 19th and 20th centuries, with the arrival of democracy, the reign of Isabella II saw the construction of the Congress of Deputies building, in Puerta del Sol. Centro currently houses the government of the Community of Madrid. Until 2007, the City Council of Madrid was located here, at present it is located in Cybele Palace, in the district of Retiro. Centro is the location of many of Madrids galleries, including the Reina Sofia Museum, districts of Madrid Media related to Centro district, Madrid at Wikimedia Commons Distrito Centro on madrid. es