Canadian Forces Base Rockcliffe is a former Canadian Forces Base located in the eastern part of Ottawa, now used for Ottawa/Rockcliffe Airport and the Canada Aviation and Space Museum. It was formerly known as CFB Ottawa North, in 1918 the Royal Air Force sought a flying field in the Ottawa area for experimental mail flights. After the Canadian Parliaments 1920 Air Regulations came into effect, the Rockcliffe Air Station was chosen as a site for supporting both an air harbour and a flying field. The new air harbour, or airport, opened in 1920 as the Ottawa Air Station, major activities conducted by the Air Board at the Ottawa Air Station included military aerial photography for topographic mapping in Canada, air transportation, and aeronautical experimentation. The airport served as a centre for early aircraft testing. Thus the facility gained the second-longest association with the air defence after RCAF Station Borden. After a few changes, the facility took the name RCAF Station Ottawa in 1936.
In 1940, this name would change again to RCAF Station Rockcliffe, on March 12,1930, Canadian World War I flying ace William George Barker crashed into the Ottawa River and died during an aerial demonstration over the field. In July 1931, Charles Lindbergh and Anne Morrow Lindbergh visited the airport during their northern surveying tour, the airfields runways were paved in 1939 in preparation for operations during World War II. Immediately after the war, in September 1945, RCAF Station Rockcliffe was the site of the first jet aircraft demonstration in Canada. The plaque to Canadas Air Force for providing aid to Poland at the end of World War II had been placed at CFB Rockcliffe from 1947 until 1994 when the base was shut down. In 2007, The Polish Embassy rededicated the plaque during a ceremony held at the Our Lady of the Airways Chapel at the entrance of CFB Uplands, in 1957, the militarys main flight testing and development operations moved to RCAF Station Uplands. In 1964 the RCAF ceased flying operations at the base, however it saw continued use as an administrative, the airfield passed back into civilian control and the Rockcliffe Flying Club began using the field.
After unification of all three branches into the Canadian Forces in 1968, RCAF Station Rockcliffe was redesignated Canadian Forces Base Rockcliffe, in 1972 it was renamed CFB Ottawa as part of the amalgamation of DND property in the national capital region into CFB Ottawa. Rockcliffe saw continuous downgrades through the 1970s and 1980s, being reduced to providing housing for Canadian Forces personnel posted to the national capital region. In 2006 CLC announced that the base was to be developed by private interests with a proposal for condominiums. In 2007 a native land claim was launched by the Algonquins of Ontario, work on the cleanup and demolition of the former base continued however. By 2009, the Canadian Forces had completely departed from Rockcliffe, most RCAF buildings had been demolished by this time, although some of the abandoned military housing remains, mothballed for potential future use
Hôpital Montfort is an academic health science centre affiliated with the University of Ottawa. It delivers short-term primary and secondary care in French and English. The hospital serves over 1.2 million residents of Eastern Ontario, Montfort is the only hospital in Ottawa administered in French and the only Francophone academic health care institution west of the province of Quebec. In 2014 Montfort obtained its accreditation with exemplary standing from Accreditation Canada and it earned recognition from the Registered Nurses’ Association of Ontario as a Best Practice Spotlight Organization. In June 2013 the hospital was designated a Group A teaching hospital, the executive management team is led by Chief Executive Officer Dr. Bernard Leduc. The medical team reports to Chief of Staff Dr. Guy Moreau, the President of the Board of Trustees is Suzanne Clément. In the late 1980s it was rebuilt with a modern section added. It was managed by the Daughters of Wisdom, a Catholic order, at the time considered one of the most advanced hospitals in existence, it opened with emergency and radiology departments, a laboratory,200 adult beds and 50 children’s beds.
Its humanist approach quickly cemented the hospital’s important place in the community, the hospital became non-denominational and public in 1970. Various projects over the ensuing years helped modernize the hospital and expand its range of services, the psychiatry and orthopedics departments, intensive care unit, cardio-pulmonary and electroencephalography services were introduced in the 1970s. The Montfort Long-Term Care Centre, located behind the hospital, took in its first residents in 1978, the palliative care department was created a few years later. In 1992 the South Wing opened and it housed a number of departments, including the emergency department, the surgical unit and a new nursing care unit. In the same year, the signed an agreement with the University of Ottawa. The affiliation between the Faculty of Medicine and Montfort brought the teaching of family medicine into a Francophone setting. In 1997 the Health Services Restructuring Commission recommended closing the hospital, the public responded with immediate action and created the SOS Montfort movement led by Gisèle Lalonde.
