Montagu Bertie, 6th Earl of Abingdon
Montagu Bertie, 6th Earl of Abingdon was a British peer and politician. He was styled Lord Norreys from birth until acceding in 1854. Born at Dover Street, he was the eldest son of Montagu Bertie, 5th Earl of Abingdon and his first wife Emily Gage, fifth daughter of General Hon. Thomas Gage. Bertie was educated at Eton College and Trinity College, where he graduated with a Master of Arts in 1829. On 11 June 1834, he received a Doctorate of Civil Law from the University of Oxford. Norreys was commissioned a lieutenant in the 1st Regiment of Oxfordshire Yeomanry Cavalry on 9 July 1827, he was promoted to captain on 26 December 1830 and to major on 14 April 1847. He resigned his commission by May 1855. In 1830, he became Member of Parliament for Oxfordshire and held the seat for a year, he was appointed a deputy lieutenant of the county on 26 March 1831. In 1832, the representation for the constituency was increased to three members and Bertie was re-elected that year to complement his successors, he was elected MP for Abingdon in 1852 and on succeeding to his father's title and leaving the British House of Commons two years he became Lord Lieutenant of Berkshire.
In 1876, he sold the manor of Dorchester to 5th Baronet. On 7 January 1835, he married Elizabeth Harcourt, the only daughter of his fellow MP, George Granville Harcourt at Nuneham Courtenay, they lived at Wytham Abbey in Berkshire and had nine children: Montagu Bertie, 7th Earl of Abingdon Lady Elizabeth Emily Bertie Lady Lavinia Louisa Bertie, married Robert Bickersteth on 16 January 1883, without issue Francis Bertie, 1st Viscount Bertie of Thame Hon. Alberic Edward Bertie, married Lady Caroline McDonnell, daughter of Mark McDonnell, 5th Earl of Antrim, on 27 April 1881 and had issue Lady Frances Evelyn Bertie, a nun Lt-Col. Hon. George Aubrey Vere Bertie, married Harriet Farquhar, daughter of Sir Walter Farquhar, 3rd Baronet, on 13 October 1885 and had issue Lt. Hon. Charles Claude Bertie, married Adelaide Burroughs, without issue Col. Hon. Reginald Henry Bertie, married Lady Amy Courtenay, daughter of Henry Courtenay, Lord Courtenay, without issueLord Abingdon died in Mayfair, London in 1884 and was succeeded in his titles by his eldest son, Montagu.
He left part of his Oxfordshire estates to his second son Francis. Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by the Earl of Abingdon Portraits of Montagu Bertie, 6th Earl of Abingdon at the National Portrait Gallery, London
Earl of Lindsey
Earl of Lindsey is a title in the Peerage of England. It was created in 1626 for the 14th Baron Willoughby de Eresby, he was First Lord of the Admiralty from 1635 to 1636 and established his claim in right of his mother to the hereditary office of Lord Great Chamberlain of England. Lord Lindsey fought on the Royalist side in the Civil War and was killed at the Battle of Edgehill on 23 October 1642, he was succeeded by the second Earl. He fought at Edgehill and surrendered to the Parliamentarians in order to attend his mortally wounded father. Lord Lindsey fought at the First Battle of Newbury, Second Battle of Newbury, at Naseby, his son from his second marriage, was created Earl of Abingdon in 1682. He was succeeded by his son from his first marriage to the third Earl, he served as Lord Lieutenant of Lincolnshire. His son, the fourth Earl, was summoned to the House of Lords in 1690 through a writ of acceleration in his father's junior title of Baron Willoughby de Eresby, he served as Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster and as Lord Lieutenant of Lincolnshire and was one of the Lords Justices before the arrival of King George I.
In 1706 he was created Marquess of Lindsey and in 1715 he was further honoured when he was made Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven. Both titles were in the Peerage of Great Britain, his son, the second Duke, was called to the House of Lords in 1715 through a writ of acceleration as Baron Willoughby de Eresby. He served as Lord Lieutenant of Lincolnshire, he was succeeded by the third Duke. He was a General in the Army and served as Master of the Horse from 1766 to 1778, he was Lord Lieutenant of Lincolnshire. His son, the fourth Duke, was Lord Lieutenant of Lincolnshire but died unmarried in 1779 at an early age. On his death the barony of Willoughby de Eresby fell into abeyance between his sisters Lady Priscilla and Georgiana, Marchioness of Cholmondeley, who jointly inherited the office of Lord Great Chamberlain; the late Duke was succeeded in the earldom and dukedom by his uncle, the fifth Duke. He served as Lord Lieutenant of Lincolnshire, he had no sons and on his death in 1809 the marquessate and dukedom became extinct.
