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Visočica hill

Visočica (also known as Brdo Grad is a 213-metre-high hill in Bosnia and Herzegovina famous as the site of the Old town of Visoki. The hill has for more than a decade been the subject of a pseudoarchaeological belief that it is part of an ancient man-made pyramid complex; this notion is rejected by geologists. The Old town of Visoki was a famous medieval royal castle town during the fourteenth century, located in Visoko and Herzegovina; the first mention of the town was on 1 September 1355, in the charter "in castro nosto Visoka vocatum" written by Tvrtko I of Bosnia while he was a young ban. The town appears to have been abandoned before 1503, as it is not mentioned in the Turkish-Hungarian treaty, established that year. In the year 1626, Đorđić mentioned Visoki among abandoned towns. Visočica hill came to international attention in October 2005, following a campaign to promote the scientifically unsupported idea that it is the largest of a group of ancient man-made pyramids; this idea originated with Houston-based expatriate Bosnian author and businessman Semir Osmanagić who has since turned the site into a tourist destination.

All scientific investigations have concluded that Visočica hill and the surrounding hills are natural geological formations known as a flatirons, no scientific study has demonstrated the existence of man-made pyramids in Bosnia. Archaeologists have criticised the Bosnian authorities for supporting the pyramid claim saying, "This scheme is a cruel hoax on an unsuspecting public and has no place in the world of genuine science."As of 2017, Osmanagić continues to run his project at Visočica, to link the hill to long-standing non-scientific notions such as free energy and ancient astronauts. Historic documents written in Visoki Visoko Visoko during the Middle Ages History of Bosnia and Herzegovina Old town of Visoki becomes a national landmark

Carrick West

Carrick West, is a townland in the civil parish of Templeport, County Cavan, Ireland. It is named Carrick West or Carrick Hassard to distinguish it from Carrick East or Carrick Fisher townland, in Templeport parish, it lies in barony of Tullyhaw. Carrick West is bounded on the north by Garvalt Lower townland, on the east by Curraghglass townland, on the west by Carnmaclean and Tullynacleigh townlands and on the south by Altshallan townland, its chief geographical features are Tully Lough, mountain streams, forestry plantations, gravel pits and spring wells. The townland is traversed by minor public roads and rural lanes; the townland covers 158 statute acres. In earlier times the townland was uninhabited as it consists of bog and poor clay soils, it was not seized by the English during the Plantation of Ulster in 1610 or in the Cromwellian Settlement of the 1660s so some dispossessed Irish families moved there and began to clear and farm the land. The Tithe Applotment Books for 1826 list eleven tithepayers in the townland.

The Ordnance Survey Name Books for 1836 give the following description of the townland- There is a small lake and an ancient fort on its west side. The Carrick West Valuation Office Field books are available for August 1839. Griffith's Valuation of 1857 lists eight landholders in the townland. In the 19th century the landlord of Carrick West was the Alex Hassard Estate. In 1875 it was sold to James Bracken. In the 1901 census of Ireland, there are eight families listed in the townland. In the 1911 census of Ireland, there are ten families listed in the townland. A medieval earthen ringfort. Described in the'Archaeological Inventory of County Cavan' as- Raised sub-rectangular area enclosed by two substantial earthen banks with intermediate wide, deep waterlogged fosse. Corresponding breaks in banks at NW with accompanying causeway represents original entrance. Carrick National School. In the late nineteenth century, the parish priest of Glangevlin, Father Thomas Corr, replaced the old schools in Glangevlin by building new ones, including one in Carrick West.

The school was closed in 1933 and was replaced by a new school in Curraghvah townland, still running. The IreAtlas Townland Data Base

New Mexico Stars

The New Mexico Stars were a professional indoor football team based in Rio Rancho, New Mexico. The Stars played their home games at the Santa Ana Star Center, they began play in the Indoor Football League during the 2012 season as an expansion team. The Stars left the IFL after one season and joined the Texas-based Lone Star Football League where they would play for two seasons. Prior to the 2015 season, the Stars were purchased by Tracy and Crystal Duran and the team announced it was going to play in Champions Indoor Football for 2015. However, the team would instead go on hiatus for the season; the Stars attempted to join other indoor football leagues until playing the 2016 season as a member of American Indoor Football as part of a West Division. Most of the West Division collapsed leaving the Stars regionally isolated and forced to schedule games against many local semi-professional teams; the AIF ceased operations following the 2016 season. The Durans would move to Mississippi in 2016 and the Stars would fold.

