Virginia State Route 168

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State Route 168 marker

State Route 168
Route information
Maintained by VDOT
Length: 30.11 mi[1] (48.46 km)
Existed: 1933 – present
Major junctions
South end: NC 168 near Moyock, NC
  I‑64 / I‑464 in Chesapeake
I‑264 in Norfolk
North end: US 60 in Norfolk
Highway system
SR 166 SR 169

State Route 168 is a primary state highway in the South Hampton Roads region of the U.S. state of Virginia. It runs from the border with North Carolina (where it continues as North Carolina Highway 168 towards the Outer Banks) through the independent cities of Chesapeake and Norfolk where it ends in the Ocean View area near the Hampton Roads Bridge-Tunnel.

View north along SR 168 at US 58 in Norfolk

SR 168 consists of three sections with different characteristics, from North Carolina to the junction with Interstate 64 and Interstate 464, SR 168 is mostly built to freeway standards as a major road into North Carolina; part of it - the Chesapeake Expressway - is a toll road. From I-64 north into downtown Norfolk, SR 168 is a local road; I-464 carries most through traffic. The rest of SR 168, from downtown Norfolk north to Ocean View, is Tidewater Drive, an arterial road with some interchanges, built to carry traffic to the Hampton Roads Bridge-Tunnel before Interstate 64 opened.

SR 168 was originally constructed in the 1930s on the north side of Hampton Roads as Merrimack Trail, mainly as a bypass of U.S. Route 60 from Newport News past Williamsburg (now State Route 143). It was extended across Hampton Roads (via the Newport News-Pine Beach (Norfolk) Ferry) in the mid-1940s, but did not move onto its current alignment to North Carolina until 1957, when the Hampton Roads Bridge-Tunnel opened. As the new freeway (Interstate 64) opened past Williamsburg, SR 168 was shifted to it; it was truncated to its current extent around 1980.

History[edit]

The SR 168 designation was applied in the 1933 renumbering to three individual roadways: State Route 529 (northwest from Newport News towards Lee Hall), State Route 532 (Newport News to Hampton via Shell Road), and State Route 533 (King Street from Rip Rap Road - then State Route 513 - south into Hampton). Another piece, from Hampton east on Pembroke Avenue towards Buckroe Beach, was added to the state highway system in 1932,[2] and was extended to Buckroe Beach in 1936;[3] in the 1930s, SR 168 was extended northwest to State Route 53 (now State Route 30 near Barhamsville. It used Jefferson Avenue and 35th Street in Newport News and Shell Road, Newport News Avenue, Back River Road, Rip Rap Road, King Street, and Pembroke Avenue in Hampton; see State Route 143 (Barhamsville to Hampton) and State Route 351 (Hampton to Buckroe Beach) for more history. It intersected U.S. Route 60 at Anderson's Corner, near Toano in James City County.

Route 168 was part of a system of state-funded highway improvements after World War II which preceded the federally funded Interstate Highway System in Virginia, it provided substantial traffic relief to a number of heavily traveled older U.S. highways, notably including U.S. Route 60 on the Virginia Peninsula and U.S. Route 460 in the Cities of Norfolk and South Norfolk and U.S. Route 17 in Norfolk County (now City of Chesapeake) in South Hampton Roads.

North Carolina to Willoughby Spit[edit]

In Chesapeake, the route originally ran along Battlefield Boulevard, this arterial is now bypassed by several roads: the Chesapeake Expressway (a toll road completed in 2001), the Great Bridge Bypass (a bypass route constructed in 1980 and improved through the 1990s), and the Oak Grove Connector (a link from the Great Bridge Bypass to Interstate 464 completed in 1999). From the north end of the Oak Grove Connector, Route 168 overlaps Interstate 64 until it rejoins Battlefield Boulevard, the sections of the boulevard bypassed by the mentioned roads are now designated State Route 168 Business.

From I-64 in Chesapeake, Route 168 follows several roads until it crosses into the City of Norfolk and eventually runs along Tidewater Drive (following the path of the earlier Cottage Toll Road) until reaching its terminus at West Ocean View Avenue (U.S. Route 60) near Fourth View Street in the Willoughby Spit area.

Crossing the mouth of Hampton Roads[edit]

The Route 168 designation formerly continued northwesterly along West Ocean View Avenue and crossed the Hampton Roads Ferry System from Willoughby Bay to Old Point Comfort in the Town of Phoebus in Elizabeth City County (communities which were consolidated into the newly enlarged City of Hampton in 1952).

When it first opened to traffic on November 1, 1957, the Hampton Roads Bridge-Tunnel originally carried the VA-168 designation (as a toll facility), the Route 168 signage and tolls were both removed when the crossing was expanded in 1976 as part of the federally funded Interstate 64 improvements, which included four-laning the crossing.