Below are a few important dates from the SOS Montfort period, the hospital’s total floor space has more than doubled, from 300,000 to 750,000 square feet. This project made it possible to more care and services to a greater number of patients. The New Montfort officially opened on June 11,2010, here are a few key dates in Montfort’s history
St. Laurent Boulevard
St. Laurent Boulevard is an arterial road in Ottawa, Canada. It curves west and intersects with Conroy Road and Don Reid Drive, in Ottawa, the name of the street is pronounced exclusively in French, even among Anglophones, as it honours former Canadian Prime Minister Louis St. Laurent. Prior to urbanization, it was known as Hawthorne Road, the northern part of the street, not yet a boulevard, skirts the residential Manor Park neighbourhood. The road becomes mostly commercial starting from McArthur Avenue up to Highway 417, at the corner of Coventry Road lies the St. Laurent Shopping Centre, one of the biggest malls in the city. OC Transpos St. Laurent Station is located right beside the on ramp for Highway 417 westbound, south of Highway 417 and Tremblay Road, the road becomes more industrial as it crosses a small industrial district to its east. OC Transpos main offices are located at the corner of Belfast Road, another key industrial road, past Innes Road, it enters another important commercial district until Russell Road.
To its east, one can see the Canadian Museum of Science and Technology, located at the corner of Russell Road lies Elmvale Shopping Centre, a mid-sized mall, serving the Alta Vista and Pleasant Park neighbourhoods to its west. Branching to the west off Russell Road, it reverts to two lanes and runs through an area, south of Walkley Road it enters a business park including some technology companies. It ends behind the building of CKKL-FM radio station just west of Conroy Road. Speed limits vary throughout the road, north of Hemlock Road, the speed limit is 40 km/h with two lanes. Between Hemlock Road and McArthur Avenue, the limit is 50 km/h on four lanes of traffic. Then, from McArthur Avenue south to Tremblay Road, it increases to 60 km/h, from Tremblay Road until Smyth Road, it reaches its highest speed limit of 70 km/h. From there to its end, the limit reduces once more to 50 km/h, montreal Road Ogilvie Road Highway 417 Tremblay Road Innes Road & Industrial Avenue Russell Road Walkley Road Conroy Road Manor Park Overbrook Pleasant Park Elmvale Alta Vista
Canada is a country in the northern half of North America. Canadas border with the United States is the worlds longest binational land border, the majority of the country has a cold or severely cold winter climate, but southerly areas are warm in summer. Canada is sparsely populated, the majority of its territory being dominated by forest and tundra. It is highly urbanized with 82 per cent of the 35.15 million people concentrated in large and medium-sized cities, One third of the population lives in the three largest cities, Toronto and Vancouver. Its capital is Ottawa, and other urban areas include Calgary, Quebec City, Winnipeg. Various aboriginal peoples had inhabited what is now Canada for thousands of years prior to European colonization. Pursuant to the British North America Act, on July 1,1867, the colonies of Canada, New Brunswick and this began an accretion of provinces and territories to the mostly self-governing Dominion to the present ten provinces and three territories forming modern Canada.
With the Constitution Act 1982, Canada took over authority, removing the last remaining ties of legal dependence on the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Canada is a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy, with Queen Elizabeth II being the head of state. The country is officially bilingual at the federal level and it is one of the worlds most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, the product of large-scale immigration from many other countries. Its advanced economy is the eleventh largest in the world, relying chiefly upon its abundant natural resources, Canadas long and complex relationship with the United States has had a significant impact on its economy and culture. Canada is a country and has the tenth highest nominal per capita income globally as well as the ninth highest ranking in the Human Development Index. It ranks among the highest in international measurements of government transparency, civil liberties, quality of life, economic freedom, Canada is an influential nation in the world, primarily due to its inclusive values, years of prosperity and stability, stable economy, and efficient military.
While a variety of theories have been postulated for the origins of Canada. In 1535, indigenous inhabitants of the present-day Quebec City region used the word to direct French explorer Jacques Cartier to the village of Stadacona, from the 16th to the early 18th century Canada referred to the part of New France that lay along the St. Lawrence River. In 1791, the area became two British colonies called Upper Canada and Lower Canada collectively named The Canadas, until their union as the British Province of Canada in 1841. Upon Confederation in 1867, Canada was adopted as the name for the new country at the London Conference. The transition away from the use of Dominion was formally reflected in 1982 with the passage of the Canada Act, that year, the name of national holiday was changed from Dominion Day to Canada Day
Governor General of Canada
The Governor General of Canada is the federal viceregal representative of the Canadian monarch, currently Queen Elizabeth II. The commission is for a period of time—known as serving at Her Majestys pleasure—though five years is the normal convention. Beginning in 1959, it has been traditional to rotate between anglophone and francophone incumbents, once in office, the governor general maintains direct contact with the Queen, wherever she may be at the time. The office began in the 16th and 17th centuries with the Crown-appointed governors of the French colony of Canada followed by the British governors of Canada in the 18th and 19th centuries, the office is, along with the Crown, the oldest continuous institution in Canada. Throughout this process of gradually increasing Canadian independence, the role of governor general took on additional responsibilities, finally, in 1947, King George VI issued letters patent allowing the viceroy to carry out almost all of the monarchs powers on his or her behalf.
