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Volition (company)

Deep Silver Volition, LLC is an American video game developer based in Champaign, Illinois. The company was founded as Parallax Software in June 1993 by Mike Kulas and Matt Toschlog, developed Descent and Descent II; the company split in two, wherein Toschlog founded Outrage Entertainment, while Kulas stayed with Parallax, renamed Volition in November 1996. Volition was acquired by THQ in August 2000, when THQ filed for bankruptcy and had its assets sold off, Volition changed hands to Deep Silver in January 2013. Volition is best known for its Red Saints Row series of games. Parallax Software was founded on June 1993, by Mike Kulas and Matt Toschlog; the company was incorporated under the name Parallax Software Corporation. Both founders were programmers who had worked together on Car and Driver; this led them to consider launching their own game development company, knowing that, should they fail, they would have to return to working for other's companies. To reach a lower cost-of-living, Toschlog moved from Boston to Champaign, where Kulas resided, the two launched Parallax Software.

Early on, they hired programmers John Slagel and Che-Yuan Wang, of which Wang worked on level design. The team developed a rough concept for a game called Inferno, which they pitched to Apogee Software, the primary publisher of id Software. Apogee began funding the game's development, though the funds did not suffice for the company over time; because the team lacked an artist, Adam Pletcher was hired in January 1994. Shortly thereafter, Apogee dropped the project after it had been in development for seven months, though leaving Parallax with an funded, functional prototype. Subsequently, while the studio was running out of money, they produced a demo reel of the game and set it as a VHS tape to various publishers. Three companies—Accolade, Trimark Interactive and Interplay Productions —offered to publish the game, of which Parallax chose Interplay. Jasen Whiteside became Parallax eighth employee, working on level design while studying industrial design at school. With the studio lacking a quality assurance department, the game was tested by the entire team.

As Interplay's funds had dried up, Parallax refused to ask them for more, not wanting to show signs of weakness. Instead and Toschlog invested their own money into the continued development. Funds provided by Apogee and the two founders totaled to about US$450,000. Inferno, now titled Descent, was released in March 1995 to widespread attention. By the time Parallax began development on another Descent game, the team had grown to about 14 people. Interplay wished for the studio to develop a "CD-enhanced" version of the game, which would include high-resolution textures and Red Book-quality audio, as well as several new levels. Interplay marketed the game as a new game, Descent II, so they could make more profit than they would have from a simple derivate version of the same game, could publish a new game under the same contract they had with Parallax; as a result, Parallax profited from Descent II's success. Although Toschlog had moved to Champaign from Boston, he did not want to stay in Champaign long-term.

During the development of Descent II, he and three designers moved to Ann Arbor, Michigan, to open a second office for Parallax. At the new office, Toschlog hired two further programmers. After Descent II had shipped, the team came to the conclusion that working on the same game out of two distant offices had adverse effects on the team, where Toschlog and Kulas agreed to move the company to one office. However, they could not decide on where they should move the company, so they instead opted to split the company in half, a move they were able to pursue due to Descent's success. Thus, half of Parallax' employees followed Toschlog to Michigan, where Toschlog formed Outrage Entertainment, while Kulas stayed with the main Parallax office in Champaign; as Kulas' company was to receive a new name, he asked the remaining team for ideas. When he found that he liked none of the proposals, he sat down in his living room, pulling books from a shelf and looking through dictionaries and reference books' glossaries for a possible name.

In one such glossary, he found the word "volition", described as "an intense active will to accomplish something". As he drew a connection between this definition and the act of software development, he chose "Volition" to be the new company name, he pitched the name and its definition to the company's employees, asking them to create a suitable logo. Of the many entries submitted, the one, chosen was designed by Whiteside and inspired by the logo of Wax Trax! Records, while Pletcher created a font to display the company name with; the logo has been in use since. Formally, Volition was founded in October 1996 with twelve members, the split was announced on December 1, 1997, with both companies having been organized into new corporate entities and wholly owned by their respective leads. Following the split and Outrage signed with Interplay for two further projects each, their first project under the new name was Descent: FreeSpace – The Great War, a game, set to improve on the concepts of games like Star Wars: X-Wing and Star Wars: TIE Fighter.

