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Virgin Media Ireland

Virgin Media Ireland is Liberty Global's telecommunications operation in Ireland. It is the largest digital cable television provider within the Republic of Ireland; as of 31 December 2014, the company offers broadband internet, digital television and digital telephony to 1 million customers. Until 4 May 2010, Virgin Media Ireland traded under the name Chorus NTL and UPC Ireland until 5 October 2015, its main competitors in the Irish pay TV market are Sky Ireland and Vodafone Ireland. Liberty Global and its predecessors UGC Europe and Tele-Communications Inc. have had shareholdings in Chorus Communications and its predecessor, Princes Holdings, since the company's formation in the early 1990s. A joint venture with Independent News and Media, IN&M sold its shares to Liberty in 2004. In May 2005, NTL agreed to sell its Irish operations NTL Ireland to Liberty Global. Morgan Stanley held the shareholding; this occurred in December 2005 and UPC Ireland came into being on 12 December 2005. In 2006, UPC Ireland began to integrate the brands Chorus and NTL to form Chorus NTL.

Branding wise, on 5 September 2006 NTL's website was changed to the same design as Chorus i.e. itself based on UPC Netherlands' website design at the time. 25 January 2007, NTL Ireland updated the electronic programme guide software to remove the NTL logo and all mention of the NTL name. On 31 January 2007, NTL and Chorus began advertising jointly, although the adverts were the ongoing campaign from NTL with the Chorus logo added to them. On 4 June 2007 e-mail addresses switched to The new UPC Mediabox set top boxes which contain a hardrive based digital video recording system are UPC branded and come with a much enhanced EPG; these were rolled out on both the ex Chorus cable networks. From 2008, the old Pace STBs supplied by NTL Ireland were replaced with new Pace STBs designed for UPC branded "UPC Mediabox" but without the hard drive/recording capabilities. In a Sunday Business Post article on 11 February 2007, UPC Ireland's marketing manager revealed that the rebrand was due to take place no than May 2007.

This deadline was missed. On 16 May 2007 UPC Netherlands introduced a new UPC logo, rolled out across UPC's European subsidiaries. From July 2007, all UPC advertising began bearing a composite logo reading "Chorus NTL – a UPC company". On 10 June 2007 UPC announced its takeover of one of the remaining small Irish operators, Clane Cable Systems; this gained UPC an extra 2000 customers. During late September and early October 2007, Chorus and NTL included a leaflet with their bills explaining that a rebrand would occur on 21 October; that did not happen, however, on 30 October 2007, the NTL Ireland and Chorus websites were merged into a single website, although the composite Chorus NTL logo is used on it rather than the UPC logo. In November 2007, NTL Business was rebranded UPC Business, making it the first part of the company to adopt the UPC name. On 29 April 2008 UPC's former Cork Communications cable network, latterly part of Chorus, became the first cable network in the Ireland to switch to digital, with the analogue signal switched off.

On 4 May 2010 UPC began a €3 million spend on rebranding, completing the change from Chorus:NTL to UPC Ireland. A high-profile media campaign – fronted by broadcaster Craig Doyle – was planned to run for 3 months, it lit up a number of buildings in Dublin and Cork. UPC had received the final approvals to acquire assets from broadband rival Broadworks, in liquidation; this would give it access to about 6,600 homes in west Meath. The Competition Authority cleared the deal on 21 April 2010. On 3 July 2015 it was announced that UPC Ireland had bought the TV3 Group for €80 million from Doughty Hanson, the deal may deliver a further €7million should TV3 meet certain performance targets; the deal will need regulatory approval by Competition and Consumer Protection Commission as well as a media plurality test by the Department of Communications. On 28 August 2015, it was announced; the name change took place on 5 October. Virgin Media Ireland focuses on four key areas; the company offers broadband internet services using the EuroDOCSIS 3.0 standard as well as a VoIP-based telephone service using PacketCable.

