Visoun

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Visoun
King of Lan Xang
Wat Visoun, Luang Prabang Laos by Louis Delaporte.jpg
Wat Visoun, the oldest temple in continuous use in Luang Prabang, depicted by Louis Delaporte (c.1867)
Reign1500–1520
Coronation1500
PredecessorSomphou
SuccessorPhotisarath I
BornLaksana Vijaya Kumara
1465
Muang Sua, Lan Xang
Died1520
Vientiane, Lan Xang
IssuePhotisarasa Kumane
Regnal name
Samdach Brhat-Anya Chao Visunha Rajadipati Pada Sri Sadhana Kanayudha
DynastyKhun Lo
FatherChakkaphat Phaen Phaeo
ReligionTherevada Buddhism

Visoun (Vixun also Visunarat) was the king of Lan Xang from 1500 until 1520. He was the seventh son of King Sai Tia Kaphut, King of Lan Xang, he was appointed as Governor of Vientiane in 1480 and as Chief Minister with the title of Phya Sena Muang in 1491 with the reign name of Visoun (Lightning). He served as Regent for his minor nephew from 1495 to 1497, he deposed his nephew and was proclaimed as King in 1500. He ascended the throne and was crowned King in 1501, his reign was prosperous and peaceful with a large number of shrines and monuments being constructed, including the Maha Vihara of Wat Visoun, which he built to house the palladium of Luang Prabang, the Phra Bang, which had been at Vientiane since 1359. A number of important religious texts and literary works were composed or translated into Lao during his reign, he died at Vientiane in 1520.

Literature during his reign[edit]

During his reign, Visoun invited learned monks to stay in Xiang Dong Xiang Thong (Luang Prabang). At that time, Buddhist and Hindu literature were copied and translated. Lao monks extended the Jatakas to be the Lao version; the Lao version of Jatakas called Ha Sip Xat contains 27 stories which are not in the original Jatakas. Moreover, the Lao monks produced the Lao version of Panchatantra and Ramayana which is known as the Phra Lak Phra Lam.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ John Holt (2009). Page 58. Spirits of the Place: Buddhism and Lao Religious Culture. University of Hawaii Press.
Preceded by
Somphou
King of Lan Xang
1500–1520
Succeeded by
Photisarath I