Episcopal High School (Alexandria, Virginia)
Episcopal High School, founded in 1839, is a private boarding school located in Alexandria, Virginia. The Holy Hill 130-acre campus houses 440 students from 31 states, the District of Columbia and 16 different countries; the school is 100-percent boarding and is the only all-boarding school of its caliber located in a major metropolitan area. Episcopal High School was founded in 1839 as the first high school in Virginia; the Rev. William N. Pendleton and three assistant heads taught 35 boys at the boarding facility which occupied 80 acres of land, it was known as The Howard School, from its location at the site of an earlier school. It became known affectionately as "The High School"; the central administration building, Hoxton House, dates to around 1805, built by Martha Washington's eldest granddaughter, Elizabeth Parke Custis Law. In 1840, Episcopal's student body tripled in size to accommodate more than 100 boys, it continued to grow until the Civil War, when it closed after Federal forces occupied Alexandria in 1861.
Some 500 students served as soldiers in the war like Rev. Pendleton for the Confederacy. For the next five years, school buildings served as part of a large hospital for Federal troops. Poet Walt Whitman served as a nurse in the hospital; the school reopened in 1866. Under the direction of Launcelot Minor Blackford, the school initiated a modern academic curriculum as well as pioneered interscholastic team sports in the South, including football and track. EHS competes against Woodberry Forest School in the longest-running consecutive high-school football rivalry in the South and one of the oldest in the United States. Beginning in 1900, every fall the Maroon and the Woodberry Forest Tigers have competed on the football field; the location of the game alternates each year. Recognizing the need to improve its facilities, the School undertook an aggressive building program that formed the foundation for the present-day campus. During this era, Episcopal instituted its Honor Code, one of the oldest among secondary schools.
A committee of students and faculty members promotes understanding of the code and handles violations. The Honor Code has served as a foundation of the EHS community since its inception. In 1991, Episcopal began a transition to coeducation by enrolling its first 48 girls, a group referred to as “The First 48.”. The first coeducational class graduated in 1993. Today, the School has an enrollment of 50 percent of whom are girls. Episcopal fields 43 boys’ and girls’ interscholastic teams in 16 different sports: football, field hockey, tennis, cross county, basketball, squash and field, baseball, golf and softball. Non-interscholastic sports, such as kayaking, cross training, strength training, are available; the boys’ teams compete in the Interstate Athletic Conference. The school has won 32 IAC Championships since 1979 and seven Virginia Independent School State Championships since 1996. Episcopal’s girls’ teams compete in the Independent School League, they have won 21 ISL Championships since 1993.
In the fall of 2008 the boys' varsity soccer team completed a perfect IAC season with a 23-0-0 record. It went on to become the number one team in the state of Virginia by defeating NSCAA-nationally-ranked #3 Norfolk Academy 4-0 in the VISAA Championship final; the team finished. In the 2009 fall season the boys' varsity soccer team finished the year with a double overtime win over Collegiate School which brought two consecutive state championship trophies back to Alexandria. Episcopal was the 2009 IAC champion and was ranked as the number 3 team in the country. There are varsity, junior varsity, for some sports, junior-level teams. Students are expected to complete three seasons of sports as freshmen, at least two as sophomores and juniors, at least one as seniors. However, these requirements may be met by participation in non-interscholastic sports or by serving as managers for the scholastic sports teams. Episcopal offers arts courses in instrumental music, vocal music, dance, photography, drawing, music theory, music recording.
All students entering as freshmen are required complete one credit in the arts, older students must complete one-half credit in order to graduate. Arts courses take place in the 42,000 square-foot Ainslie Arts Center, named for former headmaster Lee S. Ainslie ’56; the building includes a black box theater and a digital recording studio. The school offers student and professional art shows and workshops; the National Chamber Players perform at the school several times each year, student musicians perform with the Youth Symphony Orchestra. Students are required to attend a 15–20-minute chapel service three times a week. There is a voluntary church service each Sunday, once a month there is a mandatory vespers service on Sunday evenings; the Friday chapel service is student-led. Students of all religions are accepted to the school and allowed to lead Friday Services should they wish to do so; the school is informally affiliated with the Episcopal Diocese of Virginia. There will be a guest speaker in the chapel services.