During the development of FreeSpace, the Volition team doubled in size, adding about five or six people to the studio. During this time many team members were allocated to training the new employees. Meanwhile, Kulas, as the sole manager of the company, had to divide his time between programming and managing the business.

Elena Ballesteros

María Elena Ballesteros Triguero, known as Elena Ballesteros, is a Spanish actress. Ballesteros began her career doing commercials while going to castings to achieve her dream of becoming an actress, her first opportunity arrived with the role of Lola in the TV series More than friends in 1996. She worked among others. At the same time, she hosted the children's program Club Disney. Afterwards she was in the TV series Journalists; this role opened the doors of cinema. Since she has worked with directors like Manuel Iborra, Gerardo Smith, Mariano Barroso and Roger Young, she stood out in Álvaro Díaz Lorenzo's Coffee Alone or with Them, one of the more popular Spanish films of 2007. She was in Fermat's Room which had a big international cast. In 2009, she filmed in Buenos Aires for the film All and sundry with director Manolo González, whose screenplay was rewarded by the ASGAE, she went back to work in television, starring in the comedy-musical Paco and Veva with Hugo Silva, Table for five and an intrigue series called Personal Reasons.

In the summer of 2007, she began the shooting under Antenna 3, broadcasting with the title The Family Kills, in which she had a lead role with the actor Daniel Guzmán. In July 2011, she premièred in the series Scarlet Tip on Telecinco. Since June 2011 she has written a personal blog on Fotogramas called "Now I think...". She has a daughter named Jimena from her relationship with actor Paco Marín, she married comic Dani Mateo on 23 July 2010. On July 2016, the couple has announce their divorce. Which disgust of summer with Dani Mateo in the Chain BE. At present collaborator of " The Dovecot" in the Chain Be Elena Ballesteros on IMDb in Internet Movie Database Index card in Cinemanía Index card in Pizquita Interview in 2006 Interview in 20 minutes on The family Kills in July of 2007 Official blog Elena Ballesteros Personal blog of Elena Ballesteros

Australian Directors' Guild

The Australian Directors' Guild is an industry guild representing the interests of film, television and digital media directors, including documentary makers and animators, throughout Australia. With its headquarters in Sydney, the ADG has branches in New South Wales, South Australia and Western Australia. Founded as the Australian Feature Film Director’s Association in September, 1981 and renamed the Australian Screen Directors Association four months the Guild became the Australian Directors Guild in 2007 in order to align itself more to other international Directors Guilds which had for some years been strengthening their ties with each other and with their Australian counterpart. In 2014, the ADG membership voted unanimously for constitutional changes to enable the Guild to register as a trade union under Australia’s Federal Industrial Relations Act. In February, 2015 registration as an industrial organisation was approved by the Fair Work Commission; the ADG is a craft association representing screen directors working in all genres.

It seeks to promote excellence in screen direction through seminars, conferences and awards, to encourage communication and collaboration between directors and others in the industry, to provide professional support for its members, to represent the interests of directors in cultural and policy debates and decisions and to play a constructive role in matters affecting the Australian screen industry as a whole. The ADG is governed by a board of directors, elected from and by the membership, appoints a full-time executive director and a coordinator; the ADG provides members with information, professional advice and advocacy relating to issues that affect directors – such as contracts, codes of practice and disputes. It maintains and provides connections with overseas Guilds through its affiliation with the International Association of English Speaking Directors Organisations; the Guild organises a Directors Attachment Scheme in cooperation with Screen Australia whereby successful applicants are placed in productions in order to gain experience working in film or television.