The current governor general is David Johnston, who has served since 1 October 2010, johnstons wife—who is thus the viceregal consort—is Sharon Johnston. The Government of Canada spells the title governor general without a hyphen, the Canadian media still often use the governor-general spelling. As governor is the noun in the title, it is pluralized, governors general, both terms are capitalized when used in the formal title preceding an incumbents name. The position of general is mandated by both the Constitution Act,1867, and the letters patent issued in 1947 by King George VI. As such, on the recommendation of his or her Canadian prime minister and that individual is, from until being sworn-in, referred to as the governor general-designate. Besides the administration of the oaths of office, there is no set formula for the swearing-in of a governor general-designate, the governor general will give a speech, outlining whichever cause or causes he or she will champion during his or her time as viceroy.
The incumbent will generally serve for at least five years, though this is only a convention. The prime minister may recommend to the Queen that the viceroy remain in her service for a longer period of time. A governor general may resign, and two have died in office, the sovereign has unrestricted freedom of choice. We leave that to Her Majesty in all confidence, between 1867 and 1931, governors general were appointed by the monarch on the advice of the British Cabinet. Thereafter, in accordance with the Statute of Westminster 1931, the appointment was made by the sovereign with the direction of his or her Canadian ministers only. Until 1952, all governors general were members of the Peerage or sons of peers. These viceroys spent a limited time in Canada, but their travel schedules were so extensive that they could learn more about Canada in five years than many Canadians in a lifetime
Montreal Road is a major east-west Ottawa road that links Lowertown to Vanier, and eastern neighbourhoods of Ottawa. Until downloading in 1998, it was part of the provincially managed Highway 17B, at its western end, Montreal Road begins at the Cummings Bridge, which spans the Rideau River and is an extension of Rideau Street. It becomes Vaniers main road as it passes through the heart of the community. East of St. Laurent Boulevard, it becomes a principal road which divides several neighbourhoods such as Beacon Hill. At Regional Road 174, Montreal Road continues as St. Joseph Boulevard which runs through the portions of Orléans Village until Trim Road. It continues east of Trim Road under the name Old Montreal Road and this road, which was known as Queen Street prior to amalgamation in 2001, goes through the old Cumberland Village and ends at Regional Road 174 just past Becketts Creek. Points of interest along this road are, Montfort Hospital National Research Council labs Greens Creek Conservation Area Place dOrléans Shopping Centre Orléans Town Centre, there are bus lanes between North River Road and St.
Laurent Boulevard to speed transit service during rush hours. Future plans by the city could include an LRT corridor on this all the way to Blair Road
National Capital Region (Canada)
The term National Capital Region is often used to describe the Ottawa–Gatineau metropolitan area. Its component parts are within the provinces of Ontario and Quebec and this area is smaller than that of the Ottawa–Gatineau census metropolitan area, which is 6,287 km2 in size. Ottawa–Gatineau is the only CMA in the nation to fall within two provinces, Ottawa is located in the sub-region of Southern Ontario called Eastern Ontario. Gatineau is located in southwestern Quebec, although overall Ontario is west of Quebec, the boundary in this region is situated in such a way that Gatineau is north of Ottawa, and northwest of the city centre. The National Capital region is situated close to where the Canadian shield, the area has several major fault lines and small earthquakes do occur somewhat regularly, including the 2010 Central Canada earthquake that occurred in Quebec. The Gatineau Hills are the foothills of the Laurentian Mountains and located in the region and they supply great skiing and snowboarding opportunities within minutes of the city.
The National Capital Commission is a corporation that was established by the government in 1959 to oversee federal buildings. In the Supreme Court of Canada case of Munro v. National Capital Commission, in 2006, the NCC completed work on the long-discussed Confederation Boulevard, a ceremonial route linking key attractions in the NCR on both sides of the Ottawa River. The NCC reports to Parliament through Mélanie Joly, MP for Ahuntsic-Cartierville, as the NCC is normally under the purview of the Minister of Heritage and its headquarters are in the Chambers Building on Elgin Street, between Queen and Sparks Streets. The NCR has numerous attractions, including world famous festivals, national museums, famous buildings and architecture, Ottawa has some of the best examples of Gothic Revival architecture in North America. Ottawa and Gatineau have a number of national museums, the most prominent museums are the Canadian Museum of History, Canadian War Museum, Canadian Museum of Nature, Canada Science and Technology Museum, National Art Gallery, Canada Aviation Museum.