Among these speakers are former student Tim Hightower and Archbishop Desmond Tutu. The comprehensive tuition fee for the 2016-17 school year was $54,250, in addition to the technology fee, cost of books, spending money. Student activities are included in the tuition, although there
Chatham Hall is an all-girls college-preparatory boarding school located in Chatham, United States. Graduating classes are fewer than fifty students each year; the school was founded as Chatham Episcopal Institute in Chatham Hall. The athletics teams play in the Blue Ridge Conference. Chatham Hall is accredited by the Virginia Association of Independent Schools and is a member of the National Association for College Admission Counseling; the Honor Code is a vital tradition at Chatham Hall and is followed. It states "I will not lie. I will not cheat. I will not steal. I will report all infractions of honor." Any honor infraction will result in a "council case" held by the student council, a group of 12 seniors elected by the students and faculty. The lantern ceremony and ring ceremony are held by the junior and senior classes the night before graduation when the junior class members receives their class rings and assume leadership of the school from seniors; each senior girl seals the back of her junior ring-sister's ring with melted wax from her lantern.
Since the inception of Chatham Hall, the class ring has not changed. "Senior Night in the Well" takes place when the senior class puts on a Christmas play for the rest of the school the night of Decoration Day, when everyone in the school is assigned a part of the school to decorate. Juniors are in charge of decorating the dining hall, the Sophomores are in charge of decorating St. Mary's Chapel, the Freshman make wreaths to hang on the doors of the school. Cookie Break is a long-standing tradition where every Wednesday morning the girls gather in the Arcade to eat cookies and beverages; the New Girl picnic starts off the school year traditions every year with a picnic and the first athletic rivalries among the purple and gold teams. This is when the new girls are placed on either the Purple Team or Gold Team. Additionally, there are many "underground" societies that are composed of senior girls, taken in at the end of their junior year by graduating members; as part of the tradition, the meaning of the titles of these societies is known to only the senior girls and those who have graduated.
The administration has sought without success to dismantle these societies. "Wills" are items. The criteria for who these items are passed down to is pre-determined; the items that are willed can range from posters to t-shirts. For example, a humorous sign is willed from a Junior student to a Freshman student; the Freshman would hold on to the will until she reached her Junior year at which point she would will the sign to a new Freshman girl. This tradition, like most, promotes relationship-building between the girls of differing graduating classes. For the past nine years during the summer, Chatham Hall has hosted Jacob's Ladder, an enrichment program for AIG. Students from North Carolina and Virginia board on campus for about a month and a half. Chatham Hall's Chapel has quite a history of its own; the windows of the Chapel are a sequential story of medieval heroines. All are crafted by hand in a 15th-century-style stained glass; the stories progress in a timeline from right to left in the chapel.
When one first enters the Chapel, the story-telling begins at the back right corner, continues along the pews until the altar, begins again on the left side back to the arched wooden entrance. At the rear of the chapel, one would find the "Rose Window," a large circular, blue-toned window depicting the Virgin Mary and Christ; the Virgin overlooks all the other saints' windows. This set-up was done to demonstrate how Christ looked after all of the saints and would continue to look after the Chatham Hall girls throughout their academic career at Chatham Hall. Beyond the stained-glass windows, the Chapel is a staple in the life of a Chatham Hall student. Chapel is required three times a week and all of the student's most important days of the four-year school experience are centered in the Chapel from day one at the welcoming ceremony clear through to the Senior Chapel Talks given by all senior Chatham Hall students; the chapel talks given by the Senior girls are cathartic in value. They provide insight into the student.
