Pella (regional unit)
Pella is one of the regional units of Greece, in the geographic region of Macedonia. It is part of the Region of Central Macedonia, it is named after the ancient city of Pella, the capital of ancient Macedonia and the birthplace of Alexander the Great. The capital of Pella is Edessa with a population of 19,036 inhabitants according to the census of 2011, while the largest city and industrial and commercial center is Giannitsa with 29,789 inhabitants. Other centers are the towns Krya Vrisi and Skydra; the regional unit Pella is subdivided into 4 municipalities. These are: Almopia Edessa Pella Skydra Administratively. According to the 2011 census the population of the regional unit was 139,680. Note: Provinces no longer hold any legal status in Greece; the regional unit covers an area of 2,505.8 Km², the majority of, covered by arable land and pastures. Mountainous areas surrounding Pella are Mount Vora, Mount Vermion, Mount Paiko, Mount Jenna and Mount Pinovo; the main plains are the vast plain of Giannitsà in the southeastern part.
Other natural features of the area include Lakes Vegoritida and Agra, Rivers Loudias and Edessian. Pella's southernmost portion is flat and in ancient times, it was a gulf connected to the Aegean Sea; the elevation in the south does not exceed about 5 to 10 m above sea level. Pella has groundwater resources. There are a number of archaeological sites in the area. Pella is bounded by the prefectures of Kilkis to the northeast, Thessaloniki to the east, Imathia to the south, Kozani to the southwest, by Lake Vegoritida to the southwest, by Florina to the west. On the north, it is bounded by the Republic of Macedonia. In antiquity, the area around the modern Pella regional unit was part of the ancient Greek Kingdom of Macedon, it became part of the Roman Empire and the Byzantine and the Ottoman Empires. Following 500 years of Ottoman rule, it rejoined Greece in 1913, following the Balkan Wars; the southern part of the regional unit has a number of orchards. While agriculture once represented its main industry, manufacturing and other businesses dominate about 70% of its industry.
GR-1, SE GR-2/E90, W, SW, Cen. E, SE Edessa - Verroia road, S Thessaloniki-Giannitsa-Edessa List of settlements in the Pella regional unit Former toponyms of places in Pella Prefecture Official website of the prefecture of Pella Map & info of Pella Prefecture
Serres (regional unit)
Serres is one of the regional units of Greece. It is part of the Region of Central Macedonia, its capital is the town of Serres. The total population reaches just over 175,000; the mountains are Orvelos to the north, Menoikio to the east, Pangaio to the southeast, Kerdylio to the southwest, Vertiskos to the west, parts of Krousi to the west and portions of the Kerkini lies to the northwest. The regional unit borders on Thessaloniki to the southwest, Kilkis to the west, the Republic of Macedonia with the Novo Selo Municipality to the northwest, the Blagoevgrad Province of Bulgaria to the north, Drama to the northeast and Kavala to the east; the Strymonian Gulf lies to the south along with the Strymonas delta. Lake Kerkini was a lake located in the southern portion, now drained. 41% of the regional unit are arable and most of the lands are near the Strymonas river which flows from Bulgaria and empties into the Strymonian Gulf. Another river is the Angitis in the eastern part of the regional unit, with the ravine and caves near Alistrati.
The regional unit has many archaeological and historical features including Serres, several monasteries, Metaxa near the border with Bulgaria. The regional unit is a tourist attraction including Lailia, rich in forests, a skiing resort in the central portion, lake Kerkini, a reservoir supplying water to the farmlands. Fishing is common within Ano Poroia during the summer months and famous Alistrati's caves and the nearby Aggitis ravine; the southern part around the Strymonas valley has a Mediterranean climate, the rest is predominantly continental with cold winters in higher elevations. In modern times, like the rest of Macedonia was contested territory between Greece, Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire. After its liberation from the Turks by the Bulgarians in the First Balkan War, Serres became a part of Greece at the end of the Second Balkan War. During the National Schism, it was occupied by Bulgaria again only to form part of Greece at the end of the war. During the Second World War Bulgaria launched a campaign of Bulgarisation.