The Stars were the second indoor team to play in Rio Rancho, following the American Indoor Football Association's New Mexico Wildcats, which played the 2008 and 2009 seasons before folding. In October 2011, team owner and general manager Dart Clark made an announcement that indoor football would be returning to New Mexico. During the announcement, Clark stated that the team would be nicknamed the Stars, the head coach would be Chris Williams and that the team would play at the Santa Ana Star Center; the team tried to make a large splash early on to help boost interest in the team when they offered NFL veteran wide receiver, Terrell Owens, former University of New Mexico star, DonTrell Moore and former University of Wisconsin–Madison All-American, Erasmus James. Owens would sign with the Allen Wranglers; the Stars played their first game on February 2012 against the Colorado Ice. The Stars won the game 46-39 in front of a home crowd of around 3,600; the team was run by Clark until March 2012, when the Stars made a change, naming Jerry Dunn majority owner and interim general manager.

After the teams April 20 game at the Wyoming Cavalry, two Stars players, were arrested and charged with assault on a member of the Cavalry. The following week, the four players involved in the altercation were released; the Stars ended the 2012 season with a last place finish in the Intense Conference. In 2013, the Stars would play in the Lone Star Football League. In October 2012, Dunn sold the ownership of his team to Chris Williams. Williams purchased 51% of the team's ownership, while the LSFL owned the remaining 49%. Along with the Abilene Bombers, the Stars finished the season with a 6–7 record. Williams left the Stars after the 2013 season to take the head coaching job with the Texas Revolution. On August 16, 2013, the Stars ownership moved into an LLC. known as "Texas 3", which consists of Paul Parsons, Samuel Rodriguez & Ernie Guill. The Stars finished the regular season 7-5, good enough to earn the 3rd seed in the league and advance to a semi-final match up against the Rio Grande Valley Sol, with a berth in the 2014 LSFL Championship Game on the line.

However, due to the Sol failing to meet league obligations and deadlines, they were suspended from the league and the Stars advanced into the Championship Game against the San Angelo Bandits. The Stars fell 64-34 to the Bandits; the New Mexico Stars were purchased by Tracy Duran, operating under TNC Duran LLC, Tracy Duran and Crystal Duran are the members. The team joined Champions Indoor Football for the 2015 season, but before playing a game in the CIF; the team plans to regroup and resume play in 2016. Financial difficulties with the new league and other issues have complicated the team's plans for 2015. On June 16, 2015, the Stars announced that they would be returning to football in 2016, playing the X-League Indoor Football; the team announced that Carlos Cavanaugh was named the teams' new head coach. However, on October 1, 2015, the X-League folded, the Stars joined American Indoor Football; the Stars first game was a victory over the Steel City Menace. It was the first game for both teams in the Western Division of the American Indoor Football league.

The Stars lost to the third West Division team, the Corpus Christi Fury, 59–53 with the game decided on the final play. In April 2016, former New Orleans Saints quarterback John Fourcade became the interim head coach and will lead the team through the 2016 season. However, after the initial announcement of the six-team West Division schedule, three teams either folded or switched leagues prior to the start of the season; this led the team to scheduling whichever teams they could playing local independent semi-professional teams scheduled just days before home games in order to still have games. The AIF ceased operations following the 2016 season, their website was taken down a few months later. In September 2016, team owners and Crystal Duran, confirmed the team's demise and moved to Mississippi. New Mexico Stars official website

Vineland Training School

The Vineland Training School is a non-profit organization in Vineland, New Jersey with the mission of educating people with developmental disabilities so they can live independently. It has been a leader in testing; the Training School changed its name several times. According to the website of the Vineland Training School, the original official name was "The New Jersey Home for the Education and Care of Feebleminded Children”; this was changed to “The New Jersey Training School” in 1893. In 1911, the name was changed again to “The Training School at Vineland”. In 1965 its name was changed to American Institute for Mental Studies- The Training School Unit, or the "AIMS". In 1988 the name “The Training School at Vineland” was restored. However, the literature makes reference to the "Vineland Training School for Backward and Feeble-minded Children" and "Vineland Training School for Feeble-Minded Girls and Boys" and other variations; the Psychological Research Laboratory at the Training School was founded in 1906, was the first research facility devoted to studying mental deficiencies in the US.

Cumberland County Senator Stephen Ayres Garrison unsuccessfully attempted to secure funding for a school for intellectually disabled children in New Jersey in 1845. Instead, a facility in Elwyn, Pennsylvania was funded by the New Jersey State legislature. Reverend S. Olin Garrison was offered the Scarborough Mansion and 40 acres to establish a facility for the mentally challenged in Vineland, New Jersey by philanthropist B. D. Maxham. On March 1, 1888 the training school opened with 55 children. In 1892 Garrison instituted the "cottage plan" in which the residents lived in small bungalows on the grounds; some claim that the Vineland Training School became the 3rd facility of its kind in the US. The first was the Walter E. Fernald State School, established in 1848; the second was the Elwyn Training School, established in 1852. However, there were several related institutions established in the mid-19th century, such as the Syracuse State School in 1853 in New York State, the Private Institute for Imbeciles in Harlem, New York in 1856 and the Newark State School in New York in 1878.

