Marquess of Ely
Marquess of Ely, of the County of Wexford, is a title in the Peerage of Ireland. It was created in 1800 for Charles Loftus, 1st Earl of Ely, he was born Charles Tottenham, the son of Sir John Tottenham, 1st Baronet, created a baronet, of Tottenham Green in the County of Wexford, in the Baronetage of Ireland in 1780, by Elizabeth, daughter of Nicholas Loftus, 1st Viscount Loftus and heiress of Henry Loftus, 1st Earl of Ely. In 1783 he succeeded to the Loftus estates on the death of his maternal uncle the Earl of Ely and assumed the same year by Royal licence the surname of Loftus in lieu of his patronymic. In 1785 he was raised to the Peerage of Ireland as Baron Loftus, of Loftus Hall in the County of Wexford, it is today owned by the Quigley family. He was further honoured when he was made Viscount Loftus, of Ely, in 1789, Earl of Ely, in the Kingdom of Ireland, in 1794, Marquess of Ely, of the County of Wexford, in 1800, all in the Peerage of Ireland, becoming one of the few persons to rise to the rank of Marquess without having inherited any peerages.
In 1801 he was created Baron Loftus, of Long Loftus in the County of York, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, by which title the Marquesses of Ely sat in the House of Lords until the passage of the House of Lords Act 1999. Lord Ely succeeded his father as second Baronet in 1786. Lord Ely was succeeded by his eldest son, the second Marquess, he had represented County Wexford in both the Irish and British Parliaments. On his death the titles passed to his eldest son, the third Marquess, he represented Woodstock in Parliament in 1845. This line of the family failed on the early death of his son, the fourth Marquess, in 1889; the late Marquess was succeeded by the fifth Marquess. He was the eldest son of third son of the second Marquess; the fifth Marquess died childless in 1925 and was succeeded by his youngest brother, the sixth Marquess. The latter's only surviving son, the seventh Marquess, was High Sheriff of County Fermanagh. On his death in 1969 without surviving children the line of the second Marquess failed.
The late Marquess was succeeded by his third cousin once removed, Charles Tottenham, who became the eighth Marquess. He was the great-grandson of Lieutenant-Colonel Charles John Tottenham, DL, JP, eldest son of the Right Reverend Lord Robert Tottenham, second son of the first Marquess; the eighth Marquess lived in Canada. As of 2014 the titles are held by his eldest son, the ninth Marquess, who succeeded in 2006; as of 28 February 2014 the present Baronet has not proven his succession and is therefore not on the Official Roll of the Baronetage, with the baronetcy considered dormant since 2006. Several other members of the family may be mentioned. Charles Tottenham, father of the first Baronet, represented New Ross in the Irish House of Commons. Charles Tottenham, brother of the first Baronet represented New Ross in the Irish Parliament; the aforementioned the Right Reverend Lord Robert Tottenham, second son of the first Marquess, was Bishop of Clogher. Jane Loftus was wife of the second Marquess, Lady of the Bedchamber and great friend of Queen Victoria.