On the Virginia Peninsula[edit]

The SR 168 designation also formerly applied to a routing on the Virginia Peninsula from Anderson's Corner near Toano west of Williamsburg to the Hampton Roads Ferry landing at Old Point Comfort near Fort Monroe. Known as the Merrimack Trail, the road was a major additional highway which was built in the years prior to the creation of the Interstate Highway System, and was replaced as a major through route by Interstate 64, in segments as that new road was completed.

Small portions of the roadway on the Peninsula originally signed at SR 168 became portions of State Route 30 (from Anderson's Corner to Croaker) and Interstate 64 (Exit 231 to Exit 238). However, most of it from Exit 238 in I-64 east was redesignated as State Route 143, which continues to serve as an alternative to U.S. Route 60 most of its length. After Interstate 64 was completed on the Peninsula, both Routes 60 and 143 with many at-grade intersections and businesses became more major conduits for local traffic than through-traffic routes.

Major intersections[edit]

County Location mi[1] km Exit Destinations Notes
City of Chesapeake 0.00 0.00 NC 168 south (Caratoke Highway) – Nags Head North Carolina state line
1 1.6 Old Battlefield Road to Ballahack Road former SR 193 west
1.79 2.88
SR 168 Bus. north (Battlefield Boulevard) / Gallbush Road
Southern end of freeway, southern terminus of SR 168 Bus.
Toll Plaza - Cars $3.00 ($8.00 on summer weekends)[4]
4.71 7.58 5
SR 168 Bus. (Battlefield Boulevard)
Northbound exit and southbound entrance
7.65 12.31 8 Hillcrest Parkway signed as exits 8A (west) and 8B (east) southbound
9.86 15.87 10 Hanbury Road signed as exits 10A (west) and 10B (east)
11.36 18.28 11 SR 165 (Mt. Pleasant Road) – Great Bridge signed as exits 11A (south) and 11B (north) southbound
12 SR 190 east (Kempsville Road) Northbound exit only (other access is at exit 13)
13.85 22.29 13A–B
SR 168 Bus. (Battlefield Boulevard) / SR 190 – Great Bridge
signed as exits 13A (north) and 13B (south)
15B US 17 south – Elizabeth City
15.67 25.22 I‑64 / US 17 north (Hampton Roads Beltway inner loop) / I‑464 north to I‑664 north – Portsmouth, Suffolk, Richmond, Norfolk south end of I-64 overlap; SR 168 north follows exit 15A; SR 168 south follows exit 291B
16.49 26.54
I‑64 (Hampton Roads Beltway outer loop) / SR 168 Bus. south (Battlefield Boulevard) – Virginia Beach, Great Bridge
north end of I-64 overlap; SR 168 north follows exit 290A
17.31 27.86 US 13 (Military Highway) Interchange
19.75 31.78 Campostella Road / to Liberty Street (SR 246) / to Border Road interchange; southbound exit and northbound entrance
City of Norfolk 20.62 33.18 SR 407 (Indian River Road)
20.88 33.60 US 460 west / SR 166 south (Wilson Road / SR 337 Alt. south) Southern end of US 460 / SR 166 / SR 337 Alt. concurrency; no left turn northbound
Campostella Bridge over Eastern Branch Elizabeth River
21.61 34.78 I‑264 east to I‑64 / Chesapeake Bay Bridge-Tunnel – Virginia Beach, Airport I-264 exit 11
21.91 35.26 SR 166 north (Park Avenue) Northern end of SR 166 concurrency
22.31 35.90 US 460 east (Brambleton Avenue / SR 337 east) to I‑264 west / Tidewater Drive (SR 337 west) – Portsmouth, Berkley Northern end of US 460 / SR 337 Alt. concurrency
22.62 36.40 US 58 (Virginia Beach Boulevard)
Princess Anne Road (SR 404 east) Western terminus of SR 404
SR 247 (Lafayette Boulevard)
26.50 42.65 I‑64 (Hampton Roads Beltway) / Terminal Boulevard / Chesapeake Boulevard – Hampton, Richmond, Naval Base, Virginia Beach Exit 277 (I-64)
27.06 43.55 SR 165 (Little Creek Road) interchange
29.36 47.25 US 460 (Granby Street) to I‑64 – Ocean View, Willoughby interchange; south end of US 60 Alt. overlap (northbound only)
Peach Tree Street interchange; southbound exit and northbound entrance
To US 60 east / Mason Creek Road – Ocean View, Willoughby north end of US 60 Alt. overlap (northbound only); south end of US 60 west overlap (northbound only)
30.11 48.46 US 60 west (4th View Street) to I‑64 (Hampton Roads Tunnel) north end of US 60 west overlap (northbound only)
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Chesapeake Expressway[edit]


Chesapeake Expressway
Location: Chesapeake, Virginia
Length: 12.06 mi[1] (19.41 km)

The Chesapeake Expressway is the name of the portion of SR 168 that is a toll road in Chesapeake, Virginia built chiefly to facilitate tourist traffic from the Hampton Roads cities en route to the Outer Banks of North Carolina. Built to freeway standards, this expressway travels from U.S. Route 17, Interstate 64, and Interstate 464 in northern Chesapeake to near the North Carolina border in the southern part of the city, and traverses the eastern edge of the Great Dismal Swamp, meeting North Carolina Highway 168 at the state line.

