Administrative regions of Greece
The administrative regions of Greece are the countrys thirteen first-level administrative entities, each comprising several second-level units, originally prefectures and, since 2011, regional units. The current regions were established in July 1986, by decision of then-Interior Minister Menios Koutsogiorgas as a second-level administrative entities, as part of a decentralization process inspired by then-Interior Minister Alekos Papadopoulos, they were accorded more powers in the 1997 Kapodistrias reform of local and regional government. They were transformed into separate entities by the 2010 Kallikratis Plan. In the 2011 changes, the general secretary was replaced with a popularly elected regional governor. Many powers of the prefectures, which were abolished or reformed into regional units, were transferred to the region level. The regional organs of the government were in turn replaced by seven decentralized administrations. Bordering the region of Central Macedonia there is one region, Mount Athos.
It is located on the easternmost of the three large peninsulas jutting into the Aegean from the Chalcidice Peninsula, ISO 3166-2, GR Administrative divisions of Greece
Deskati is a mountainous municipality in the Grevena regional unit. The current municipality of Deskati was formed in 2011 by the merge of the municipality of Deskati. The main economic activities in Deskati are farming and animal husbandry, Deskati is located in the southern slopes of Kamvounia mountain. It is surrounded by mountains covered with firs and oaks, the highest summit near Deskati is Vounasia. The community of Deskati covers an area of 126.387 km2, the municipal unit 268.946 km2, the main occupations in Deskati are agriculture, mainly wheat and tobacco, and animal husbandry. Deskati has 61,790 stremmas of arable land,24.363 sheep and goats, there are small industries occupied in ironwork, marble processing and building materials. Deskati is famous for its Andromana, an event that happens at the end of spring and this event is similar to the Castells in Catalonia, Spain. List of settlements in the Grevena regional unit
Provinces of Greece
The provinces of Greece were sub-divisions of some the countrys prefectures. From 1887, the provinces were abolished as actual administrative units, before the Second World War, there were 139 provinces, and after the war, with the addition of the Dodecanese Islands, their number grew to 147. According to the Article 7 of the Code of Prefectural Self-Government, Provincial administration consisted of two parts, a collective Provincial Council and an eparch. Members of the Provincial Council were the councillors of the respective province. The eparch or sub-prefect was the councillor who received the most votes in the prefectural elections
Grevena is a town and municipality in Western Macedonia, Northern Greece, capital of the Grevena regional unit. The towns current population is 13,374 citizens and it lies about 400 kilometres from Athens and about 180 km from Thessaloniki. Grevena has had access to the Egnatia Odos since the early 2000s, mountains surround the municipality, which is situated by the river Greveniotikos, which itself flows into the Aliakmon. Other significant towns in the municipality are Amygdaliés and Méga Seiríni, Grevena Municipal Museum is located in the town. Under Ottoman rule, Grevena was the seat of the kaza of Grevena, Sanjak of Serfice, the earthquake that occurred in the region on 13 May 1995 was 6.6 on the Richter magnitude scale, but it caused only material damage. The worst hit area was the county of Ventzia, there were two foreshocks of lesser intensity that preceded the main earthquake by a few minutes and warned people. These warnings sent the out of their houses. When the main earthquake came, it destroyed all the houses in several villages of the Ventzia County – the houses collapsed to the ground –.
Another earthquake on 5 January 2005 measured 4.9 near Grevena and it took place at 20,00 local time, and no damage was reported. Another earthquake with an intensity of 5.4 occurred on 17 July 2007 at 21,23 local time and was followed by weak aftershocks. Some older buildings were damaged in villages northeast of Grevena. Official website Grevena on GTP Travel Pages Grevena on GTP Travel Pages Awarded EDEN - European Destinations of Excellence non traditional tourist destination 2008
Florina is a town and municipality in mountainous northwestern Macedonia, Greece. Its motto is, Where Greece begins and it is the Metropolitan seat for the region. It lies in the part of Florina regional unit, of which it is the capital. Florina belongs to the region of West Macedonia, the towns population is 17,686 people. It is in a valley about 13 km south of the international border of Greece with the Republic of Macedonia. It is the gateway to the Prespa Lakes and, until the modernisation of the road system and it is located west of Edessa, northwest of Kozani, and northeast of Ioannina and Kastoria cities. Outside the Greek borders it is in proximity to Korçë in Albania, the nearest airport is situated to the east. The mountains of Verno lie to the southwest and Varnous to the northwest, winters bring heavy snow and long periods of temperature below freezing point. During the hot summer months it becomes a market town. Even though Florina was the site of the first rail line built in the southern Ottoman provinces in the late 19th century, Florina is passed by GR-2 and GR-3/E65.