In addition, Virgin Media Ireland offers to business customers standard voice and internet services to more advanced services such as Ethernet LAN extensions, corporate voice services, high-speed internet. These services are offered to large corporations, public organisations, small to medium size businesses in Ireland in Cork, Galway and Waterford. In May 2010, Virgin Media Ireland announced plans for a 100Mbit/s broadband service which would be offered to home users across its broadband-capable network in the coming months. In December 2010 UPC launched its 100Mb Fibre Power Broadband package, making it the fastest ISP for residential customers in Ireland at the time. In September 2012, UPC increased the maximum speed available to residential customers to 150Mb, while increasing their entry-level speed to 50Mb. Virgin Media now offer 500Mbit/s speeds to residential users. Virgin Mobile launched in October 2015 as a virtual mobile network operator using Three's infrastructure; the main product offered by Virgin Media Ireland is cable television services, in SD and HD digital formats, using DVB-C enc

John Laver

John David Michael Henry Laver, is a British phonetician. He is Emeritus Professor of Speech Sciences at Queen Margaret University, served as President of the International Phonetic Association from 1991 to 1995. Laver was born in Nowshera, British India, his father was in the Indian and British Army. He was raised in India for six years and spoke Hindustani and English, lived in Egypt, Libya and Cyprus up until the age of ten. After attending a boarding school in Hampshire, Laver entered the Royal Air Force College Cranwell to pursue a career as a military pilot, which he gave up, he subsequently entered the University of Edinburgh in 1958 and graduated in 1962 with a degree in French language and literature. At Edinburgh, he was introduced to phonetics and to the Department of Phonetics headed by David Abercrombie, under which he obtained a postgraduate diploma in 1963. From 1963 to 1966, Laver was a lecturer at the University of Nigeria. Formally, his post at Ibadan lasted for three years, but in the second year he was substituted by John Kelly while Laver returned to Edinburgh in exchange.

In 1966, he was appointed a lecturer at Edinburgh, where he received a PhD in 1975, supervised by Abercrombie. In 1985, he was appointed Professor of Phonetics at Edinburgh, where he received a Doctor of Letters, he was President of the International Phonetic Association from 1991 to 1995. He was elected a Fellow of the British Academy in 1990 and a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh in 1994. In the 1999 New Year Honours, he was appointed a Commander of the Order of the British Empire for services to phonetics. In 2013, Trinity College Dublin awarded him with an honorary doctorate. Laver, John. "Variability in Vowel Perception". Language and Speech. 8: 95–121. Doi:10.1177/002383096500800203. Laver, John. "Voice Quality and Indexical Information". British Journal of Disorders of Communication. 3: 43–54. Doi:10.3109/13682826809011440. Laver, John. Communication in Face-to-Face Interaction: Selected Readings. Harmondsworth: Penguin. ISBN 0-14-080664-4. Jones, William E.. Phonetics in Linguistics: A Book of Readings.

London: Longman. ISBN 0-582-52451-2. Laver, John. "Phonetic and linguistic markers in speech". In Scherer, Klaus R.. Social Markers in Speech. Cambridge University Press. Pp. 1–32. ISBN 0-521-22321-0. Laver, John; the Phonetic Description of Voice Quality. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-23176-0. Laver, John. "The Analysis of Voice Quality: from the Classical Period to the Twentieth Century". In Asher, R. E.. A.. Towards a History of Phonetics. Edinburgh University Press. Pp. 79–99. ISBN 0-85224-374-X. Myers, Terry; the Cognitive Representation of Speech. North-Holland. ISBN 0-444-86162-9. Laver, John, ed.. The Gift of Speech: Papers in the Analysis of Speech and Voice. Edinburgh University Press. ISBN 0-7486-0313-1. Laver, John. "Voice quality". In Bright, William. International Encyclopedia of Linguistics. 4. Oxford, England: Pergamon. Pp. 231–232. ISBN 0-19-505196-3. Laver, John. Principles of Phonetics. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-45655-X. Laver, John. "Speech". In Asher, R. E.. Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics.

8. Oxford, England: Pergamon. Pp. 4101–4109. ISBN 0-08-035943-4. Hardcastle, William J.. The Handbook of Phonetic Sciences. Wiley-Blackwell. ISBN 0-631-18848-7. Laver, John. "Phonetic evaluation of voice quality". In Kent, Raymond D.. Voice Quality Measurement. San Diego: Singular. Pp. 37–48. ISBN 1-56593-991-3. Laver, John. "Linguistic Phonetics". In Aronoff, Mark; the Handbook of Linguistics. Blackwell. Pp. 150–179. ISBN 0-631-20497-0