The Chapel Talks are done to bring the students together, demonstrate the strength of each particular student, to draw the student's senior year to a close prior to commencement. Chatham Hall offers a wide array of intramural sports; these sports include field hockey, soccer, cross-country, golf, volleyball and riding. Chatham Hall is well known for its riding program and facilities, including the Mars Riding Arena and Hunter Trial Field; the campus is home to more than 40 horses, two additional teaching arenas, plenty of trails throughout the rolling hills. The riding program teaches hunt seat equitation, the Modern Forward Riding System, with an emphasis on horse and rider communication, it focuses on stable management, ensuring that students learn to be true horsewomen, not just riders. More advanced students are encouraged to compete locally and nationally, take home notable ribbons and titles; the program consists of a Junior Varsity team. Both Varsity and JV riders have the option to join Chatham Hall's Interscholastic Equestrian Association team.
The IEA team has won many titles since its inception in 2011, including Reserve Champion at IEA Nationals during the 2014–2015 season. Chatham Hall offers an competitive swimming and diving program w
Hargrave Military Academy
Hargrave Military Academy is a private, all-male, military boarding school located in the town of Chatham, Virginia. Hargrave is affiliated with the Baptist General Association of Virginia emphasizing Christian values that focuses on a college and military preparatory program; the school serves boys from around the world for grade 7 through post-graduate. Hargrave was named a National School of Character in 2016. Hargrave is accredited by the Virginia Association of Independent Schools and nationally by AdvancEd, is a member of the Association of Military Colleges and Schools of the United States and the National Association of Independent Schools. Hargrave Military Academy was founded in 1909 by T. Ryland Sanford and J. Hunt Hargrave as the Chatham Training School. In 1925, CTS was renamed to Hargrave Military Academy in honor of one of its founders J. Hunt Hargrave; the renaming of the school was part of the school's evolution into a military high school in the early twenties. Hargrave has been approved for JROTC numerous times since but many in the Hargrave community, most notably the Board of Trustees, feared that the addition of that program would put too much emphasis on military studies and lessen academics.
Hargrave has operated independent of JROTC, including by utilizing its own uniforms, cadet rank structure, chain of command. On February 20, 1950, a fire destroyed Founders Hall. No cadets or faculty were harmed. After an assembly before Colonel Camden in the Sanford Hall auditorium, a two-week vacation was declared; this was to allow time for Hargrave staff to work out a way to continue the regular academic schedule. The first African American cadets were admitted to Hargrave in the summer of 1971 after the Board of Trustees passed a resolution that Hargrave would not consider race, color, or country of origin in its admission or employment policy and Colonel Vernon T. Lankford signed the Civil Rights Agreement. Andrew Ballen became the first black battalion commander in 1991. With enrollment at 586 for the 1970–1971 year, the Hargrave Corps of Cadets was organized into two battalions lead by a Corps Commander with the rank of Cadet Colonel. Since 1971, the HMA Corps of Cadets has remained as a single battalion.
Female cadets were admitted for the first time in the 1975–1976 year, Geri Lou Huizinga and Lynn Emerson became the first women to graduate from HMA in 1976. Hargrave transitioned back into an all Male school in the early 2000s. In 1981, The General Douglas MacArthur award was presented for the first time, the first cadet to receive it being Henry A. Haymes; that same year, school officials turned down the request to film on campus by the producers of the movie Taps, due to disagreements with film's plot and opposition to the producers’ request to erect a wall around the front of the campus. A four-week summer program began in 2009. In September, Hargrave celebrated the school’s 100th founders day under the leadership of Colonel Wheeler L. Baker. Hargrave is governed by a Board of Trustees. Many members of the board are alumni and community leaders. Hargrave has developed its own charitable foundation to allow philanthropists an opportunity to make gifts to the school. Presidents of HMA: Headmaster Charles R. Warren Rev. T. Ryland Sanford Col. Aubrey H. Camden Col. Joseph Hathaway Cosby Col. Vernon Thomas Lankford, Sr. Col. Michael Bruce Colegrove Col. Andrew W. Todd Col. Thomas N. Cunningham Col. John W. Ripley, USMC Dr. Wheeler L. Baker, Col. USMC Brig. Gen. Doyle Broome, USA Dr. Wheeler L. Baker, Col. USMC Col. Michael Allen Brown, USMC One of Hargrave Military Academy's four pillars is academic excellence.