The historic Via Egnatia is situated to the east, the new GR-3 superhighway will run east of Florina. Florina is one of the coldest towns in Greece, because of the elevation, under the Köppen climate classification, Florina has a humid subtropical climate with strong hot-summer continental climate influences. The citys original Byzantine name, Χλέρινον, derives from the Greek word χλωρός, the form with is a local dialect form of χλωρός in Greek. The Slavic name for the city is Lerin, which is a borrowing of the Byzantine Greek name, the Albanian name for the city is Follorinë.698 km2, the municipal unit 150.634 km2. Archaeologists excavated on the site in 1930-1934, but a hotel was built over the ruins. Excavations began again in the 1980s and the excavated area is now around 8000 metres square. Many of these finds are now on display in the Archaeological Museum of Florina, the town is first mentioned in 1334, when the Serbian king Stefan Dušan established a certain Sphrantzes Palaeologus as commander of the fortress of Chlerenon.
By 1385, the place had fallen to the Ottomans, an Ottoman defter for the year 1481 records a settlement of 243 households
Kastoria is a city in northern Greece in the region of West Macedonia. It is the capital of Kastoria regional unit and it is situated on a promontory on the western shore of Lake Orestiada, in a valley surrounded by limestone mountains. The town is known for its many Byzantine churches and Ottoman-era domestic architecture, fur clothing industry, although Procopius refers to it as a city of Thessaly, the description is undoubtedly that of Kastoria, a city on a promontory in a lake. There are several theories about the origin of the name Kastoria, the dominant of these is that the name derives from the Greek word κάστορας. Trade in the fur, sourced from nearby Lake Orestiada, has traditionally been an important element of the citys economy. Other theories propose that the name derives from the Greek word κάστρο or from the mythical hero Κάστωρ, the word is sometimes written with a C, especially in older works. From Greek, the name was borrowed into Turkish as Kesriye, the Serbian and Slav Macedonian name of the city is Kostur.330 km2, the municipal unit 57.318 km2.
For Orthodox and Latin ecclesiastical history, see Metropolis of Kastoria Kastoria is believed to have ancient origins, livy mentions a town near a lake in Orestis, called Celetrum, whose inhabitants surrendered to Sulpitius during the Roman war against Philip V of Macedon. The ancient town was located on a hill above the towns current location. The Roman Emperor Diocletian founded the town of Diocletianopolis in the vicinity, tafel, in his study on the Via Egnatia, suggested that Celetrum and Kastoria are three successive names of the same place. Kastoria itself does not appear, until the Byzantine–Bulgarian wars of the late 10th/early 11th century, the town was in Bulgarian hands until 1018, when it was conquered by Basil II. Kastoria was occupied by the Normans under Bohemond I in 1082/83, the town had a significant Jewish presence, most notably the 11th-century scholar Tobiah ben Eliezer. During the 13th and 14th centuries, the town became contested between several powers and changed hands often, the Second Bulgarian Empire held the city under Kaloyan and Ivan Asen II, until it was recovered by the Despotate of Epirus.
The Nicaean Empire captured it in ca,1252, but lost it again to Epirus in ca. 1257, only for the Nicaeans to recapture it following the Battle of Pelagonia, in the early 14th century, Kastoria was part of the domain of John II Doukas, doux of Great Vlachia and Kastoria. After his death, the became part of the semi-autonomous domain of Stephen Gabrielopoulos. The Serbian ruler Stephen Dushan finally captured Kastoria in 1342/3, taking advantage of the ongoing Byzantine civil war, after Dushans death, Kastoria became the seat of Symeon Uroš. The town came under the Epirote ruler Thomas Preljubović, and finally under the Albanian Muzaka family, the Ottoman Turks conquered Kastoria around 1385, but it is unclear whether by force or by an agreement with its Albanian rulers
Kozani (regional unit)
Kozani is one of the regional units of Greece. It is part of the region of West Macedonia and its capital is the city of Kozani. The main mountain ranges are Askio in the northwest, Voio in the west, Vermio in the northeast, the river Aliakmon flows through the southern part, and through the large reservoir Lake Polyfytos. Lignite is mined in the north, around Ptolemaida and its climate ranges from continental to mountainous. Kozani has warm to hot summers and cool winters, cooler than Thessaloniki, the mountainous, the western and its sunshine days are days shorter than the south and by the coastline, it is rainier than the south. Temeperatures ranges from 25 to 30 °C during the summer months, the regional unit Kozani is subdivided into 4 municipalities. These are, Eordaia Kozani Servia-Velventos Voio Kozani was created as a prefecture in 1915, as a part of the 2011 Kallikratis government reform, the regional unit Kozani was created out of the former prefecture Kozani. The prefecture had the territory as the present regional unit.