Beginning in 1993, the ADG has held regular directors conferences and between 1988 and 2008, it printed a newsletter which became the magazine, Screen Director. Current issues of Screen Director are available online. In 2007 the ADG began giving annual awards for directors; these have grown to include 17 categories with special awards recognising achievement. Ozdox, a semi-autonomous documentary group affiliated with the ADG and working with Guild staff and promotes documentary culture through discussion screenings and seminars. Founded in 2003, Ozdox encourages documentary directors to become members of the ADG. In 1995 the ADG formed the Australian Screen Directors Authorship Collecting Society ) to collect overseas royalties for distribution to Australian and New Zealand directors As of 2014, the ADG had a membership of over 700, including full/retired members, associate members and student members. Full members must be refereed and their credentials approved by the ADG Board. Membership fees are determined according to annual wage levels and state location.

Guild Chapters in New South Wales, South Australia and Western Australia organize a range of local events and activities and liaise with their relevant State screen bodies. The staff and operations of the Guild are financed through fees for membership, income from events, a small percent of overseas royalties collected through ASDACS, a voluntary levy from the budgets of members' productions and sponsorship from state and federal film bodies, Screenrights: The Audio Visual Copyright Society and Media Super. In early 1981, a meeting of film directors was held in response to plans to import an overseas director for Hoodwink, a feature film financed by Australian taxpayers through the New South Wales Film Corporation; the meeting held the view that the development of Australian directors was a key part of the rationale for government funding of films. Failing to gain support for their opposition from the relevant industry union, the Australian Theatrical & Amusement Employees Association, the directors decided to set up the Australian Feature Film Directors Association.

In around September 1981, 18 directors met at the AT&AEA headquarters in the Sydney suburb of Glebe to sign the Articles of Association. Nine directors were the formal signatories: Gillian Armstrong, James Ricketson, Esben Storm, Albie Thoms, Henri Safran, Keith Salvat, Tom Jeffrey, Carl Schultz and Michael Pate; the organization soon attracted interest from directors other than feature film directors from television directors, leading to the decision to change its name to the Australian Screen Directors Association. New signatories to the ASDA Articles of Association on 15 January 1982 included Phillip Noyce and Stephen Wallace and a number of directors best known for their television work: John Power, Maurice Murphy, Peter Maxwell, Ron Way and Ian Barry. In the years that followed, ASDA continued to concern itself with the importation of overseas directors, supporting directors of note and where Australian directors were included in the projects. A range of cultural events and seminars were organized and, as membership grew, membership fees enabled the employment of a manager.

Attempts at instituting a standard directors contract proved fruitless as the Screen Producers Association of Australia refused to negotiate, citing ASDA's lack of industrial registration as its reason. In 1985 a disputes committee was formed and ASDA continued to represent directors in disputes with producers. ASDA Board meetings were initially

Zookeeper (film)

Zookeeper is a 2011 American comedy film directed by Frank Coraci, starring Kevin James, Rosario Dawson, Leslie Bibb, Joe Rogan and featuring the voices of Nick Nolte, Sylvester Stallone, Adam Sandler, Don Rickles, Judd Apatow, Jon Favreau, Faizon Love. It is about an unlucky zookeeper, it was the first MGM film to be co-produced with Happy Madison, yet distributed by Columbia Pictures. The film was released on July 8, 2011. Filming began in Boston on August 17, 2009; the film received negative reviews from critics and it earned $169.8 million on an $80 million budget. A zookeeper named Griffin Keyes sets up a plan to propose to the love of his life Stephanie, but she rejects him and claims that his career as a zookeeper is what is keeping her away, therefore breaking Griffin's heart. Five years Griffin is shown to be the lead zookeeper at the Franklin Park Zoo who cares for the zoo animals; that night, Griffin holds a party at the zoo for his brother Dave, getting married, but freaks out when he discovers that Stephanie was invited.