The Canada Science and Technology Museum is closed until 2017, the National Capital Region has many sports teams. The Ottawa Senators of the National Hockey League play in the City of Ottawas western suburban community of Kanata, the Ottawa Redblacks are members of the Canadian Football League. Ottawa is home to a successful Ontario Hockey League club, Gatineau is home to the 2007-2008 QMJHL champions, the Gatineau Olympiques. The Ottawa area has three universities, two of which, Carleton University and the University of Ottawa, compete in Canadian Interuniversity Sport, the Carleton Ravens are nationally ranked #1 in basketball, and the Ottawa Gee-Gees are nationally ranked in football and basketball. Algonquin College has won national championships. During the decade of the 1990-2000, Ottawa was home to very successful tech companies, including Nortel Networks, JDS Uniphase. High-tech employment had doubled in five years to reach 80,000 by 2001, with Nortel failing to meet high earnings expectations and layoffs starting in 2002, the company started to decline, a devastating shock to the tech industry in Ottawa
The airport is the home of the Canada Aviation Museum, which owns the field, and is used and maintained by the Rockcliffe Flying Club. The airport land was originally a rifle range. On March 12,1930, Canadian World War I flying ace William George Barker crashed into the Ottawa River, in July 1931, Charles Lindbergh and Anne Morrow Lindbergh visited the airport during their northern surveying tour. Rockcliffe participated in the British Commonwealth Air Training Program and many kinds of testing, training. The military importance of the airport declined after World War II, during the 1970s the airport was used for scheduled short takeoff and landing commercial flights to the short-lived Victoria STOLport near downtown Montreal. The objective was to demonstrate Twin Otter STOL aircraft in areas and avoid longer drives to the Ottawa. For a variety of reasons STOL operations in downtown settings have not proven successful, the military left the airport completely in 1994, but their aircraft collection remained to form the nucleus of the Canada Aviation Museum.
Only one of the triangle of runways remains active, runways 04/22. By transit OC Transpo Route 129 provides direct access to airport or Route 7 with a walk to the airport. March 28,1950 – USAF Douglas C-47B-50DK had a fire and crashed shortly after takeoff, resulting in 5 fatalities
Harold Alexander, 1st Earl Alexander of Tunis
He commanded the 15th Army Group for the capture of Sicily and again in Italy before receiving his field marshals baton and being made Supreme Allied Commander Mediterranean. Alexander proved to be enthusiastic about the Canadian wilderness and was a governor general with Canadians. He was the last non-Canadian-born governor general before the appointment of Adrienne Clarkson in 1999, Alexander retired in 1954 and died in 1969. Alexander was born in London into a family from County Tyrone of Ulster-Scots descent. He was the son of The Earl and Countess of Caledon. Alexander was educated at Hawtreys and Harrow School, there participating as the 11th batsman in the sensational Fowlers Match against Eton College in 1910, though Alexander toyed with the notion of becoming an artist, he went instead on to the Royal Military College, Sandhurst. In September 1911, Alexander entered the Royal Military College and was commissioned as a lieutenant in the British Armys Irish Guards. He was promoted to lieutenant in December 1912, Alexander spent most of the First World War on the Western Front.
As a 22-year-old platoon commander in the 1st Battalion, Irish Guards and he took part in the retreat from Mons and was wounded at First Ypres and invalided home. He was promoted to captain on 15 November 1914 and permanent captain in the newly raised 2nd Battalion on 7 February the following year. He returned to the 2nd Battalion as a officer and, in January 1916. For service in the Battle of the Somme on 15 September 1916, he was, in October, appointed to the Distinguished Service Order, the citation for which read, For conspicuous gallantry in action. He was the life and soul of the attack, and throughout the day led forward not only his own men but men of all regiments and he held the trenches gained in spite of heavy machine gun fire. In the same month, Alexander was further honoured with induction into the French Légion dhonneur, on 10 December 1916, his twenty-fifth birthday, Alexander became second-in-command of the 1st Battalion, Irish Guards as an acting major. By May, he was briefly acting CO of the 1st Battalion, as a lieutenant colonel.
He became a permanent major on 1 August 1917 and was promoted acting lieutenant colonel. Alexander commanded his battalion at Third Ypres, where he was wounded, at Bourlon Wood. Alexander, between 23 and 30 March 1918, had to command of the 4th Guards Brigade
Manor Park, Ottawa
Manor Park is a neighbourhood in Rideau-Rockcliffe Ward in the east end of Ottawa, Canada on the east side of Rockcliffe Park. Its western boundary can be defined as Birch Avenue, southern as Beechwood Cemetery, eastern as Aviation Parkway. It is an almost exclusively residential area, the majority of its housing stock having been built in the late 1940s and early 1950s. It is well treed, with notable white pines scattered throughout. A small pocket park is named Vincent Anthony park, after a former Canadian diplomat, notable local institutions include Manor Park Public School, and St Columba Anglican Church. List of Ottawa neighbourhoods Serré, pioneer families of Rockcliffe Annex and Manor Park in Gloucester Township