It was liberated in 1944. A substantial portion of the population of the regional unit are descendants of refugees which came from Eastern Thrace, now Northwestern Turkey, Asia Minor and from Pontus during the Greco-Turkish War; the regional unit Serres is subdivided into 7 municipalities. These are: Amfipoli Emmanouil Pappas Irakleia Nea Zichni Serres Sintiki Visaltia As a part of the 2011 Kallikratis government reform, the Serres regional unit was created out of the former Serres Prefecture; the prefecture had the same territory as the present regional unit. At the same time, the municipalities were reorganised, according to the table below. Before the abolishment of the provinces of Greece in 2006, the Serres prefecture was subdivided into the following provinces: Fyllida - Nea Zichni Serres Province - Serres Sintiki - Sidirokastro Visaltia - Nigrita The main roads of Serres regional unit are: Motorway 2 Motorway 25 Greek National Road 2 Greek National Road 12 Greek National Road 59 Greek National Road 63 Greek National Road 65 The Thessaloniki–Alexandroupoli railway passes through Serres and Sidirokastro.
Constantine Karamanlis, a former Greek prime minister and president Emmanouel Pappas, hero of the Greek Independence Struggle Glykeria, famous Greek singer Ioannis Melissanidis, a Greek gymnast athlete Nansy Stergiopoulou, of the all girl band Hi-5, family from Serres. The Panserraikos F. C. association football club, based in Serres, plays in the Football League 2. List of settlements in the Serres regional unit Serres Prefecture Official Website Serres General Hospital Official Website Alistrati's cave An up-to-date portal with information regarding the Serres Prefecture
Imathia is one of the regional units of Greece. It is part of the region of Central Macedonia; the capital of Imathia is the city of Veroia. The regional unit Imathia is subdivided into 3 municipalities; these are: Alexandreia Naousa Veroia As a part of the 2011 Kallikratis government reform, the regional unit Imathia was created out of the former prefecture Imathia. The prefecture had the same territory as the present regional unit. At the same time, the municipalities were reorganised, according to the table below. Veroia Province Naousa ProvinceNote: Provinces no longer hold any legal status in Greece since 2006; the northeastern part of Imathia, along the lower course of the river Aliakmonas, is a vast agricultural plain known as Kampania or Roumlouki. The area is known for the production such as peaches and strawberries. Much of the population lives in this plain, where the towns Veroia are situated. Imathia has a short shoreline on the Thermaic Gulf, around the mouth of the Aliakmonas; the mountainous western part of Imathia is covered by the Vermio Mountains, reaching 2,052 metres near the city of Naousa.
The Pierian Mountains reach into the southern part of Imathia, south of the Aliakmonas. The regional unit borders on Pieria to the south, Kozani to the west, Pella to the north and Thessaloniki to the east. Imathia has a Mediterranean climate with warm, dry summers and mild, wet winters; the railway from Thessaloniki to Florina and the important railway from Thessaloniki to Athens pass through Imathia, with main stations at Platy and Alexandreia. The motorways A2 and A1 and the Greek National Roads EO1, EO4 and EO4a pass through Imathia; the Alexandreia Airport is a military airport. Imathia was named after the historic region Emathia, used by several classical authors as a synonym for Bottiaea or all of Macedon. Important ancient towns in the area of present Imathia were Beroea; as a part of the Macedonia region, it was ruled by the kingdom of Macedonia, the Roman Empire, the Byzantine Empire and from early 15th century by the Ottoman Empire. In 1913, as a result of the Second Balkan War, it became part of Greece.
During and after the Greco-Turkish War, several refugees from Turkey settled in Imathia. Part of the prefecture of Thessaloniki, Imathia became a prefecture in 1946, Veroia was selected as its capital. Agrotikoi Orizontes Elefthero Vima Epikaira Imathias Epta Imathias Imerisia Kerkida Laos Pliroforisi Macedonika Nea Wine and Vine Museum Archaeological Museum of Veroia Byzantine Museum of Veroia Folklore Museum of the Lyceum of Hellenic Women Veria F. C. - Veroia Pontioi Veria F. C. - Veroia Naoussa F. C. - Naousa Alexandria F. C. - Alexandria Emathus List of settlements in Imathia Former toponyms in Imathia Prefecture Asyrmato Mitropolitiko Dyktio Hmathias, The local wireless network Official website Veroia 11th Public School
Nea Zichni is a municipality in the Serres regional unit, of Central Macedonia region, Greece. Population 12,397. Nea Zichni is the name of the administrative seat of the municipality, population 2,530; the city was built next to the marches of Lake Achinos, on the hill of "Toumba" and it was called Ichna. It was a Paionian city, sometime in the 5th or early 4th century BC incorporated into the Macedonian Kingdom. Another city by the same name Ichna is mentioned by Thucydides being next to Pella, by the estuary of the Loudias and Axios rivers; the name Ichna is a Paionian cognate of the Greek word "ichnos" which means "stepping ground" a name appropriate for a city built on the sand between the marsh and the lake. The original Ichna remained a city throughout the Hellenistic and Byzantine eras, only to be destroyed and was rebuilt far from the lake in its original position on the hills. During the Ottoman years it was a kaza centre in the Sanjak of Serres in the Salonica Eyalet; the municipality Nea Zichni was formed at the 2011 local government reform by the merger of the following 2 former municipalities, that became municipal units: Alistrati Nea ZichniThe municipality has an area of 404.307 km2, the municipal unit 274.429 km2.
