Voiceless epiglottal trill

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Voiceless pharyngeal trill
(voiceless epiglottal fricative)
ʜ
IPA number172
Encoding
Entity (decimal)ʜ
Unicode (hex)U+029C
X-SAMPAH\
Braille⠔ (braille pattern dots-35)⠓ (braille pattern dots-125)
Listen

The voiceless epiglottal or pharyngeal trill, also analyzed as a fricative,[1] is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨ʜ⟩, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is H\.

Features[edit]

Features of the voiceless epiglottal trill/fricative:

Occurrence[edit]

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Agul[2] [mɛʜ] 'whey'
Arabic[3] Iraqi[4] حَي [ʜaj] 'alive' Corresponds to /ħ/ (ح) in Standard Arabic. See Arabic phonology
Chechen хьо [ʜʷɔ] 'you'
Dahalo [ʜaːɗo] 'arrow'
Haida ants [ʜʌnts] 'shadow'

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ John Esling (2010) "Phonetic Notation", in Hardcastle, Laver & Gibbon (eds) The Handbook of Phonetic Sciences, 2nd ed., p 695.
  2. ^ Ladefoged & Maddieson (1996:167–168)
  3. ^ Ladefoged & Maddieson (1996:167–168)
  4. ^ Zeki Hassan, John Esling, Scott Moisik, & lise Crevier-Buchman (2011) "Aryepiglottic trilled variants of /ʕ, ħ/ in Iraqi Arabic". Proceedings of the 17th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences (pp. 831–834), Hong Kong.

References[edit]

  • Ladefoged, Peter; Maddieson, Ian (1996), The sounds of the World's Languages, Oxford: Blackwell, ISBN 0-631-19815-6