He was succeeded in the earldom of Lindsey by the ninth Earl. He was the great-grandson of fifth son of the second Earl. Lord Lindsey was a General in the Army and sat as Member of Parliament for Stamford. On the death in 1938 of his grandson, the twelfth Earl, the line of the fifth son of the second Earl failed; the late Earl was succeeded by his distant relative the eighth Earl of Abingdon, who became the thirteenth Earl. However, it was not until 1951; as of 2017 the title is held by his first cousin, the fourteenth Earl of Lindsey and ninth Earl of Abingdon. The family seat is at Gilmilnscroft House, near Mauchline, in East Ayrshire. Robert Bertie, 1st Earl of Lindsey Montagu Bertie, 2nd Earl of Lindsey Robert Bertie, 3rd Earl of Lindsey Robert Bertie, 4th Earl of Lindsey Robert Bertie, 1st Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven, 1st Marquess of Lindsey, 4th Earl of Lindsey Peregrine Bertie, 2nd Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven, 2nd Marquess of Lindsey, 5th Earl of Lindsey Peregrine Bertie, 3rd Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven, 3rd Marquess of Lindsey, 6th Earl of Lindsey Robert Bertie, 4th Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven, 4th Marquess of Lindsey, 7th Earl of Lindsey Brownlow Bertie, 5th Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven, 5th Marquess of Lindsey, 8th Earl of Lindsey Albemarle Bertie, 9th Earl of Lindsey George Augustus Frederick Albemarle Bertie, 10th Earl of Lindsey Montague Peregrine Bertie, 11th Earl of Lindsey Montague Peregrine Albemarle Bertie, 12th Earl of Lindsey Montagu Henry Edmund Towneley-Bertie, 13th Earl of Lindsey, 8th Earl of Abingdon Richard Henry Rupert Bertie, 14th Earl of Lindsey, 9th Earl of Abingdon The heir apparent is the present holder's son Henry Mark Willoughby Bertie, Lord Norreys.
The heir apparent's heir apparent is his son Hon. Willoughby Henry Constantine St Maur. Earl of Abingdon Baron Willoughby de Eresby Earl of Ancaster Viscount Bertie of Thame Lady Charlotte Guest Kidd, Williamson, David. Debrett's Baronetage. New York: St Martin's Press, 1990. Leigh Rayment's Peerage Pages www.thepeerage.com Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Richard Henry Rupert Bertie, 14th Earl of Lindsey
Francis Bertie, 1st Viscount Bertie of Thame
Francis Leveson Bertie, 1st Viscount Bertie of Thame, was a British diplomat. He was Ambassador to Italy between 1903 and 1905 and Ambassador to France between 1905 and 1918. Bertie was the second son of Montagu Bertie, 6th Earl of Abingdon, Elizabeth Harcourt, daughter of George Harcourt, he was educated at Eton. From his great grandmother Charlotte Warren he had Dutch and Huguenot ancestral roots from the Schuyler family, the Van Cortlandt family, the Delancey family of British North America. Bertie entered the Foreign Office in 1863. From 1874 to 1880 he served as Private Secretary to Robert Bourke, the Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, in 1878 attended the Congress of Berlin, he served as acting senior clerk in the Eastern department from 1882 to 1885, later as senior clerk and assistant under-secretary in that department. In 1902 he was rewarded for his services by being made a Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath in the 1902 Coronation Honours list published on 26 June 1902.
He received the knighthood in a private audience with King Edward VII on 2 August, during the King′s convalescence on board HMY Victoria and Albert. In 1903, Bertie was appointed a Privy Counsellor and made Ambassador to Italy, in 1905 became Ambassador to France, a post held by his father-in-law, Lord Cowley. Bertie would hold the Paris embassy for the next thirteen years. Having spent most of his career in the Foreign Office, he had some trouble adjusting to the role of ambassador, where he had far less control over the development of policy, but in his time at Paris Bertie was able to play a substantial role in strengthening the Entente Cordiale between France and Britain into a genuine alliance, encouraging strong British backing for France during the Moroccan Crises of 1905 and 1911. During these years, he was showered with honours, being made Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order in 1903, a Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Saint Michael and Saint George in 1904, a Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath in 1908, as well as receiving the French Legion of Honour.
Bertie's career coincided with that of Sir Edward Grey at the Foreign Office, his immediate superior, the wider fortunes of the Liberal governments of Campbell-Bannerman and H. H. Asquith. There are a large number of extant official letters marked "very confidential" that prove and intensive ongoing diplomacy on behalf of the Entente in the protracted period that preceded war; as early as 1906 there were discussions about the possibility of a German invasion of France, yet always the proviso that it was in doubt, "that matters might be brought to a point in which a pacific issue would be difficult." But giving a positive assurance to France might be dependent on the circumstances. Bertie negotiated with Théophile Delcassé the foreign minister "toute occasion de concerter avec le Gouvernement Francais," warning them of the revulsion for war in France, he was careful always not to "cause offence to Germany" which characterised the effects of a diplomatic round shuttling between capital cities.
David Owen argues that this placed too great a reliance on the Admiralty and War Office to promise unequivocally support of a BEF. It was his view, he was of the school that believed that reductions in Naval estimates would not appease German preparations for aggression. When Clemenceau became Prime Minister in France he pledged never to rompre des accords with Britain. Campbell-Bannerman reasserted the value of an alliance propre on election, but Bertie was concerned about the integrity of secret diplomatic lines of communication & the prompt arrival of dispatches, he was not present at the leaders meeting at the embassy on 7 April 1907. One dispatch of April 1911 was so sensitive that it has since been destroyed by archivists: but it is clear that under Asquith, military leaders questioned Grey's competence, his military attache, Colonel Fairholme believed the French would outflank a German army on the frontier, which exercised Bertie's mind "respecting strategical problems." Bertie had played hs part in diffusing the crises off the coast of Morocco, but down the coast in Portugal, the German influence was more sinister still.