Sithonia known as Longos, is a peninsula of Chalkidiki, which itself is located on a larger peninsula within Greece. The Kassandra Peninsula lies to the Mount Athos peninsula to the east. Sithonia is a municipality, covering the Sithonia peninsula; the seat of the municipality is the town Nikiti. Gulfs that surround the peninsula are the Singitic Gulf to the east and the Toronean Gulf to the west; the mountain Itamos or Dragoudelis is in the center of the peninsula. Amongst the many places in Sithonia is the ancient city, the castle and the church of Agios Athanasios in Toroni, the windmills in Sikia and the 16th century church in Nikiti. Porto Koufo, is the largest natural harbor in Greece, mentioned by Thucydides as "hollow harbor". South, from the harbors exit there is Kartalia, the most southern part of Sithonia, a impressive area which puts its visitors under a spell with its rocky secluded beaches; the beaches of Azapiko, Korakas, Marathias and Kriaritsi are in the area. All the villages cover the peninsula in the central and the southern portions.
In the middle of Sithonia peninsula, near the village of Neos Marmaras, is the holiday resort of Porto Carras. The landscape is covered with vineyards, grasslands and mountains; the municipality Sithonia was formed at the 2011 local government reform by the merger of the following 2 former municipalities, that became municipal units: Sithonia ToroniThe municipality has an area of 516.848 km2, the municipal unit 322.875 km2. Agios Nikolaos Armenistis Camping Elia Akti or Elia, or Olive Beach Kalamitsi Metamorfosi Neos Marmaras Nikiti Ormos Panagias Partenonas Platanitsi Porto Carras Grand Resort Porto Koufos or Porto Koufo Pyrgaditika or Pyrgadikia Salonikiou Sarti Sykia Toroni Vourvourou Visit Sithonia Sithonia Guide Sithonia in Chalkidiki Sithonia Greece travel guide and information Visitor guide of Sithonia
Pella is a village and a municipality in the Pella regional unit of Macedonia, Greece. It is located on the site of ancient Pella, the capital of the Kingdom of Macedonia and birthplace of Alexander The Great; the capital of the municipality is the largest town of the regional unit. On the site of the ancient city of Pella is the Archaeological Museum of Pella. During the Byzantine and Ottoman periods, the town was known in Greek as Άγιοι Απόστολοι'Holy Apostles' and in Ottoman Turkish as Allah Kilise'God's Church'. In the local Slavic language, the name is Postol; the name Pella was revived in 1926. Ancient Pella was a vast city. However, the city lost its significance. By the 19th century, Agii Apostoli occupied a site near the upper city, the lower city extended down to the wetlands of Mavroneri. Félix de Beaujour, a French consul of Thessaloniki at the end of the 18th century, wrote in his travels for the Ottoman Empire: "Pella rises amphitheatrically on the slope of a hill on the top of, the fortress, at the present is a little village of Alla Klise, populated with Bulgarian Christians."The village joined the Bulgarian exarchate and a survey by Vasil Kanchov in 1900 revealed that the population of Pella was 520 Bulgarian exarchists.