Dave offers Griffin to come and work with him at a car dealership, explaining that it is the best way to get Stephanie back. Griffin contemplates joining his brother at the dealership; the animals hold a meeting saying that they think Griffin is the best zookeeper at the zoo and don't want him to leave, so they decide to find some way to help him win Stephanie's heart. Jerome the Bear suggests that they teach Griffin their animal mating techniques, but Joe the Lion protests, reminding them that it's against the animal code to talk to humans. Donald the Monkey says that Stephanie will be at the zoo tomorrow, all the animals have to do is make Griffin look like a hero in front of her; the next day, Donald unlocks the door to the lion enclosure and lets Joe out, who confronts Stephanie and Dave's fiancée Robin. Kate, the zoo's vet, manages to get them away from Joe, but Griffin fails to jump into the lion enclosure, ruining the animals' plan; when he climbs out of the enclosure, Joe accidentally yells at Griffin, causing Griffin to believe he has gone mad.

The next night, all the animals break their code of silence and tell Griffin that they will teach him what to do to win Stephanie. Griffin learns their different mating rituals, but ends up humiliating himself in front of the other zookeepers and the guests. Griffin has a talk with Bernie, a forlorn gorilla, moved into a deep enclosure after attacking a zookeeper named Shane. Bernie explains to Griffin that he fell when he was abusing Bernie, he said that Bernie attacked him, causing Bernie to lose his trust in humans. Griffin discovers that Stephanie is dating her other ex-boyfriend, a bully named Gale. Joe's mate Janet tells Griffin that the best way to attract a female is to be seen with another female, so Griffin asks Kate to go with him to Dave and Robin's wedding. Griffin disguises Bernie with an Izod T-shirt and takes him out to T. G. I. Friday's to celebrate Bernie's birthday, they bond, with Bernie telling Griffin that he's his best friend. Griffin and Kate seem to have fun together. Griffin becomes brave enough to stand up to Gale and this grabs Stephanie's attention.

After Kate tells Griffin she had a great time with him, Stephanie asks Griffin out to dinner. Griffin accepts and they go to dinner and go to a fashion show. Stephanie tells Griffin that his job at the zoo is holding him back, so Griffin decides to quit his job and accepts Dave's offer, which upsets Kate. Bernie becomes upset and tells Griffin that he thought he could trust someone again, but was proved wrong when Griffin quit his job; as a parting gesture, Griffin threatens to beat up Shane. Kate accepts a job in Nairobi. Griffin misses working at the zoo. Stephanie proposes to Griffin, but Griffin refuses and dumps her after coming to the realization that if Stephanie did love him she would accept him for who he was and not what he was, he goes back to the zoo and apologizes to Bernie, who accepts Griffin's friendship, but shows signs of being beat by Shane. The animals tell Griffin that Kate is heading to the airport. Griffin heads out to stop her, though he does make a stop first at Shane's house to make good on his threat.

With Bernie's help, Griffin manages to catch up with Kate on the bridge and confesses his love for her. Six months Griffin and Kate get married and are back working at the zoo and Bernie is now living in a new enclosure where he gets a great view of the city; when Bernie asks what a "Benihana" is, Griffin asks Bernie. Kevin James as Griffin Constantine Keyes, the lead zookeeper. Rosario Dawson as Kate, Griffin's friend wife, the zoo's veterinarian. Leslie Bibb as Stephanie, Griffin's antagonistic love interest who turns down his marriage proposal because of the job he has. Joe Rogan as Gale, Stephanie's alpha-male ex-boyfriend. Nat Faxon as Dave Keyes, Griffin's brother who convinces Griffin to work at his car dealership. Ken Jeong as Venom, Griffin's friend and the worker at the reptile house. Steffiana de la Cruz as Robin Keyes, Dave's fiancé turned wife. De La Cruz is the real life wife of Kevin James. Thomas Gottschalk as Jürgen Mavroc Donnie Wahlberg as Shane, an abusive zookeeper Brandon Keener as Nimer Tom Woodruff, Jr. as Bernie the Lowland Gorilla Crystal the Monkey as Donald the Tufted Capuchin Bart the Bear 2 as Jerome t