Henry Loftus Tottenham, son of John Francis Tottenham, son of Lord Robert Tottenham, was an admiral in the Royal Navy. Sir Alexander Robert Loftus Tottenham, son of John Francis Tottenham, was administrator of Pudukkottai in British India; the Very Reverend George Tottenham, son of Lord Robert Tottenham, was Dean of Clogher. Lord Augustus Loftus, fourth son of the second Marquess, was a prominent diplomat; the Right Reverend Ann Tottenham, daughter of the eighth Marquess, was a bishop in the Anglican Church of Canada. The title refers to Ely in County Wicklow, not to the City of Ely in Cambridgeshire, the second syllable is pronounced to rhyme with "lee" rather than "lie"; the similar title Marquess of the Isle of Ely was created with the Dukedom of Edinburgh in 1726. The family seat was Loftus Hall, near County Wexford. Sir John Tottenham, 1st Baronet Sir Charles Loftus, 2nd Baronet Charles Loftus, 1st Marquess of Ely, 1st Earl of Ely, 1st Viscount Loftus, 1st Baron Loftus John Loftus, 2nd Marquess of Ely, 2nd Earl of Ely, 2nd Viscount Loftus, 2nd Baron Loftus John Henry Loftus, 3rd Marquess of Ely, 3rd Earl of Ely, 3rd Viscount Loftus, 3rd Baron Loftus John Henry Wellington Graham Loftus, 4th Marquess of Ely, 4th Earl of Ely, 4th Viscount Loftus, 4th Baron Loftus John Henry Loftus, 5th Marquess of Ely, 5th Earl of Ely, 5th Viscount Loftus, 5th Baron Loftus George Herbert Loftus, 6th Marquess of Ely, 6th Earl of Ely, 6th Viscount Loftus, 6th Baron Loftus George Henry Wellington Loftus, 7th Marquess of Ely, 7th Earl of Ely, 7th Viscount Loftus, 7th Baron Loftus Charles John Tottenham, 8th Marquess of Ely, 8th Earl of Ely, 8th Viscount Loftus, 8th Baron Loftus John Tottenham, 9th Marquess of Ely, 9th Earl of Ely, 9th Viscount Loftus, 9th Baron Loftus The heir presumptive is the present holder's brother Lord Timothy Craig Tottenham.
The heir presumptive's heir apparent is his elder son Scott Craig Tottenham. The next in line is his younger son John Douglas Tottenham. Earl of Ely Leigh Rayment's Peerage Pages Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by J
Anglo-Irish is a term, more used in the 19th and early 20th centuries to identify a social class in Ireland, whose members are the descendants and successors of the English Protestant Ascendancy. They belong to the Anglican Church of Ireland, the established church of Ireland until 1871, or to a lesser extent one of the English dissenting churches, such as the Methodist church, though some were Catholic, its members tended to follow English practices in matters of culture, law and politics but defined themselves as "Irish" or "British", "Anglo-Irish" or "English". Many became eminent as senior army and naval officers. Others were prominent Irish nationalists; the term is not applied to Presbyterians in the province of Ulster, whose ancestry is Lowland Scottish, rather than English or Irish, who are sometimes identified as Ulster-Scots. The Anglo-Irish held a wide range of political views, with some being outspoken Irish Nationalists, but most overall being Unionists, and while many of the Anglo-Irish were part of the English diaspora in Ireland, some were of native Irish origin in part and Catholic but had converted to Anglicanism.
The term "Anglo-Irish" is applied to the members of the Church of Ireland who made up the professional and landed class in Ireland from the 17th century up to the time of Irish independence in the early 20th century. In the course of the 17th century, this Anglo-Irish landed class replaced the Gaelic Irish and Old English aristocracies as the ruling class in Ireland, they were referred to as "New English" to distinguish them from the "Old English", who descended from the medieval Hiberno-Norman settlers. A larger but less prominent element of the Protestant Irish population were immigrant French Huguenots and the English and Scottish dissenters who settled in Ireland in the 17th and 18th centuries in the plantation period. Many of these the Scots-Irish or their descendants, emigrated to the American colonies in the eighteenth century before the American Revolutionary War. Under the Penal Laws, which were in force between the 17th and 19th centuries, Roman Catholic recusants in Great Britain and Ireland were barred from holding public office, while in Ireland they were barred from entry to the University of Dublin and from professions such as law and the military.
The lands of the recusant Roman Catholic landed gentry who refused to take the prescribed oaths were confiscated during the Plantations of Ireland. The rights of Roman Catholics to inherit landed property were restricted; those who converted to the Church of Ireland were able to keep or regain their lost property, as the issue was considered one of allegiance. In the late 18th century, the Parliament of Ireland in Dublin won legislative independence, the movement for the repeal of the Test Acts began. Not all Anglo-Irish people could trace their origins to the Protestant English settlers of the Cromwellian period. Members of this ruling class identified themselves as Irish, while retaining English habits in politics and culture, they participated in the popular English sports of the day racing and fox hunting, intermarried with the ruling classes in Great Britain. Many of the more successful of them spent much of their careers either in Great Britain or in some part of the British Empire. Many constructed large country houses, which became known in Ireland as Big Houses, these became symbolic of the class' dominance in Irish society.
