Violet Astor

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The Baroness Astor of Hever

Violet Astor.jpg
Violet Astor, Baroness Astor of Hever
Born
Violet Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound

(1889-05-28)28 May 1889
Died3 January 1965(1965-01-03) (aged 75)
Spouse(s)
Lord Charles Petty-Fitzmaurice
(m. 1909; his death 1914)

ChildrenMary Margaret Elizabeth Petty-Fitzmaurice
George Petty-Fitzmaurice, 8th Marquess of Lansdowne
Gavin Astor
Hugh Waldorf Astor
John Astor
Parent(s)Gilbert Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, 4th Earl of Minto
Mary Caroline Grey
RelativesSee Astor family

Violet Mary Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound DStJ (28 May 1889 – 3 January 1965) was an English aristocrat. She was a daughter of an Earl and married twice, first to Lord Charles Petty-Fitzmaurice, and then to John Jacob Astor, 1st Baron Astor of Hever, and the mother of five children, including George Petty-Fitzmaurice, 8th Marquess of Lansdowne, and Gavin Astor, 2nd Baron Astor of Hever.[1]

Early life[edit]

Violet Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound was born on 28 May 1889, she was the third of five children born to Mary Caroline (née Grey) and Gilbert Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, 4th Earl of Minto, who served as the Governor General of Canada and the Viceroy and Governor-General of India.[2] Her younger brother, Victor Gilbert Lariston Garnet Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, succeeded their father as the 5th Earl of Minto.

Her paternal grandparents were William Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, 3rd Earl of Minto, and Emma (née Hislop) Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, daughter of General Sir Thomas Hislop, 1st Baronet,[3] her maternal grandparents were British Army officer Charles Grey (the second son of Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey) and Caroline Eliza (née Farquhar) Grey (daughter of Sir Thomas Harvie Farquhar, 2nd Baronet).[3]

Personal life[edit]

On 20 January 1909, she married Lord Charles Petty-Fitzmaurice, the younger son of the Henry Petty-FitzMaurice, 5th Marquess of Lansdowne, and Maud Evelyn Hamilton. Before the death of her husband, who was killed in action on 30 October 1914 while fighting in World War I, they were the parents of two children:

On 28 August 1916 she married John Jacob Astor V (1886–1971), youngest son of William Waldorf Astor, 1st Viscount Astor, and Mary Dahlgren Paul. Astor was one of the largest stockholders in the London Times.[4] Together, they had three sons,[5] and lived at Carlton House Terrace.[6]

Her husband was elevated to the Peerage on 21 January 1956 when he was created Baron Astor of Hever, of Hever Castle;[7] the Astors moved from England to France in 1962. Astor supported Neville Chamberlain.[8]

She died on 3 January 1965 in her villa at Pégomas, near Grasse.[4] Lord Astor died on 19 July 1971.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ladies' Home Journal. LHJ Publishing, Incorporated. 1931. p. 92. Retrieved 12 June 2019.
  2. ^ "Violet Mary (née Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound), Lady Astor of Hever - National Portrait Gallery". www.npg.org.uk. National Portrait Gallery, London. Retrieved 12 June 2019.
  3. ^ a b  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Minto, Earls of". Encyclopædia Britannica. 18 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 564.
  4. ^ a b "Lady Violet Astor Dies". The Age. 5 January 1965. Retrieved 12 June 2019.
  5. ^ The Peerage, entry for 1st Lord Astor
  6. ^ Harrison, Rosina (2011). Rose: My Life in Service to Lady Astor. Penguin. p. 48. ISBN 9781101565704. Retrieved 12 June 2019.
  7. ^ "No. 40692". The London Gazette. 24 January 1956. p. 499.
  8. ^ Gottlieb, Julie V. (2016). ‘Guilty Women’, Foreign Policy, and Appeasement in Inter-War Britain. Springer. p. 103. ISBN 9781137316608. Retrieved 12 June 2019.

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