Idaho State Highway 4

State Highway 4 is a state highway in Shoshone County, in the U. S. state of Idaho. It runs 7.380 miles from Interstate 90 in Wallace, east to the ghost town of Burke. SH-4 begins at an intersection with I-90 in Wallace heads northeast through Burke Canyon, past historical markers for Frisco Hill and Burke, ending in Burke; the road continues eastward as National Forest Road No. 7623. In the 1930s, Route 4 was envisioned as a cross-state route, to directly connect Wallace to Thompson Falls, Montana over Glidden Pass, as seen on the 1937 map; this plan was abandoned due to impassable roads and World War II. Paved SH-4 was truncated at Burke. National Forest Road 7623 still connects Burke to Montana Secondary Highway 471 leading to Thompson Falls; the entire route is in Shoshone County. List of highways numbered 4 Media related to Idaho State Highway 4 at Wikimedia Commons


TANZA was a pioneering New Zealand record label, from 1949 to 1956. TANZA stands for To Assist New Zealand Artists, was the first company to record and produce records in New Zealand; the majority were 78 rpm records, with some 45 rpm records and LPs produced from 1952. The label was started by the Radio Corporation of New Zealand Limited, which manufactured Columbus and Courtenay radios and radiograms, sold through their Columbus Radio Centre 30 retail outlets; the Managing Director and founder of RCNZ, Mr W. Marks, was single minded in concentrating the development of the company on the design and manufacture of radios and apart from some wartime production this was the case until his death in late 1946. Following his death his eldest son Alex became Managing Director and the Directors and executives realised that the company needed to expand and recording was chosen as a new venture. Fred Green, RZNZ Production Manager, approached Stan Dallas at radio station 2ZB, to set up a recording studio to record advertisements for the advertising industry, to be the main business of TANZA.

On acetate discs but pressed in Vinyl. Bart Fortune, the RCNZ Sales & Marketing manager devised the name TANZA; the recording studio was established at Wellington. The building had been a Brass Foundry and was handy to the RCNZ Head Office & Factory at 80 Courtenay Place. After clearing the space of some 50 years of foundry operations the ground floor contained one large and two small recording studios and a central control room at the rear of the building; the first floor at the front of the building was to become the pressing plant with three record presses and associated equipment. Auckland recordings were made at Astor studio by engineer Noel Peach. For about two years the HMV Ltd. had been supplying the New Plymouth and Dannevirke Columbus shops with records for retail sale and although RCNZ was hopeful that further shops might be included this was not to be the case and in mid 1948 the supply agreement was cancelled. It was this action that prompted RCNZ to set up their pressing plant as as possible and by the end of 1948 they were able to press records from stampers supplied by Australian Record Company and by early 1949 they were able to process their own originals and the first was "Blue Smoke".

The parent company RCNZ was bought by PYE Industries of Auckland about 1958, by RCA Records when it set up a NZ branch in 1975. The Wellington studio was purchased by HMV NZ in 1962. "Blue Smoke" TANZA Green Label 1, was recorded by the Ruru Karaitiana Quintette. The song though labeled as recorded 3 October 1948, was recorded February 1949 and released about March/April 1949; the second TANZA record was Paekakariki: The land of the Tiki by Ken Avery. Other artists recorded included The Tumbleweeds, the Star Dusters, Pat McMinn, Esme Stephens, Crombie Murdoch and jazz vocalist Mavis Rivers. About 300 78s were pressed, plus 4 LPs; the original concept of recording advertisements and distributing them to radio stations on vinyl discs proved to be a major success and some 4250 single side discs were produced in the 7 years that TANZA studios were operating, an average of 12 per week. Stan was assisted by John Shears initially. Others involved were Tony Hall, John Shears, Jack Christie, Terry Petersen, Tony Small, Graeme Thompson.

Paekakariki in the land of the Tiki poster for 1948 song recorded by TANZA, with photo of singer/composer Ken Avery from Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand The TANZA Catalogue by Dennis O. Huggard ISBN 0-9582326-3-6 The TANZA Saga: the story of New Zealand's pioneer record label by Bill Hamer Blue Smoke: the Lost Dawn of Popular Music in New Zealand, 1918-1964 by Chris Bourke, Auckland University Press, ISBN 978-1-86940-455-0