Evgenia Radanova

Evgenia Radanova is a Bulgarian female short track speed skater and racing cyclist who has participated in both the Summer and Winter Olympics. She was the world record holder in the 500 m short track distance with 43.671s, which she set in Calgary, Canada on 19 October 2001. In the Salt Lake City 2002 Winter Olympic games she won a silver medal at the same distance and a bronze at 1500m. In Athens 2004 Summer games she did not get a medal. In the 2010 Vancouver Olympics in the women's 500 m she ended up 7th. Radanova trains in Italy, although most of her career she spent with Slavia Sofia Sports Club and the National Sports Academy in Sofia, Bulgaria. In the Academy she studied coaching, she is 170 cm tall. Radanova has been injured at least twice, but has overcome the injuries to come back. In August 2014, Radanova was appointed as Bulgarian Minister of Youth and Sports on a temporary basis as part of the caretaker government of Georgi Bliznashki. Career information from at Speed skater Evgenia Radanova ready to raise new generation Evgenia Radanova at Cycling Archives


Polvo is an American Indie rock band from Chapel Hill, North Carolina. The band, formed in 1990, is fronted by guitarists/vocalists Ash Dave Brylawski. Brian Quast plays drums, Steve Popson plays bass guitar. Eddie Watkins was the band's original drummer, but did not rejoin the band upon its reunion in 2008. Polvo is considered to be standard bearer of a genre which came to be known as math rock, although in interviews the band disavowed that categorization, their sound was defined by complex and dissonant guitar harmonies and driving rhythm, complementing cryptic surrealist lyrics. Their sound was so unpredictable and angular that the band's guitarists were accused of failing to play with tuned guitars. Polvo's songs and artwork featured Asian/"exotic" themes and references; the band's name means "octopus" in Portuguese and "powder" or "dust" in Spanish. The band was critically acclaimed from the outset, at least among those critics who were into nontraditional/ underground rock. Additionally, their music had a pronounced Eastern feel that came not only from the Indian and Middle Eastern-style drones in their compositions, but actual Eastern instruments like the sitar as well.

Polvo formed in 1990 in North Carolina, United States. Their original lineup consisted of vocalists/guitarists Ash Bowie and Dave Brylawski, bassist Steve Popson and drummer Eddie Watkins. Bowie and Brylawski met in a Spanish class at the University of North Carolina and shared an affinity for music released by SST Records and local rock band Let's Active. Polvo's first recording was Can I Ride, a double 7" single released on the band's Kitchen Puff Records label in 1991, it was re-released on CD as the Polvo EP on micro-indie Jesus Christ Records. The band released two full-length albums, two EPs, several 7"s on Merge Records, a label run by Superchunk's Mac McCaughan, a high-school classmate of Brylawski and Popson. Merge Records issued their debut album, Cor-Crane Secret, in 1992. Today's Active Lifestyles followed in 1993, refining the group's approach, it was followed in turn by two EPs, 1994's Celebrate the New Dark Age and 1995's This Eclipse. Today's Active Lifestyles was reissued with an alternative cover without the lion image on it, because of a copyright lawsuit brought by the painter of the album.

The band made an appearance in the 1994 cult road movie Half-cocked. Polvo toured North America numerous times, including outings with Thinking Fellers Union Local 282, Superchunk, Sonic Youth, Trumans Water, Trans Am, Spatula, they toured twice in the UK and once in Europe, playing with Sebadoh, Babes in Toyland, Superchunk. Two albums were released after the band signed to Go Records, their debut for the label was 1996's double-length Exploded Drawing, an eclectic, progressive effort that began to delve more explicitly into the guitarists' fascination with Asian music. Drummer Watkins amicably left the band afterward to pursue family interests; the rest of the group was beginning to drift apart as well. Brylawski moved to New York City to attend graduate school and traveled to India, while Bowie had relocated to Boston by 1994 to join then-girlfriend, Helium frontwoman Mary Timony. Polvo reconvened in 1997 to record Shapes with new drummer Brian Walsby. Both Touch and Go releases featured a darker, more progressive rock-oriented sound instead of their earlier, post-punk influenced style.

Rumors that it would be their final album proved true when they amicably disbanded that year, ending their farewell US tour with a two-night stand at hometown club Cat's Cradle. In 2000 Bowie released an album of home recordings on the Tiger Style label, called Yesterday...and Tomorrow's Shells under the name Libraness. He toured with Fan Modine. Bowie and Quast had been working on tracks for a new Libraness album. Brylawski played in the North Carolina-based Indonesian music-influenced band Idyll Swords, which released two albums on Communion, is a member of Black Taj, as is Steve Popson. Watkins played drums in Dr. Powerful, as well as Durham outfit, Stranger In The Valley of The Kings. Polvo reformed with new drummer Brian Quast of Vanilla Trainwreck and The Cherry Valence, after being invited to appear at All Tomorrow's Parties 2008 and the Primavera Sound Festival in Barcelona, Spain, they played several shows in the US, including the Northwest Music Fest in Portland, OR. A full live set from a benefit show at Cat's Cradle in August 2008, featuring new songs and reworked versions of old songs, is available to purchase online.

