Canadian Museum of History
The Canadian Museum of History is Canada's national museum of human history. It is located in the Hull area of Gatineau, directly across the Ottawa River from Parliament Hill in Ottawa, Ontario; the museum's primary purpose is to collect, study and present material objects that illuminate the human history of Canada and the cultural diversity of its people. The Canadian Museum of Civilization, the name of the museum was changed in 2013 to the Canadian Museum of History; the Museum of History's permanent galleries explore Canada's 20,000 years of human history and a program of special exhibitions expands on Canadian themes and explore other cultures and civilizations and present. The museum is a major research institution, its staff includes leading experts in Canadian history, archaeology and folk culture. The museum organizing traveling exhibits. With roots stretching back to 1856, the museum is one of North America's oldest cultural institutions, it is home to the Canadian Children's Museum. It used to be the home of the Canadian Postal Museum.
The Museum of History is managed by the Canadian Museum of History Corporation, a federal Crown Corporation, responsible for the Canadian War Museum, the Children's Museum and the Virtual Museum of New France. The museum is a member of the Canadian Museums Association; the museum is affiliated with: Canadian Museums Association, Canadian Heritage Information Network, Virtual Museum of Canada. The museum has three permanent exhibition galleries: the Grand Hall, the First Peoples Hall, the Canadian History Hall; the museum operates a movie theatre, a children's museum and special exhibit galleries. The Grand Hall on the building's first level is the museum's architectural centrepiece, it features a wall of windows 112 m wide by 15 m high, framing a view of the Ottawa River and Parliament Hill. On the opposite wall is a colour photograph of similar size, it is believed to be the largest colour photograph in the world. The picture provides a backdrop for a dozen towering totem poles and recreations of six Pacific Coast Aboriginal house facades connected by a boardwalk.
The homes were made by First Nations artisans using large cedar timbers imported from the Pacific Northwest. The grouping of these totem poles, combined with others in the Grand Hall, is said to be the largest indoor display of totem poles in the world; the Grand Hall houses the original plaster pattern for the Spirit of Haida Gwaii, by Haida artist Bill Reid, his largest and most complex sculpture. The pattern was used to cast the bronze sculpture displayed outside the Canadian Embassy in Washington, D. C. Located at the end of the Grand Hall, by the river, is a 19 m diameter dome. On the dome is the 418 m2 abstract painting known as Morning Star; the painting, by First Nation artist Alex Janvier a Dene Suline artist, with the assistance of his son Dean, was completed in four months in 1993. On the Museum's first level, this permanent exhibition narrates the history and accomplishments of Canada's Aboriginal peoples from their original habitation of North America to the present day, it explores the diversity of the First Peoples, their interactions with the land, their on-going contributions to society.
The Hall is the result of a groundbreaking, intensive collaboration that occurred between museum curators and First Peoples representatives during the planning stages. Chronicling 20,000 years of history, the hall is separated into three larger zones: "An Aboriginal Presence" looks at Aboriginal cultural diversity and prehistoric settlement of North America. Included are traditional stories about creation and other phenomena told by Aboriginal people such as Mi'kmaq Hereditary Chief Stephen Augustine who recounts the beginning of the world in the Creation Stories Theatre film. "An Ancient Bond with the Land" examines the relationship between Aboriginal Peoples and the natural world. "Arrival of Strangers - The Last 500 Years" examines Aboriginal history from the time of European contact to today. It examines early relations, the Métis, the clash of Christianity and Aboriginal beliefs, intergovernmental relations, the introduction of a wage economy, post-World War II political and legal affirmation and civil rights.
It features a ten-minute video about sustaining Aboriginal culture, introduces visitors to Native art. The Canadian History Hall is a permanent gallery dedicated to Canadian history that encompasses both the third and fourth floors of the museum home to the Canada Hall and the Canadian Personalities Hall and meant to be more comprehensive and engaging than its precursors, it opened on July 2017, in celebration of the 150th anniversary of Confederation. World's oldest hockey stick, known as the Moffat stick The Queen's Beasts The museum was designed by Douglas Cardinal, a famous Aboriginal architect educated at the University of British Columbia and the University of Texas at Austin; the museum complex consists of two wings, the public and curatorial wings, surrounded by a series of plazas connected by a grand staircase. Naturalized park areas connect the museum and its plazas to the Ottawa River and nearby Jacques Cartier Park; the museum was founded in 1856 as the display hall for the Geological Survey of Canada, accumulating not only minerals, but biological specimens, historical and ethnological artifacts.
It was founded in Montreal, was moved to Ottawa in 1881. In 1910, upon recommendation from Franz Boas, the anthropologist-linguist Edward Sapir was appointed as the first anthropo