Belcastel is a commune in the Aveyron department in southern France. The village is medieval in character, with lauze-roofed houses; the bulk of the village and the castle are situated on the steep north bank of the Aveyron river. Several buildings including the 15th-century church are on the south side of the river, with a aged bridge connecting the two. A ruined fort can be found about a kilometre west of the village on the south bank of the river, it was nominated as one of the "most beautiful villages of France", the local council hosts watercolour competitions and art exhibitions during the summer. Communes of the Aveyron department INSEE Tourism in Belcastel Photographs of Belcastel Route des Seigneurs du Rouergue
Aguessac is a French commune in the Aveyron department in the Occitanie region of southern France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Nagassols or Nagassoles Aguessac is just south of the Massif Central and is located some 4 km north of Millau and 20 km south of Severac-le-Chateau, it can be accessed by the D29 road branching off the D911 in the west and continuing into the commune and south to the village. There is the D809 coming from Millau in the south passing through the village and continuing north to join the A75 autoroute; the D907 goes north-east from the village to Riviere-sur-Tarn and the D167 goes west by a tortuous mountain route to Saint-Germain. The famous Millau Viaduct is on the A75 autoroute to the west of the commune; the commune is high country farmland. There are many streams flowing through the commune: the Ruisseau de Malbose forms the northern border of the commune, the Lumansonesque forms the eastern border flowing into the Tarn which forms the southern part of the eastern border.
The Lumansonesque is fed by the Barbade with its numerous tributaries which forms part of the western border before flowing across the commune and joining the Lumansonesque. List of Successive Mayors of Aguessac Mayors from 1926 Population change Sources: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 The gender and age of the population of the Aguessac commune in 2009 and, that of the department of Aveyron in the same year are represented in the following table; the population of the commune was 53.6% men and 46.4% women in 2009. It has a structure on average younger than the population of metropolitan France. There are in fact 117 young people under 20 years old for every 100 people over 60 years, while for France the youth index, equal to the division of the share of less than 20 years by the share of over 60 years, is 1.06. The Youth Index for the commune is higher than for the department and for of the region. Percentage Distribution of Age Groups in Aguessac and Aveyron Department in 2009 Sources: Evolution and Structure of the population of the Commune in 2009, INSEE.
Evolution and Structure of the population of the Department in 2009, INSEE. The economy of the commune is agricultural and characterized by traditional agriculture based on farming for the production of calves and lambs for fattening. There are twelve farms in this commune; the Chateau of Cabrières Emma Calvé at the height of her fame bought the Chateau of Cabrières in 1884 before selling it to a manufacturer of gloves a few years later. Cantons of the Aveyron department Communes of the Aveyron department Arrondissements of the Aveyron department Aguessac official website Aguessac on the old National Geographic Institute website Aguessac on Lion1906 Aguessac on Google Maps Aguessac on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute website Aguesac on the 1750 Cassini Map Aguessac on the INSEE website INSEE
Belmont-sur-Rance is a commune in the Aveyron department in southern France. Communes of the Aveyron department INSEE
Communes of France
The commune is a level of administrative division in the French Republic. French communes are analogous to civil townships and incorporated municipalities in the United States and Canada, Gemeinden in Germany, comuni in Italy or ayuntamiento in Spain; the United Kingdom has no exact equivalent, as communes resemble districts in urban areas, but are closer to parishes in rural areas where districts are much larger. Communes are based on historical geographic communities or villages and are vested with significant powers to manage the populations and land of the geographic area covered; the communes are the fourth-level administrative divisions of France. Communes vary in size and area, from large sprawling cities with millions of inhabitants like Paris, to small hamlets with only a handful of inhabitants. Communes are based on pre-existing villages and facilitate local governance. All communes have names, but not all named geographic areas or groups of people residing together are communes, the difference residing in the lack of administrative powers.