In 1900 Garrison died, he was succeeded by Professor Edward R. Johnstone. Johnstone founded the Psychological Research Laboratory at the Training School in 1906 under Henry H. Goddard. Binet's intelligence test was translated from French at the Training School, standardized by testing 2000 Vineland public school children in the early 20th century under Goddard's direction. In 1912, Goddard published The Kallikak Family, A Study in the Hereditary of Feeble-mindedness, a early study linking mental incapacity and genetics. However, this study has since been discredited. At the request of the US government, Goddard studied immigrants arriving at Ellis Island. Dr. Goddard claimed. Dr. Goddard is renowned for having coined the term "moron"; the Army Intelligence Tests used. Goddard was replaced by Stanley Porteus. Porteus focused on cephalometry, linking head size to intelligence, X-ray studies. Porteus developed his own nonverbal intelligence test, the Porteus Maze Test after his experiences administering the Binet tests about 1912 while working as a head teacher at a school for feeble-minded children in Melbourne, Australia.

When Porteus left for the University of Hawaii in 1925, he was succeeded by Edgar A. Doll. Doll directed research in birth injuries, EEG techniques, adaptive behavior. Doll published the Vineland Social Maturity Scale in 1935; this was adapted for use by the US Army in World War II. By the time Doll left in 1945, the Training school had an established international reputation. Pearl S. Buck wrote about the Vineland Training School and her daughter's experience in 1950 for the Reader's Digest and Ladies Home Journal in an article entitled “The Child Who Never Grew"; this article drew a lot of attention to the Training School. The Division of Emotional Disturbance was established at the Training School in 1970; the Elwyn Institutes of Media, Pennsylvania took the school over in 1981 to avoid it being closed. In 1987 under the leadership of Dr Edward M Hartman, the School began to move its residents into community group homes and vocational centers; this transition was completed in 1996, the School now operates 47 group homes and numerous day and work programs in southern New Jersey for adults with developmental disabilities.

In recent years, The Training School has been renamed Elwyn New Jersey, in accordance to the role Elwyn Institutes in Media, PA has with the campus. The current executive director is Jane Detweiler; the Training School owned a farm, operated by the students. The Training School was involved with agricultural research in its early years, it researched growing peaches with the New Jersey State Experimental Station in 1905, growing grapes for the U. S. Department of Agriculture, it created the Vineland International Egg Laying and Breeding Contest in 1916. In 1917 it devoted 10 acres to the study of 80 different varieties of grapes for the Department of Agriculture. In 1926, the Training School was involved in a study of irrigation, again for the Department of Agriculture. Author Pearl S. Buck placed her daughter Carol in the Vineland Training School. E. R. Johnstone Training and Research Center

Canon de 155 C modèle 1915 St. Chamond

The Canon de 155 C modèle 1915 Saint-Chamond was a French howitzer used during World War I. It was based on a private prototype of a 150 millimetres howitzer presented to the Mexican government in 1911; the French government ordered 400 Saint-Chamond howitzers in 1915, these being delivered starting in late 1916. Small numbers of Saint-Chamond howitzers were given to the Serbian and Romanian armies towards the end of World War I; the Saint-Chamond howitzer served in the French Army after World War I and were mobilised at the outbreak of World War II. Finland bought 24 Saint-Chamond howitzers during the Winter War and these served until the 1960s; the German Army captured 200 Saint-Chamond howitzers after the fall of France and used these as field guns and coastal defence guns until the end of World War II. FAMH known by the FAMH main factory location - Saint-Chamond, developed a 150 millimetres heavy howitzer as a complementary artillery piece to the Mondragon-designed 75 millimetres field guns Saint-Chamond had built for the Mexican Army.

The prototype howitzer was presented to the Mexican Govt. in 1911 but did not result in a production order. In 1913 the Saint-Chamond prototype howitzer was demonstrated to the French Army but there was no official interest since it was thought the Canon de 155 C Mle 1904 TR Rimailho howitzer satisfied the heavy howitzer requirements of the French Army. In 1915, the French Army conducted a series of unsuccessful attacks on German trench lines. After the Second Battle of Artois in May 1915 an analysis of the performance of the artillery showed that the Rimailho howitzers were incapable of delivering the volume of fire required by extant artillery doctrine; this doctrine required that heavy howitzers should deliver an intense bombardment on enemy trench lines just before an infantry attack. Gen. Joffre, the French Army Commander-in Chief, demanded new heavy howitzers which were capable of sustained high rates of fire and had sufficient range to minimise the effects of counter-battery fire. 400 155 millimetres howitzers were ordered from Saint-Chamond in June 1915.

