Vincent Bochdalek

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Vincent Bochdalek
Vincent Bochdalek
DiedFebruary 3, 1883
Scientific career
InfluencedVictor Bochdalek

Vincent Alexander Bochdalek (1801 – February 3, 1883) was a Bohemian anatomist and pathologist. His first name has also been given as Vincenc and Vincenz. Vincent Alexander Bochdalek was elected as member of the German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina.[1]


Bochdalek was born in Litoměřice, he obtained his doctorate in 1833 in Prague, where he was later professor of anatomy for several decades. He retired in 1874, settling in Litoměřice and later dying in Prague, his son, Victor Bochdalek (1835–1868), became a prominent physician in his own right.

Associated eponyms[edit]

  • Bochdalek's cyst: a congenital cyst at the root of the tongue.
  • Bochdalek's flower basket: part of the choroid plexus of the fourth ventricle protruding through the lateral bursa (recessus lateralis) of the fourth ventricle (Luschka's foramen).
  • Bochdalek's foramen: a congenital defective opening through the diaphragm, connecting pleural and peritoneal cavities.
  • Bochdalek's ganglion: a ganglion of dental nerve in the jaw (maxilla) above the root of the canine teeth.
  • Bochdalek's hernia: Congenital diaphragmatic hernia which allows protrusion of abdominal viscera into the chest.
  • Bochdalek's triangle: the lumbocostal triangle, a triangle-shaped slit in the muscle plate between lumbar or sternal part in the diaphragm and the 12th rib.
  • Bochdalek's valve: a fold of membrane in the lacrimal duct near the punctum lacrimale. Another name for this structure is Foltz' valvule; named after French ophthalmologist Jean Charles Eugène Foltz (1822–1876).
  • Vater's duct: a duct that in the embryo connects the thyroid diverticulum and the posterior part of the tongue.


  • Matousek, O (March 1952). "Vincenc Alex. Bochdalek, first professor of pathological anatomy in Prague". Cas. Lek. Cesk. 91 (13): 407. ISSN 0008-7335. PMID 14390182.
  • Wondrák, E (October 1983). "The Czech anatomist and pathologist V.A. Bochdalek--100 years since his death". Cas. Lek. Cesk. 122 (43): 1334–7. ISSN 0008-7335. PMID 6357470.
  • Loukas, Marios; El-Sedfy Abraham; Tubbs R Shane; Gribben Walter B; Shoja Mohammadali M; Cermakova Andrea (October 2008). "Vincent Alexander Bochdalek (1801-1883)". World Journal of Surgery. 32 (10): 2324–6. doi:10.1007/s00268-008-9686-6. ISSN 0364-2313. PMID 18642043.
  • Cech, Pavel; Kachlik David (March 2009). "175th anniversary of Bochdalek's inaugural dissertation". Biomedical Papers of the Medical Faculty of the University Palacký of Olomouc. 153 (1): 83–6. ISSN 1213-8118. PMID 19365533.
  • Haller, J A (1986). Professor Bochdalek and his hernia: then and now. Progress in Pediatric Surgery. 20. Germany. pp. 252–5. doi:10.1007/978-3-642-70825-1_18. ISBN 978-3-642-70827-5. ISSN 0079-6654. PMID 3095877.


  • Anleitung zur praktischen Zergliederung des menschlichen Gehirns nebst einer anatomischen Beschreibung desselben mit besonderer Rücksicht auf das kleine Gehirn. 1833.
  • Neue Untersuchungen und genaue Würdigung der Nerven des Ober- und Unterkiefers.
  • Medizinische Jahrbücher des kaiserlich-königlichen österreichischen Staates, Wien, 1836, 19: 223-240. (With the description of the ganglion supramaxillare)

External links[edit]