The one toll plaza is located near Indian Creek Road.

Construction began in 1999 and the road fully opened in 2001. Tolls for a 2-axle passenger vehicle are now $8.00[5] during weekends between Memorial Day and Labor Day, and $3.00 at all other times (tolls were previously $2.00 at all times). E-ZPass is accepted.

State Route 168 Business[edit]


State Route 168 Business
Location: Chesapeake, Virginia
Length: 14.40 mi[1] (23.17 km)
View north along SR 168 Bus at SR 165

State Route 168 Business is a 14.40-mile (23.17 km)[1] business route of SR 168. The entire length is also known as Battlefield Boulevard, this was originally a part of SR 168 before the Chesapeake Expressway was completed. This highway is often used to avoid the toll on the main expressway -- drivers travelling North make a left turn at VA 168 Business, then enter the expressway at Hillcrest Parkway.

Great Bridge Bridge[edit]

The Great Bridge Bridge is a double rolling bascule drawbridge that carries Battlefield Blvd.(SR 168 Business) and spans the Atlantic Intracoastal Waterway in Chesapeake, Virginia. It was constructed in 2004 by the Army Corps of Engineers and operated by the City of Chesapeake, it has a mean daily traffic of 35,000 vehicles.

Major intersections[edit]

The entire route is in the independent city of Chesapeake.

County Location mi[1] km Destinations Notes
City of Chesapeake 0.00 0.00 SR 168 (Battlefield Boulevard / Chesapeake Expressway) – Norfolk, Nags Head
SR 168 south (Chesapeake Expressway) Access from SR 168 northbound / to SR 168 southbound only, exit 5 (SR 168)
8.13 13.08 SR 168 south (Chesapeake Expressway) Only access to southbound SR 168 from SR 168 Bus. southbound
8.41 13.53 Hanbury Road to SR 168
10.11 16.27 SR 165 north (Mt. Pleasant Road) Southern end of SR 165 concurrency
10.37 16.69 SR 165 south (Cedar Road) Northern end of SR 165 concurrency
11.61 18.68 SR 190 (Great Bridge Boulevard / Kempsville Road)
Great Bridge Bridge over the Atlantic Intracoastal Waterway
11.78 18.96 SR 168 (Great Bridge Bypass) – Nags Head, Norfolk, Suffolk Exit 13 (SR 168)
14.40 23.17 I‑64 (Hampton Roads Beltway) / SR 168 north – Virginia Beach, Suffolk, Richmond Exit 290 (I-64)
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Campostella Bridge[edit]

Campostella Bridge
Carries US 460 / SR 168 / SR 166 Vehicles, Pedestrians
Crosses Elizabeth River
Locale Norfolk, Virginia
Owner City of Norfolk
ID number 0020936
Characteristics
Total length 2,482 feet (757 m)
Width 94.2 feet (28.7 m)
History
Opened 1986
Statistics
Daily traffic 34,000
References
"Virginia Bridge Information". 

The part of SR 168 that crosses the Elizabeth River utilizes the six-lane Campostella Bridge, the bridge is also the route carrier for US 460. Owned and operated by the city of Norfolk, it serves as an alternate route to the Berkley Bridge, which also crosses the same span of water on Interstate 264.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "2005 Virginia Department of Transportation Jurisdiction Report - Daily Traffic Volume Estimates - Norfolk Maintenance Area" (PDF).  (374 KiB)
  2. ^ State Highway Commission of Virginia (July 27–29, 1932). Minutes of Meeting (PDF) (Report). Marion, Roanoke, and Richmond, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. , page 20
  3. ^ State Highway Commission of Virginia (August 12, 1936). Minutes of Meeting (PDF) (Report). Richmond, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. , page 25
  4. ^ http://www.chesapeakeexpressway.com/
  5. ^ "City of Chesapeake Virginia | The Chesapeake Expressway". www.chesapeakeexpressway.com. Retrieved 2016-06-16. 

External links[edit]

Route map: Google

KML is from Wikidata
SR 26 Two‑digit State Routes
1923-1933
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