This album benefits the Tisch Brain Tumor Center at Duke University, in memory of Cy Rawls. In 2009, Polvo re-signed to Merge Records and released In Prism, their first studio album in 12 years; the album's release coincided with Merge Records' 20th anniversary, Polvo were featured at a concert to honor the label at the Cat's Cradle in July. In 2010 the band toured with Versus. In 2013, they released Siberia; the band did not undertake any promotion for its release. Polvo's last live performance to date was in 2011. Original drummer Eddie Watkins died on April 24th 2016 at the age of forty-seven. Cor-Crane Secret LP/CD Today's Active Lifestyles LP/CD Exploded Drawing CD/2xLP Shapes LP/CD In Prism LP/CD Siberia LP/CD Celebrate the New Dark Age CD/3x7" box set Polvo CD This Eclipse CD EP "

Woodboro, Wisconsin

Woodboro is a town in Oneida County, United States. The population was 685 at the 2000 census; the unincorporated community of Woodboro is located in the town. The ghost town of Manson was located in the town. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 37.0 square miles, of which, 34.6 square miles of it is land and 2.4 square miles of it is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 685 people, 310 households, 208 families residing in the town; the population density was 19.8 people per square mile. There were 592 housing units at an average density of 17.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 99.42% White, 0.29% Asian, 0.15% from other races, 0.15% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.73% of the population. There were 310 households out of which 21.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.6% were married couples living together, 3.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.6% were non-families.

26.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.0% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.67. In the town, the population was spread out with 18.4% under the age of 18, 4.4% from 18 to 24, 28.8% from 25 to 44, 32.3% from 45 to 64, 16.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females, there were 105.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.8 males. The median income for a household in the town was $42,054, the median income for a family was $51,250. Males had a median income of $37,788 versus $24,792 for females; the per capita income for the town was $21,079. About 4.0% of families and 6.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including none of those under age 18 and 18.8% of those age 65 or over. On April 14, 2009, the Town Board adopted a Comprehensive Plan; the Comprehensive Plan references and adopts, as a policy, the maintenance of an earlier Land Use Plan approved by the Town on November 11, 1997.

On March 10, 2010, a civil action styled Eagle Cove Camp & Conference Center, Inc. et al. vs. Town of Woodboro, et al. was commenced in the federal district court for the Western District of Wisconsin, docketed as #10-cv-118. The complaint alleges that the Land Use Plan and the related Oneida County Zoning and Shoreland Protection Ordinance violate the Religious Land Use and Institutionalized Persons Act of 2000, 42 U. S. C. Section 2000cc, et seq. as well as federal and Wisconsin constitutional provisions.

Tan Chung

Tan Chung is an authority on Chinese history, Sino-Indian relations and cultural exchange. He has been a doyen of Chinese cultural studies in India for nearly half a century. After initial education in China came to Santiniketan in 1955. On completing his Ph D from Visva Bharati University, taught in NDA, Khadakvasla joined Delhi University as professor of Chinese and became head of the department of Chinese and Japanese studies at Jawaharlal Nehru University, his wife, Huang I-Shu, taught Chinese at Delhi University. Tan Chung taught at the University of Delhi for many years, his father, Tan Yun-Shan, was the founder of Cheena Bhavana at Santiniketan and a key figure driving Nationalist China's interactions with the Indian freedom movement during the 1930s and 1940s. After Tan Chung's retirement from JNU in 1994, he worked as a Research Professor at Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts, New Delhi and lives in Chicago, United States, he has been Honorary Director of the ICS/Institute of New Delhi.

A conference in his honor, at the occasion of his 80th birthday, was held in New Delhi in December 2008. In 2010, he was awarded the Padma Bhushan, the third highest civilian honour by the Govt. of India and the China-India Friendship Award by the Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao in the same year. In June 2013, Yunnan Academy of Social Science conferred upon him the honorary Fellowship of the Academy. In December 2013, Visva-Bharati University conferred Deshikhottama upon Professor Tan Chung. In August 2018, Sage Published his book on understanding China, China: A 5,000-year Odyssey and has received excellent reviews from leading scholars in the world