Both Standard and Advanced High School Diplomas are offered to graduating cadets, as well as dual-enrollment classes through Danville Community College. In addition to the 7–12 grade middle and high school, a one-year postgraduate program is offered. Eligible students can enroll in a variety of AP classes. Cadets have the opportunity to make academic honor rolls every grading period, consisting of the Dean’s List and President’s List. Post-Graduate students are eligible for the President’s Commendation list. Hargrave utilizes an "Enhanced Learning Through Technology" program, providing internet access in every room on campus. Cadets have the ability to work on class material and contact their instructors at any time, from any place on campus. In 2003, 2011 Hargrave completed two upgrades to the academic space, including four state-of-the-art laboratory areas, a new art studio, a college lecture-style learning center called the DLC, a leadership center and a expanded video production classroom where cadets produce weekly announcement videos.
Hargrave's campus contains a refurbished auditorium, featuring the latest in educational video technology, has provided an ideal, modern setting for visiting guest lectures and drama productions. Cadet technology resources require a personal computer for every student, while Hargrave provides access to Google Drive. An SAT prep program, a variety of computer-based teaching applications in mathematics and psychology are all parts of Hargrave's academic approach. Hargrave's library contains more than 14,000 reference and book volumes and boasts a powerful computer network. Through the network, Cadets can access 44 reference and research databases online, 19 reference eBooks in the virtual library, access the A
Benedictine College Preparatory
Benedictine College Preparatory is a private, Roman Catholic military high school in Goochland, Virginia. It is part of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Richmond and is owned and operated by the Benedictine Society of Virginia, part of the American-Cassinese Congregation. Benedictine offers education through a private military institute model, which has long been a traditional form of education for young gentlemen in Virginia. Benedictine's primary focus is on building young men of conscience and achievement, to provide a strong college preparatory academic curriculum. Benedictine College Preparatory was founded in 1911 with 29 students, under the name of Benedictine College, by a group of Benedictine monks from Belmont Abbey in North Carolina. Seeking to continue the work of their founder by establishing learning and culture, they came to Richmond to establish a Catholic high school for boys, they adopted the successful and prestigious military academy type model, which meshed well with the monastic life of the monks.
The order and hierarchy of the military are much analogous to the structures in the monastery and the Church. The aim was, continues to be, to form young men in body and soul—to nourish a love of Truth, foster the life of virtue, promote a healthy life. In 2009, the school board was dissolved and Headmaster John McGinty was ousted by a vote of 11 senior monks of Mary Mother of the Church Abbey. Fr. Gregory Gresko, OSB, the second-in-charge of the abbey, said that McGinty's contract was not renewed for financial reasons; the school, whose enrollment under McGinty had risen to 267, was under financial stress and running on a deficit. Gresko took on the position of temporary headmaster, saying that having a Benedictine in a leadership position after years of absence was "returning to our roots."On August 1, 2011, Benedictine High School changed its name to Benedictine College Preparatory "to reflect the school’s goal to become more academically rigorous."In April 2011, Benedictine announced that it was selling the school's historic campus on Sheppard Street in Richmond's Museum District to the Catholic Diocese of Richmond, planned to move forward with plans to move the school to Goochland, Virginia.
The sale included a buy-back option for the school in case the plans to move the school fell through. In the fall of the 2013-2014 semester, Benedictine College Preparatory moved to the Mary Mother of the Church Abbey location and the sale of the Sheppard Street campus was finalized; the campus was sold to the Catholic Diocese of Richmond, though Benedictine still plays home basketball games and hosts a number of events at the historic Memorial Gymnasium. The sale to the Diocese allowed for continued parking at the church during Sunday mass at the adjacently located St. Benedict's Parish, a continuation of a preexisting arrangement with the Parish; this allowed for the renovation of the Mary Mother of the Church Abbey campus, which served as home to St. John Vianney Seminary, for reinstalled educational use. Mary Mother of the Church Abbey is located in Goochland County and the school received backlash from some local residents and several alumni for the desire to sell the historic Sheppard Street campus and move so far from the urban campus, the school's home for 100 years.
