Vladimir Gorev

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Vladimir Gorev
Birth name Vladimir Efimovich Gorev
Nickname(s) Vladimir Gorev, Sancho, Nikitin, Gordon
Born 1900
Velizh, Russian Empire (now Russian Federation)
Died 20 June 1938
Soviet Union
Allegiance Soviet Union
Service/branch Red Army
Years of service 1918 - 1938
Rank Kombrig
Battles/wars Russian Civil War, China Civil War, Spanish Civil War

Vladimir Efimovich Gorev (1900 - 20 June 1938), known as Vladimir Gorev, was a military Belarusian known to have participated in the defense of Madrid as a Soviet military advisor during the Spanish Civil War. He was born in 1900 in Velizh, Vitebsk Governorate (now in Smolensk Oblast). He was of Belarusian ethnicity.[1]

Career[edit]

Gorev had combat experience in the Russian Civil War (1918-1921) and had then an advisor in China (known under aliases "Nikitin" and "Gordon") to accelerate sovietization during the Chinese Civil War.

Gorev joined the Spanish Republican front in late August 1936 as military attache under the alias "Sancho."[2][3] His presence as a military advisor in the Siege of Madrid was praised by Lieutenant Colonel Vicente Rojo Lluch, as well as later with the Chief of State greater army of the North, the Communist military Francisco Ciutat de Miguel (called "Angelito"). With such prestige he joined the Spanish Republican Army in the North in the spring of 1937 instead of Kiril Jackson; in the War in the North, for example in the Defense of Bilbao Basque officials reports were not so good and questioned its merits in the war tactics of such fighting. Dropped the northern front, Gorev failed to escape Franco's siege and took refuge, along with other soldiers many Republicans, in the Asturian mountains, although at the end of year it managed to be rescued, he was called back to Madrid, and from there returned to the USSR in October 1937. Upon his return to the Soviet Union, he was awarded the Order of Lenin and the Order of the Red Banner, during the Great Purge, he was arrested by the NKVD on 25 January 1938, sentenced to death on 20 June 1938 and shot the same day. He was posthumously rehabilitated in October 1956.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Жертвы политического террора в СССР". Lists.memo.ru. Retrieved 2013-06-12. 
  2. ^ Aizpuru, Mikel. El informe Brusiloff: la Guerra Civil de 1936 en el Frente Norte vista por un traductor ruso. Madrid: Irún : Alberdania Editora. p. 255. ISBN 9788498680560. 
  3. ^ András Rojo, José (1993). Anátesis / José Vicente Rojo. Madrid: Amós Belinchón. ISBN 8486796415. 
  4. ^ "Жертвы политического террора в СССР". Lists.memo.ru. Retrieved 2013-06-12. 

External sources[edit]