Except for the municipal arrondissements of its largest cities, the communes are the lowest level of administrative division in France and are governed by elected officials with extensive autonomous powers to implement national policy. A commune is city, or other municipality. "Commune" in English has a historical bias, implies an association with socialist political movements or philosophies, collectivist lifestyles, or particular history. There is nothing intrinsically different between commune in French; the French word commune appeared in the 12th century, from Medieval Latin communia, for a large gathering of people sharing a common life. As of January 2015, there were 36,681 communes in France, 36,552 of them in metropolitan France and 129 of them overseas; this is a higher total than that of any other European country, because French communes still reflect the division of France into villages or parishes at the time of the French Revolution. The whole territory of the French Republic is divided into communes.
This is unlike some other countries, such as the United States, where unincorporated areas directly governed by a county or a higher authority can be found. There are only a few exceptions: COM of Saint-Martin, it was a commune inside the Guadeloupe région. The commune structure was abolished when Saint-Martin became an overseas collectivity on 22 February 2007. COM of Wallis and Futuna, which still is divided according to the three traditional chiefdoms. COM of Saint Barthélemy, it was a commune inside the Guadeloupe region. The commune structure was abolished when Saint-Barthélemy became an overseas collectivity on 22 February 2007. Furthermore, two regions without permanent habitation have no communes: TOM of the French Southern and Antarctic Lands Clipperton Island in the Pacific Ocean In metropolitan France, the average area of a commune in 2004 was 14.88 square kilometres. The median area of metropolitan France's communes at the 1999 census was smaller, at 10.73 square kilometres. The median area is a better measure of the area of a typical French commune.
This median area is smaller than that of most European countries. In Italy, the median area of communes is 22 km2. Switzerland and the Länder of Rhineland-Palatinate, Schleswig-Holstein, Thuringia in Germany were the only places in Europe where the communes had a smaller median area than in France; the communes of France's overseas départements such as Réunion and French Guiana are large by French standards. They group into the same commune several villages or towns with sizeable distances among them. In Réunion, demographic expansion and sprawling urbanization have resulted in the administrative splitting of some communes; the median population of metropolitan France's communes at the 1999 census was 380 inhabitants. Again this is a small number, here France stands apart in Europe, with the lowest communes' median population of all the European countries; this small median population of French communes can be compared with Italy, where the median population of communes in 2001 was 2,343 inhabitants, Belgium, or Spain.
The median population given here should not hide the fact that there are pronounced differences in size between French communes. As mentioned in the introduction, a commune can be a city of 2 million inhabitants such as Paris, a town of 10,000 inhabitants, or just a hamlet of 10 inhabitants. What the median population tells us is that the vast majority of the French communes only have a few hundred inhabitants. In metropolitan France just over 50 percent of the 36,683 communes have fewer than 500 inhabitants a
Arnac-sur-Dourdou is a commune in the Aveyron department in the Occitanie region of southern France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Arnacois or Arnacoises Arnac-sur-Dourdou is a sparsely populated commune in the extreme southern corner of Aveyron some 50 km west by north-west of Saint-André-de-Sangonis and 8 km east by north-east of Murat-sur-Vèbre in the heart of the Lacaune mountains; the western border of the commune is the border between the departments of Aveyron and Tarn while the southern border is the border between Aveyron and Hérault. Access to the commune is by the D92 road from Brusque in the north, a tortuous mountain road going to the village and continuing west to change to the D162 at the commune border south to join the D622 to Murat-sur-Vèbre; the D12 road from Brusque to the south forms the eastern border of the commune and road D174 connects the village to this road. The commune is mountainous and forested; the Dourdou de Camarès river flows through the commune and the village from east to west gathering numerous tributaries flowing from all corners of the commune.