The Dublin working class playwright Brendan Behan, a staunch Irish Republican, saw the Anglo-Irish as Ireland's leisure class and famously defined an Anglo-Irishman as "a Protestant with a horse". The Anglo-Irish novelist and short story writer Elizabeth Bowen memorably described her experience as feeling "English in Ireland, Irish in England" and not accepted as belonging to either. Due to their prominence in the military and their conservative politics, the Anglo-Irish have been compared to the Prussian Junker class by, among others, Correlli Barnett. At the beginning of the 20th century, the Anglo-Irish owned many of the major indigenous businesses in Ireland, such as Jacob's Biscuits, Bewley's, Beamish and Crawford, Jameson's Whiskey, W. P. & R. Odlum, Cleeve's, R&H Hall, Maguire & Patterson, Dockrell's, Arnott's, Goulding Chemicals, the Irish Times, the Irish Railways, the Guinness brewery, Ireland's largest employer, they controlled financial companies such as the Bank of Ireland and Goodbody Stockbrokers.
Prominent Anglo-Irish poets and playwrights include Maria Edgeworth, Jonathan Swift, George Berkeley, Oliver Goldsmith, George Darley, Lucy Knox, Bram Stoker, Oscar Wilde, J. M. Synge, W. B. Yeats, Cecil Day-Lewis, Bernard Shaw, Lady Gregory, Samuel Beckett, Giles Cooper, C. S. Lewis, Lord Longford, Elizabeth Bowen, William Trevor and William Allingham. In the 19th century, some of the most prominent mathematical and physical scientists of the British Isles, including Sir William Rowan Hamilton, Sir George Stokes, John Tyndall, George Johnstone Stoney, Thomas Romney Robinson, Edward Sabine, Thomas Andrews, Lord Rosse, George Salmon, George FitzGerald, were Anglo-Irish. In the 20th-century, scientists John Joly and Ernest Walton were Anglo-Irish, as was the polar explorer Sir Ernest Shackleton. Medical experts included Sir William Wilde, Robert Graves, Thomas Wrigley Grimshaw, William Stokes, Robert Collis, Sir John Lumsden and William Babi
Irish House of Commons
The Irish House of Commons was the lower house of the Parliament of Ireland that existed from 1297 until 1800. The upper house was the House of Lords; the membership of the House of Commons was directly elected, but on a restrictive franchise, similar to the Unreformed House of Commons in contemporary England and Great Britain. In counties, forty-shilling freeholders were enfranchised whilst in most boroughs it was either only the members of self-electing corporations or a highly-restricted body of freemen that were able to vote for the borough's representatives. Most notably, Catholics were disqualified from sitting in the Irish parliament from 1691 though they comprised the vast majority of the Irish population. From 1728 until 1793 they were disfranchised. Most of the population of all religions had no vote; the vast majority of parliamentary boroughs were pocket boroughs, the private property of an aristocratic patron. When these boroughs were disfranchised under the Act of Union, the patron was awarded £15,000 compensation for each.
The British-appointed Irish executive, under the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, was not answerable to the House of Commons but to the British government. However, the Chief Secretary for Ireland was a member of the Irish parliament. In the Commons, business was presided over by the Speaker; the House of Commons was abolished when the Irish parliament merged with its British counterpart in 1801 under the Act of Union, forming the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. The House sat for the last time in Parliament House, Dublin on 2 August 1800; the Speaker of the Irish House of Commons was the presiding officer of the House and its most senior official. The position was one of considerable power and prestige, in the absence of a government chosen from and answerable to the Commons, he was the dominant political figure in the Parliament; the last Speaker was John Foster. The House was elected in the same way as the British House of Commons. By the time of the Union, the shape of the House had been fixed with two members elected for each of the 32 Counties of Ireland, two members for each of 117 Boroughs, two members for Dublin University, a total of 300 members.