The sale of the Shepard Street campus was estimated to be around $5.5 million and was used to renovate the Abbey campus, as well as to build additional facilities for the students at the new campus. All students at Benedictine participate in the school's military leadership program; the students are known as the Corps of Cadets, this inspired the school's athletic nickname: the Cadets. From the school's founding in 1911 through the late 1960s, the school employed a private military institute model and was not affiliated with any branch of the United States Armed Forces. Beginning in the 1960s, Benedictine adopted the U. S. Army JROTC program, which continued at the school until 2016; the JROTC program at Benedictine held the highest rating given by the U. S. Army – Honor Unit with Distinction – which allowed the school to nominate directly a student for appointment to a service academy or for an ROTC scholarship. Many Cadets have used this honor and attended the service academies and other military colleges to further their education.
In 2016, Benedictine discontinued longstanding relationship with the U. S. Army JROTC program and returned to the private military institute model, however it is still modeled after the U. S Army; the military leadership program at Benedictine offers students the opportunity to participate in a number of activities including the Drill Team, Rifle Team, the Pipe and Drum Corps, as well as the opportunity to hold leadership positions as cadet non-commissioned officers and cadet officers throughout the Corps. Benedictine offers a number of other clubs and organizations including a "Battle of the Brains" Quiz Bowl team, the National Honor Society, Model General Assembly, Model Judiciary, Student Council, Spanish Club, Latin Club, Key Club, Emmaus Group, RAMPS Community Service Club, Rugby Club, Fishing Club, the Cadet Choir; the school has a joint Drama Club with its sister school, St. Gertrude High School, hosts a number of military balls throughout the year, puts on an annual Benedictine Art Show that showcases works by current Cadets.
The successful Benedictine athletic program is a great source of pride for Cadets and alumni. Each Cadet participates in one or more sport each year, though the school does not require participation in athletics. Benedictine sporting events are attended events by students, families and sports fans throughout the Richmond area. Cadets Basketball The basketball tea
Cape Henry Collegiate School
Cape Henry Collegiate is a private, college-preparatory, day school located in Virginia Beach, Virginia. Founded in 1924 by Helena Everett as the Everett School, Cape Henry Collegiate expanded in the 1960s as suburban enclaves expanded. In 1971, Arthur and Miriam Peregoff purchased the original Everett School and changed its name to Cape Henry Collegiate School. Miriam Peregoff thought that, given the population growth in Virginia Beach, "there would be enough support for an academically-based private school."Tuition ranges from $12,210 in Pre-Kindergarten to $20,360 in grades 9–12. CHC focuses on STEM subjects and dedicated a new science center in the Fall of 2007; the school subsequently made the local news when the seismograph in the school's science center detected earthquakes in Martinique and elsewhere. Cape Henry offers 21 Varsity sports. Most the boys soccer team and girls field hockey teams won back-to-back state championships. Since 2004, State Championships have been earned in Baseball, Boys Basketball, Boys Lacrosse, Boys Soccer, Boys Tennis, Girls Basketball, Field Hockey Girls Lacrosse, Girls Tennis and Girls Volleyball.