Until the French Revolution the Parish of Arnac was part of the community of Brusque. Saint-Benoît-d'Arnac was an annex of the Parish of Saint-Pierre-des-Cats. After the Revolution Arnac was part of the commune of Mélagues, it was in 1872. Today the village consists of many second homes which are the properties of descendants of the past inhabitants of the village. List of Successive Mayors Arnac Festival in traditional clothes The Church of Saint-Benoît The Bread oven at the Arnac Mill The GR 71 passes through the commune Communes of the Aveyron department Christian-Pierre Bedel, Lo Pont - Arnac, Faiet, Melagas, Montanhòl, Pèus-e-Cofolèus, Silvanés, preface by the General Counsel, Christian-Pierre Bedel e los estatjants del canton de Camarés, Mission départementale de la culture, 2000, Al canton collection, 320 pages, ill. Cover ill. 28 cm, ISBN 2-907279-50-5, ISSN 1151-8375, BNF 37657611d Arnac-sur-Dourdou on Lion1906 Arnac-sur-Dourdou on Google Maps Arnac-sur-Dourdou on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute website Arnac on the 1750 Cassini Map Arnac-sur-Dourdou on the INSEE website INSEE
France the French Republic, is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories. The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean, it is bordered by Belgium and Germany to the northeast and Italy to the east, Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories include French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic and Indian oceans; the country's 18 integral regions span a combined area of 643,801 square kilometres and a total population of 67.3 million. France, a sovereign state, is a unitary semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris, the country's largest city and main cultural and commercial centre. Other major urban areas include Lyon, Toulouse, Bordeaux and Nice. During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the arrival of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia.
The Treaty of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into Middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia which became the Kingdom of France in 987 emerged as a major European power in the Late Middle Ages following its victory in the Hundred Years' War. During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world; the 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars between Protestants. France became Europe's dominant cultural and military power in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French Revolution overthrew the absolute monarchy, established one of modern history's earliest republics, saw the drafting of the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation's ideals to this day. In the 19th century, Napoleon established the First French Empire, his subsequent Napoleonic Wars shaped the course of continental Europe. Following the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous succession of governments culminating with the establishment of the French Third Republic in 1870.
France was a major participant in World War I, from which it emerged victorious, was one of the Allies in World War II, but came under occupation by the Axis powers in 1940. Following liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was established and dissolved in the course of the Algerian War; the Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, remains today. Algeria and nearly all the other colonies became independent in the 1960s and retained close economic and military connections with France. France has long been a global centre of art and philosophy, it hosts the world's fourth-largest number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving around 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country with the world's sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, tenth-largest by purchasing power parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs well in international rankings of education, health care, life expectancy, human development.
France is considered a great power in global affairs, being one of the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council with the power to veto and an official nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading member state of the European Union and the Eurozone, a member of the Group of 7, North Atlantic Treaty Organization, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, the World Trade Organization, La Francophonie. Applied to the whole Frankish Empire, the name "France" comes from the Latin "Francia", or "country of the Franks". Modern France is still named today "Francia" in Italian and Spanish, "Frankreich" in German and "Frankrijk" in Dutch, all of which have more or less the same historical meaning. There are various theories as to the origin of the name Frank. Following the precedents of Edward Gibbon and Jacob Grimm, the name of the Franks has been linked with the word frank in English, it has been suggested that the meaning of "free" was adopted because, after the conquest of Gaul, only Franks were free of taxation.
Another theory is that it is derived from the Proto-Germanic word frankon, which translates as javelin or lance as the throwing axe of the Franks was known as a francisca. However, it has been determined that these weapons were named because of their use by the Franks, not the other way around; the oldest traces of human life in what is now France date from 1.8 million years ago. Over the ensuing millennia, Humans were confronted by a harsh and variable climate, marked by several glacial eras. Early hominids led a nomadic hunter-gatherer life. France has a large number of decorated caves from the upper Palaeolithic era, including one of the most famous and best preserved, Lascaux. At the end of the last glacial period, the climate became milder. After strong demographic and agricultural development between the 4th and 3rd millennia, metallurgy appeared at the end of the 3rd millennium working gold and bronze, iron. France has numerous megalithic sites from the Neolithic period, including the exceptiona
Argences-en-Aubrac is a commune in the department of Aveyron, southern France. The municipality was established on 1 January 2016 by merger of the former communes of Sainte-Geneviève-sur-Argence, Graissac, Lacalm, La Terrisse and Vitrac-en-Viadène. Communes of the Aveyron department