However, production delays meant that the Saint-Chamond howitzers didn't enter service until the Autumn of 1916. The Saint-Chamond howitzers were delivered at a rate of 50 howitzers/month and once the order was complete Saint-Chamond produced the Canon de 155 C modèle 1917 Schneider under licence until the end of the war. In 1917 a modified Saint-Chamond howitzer was prototyped which increased the max. range to match that of the Schneider howitzer but this wasn't taken up because of concerns about disrupting production of the Schneider howitzer. The Canon de 155 C modèle 1915 Saint-Chamond was a howitzer of advanced design for its time, it used a hydro-spring recoil system had a small gun shield. The box carriage had wooden wheels so it could only be towed as a single load at low speeds by vehicles or by a team of 8 horses The barrel was drawn back over the trail for towing, it had a semi-automatic vertical sliding block breech. A loading tray was attached to the carriage on a swinging mount.

It fired a 43.5 kilograms high-explosive shell to a range of 9,300 metres. The ammunition was "semi-fixed" the propellent was packaged in small bags in a brass cartridge and the total propellent charge could be adjusted by changing the number of bags; the Saint-Chamond howitzer was unique among French guns. The advantage of rear-positioned trunnions is that the breech doesn't "disappear" into a box trail as is the case with trunnions mounted at the centre of gravity of the barrel and receiver; this means that the howitzer can be loaded at high elevation angles since the breech position does not change throughout the elevation range. The disadvantage of rear-positioned trunnions is that the elevation system must be more robust since it must bear greater forces from the barrel weight. To reduce the forces on the elevation gearing an equilibrator is necessary, this is a spring, or in the case of the Saint-Chamond a pneumatic system; the Saint-Chamond elevation system moved the gun shield along with the barrel which meant that the gun shield could be smaller than a fixed gun shield.

The traverse system was similar to that of other French guns, a worm gear moved the carriage across the axle. Although the Saint-Chamond howitzer was 400 kg lighter than the equivalent Schneider howitzer its maximum range was 2,400 metres shorter, it was used in second line and training units until the end of World War 1. It remained on strength until World War 2 and saw some action during the German invasion of France in May 1940; the Romanian Army was given 14 Saint-Chamond howitzers in 1917 and these served until World War 2. The rebuilt Serbian Army was given a few batteries of Saint-Chamond howitzers in 1917-18; these remained on strength after World War 1 and were upgraded in the 1920s to match the performance of the Canon de 155 C modèle 1917 Schneider howitzer and served until World War II. Finland bought 24 Saint-Chamond howitzers from France in 1939 at the start of the Winter War, they arrived in Finland at the beginning of March 1940 and were issued to Heavy Artillery Battery 8, but the war ended before the unit reached the front.

They served with Heavy Artillery Battalions 29 during the Continuation War. The howitzers served on after World War 2 until the 1960s; the German Army captured 200 Saint-Chamond howitzers after the fall of France and used them as field guns and coastal defence guns as the 15.5 cm sFH 415 until the end of the war. Four survive in Finland: Vuorenmaa of

Mindfighter

Mindfighter is a text adventure game developed by British studio Abstract Concepts and published by Activision in 1988 for the Commodore Amiga, Commodore 64, Amstrad CPC, Amstrad PCW, Atari ST, MS-DOS, the ZX Spectrum computers. The premise of the game is a prophecy by Nostradamus that at the end of the 20th century there would be a major world war, beginning somewhere in the Middle East; the game was produced at a time of escalating violence in the Persian Gulf due to the Iran–Iraq War. The year is 1988 and Robin, an 11-year-old boy with unusual psychic powers, has awoken from a long sleep among the ruins of his former home in Southampton, devastated by a nuclear war; the last thing he remembers is falling asleep as normal in his room. His family and friends are missing and Britain has become an ultra-rightist state. In reality, Robin is living in 1987 and this is a vision of the future. Robin has fallen into a trance from wake, he must somehow discover the causes of the disaster that will befall the world, awake to warn his contemporaries of their possible fate.

The game is a text adventure with basic graphics to set the scene. The package includes a 160-page book, Mindfighter by Anna Popkess, which lays out the background of the story, provides hints for play; the player must guide Robin through the hazardous environment of post-apocalyptic Southampton, surviving famine, desperate mobs, radiation sickness, the violent agents of "The System", the dictatorial government which now governs Britain. Robin must survive and somehow prevent the war from happening. Your Sinclair: "It's a golden age for Spectrum adventuring..." Sinclair User: "An intriguing story. May send shivers down your spine!" Mindfighter at Atari Mania Mindfighter at SpectrumComputing.co.uk Mindfighter at Lemon Amiga Mindfighter at Lemon 64