Another survey in 1905 recorded. The municipality Pella was formed at the 2011 local government reform by the merger of the following 5 former municipalities, that became municipal units: Giannitsa Krya Vrysi Kyrros Megas Alexandros PellaThe municipality has an area of 669.220 km2, the municipal unit 113.819 km2. The municipality has a population of 63,122; the capital of the municipality of Pella is Giannitsa. Other towns are Krya Vrysi, Pella, Karyotissa, Ampeleíai, Melíssion, Pentaplátanon, Paralímni. Alexander the Great King of Macedon who created the biggest Greek empire that existed. Philip II of Macedon Father of Alexander the great and king of Macedon from 359 BC until his assassination in 336 BC. Krste Misirkov and publicist
Sérres is a city in Macedonia, capital of the Serres regional unit and second largest city in the region of Central Macedonia, after Thessaloniki. Serres is one of the economic centers of Northern Greece; the city is situated in a fertile plain at an elevation of about 70 metres, some 24 kilometres northeast of the Strymon river and 69 km north-east of Thessaloniki, respectively. Serres' official municipal population was 76,817 in 2011 with the total number of people living in the city and its immediate surroundings estimated at around 100,000; the city is home to the Department of Physical Education and Sport Science of the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki and the Technological Educational Institute of Central Macedonia, composed of the School of Technological Applications, the School of Management and Finance and the School of Graphic Arts and Design, with at least 10,000 Greek and international students. The Ancient Greek historian Herodotus mentions the city as Siris in the 5th century BC.
Theopompus refers to the city as Sirra. It is mentioned as Sirae, in the plural, by the Roman historian Livy. Since the name of the city has remained plural and by the 5th century AD it was in the contemporary form as Serrae or Sérrai, which remained the Katharevousa form for the name till modern times. In the local Greek dialect, the city is known as "ta Serras", a corruption of the plural Accusative "tas Serras" of the archaic form "ai Serrai". Τhe oldest mention of this form is attested in a document of the Docheiariou Monastery in Mount Athos from 1383, while there are many other such references in documents from the 16th, 17th, 18th and 19th centuries. It was known as Siroz in Turkish. In the Slavic languages, the city is known as Ser in Serbian, while in Bulgarian it is known as Syar or Ser. Although the earliest mention of Serres is dating in the 5th century BC, the city was founded long before the Trojan War at the beginning of the 2nd millennium BC; the ancient city was built on a steep hill just north of Serres.
It held a strategic position, since it controlled a land road, which following the valley of the river Strymon led from the shores of Strymonian Gulf to the Danubian countries. The most ancient known inhabitants of the area were the Bryges and Strymonians. Afterwards were the Paeonian tribes of the Odomantes; these populations engaged in agriculture and cattle-raising worshiped the Sun, the deified river Strymon and the "Thracian horseman". The ancient city of Serraepolis was founded in Cilicia by Siropaiones exiled from Serres. In Roman antiquity the city is mentioned in sources under the name Sirra and in inscriptions as Sirraion polis, it was an important city of the Roman province of Macedonia, with the status of a civitas stipendiaria. It flourished during the imperial period thanks to the Pax Romana. During the great crisis of the Roman Empire, the city declined and only in the times of Diocletian, with its reforms, returned to prosperity; as regards the urban structure it featured, like all Greek cities, a market, theater and temples.
As we know from epigraphic evidence, the local government was based on the known Greek institutions, which were the parliament, the municipality and the archons. It was the seat of a federation of five cities and participated in the provincial life and organization of the Macedonians. Sirra as a city-state, apart from the usual Greek institutions, held its own territory, which occupied the area of the former province of Serres; the organization of its territory was based on villages, whose many sites have been found in various places near modern villages, such as Lefkonas, Ano Vrontou, Neo Souli, Agio Pnevma, Paralimnio etc. Within the limits of its territory have discovered traces of marble quarries and iron mines, which indicate systematic exploitation of the existing mineral wealth in the imperial period. In terms of population, except the most numerous Greek element, are recognized some population substrates from prehistoric times. Concerning the society, the main feature was its distinction in lower social strata.
Concerning the cults of the residents, except the known panhellenic cults, are evidenced and some local and Thracian cults as the Thracian horseman. Many inscriptions of Roman times have been found in the city. From these inscriptions, the eight are votive or honorific and all other on epitaph reliefs or steles; the first attested bishop of the city is recorded as participating in the Second Council of Ephesus in 449. In the early Middle Ages, Serres became the site of a major fortress built by the Byzantine Empire to guard the empire's northern frontier and the strategic Rupel Pass; the city's history was