The number of Boroughs invited to return members had been small but was doubled by the Stuart monarchs. Notes Parliament of 1374 William de Karlell, Kilkenny John de Karlell, Kilkenny Sir Richard Plunkett, MeathParliament of 1375 Sir Richard Plunkett, Meath Henry Mitchell John Tirel Parliament of 1380 Sir Richard Plunkett John Tirel Parliament of 1429 Sir Richard FitzEustace, KildareParliament of 1450 John Chevir, Speaker Members Patrick Barnewall Sir William Brabazon First session held at Dublin 13 June to 20 or 23 July 1541, 7 November 1541, 22 December 1541 Second session held at Limerick 15 February to 7 or 10 March 1542 Third session held at Trim June 1542 Dissolved 19 November 1543Speaker: Sir Thomas Cusack Members: Sir Edmond Butler Sir Thomas Cusack, Athenry Sir Christopher Barnewall, Dublin County James Stanyhurst, Speaker Sir Lucas Dillon, Meath Sir John Alan, Kinsale Francis Agard, Kinsale John Parker, Trim Sir Henry Radclyffe, Carlingford John Walsh, Youghal John Portyngall, Youghal Richmond Archbold, Cross Tipperary Edmund Prendergast, Cross Tipperary Nicholas White, County Kilkenny Henry Draycott, Naas John Meade, Cork City Humphrey Warren, Carrickfergus Barnaby Fitzpatrick 2nd Baron Upper OssoryMembers: List of Irish MPs 1585–86 Members: Roger Atkinson, Enniskillen Andrew Barrett Cork County Richard Barry, Dublin City Sir John Bere, Carlow Sir Francis Berkeley, Limerick County Ralph Birchenshaw, Augher Sir Valentine Blake, 1st Baronet, Galway County Sir John Blennerhassett, Baron of the Court of Exchequer, Belfast Robert Blennerhassett Tralee Richard Bolton, Dublin City Sir Edward Brabazon, Wicklow County Edmund Butler, Cross Tipperary Boetius Clancy, Clare Edmund Coppinger, Youghal Sir Thomas Crooke, 1st Baronet, Baltimore Sir John Davies and Attorney-General, Fermanagh Gilbert Domville, Kildare Charles Doyne, Trinity College Sir John Everard, Catholic d.
1624,'the acknowledged leader of the opposition' Tipperary Humphrey Farnham, Enniskillen William Ferrar, Clogher James Roche Fitz-Philip, Kinsale Dominick Roche Fitz-Richard, Kinsale Sir Henry Folliott, Fermanagh John Forrest, Youghal Sir Paul Gore, 1st Baronet, Ballyshannon Henry Gosnold, Second Justice of Munster, Clonakilty Sir James Gough, Waterford Sir Edward Harris, Chief Justice of Munster, Clonakilty Sir Robert Jacobe, Solicitor-General, Carlow Sir John King, Muster-master, Roscommon County Thomas Laffan, Cross Tipperary Gerard Lowther, Justice of the Common Pleas, Tallow Thomas Luttrell, Dublin County Dermot McCarthy Cork County Thomas Browne Mills, Limerick County Daniel Molyneaux, Ulster King of Arms, Strabane Samuel Molyneaux, Mallow Sir Garrett Moore Viscount Moore of Drogheda, Dungannon Sir Edward Moore, Charlemont Sir Richard Moryson, Vice-president of Munster, Bandonbridge Barnabas O'Brien Earl of Thomond, Coleraine Sir Daniel O'Brien 1st Viscount Clare, Clare Lawrence Parsons, Tallow William Parsons, Surveyor General, Newcastle Henry Piers, Secretary to the Lord Deputy, Baltimore Sir Christopher Plunket, Dublin County Sir Hugh Pollerde, Dungannon Sir Thomas Ridgeway Earl of Londonderry, vice-treasurer and treasurer-at-war,'in practice recognized by both parties as leader of the house' Tyrone Sir Robert Ridgeway, Ballynakill Sir Francis Roe, Tyrone Christopher Sibthorpe, Justice of the Court of King's Bench, Newtown Limavady Edward Skorye, Augher Sir Oliver St John, Master of the Ordnance and Vice-President of Connaught, Roscommon County Sir William Talbot, 1st Baronet, Kildare William Temple, Provost of Trinity College, Trinity College Sir
Earl of Ely