At the same time, the municipalities were reorganised, according to the table below, the Kozani Prefecture was created in 1915 and included the present Florina and the Kastoria regional units. The economy boomed and was disrupted on, after World War II and the Greek Civil War, most of the buildings were repaired. Kozani opened its airport and its hospital, Kozani has been a prosperous area in the course of its history. Its merchants are known to have dominated the commerce of the Balkan peninsula, expanding their activities to the north. Kozani nowadays is still among the most prosperous areas of the Greek province, Kozani produces lignite, which is the main source of the electric power produced in Greece, nitrous salts which are processed into fertilizers, and chromium. There was a mine that remained operational until the mid-1990s. In the regional unit of Kozani there is the lake and hydroelectric dam of Polyfytos. The regions vast industrial advancement in a period of time has raised environmentalist concerns.
National Roads Greek National Road 3, SE, Cen, N Greek National Road 15, SW, W Greek National Road 20, SW, W, Cen. Via Egnatia Air transport, Kozani National Airport Filippos,4 km from Kozani, rail transport, Kozani-Amyntaio railway line List of settlements in the Kozani regional unit
Nestorio is a village and a municipality in the Kastoria regional unit of Macedonia, Greece. Nestorio is approximately 28 km southwestwards of Kastoria, at the banks of the river Aliakmon.072 km2, Nestorio had 2,700 inhabitants in the beginning of the 20th century and most of them were slavophone orthodox Christians and a few of them Vlachs. In the early 20th century the majority of the inhabitants of Nestorio accepted the rule of the Bulgarian Exarchate, according to the statistics of Vasil Kanchov the inhabitants of Nestorio in 1900 were Bulgarians. Nestorio, along with the rest of southern Macedonia, was incorporated into Greece in 1913 following the Balkan Wars, the village holds an annual rock festival in late-July, called River Party. The bands come from the Greek rock scene, especially from Athens and Thessaloniki and with foreign guests, keratza Vissulceva - prominent Macedonian artist List of settlements in the Kastoria regional unit Nestram-Kostenar dialect Official Site of Nestorio Nestorio on GTP Travel Pages
The Historical–Folklore and Natural History Museum of Kozani is a museum in Kozani, Greece. The museum belongs to the Kozani Literature and Arts Association and it was founded in 1969 and has been housed in a six-storey building constructed in the traditional West Macedonian style in Kozani town centre since 1987. A new four-storey building was erected nearby in 1993, through the museum, the Association hopes to preserve the monuments and other aspects of Greek heritage in the Kozani area and in Western Macedonia more generally. One showcase displays examples of teratogenesis in the animal world, on the ground floor, which is an interior courtyard, are a traditional oven, a well, and reconstructions of the life of farmers and woodcutters. The history and folklore sections occupy the upper storeys of the museum, on the third and fourth floors are reconstructions of the rural and light industrial occupations of the olden days. The fifth floor displays 58 men’s and women’s traditional costumes of Western Macedonia, on the sixth floor there are reconstructions of a number of rooms from old town houses in Kozani, the ‘Kitchen’, ‘K.
Gertsos’s Room’, ‘G. The museum runs educational programmes for schoolchildren, involving guided tours, official website Hellenic Ministry of Culture and Tourism Municipality of Kozani
Prespes is a municipality in the Florina regional unit, Greece. The seat of the municipality is in Laimos and it was named after Lake Prespa, in the western part of the municipality.497 km2, the municipal unit 413.513 km2. According to the 2011 Greek census, Prespes was the least densely populated municipality in the country, with an average of 3.05 residents per square kilometre