The following sports are offered to boys at Cape Henry Collegiate: The following sports are offered to girls at Cape Henry Collegiate School: Cape Henry Collegiate School is accredited, affiliated, or associated with the following organizations: National Association of Independent Schools Southern Association of Independent Schools Virginia Council for Private Education Association of College Counselors in Independent Schools AdvancED Association of Independent School Admissions Professionals Council for Advancement and Support of Education The Cum Laude Society Educational Records Bureau Global Education Benchmarking Group Independent School Data Exchange Southern Association of Colleges and Schools National Association for College Admission Counseling National Business Officers National Honor Society Potomac and Chesapeake Association for College Admission Counseling Tim Hummel – former Major League Baseball player and current coach at CHC
Massanutten Military Academy
Massanutten Military Academy is a coeducational military school for grades 6 through 12 and one academic postgraduate year, located in Woodstock, United States. The Massanutten Military Academy, named for the nearby mountain, was established by the Virginia Classis of the Reformed Church in 1899; the school opened on September 1899 with 40 students, half of whom were boarders. From the beginning the school was coed, with the first graduating class in 1902 consisting of 3 boys and 3 girls. In 1905 the first of two significant events in the history of the school occurred: Howard J. Benchoff was appointed the school president, he stayed in that position for nearly 5 decades, to be succeeded for the next decade and a half by his son. Lantz Hall, the second structure on the academy grounds, was begun in 1907 and dedicated in 1909, to accommodate a growing student population. During the early years of his stewardship Benchoff established several policies; the first was expanding the school size to include number of students, staff and acreage.
The second, as a result of an otherwise undocumented "incident", was limiting the boarding department to boys beginning in 1910. The last policy, the second significant event in the school's early history, was adopting a military program. While the program was not implemented until 1917, early in his tenure Benchoff described the goal of a military program as "to train the boys with a discipline, valuable and give them that easy and graceful carriage, an accomplishment in any gentleman's claim to culture" In 1930 after receiving an application and inspecting the existing program, the U. S. War Department formally made the school a JROTC unit "placing it on a par with the highest rated military schools in the country"; the school has a strong academic program with the graduating class of 2017, which consisted of 24 students, earning more than $2,000,000 in scholarships alone. The school has a strong STEM Program that focuses on experiential learning. Kim Elshafie is the current Head of School.
She was the former Dean of Academics as well. The Commandant of Cadets is Lieutenant Colonel Lester Layman, U. S. Army. Average enrollment is around 125 students MMA is accredited by the Virginia Association of Independent Schools and the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools; as part of its mission the academy has a Cadet Honor Code patterned after the one at West Point. "A cadet will not lie, cheat, or steal, nor tolerate those who do." The Cadet Honor Council consists of juniors and seniors selected by the senior class and the faculty, as approved by the Head of School. When a suspected honor code violation is reported, the Honor Council faculty advisers convene the Council for a hearing at which the cadets involved are required to explain their conduct; the Honor Council recommends punishment and/or other measures appropriate to educate the Cadet Corps about the expectations of honorable behavior. Final approval lies with the Head of School. Continued, repeated violations of the Honor Code may warrant dismissal from the Academy.
MMA’s Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps is recognized as an Honor Unit with Distinction. Since 2011, MMA Cadets have qualified to compete in the JROTC Academic Bowl. Six times they have qualified for Level Two of the competition and three times they have qualified to compete at the national level. For the 2017 competition, MMA is placed in the top 24 programs in the nation and the #1 team in the 4th Brigade of Cadet Command. Jack Ham, professional football player. Richmond, Commandant United States Coast Guard Mia Khalifa, Internet celebrity and former pornographic film actor Virginia Association of Independent Schools Boarding School Review Association of Military Colleges and Schools of the United States Massanutten Military Academy JROTC Insignia Official website
Charlottesville, colloquially known as C'ville and named the City of Charlottesville, is an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia. It is the county seat of Albemarle County, which surrounds the city, though the two are separate legal entities; this means a resident will list city on official paperwork. It is named after the British Queen consort Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, who as the wife of George III was Virginia's last Queen. In 2016, an estimated 46,912 people lived within the city limits; the Bureau of Economic Analysis combines the City of Charlottesville with Albemarle County for statistical purposes, bringing its population to 150,000. Charlottesville is the heart of the Charlottesville metropolitan area, which includes Albemarle, Fluvanna and Nelson counties. Charlottesville was the home of Thomas Jefferson and James Monroe. During their terms as Governor of Virginia, they lived in Charlottesville, traveled to and from Richmond, along the 71-mile historic Three Notch'd Road.