Earl of Ely is a title, created three times in the Peerage of Ireland for members of the Loftus family. This family descended from Nicholas Loftus, 1st Viscount Loftus, raised to the Peerage of Ireland as Baron Loftus, of Loftus Hall in the County of Wexford, in 1751. In 1756 he was further honoured, he was succeeded by his son, the second Viscount. He had represented Fethard in the Irish House of Commons. In 1766 he was created Earl of Ely in the Peerage of Ireland. Lord Ely assumed the additional surname of Hume, he was succeeded by his son, the second Earl. He represented both Bannow in the Irish Parliament; the earldom became extinct on his early death in 1769 while he was succeeded in the barony and viscountcy by his uncle, the fourth Viscount. He represented County Wexford in the Irish House of Commons. In 1771 the earldom was revived. However, all three titles became extinct on his death in 1783, he devised his estates to his nephew Charles Tottenham, who assumed the surname of Loftus in lieu of his patronymic and was created Baron Loftus in 1789, Viscount Loftus in 1789, Earl of Ely in 1794 and Marquess of Ely in 1800.
See the latter title for more information on these peerages. The title refers to Ely in County Wicklow, not to the English city of Cambridgeshire. Nicholas Loftus, 1st Viscount Loftus Nicholas Hume-Loftus, 2nd Viscount Loftus Nicholas Hume-Loftus, 1st Earl of Ely Nicholas Hume-Loftus, 2nd Earl of Ely Henry Loftus, 4th Viscount Loftus Henry Loftus, 1st Earl of Ely Marquess of Ely Leigh Rayment's Peerage Pages
Nicholas Hume-Loftus, 1st Earl of Ely
Nicholas Hume-Loftus, 1st Earl of Ely PC was a British peer and member of the House of Lords. He was the son of Nicholas Loftus, 1st Viscount Loftus and Anne Ponsonby, daughter of William Ponsonby, 1st Viscount Duncannon, he sat in the Irish House of Commons as the Member of Parliament for Bannow from 1736 to 1760 and for Fethard, County Wexford between 1761 and 1763. In 1763 he assumed his seat in the Irish House of Lords. In 1764 he was invested as a member of the Privy Council of Ireland. On 23 October 1766 he was created Earl of Ely in County Wicklow in the Peerage of Ireland, he married Mary Hume, daughter of Sir Gustavus Hume, 3rd Baronet, on 18 August 1736. He was succeeded by his son, Nicholas Hume-Loftus, 2nd Earl of Ely
Charles Loftus, 1st Marquess of Ely
Charles Tottenham Loftus, 1st Marquess of Ely KP, PC was an Irish peer and politician. Born Charles Tottenham, he assumed the surname of Loftus in 1783, after inheriting the estates of his uncle Henry Loftus, 1st Earl of Ely, he was the only son of Sir John Tottenham, 1st Baronet of Loftus Hall, County Wexford, by Henry Loftus' sister Elizabeth. He represented Fethard in the Irish House of Commons from 1776 to 1783. In the latter year, he stood as Member of Parliament for Wexford Borough, a seat he held until 1785, when he was raised to the Peerage of Ireland as Baron Loftus of Loftus Hall, County Wexford. From 14 January 1789 until 1806 Loftus was one of the joint Postmasters General of Ireland, he became Marquess of Ely on 29 December 1800 and was appointed a Knight of the Order of St Patrick on 12 December 1794. In 1801 he was made Baron Loftus of Long Loftus, Yorkshire in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, which entitled him and his successors to a seat in the House of Lords, he married in daughter of Robert Myhill, of Killarney, Co..
Kilkenny, Mary Billingsley, had two sons, his heir, Robert, Bishop of Clogher. Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Charles Loftus, 1st Marquess of Ely