Grey refused to pressurise the misgovernors of their colonies to sell up, leaving the Germans to fill the diplomatic vacuum. But the Union of South Africa cried foul, as Delgoa Bay represented a strategic naval base area that could not be ceded to Germany. Bertie was reassured, but had his own critics who were most disparaging of his performance, failure to keep abreast of modern developments of politics and strategy. Bertie was an old school diplomat, admired protocol and court precedents, was reluctant to go beyond his own prescribed powers. In a series of letters at the end of 1911/12 he found to his cost that francophiles were dead set against Metternich's'satanic invitation.' In fact as time went on he became more sceptical of the Haldane Mission as foolish because it threatened the "excellent position" in Paris. By February 1912 it had become clear to him. In competing with the British Empire Germany sought to acquire lands in southern Africa from Portugal, France and Britain, in addition to promising the Portuguese government financial support.
Bertie blamed Admiral Tirpitz's sabre-rattling belligerence in the Persian Gulf where it coincidentally met with the Berlin-Baghdad Railway. He sold the manor of North Weston and his lands there in 1913, and
Earl of Abingdon
Earl of Abingdon is a title in the Peerage of England. It was created on 30 November 1682 for James Bertie, 5th Baron Norreys of Rycote, he was the eldest son of Montagu Bertie, 2nd Earl of Lindsey by his second marriage to Bridget, 4th Baroness Norreys de Rycote, the younger half-brother of Robert Bertie, 3rd Earl of Lindsey. His mother's family descended from Sir Henry Norris, who represented Berkshire and Oxfordshire in the House of Commons and served as Ambassador to France. In 1572 he was summoned by writ to Parliament as Lord Norreys de Rycote, he was succeeded by the second Baron. In 1621 he was created Viscount Earl of Berkshire in the Peerage of England, he had no sons and on his death in 1624 the viscountcy and earldom became extinct. He was succeeded in the barony by the third holder of the title. On her death the title passed to her daughter, the aforementioned Bridget, the fourth Baroness, second wife of the second Earl of Lindsey, her son, the aforementioned fifth Baron, was summoned to the House of Lords as Lord Norreys of Rycote on 13 April 1675.
He was Lord Lieutenant of Oxfordshire and in 1682 he was honoured when he was made Earl of Abingdon. He was succeeded by the second Earl, he sat as Member of Parliament for Berkshire and Oxfordshire and served as Lord Lieutenant of Berkshire and Oxfordshire. In 1687 Lord Abingdon assumed by Royal licence the additional surname of Venables, that of his father-in-law, he was succeeded by his nephew, the third Earl. He was the son of second son of the first Earl, his grandson, the fifth Earl, was Lord Lieutenant of Berkshire. His son, the sixth Earl, represented Oxford and Abingdon in the House of Commons and served as Lord Lieutenant of Berkshire, his great-grandson, the eighth Earl, succeeded his distant relative the twelfth Earl of Lindsey in the earldom of Lindsey in 1938. However, it was not until 1951. Another member of the Bertie family was the Hon. Francis Bertie, the second son of the sixth Earl of Abingdon, he served as British Ambassador to Italy and France and was created Viscount Bertie of Thame in 1918.
Henry Norris, 1st Baron Norreys of Rycote Francis Norris, 1st Earl of Berkshire, 2nd Baron Norreys of Rycote Elizabeth Wray, 3rd Baroness Norreys of Rycote Bridget Bertie, 4th Baroness Norreys of Rycote James Bertie, 5th Baron Norreys of Rycote James Bertie, 1st Earl of Abingdon Montagu Venables-Bertie, 2nd Earl of Abingdon Willoughby Bertie, 3rd Earl of Abingdon Willoughby Bertie, 4th Earl of Abingdon Montagu Bertie, 5th Earl of Abingdon Montagu Bertie, 6th Earl of Abingdon Montagu Arthur Bertie, 7th Earl of Abingdon Montagu Henry Edmund Towneley-Bertie, 8th Earl of Abingdon Richard Henry Rupert Bertie, 14th Earl of Lindsey, 9th Earl of Abingdon The heir apparent is the present holder's son Henry Mark Willoughby Bertie, Lord Norreys. The heir apparent's heir apparent is his son Hon. Willoughby Henry Constantine St Maur Bertie. Earl of Lindsey Baron Willoughby de Eresby Viscount Bertie of Thame Andrew Bertie Cokayne, George E.. Gibbs, Vicary, ed; the complete peerage of England, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, extinct, or dormant.
I, Ab-Adam to Basing. London: St. Catherine Press. Pp. 45–49. Kidd, Williamson, David. Debrett's Baronetage. New York: St Martin's Press, 1990, Leigh Rayment's Peerage Pages Lundy, Darryl. "FAQ". The Peerage