Orange, located 26 miles northeast of the city, was the hometown of President James Madison. The University of Virginia, founded by Jefferson and one of the original Public Ivies, straddles the city's southwestern border. Monticello, 3 miles southeast of the city, is, along with the University of Virginia, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, attracting thousands of tourists every year. At the time of European encounter, part of the area that became Charlottesville was occupied by a Monacan village called Monasukapanough. An Act of the Assembly of Albemarle County established Charlottesville in 1762. Thomas Walker was named its first trustee, it was situated along a trade route called Three Notched Road, which led from Richmond to the Great Valley. The town took its name from Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, who became queen consort of Great Britain when she married King George III in 1761. During the American Revolutionary War, Congress imprisoned the Convention Army in Charlottesville at the Albemarle Barracks between 1779 and 1781.
The Governor and legislators had to temporarily abandon the capitol and on June 4, 1781, Jack Jouett warned the Virginia Legislature meeting at Monticello of an intended raid by Colonel Banastre Tarleton, allowing a narrow escape. Unlike much of Virginia, Charlottesville was spared the brunt of the American Civil War; the only battle to take place in Charlottesville was the skirmish at Rio Hill, an encounter in which George Armstrong Custer engaged local Confederate Home Guards before retreating. The mayor surrendered the city to Custer's men to keep the town from being burned; the Charlottesville Factory, founded c. 1820–30, was accidentally burnt during General Sheridan's 1865 raid through the Shenandoah Valley. The factory had been taken over by the Confederacy and used to manufacture woolen clothing for the soldiers, it caught fire when some coals taken by Union troops to burn the nearby railroad bridge dropped on the floor. The factory was rebuilt and was known as the Woolen Mills until its liquidation in 1962.
After the Civil War, emancipated enslaved persons who stayed in Charlottesville established communities in neighborhoods such as Vinegar Hill. In 1943, there were at least three theaters in Charlottesville: Paramount, La Fayette. In July 1957, the first real estate firm owned and operated by African Americans, opened for business; the company, named Ideal Realty Company, was owned and operated by James N. Fleming, Roy C. Preston, Vassar Tarry, it was located in the Preston Building, 115 Fourth Street, N. W. James Fleming was a graduate of Jefferson High School. After Reconstruction ended, Charlottesville's black population suffered under Jim Crow laws that segregated public places and limited opportunity. Schools were segregated by race and blacks were not served in many local businesses. Public parks were planned separately for the white and black populations: four for the whites, one, built on the site of a former dump, for blacks; the Ku Klux Klan had chapters in the Charlottesville area beginning at least in the early twentieth century, events such as lynchings and cross burnings occurred in the Charlottesville area.
In 1898, Charlottesville resident John Henry James was lynched in the nearby town of Ivy. In August 1950, three white men were observed burning a cross on Cherry Avenue, a street in a African-American neighborhood in Charlottesville, it was speculated that the cross burning might be a reaction to "a white man had been known to socialize with one of the young Negro women in that vicinity." In 1956, crosses were burned outside a progressive church and the home of white integration activist Sarah Patton Boyle. In the fall of 1958, Charlottesville closed its segregated white schools as part of Virginia's strategy of massive resistance to federal court orders requiring integration as part of the implementation of the Supreme Court of the United States decision Brown v. Board of Education; the closures were required by a series of state laws collectively known as the Stanley plan. Negro schools remained open, however; the first African American member of the Charlotteville School Board was Raymond Bell in 1963.
In 1963 than many southern cities, civil rights activists in Charlottesville began protesting segregated restaurants with sit-ins, such as one that occurred at Buddy's Restaurant near the University of Virginia. In the summer of 1940 the first Field Day event was held in Washington Park. In 1947 Charlottesville organized a local NAACP branch. In 2001, the Charlottesville and Albemarle Branches of the NAACP merged to form the Albemarle-Charlottesvi